Question of Palestine home
Department of Public Information
31 December 1959
OFFICE OF PUBLIC INFORMATION
UNITED NATIONS, NEW YORK
QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE MIDDLE EAST
THE PALESTINE QUESTION
DEVELOPMENTS ON ARMISTICE DEMARCATION
LINE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND SYRIA
On 26 January 1959 Israel requested an urgent meeting of the Security Council to consider what was termed the renewal of aggression by United Arab Republic armed forces on the Armistice Demarcation Line between Israel and the Northern Region of the United Arab Republic (Syria).
The Security Council considered the complaint on 30 January 1959, with Israel and the United Arab Republic taking part in the discussion. The Council had before it a report by the Chief of Staff of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) about an incident of 23 January, in which an Israel shepherd had been killed.
The Chief of Staff stated that the two versions given to the Mixed Armistice Commission by Israel and Syria differed as to the question of who had opened fire: Israel complained that Syrian military positions had opened machine-gun fire on the Israel shepherds. According to Syria, Israel shepherds had fired the first shots in the direction of Arab villagers, and fire had been returned.
The Israel representative contended that the incident was one of a series which had taken place on the Israel-Syrian frontier outside the demilitarized zone. The incident of 23 January had been a climax, not a beginning, and reflected a definite policy of the Syrian forces.
What was therefore needed was the impact of international opinion to prevent a further deterioration of the situation. There were, he said, only three possible courses of action. One was to suffer the repetition of such attacks, which was clearly inconceivable. Another was to withstand such aggression by direct action in self-defence. This could be effectively done as a last, not a first, resort. The third possibility was to seek the aid of the Security Council, in the hope that its members would exercise their influence in support of the cease-fire provisions of the General Armistice Agreement. He urged that the cease-fire be restored as an injunction rigorously binding on the Syrian forces.
The representative of the United Arab Republic said that the Council was faced with one of the local incidents which unfortunately occurred frequently along the Demarcation Line. Far from justifying a meeting of the Security Council, he said, it fell within the competence of the Mixed Armistice Commission. Israel intended again to use the Council for propaganda purposes.
He went on to say that the United Nations Charter gave certain powers to the Security Council, but the Council's practice had been to support the implementation of the Armistice Agreement and to give the Mixed Armistice Commission the opportunity of dealing with such incidents. In that connexion, his Government had recently decided to bring before the Mixed Armistice Commission two serious cases which certainly could have been submitted to the Security Council, particularly if the facts were to he compared with those of the latest Israel complaint.
During the debate in the Council, the majority of speakers, while upholding the right of any country, to bring a complaint to the Security Council at any time, stressed the desirability of making full use of the United Nations machinery established by the Armistice Agreement. The parties were urged to cooperate fully with UNTSO and to issue orders to the military commanders on both sides to prohibit all firing except in cases of obvious self-defence.
In a letter of 5 February l959 to the President of the Security Council, the United Arab Republic complained of an act of aggression by an armed Israeli patrol which, on 4 February 1959, had crossed the international frontier between Palestine and the Southern Region of the United Arab Republic (Egypt), south of Rafah, killing a woman and her child in a Bedouin camp and seriously wounding another woman.
On 7 February, the United Arab Republic requested circulation of the text of a resolution condemning Israel which had been adopted by the Egyptian-Israel Mixed Armistice Commission in regard to the incident.
In a further communication, on 19 February, the representative of the United Arab Republic stated that an armed Israeli patrol had ambushed four citizens of the United Arab Republic inside United Arab Republic territory in the southern part of Sinai, killing two and wounding one.
On 23 February, the United Arab Republic requested circulation of the text of a resolution on the incident of 17 February, which had been adopted by the Egyptian-Israel Mixed Armistice Commission; this also condemned Israel.
In a letter of 17 March, the Israel representative complained to the President of the Security Council that the United Arab Republic had, on two occasions, unlawfully interfered with the freedom of passage through the Suez Canal. On 26 February 1959, he stated, the S.S. Capetan Manolis, flying the Liberian flag, had been detained and its cargo impounded. On 17 March, instructions had been issued to unload and seize the cargo of the S.S. Laglott, flying the flag of the Federal Republic of Germany. Both vessels had been en route from Israel to ports of call in South-East Asia.
In a letter of 31 August 1959, the Israel representative drew the Security Council's attention to the detention, since 21 May 1959, of the Danish vessel, the S.S. Inge Toft, at Port Said. The vessel had been en route to ports of call in the Far East. He further pointed out that the continued policy of arbitrary interference with freedom of navigation in the Canal placed the United Arab Republic in open challenge to the world community.
On 7 October, the representative of the United Arab Republic requested the circulation of the text of a resolution condemning Israel, which the Egyptian-Israel Mixed Armistice Commission had adopted in regard to the expulsion, on 18 September 1959 and on the following days, of about 350 Bedouin of the Azazme tribe from the area under Israel control across the international frontier into United Arab Republic territory.
In reply, the Israel representative stated on 21 October that this communication of 7 October failed to mention that the Egyptian-Israel Mixed Armistice Commission was not in effective operation, as Israel had not participated in its work since 1956. The true facts, he maintained, were as follows: On 7 September 1959, an officer in the Israel Defence Forces was attacked and killed by Bedouin of the Azazme tribe who had illegally infiltrated into Israel territory from the Sinai peninsula. Should it be established that the Bedouin who crossed the border into Sinai following the search for the murderers of this officer included any Israeli nationals, the Israel authorities would, he said, be willing to permit their return.
On 14 November, the United Arab Republic requested the circulation of the text of a resolution condemning Israel, which the Mixed Armistice Commission had adopted on 12 November in regard to the violation of the international frontier at Sinai by at least four Israel jet fighter aircraft.
REPORT OF CONCILIATION COMMISSION FOR PALESTINE
On 22 September 1959, the Conciliation Commission for Palestine submitted its seventeenth progress report to the General Assembly, for the period from 1 June 1958 to 31 August 1959. In its report, the Commission stated that the release of Arab refugee bank accounts and safe deposits blocked in Israel had proceeded satisfactorily; the technical work of identification of immovable property was virtually completed, and the work of valuation had already begun.
In an addendum to this report on 12 November, the Commission stated that it had been informed that the Israel Government had decided to release refugee bank accounts blocked in Israel in banks other than Barclay's Bank and the Ottoman Bank, and that it would be glad to formulate, in consultation with the Commission, the technical arrangements for their release.
SECURITY COUNCIL, meeting 845.
S/4151 and Corr.l. Letter of 26 January 1959 from Permanent
Representative of Israel.
S/4154 and Corr.1. Report of Acting Chief of Staff of UNTSO in
Palestine on the incident of 23 January 1959.
S/4156. Letter of 5 February 1959 from Permanent Representative
of United Arab Republic.
S/4160. Letter of 7 February 1959 from Permanent Representative
of United Arab Republic concerning decision adopted on 7
February 1959 by Egyptian-Israel Mixed Armistice Commission.
S/4164. Letter of 19 February 1959 from Permanent
Representative of United Arab Republic.
S/4167. Letter of 23 February 1959 from Permanent
Representative of United Arab Republic concerning decision
adopted on 21 February 1959 by Egyptian-Israel Mixed
S/4226 and Corr.1. Letter of 7 October 1959 from Permanent
Representative of United Arab Republic concerning decision
adopted on 6 October 1959 by Egyptian-Israel Mixed Armistice
S/4931. Letter of 21 October l959 from Acting Permanent
Representative of Israel.
S/4240. Letter of 14 November 1959 from Permanent
Representative of United Arab Republic concerning decision
adopted on 12 November 1959 by Egyptian-Israel Mixed
S/4173 and Corr.1. Letter of 17 March 1959 from Permanent
Representative of Israel.
S/4211. Letter of 31 August 1959 from Acting Permanent
Representative of Israel.
A/4190. Report of Security Council to General Assembly, 16 July
1958 to 15 July 1959, Part I, Chapter II.
A/4225 and Add.1. United Nations Conciliation Commission for
Palestine. Seventeenth Progress Report.
AID TO PALESTINE REFUGEES
PROPOSALS BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
At the General Assembly's thirteenth session in 1958, the Secretary-General undertook to make proposals for the continuation of United Nations assistance to Palestine refugees.
On 13 June 1959, he submitted a report containing his proposals, for consideration at the Assembly's fourteenth (1939) session. He recommended the continuation of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) pending, as expressed by the General Assembly, the "reintegration of the refugees into the economic life of the Near East, either by repatriation or resettlement."
The Secretary-General stated that he based his recommendation on an examination of the three predominant factors of the refugee problem - psychological, political and economic. This made up the first part of the report. The second part suggested certain arrangements for improving the continued work of UNRWA. The report also contained an annex dealing with the economic dimensions of the Palestine refugee problem.
The Secretary-General stressed that the report was limited to the question of United Nations assistance to the refugees; thus, no proposals for a solution of the Palestine problem as a whole, or for the refugee problem as such, were put forward. However, he added that a development along the lines set out in the report might help resolve those problems "with justice and equity for all concerned."
Beginning with a consideration of the economic aspects, the Secretary-General said that the reintegration of close to 1,000,000 Palestine refugees into the productive life of the Near East presented problems similar to those faced in all cases of reintegration into economic life of a largely unemployed population. The process would, for the immediate future at least, require capital imports sufficient to render possible an increase in national income and capital formation preferably more than proportional, but at least proportional to the increase in population. In the long run, with increasing revenues from oil in some parts of the region, the emphasis would switch from capital imports to investment of surpluses in the areas where reintegration took place. The capital formation would, to a large extent, have to take the form of agricultural and industrial investments.
The report stressed that the unemployed population represented by the Palestinian refugees should be regarded not as a liability but, more justly, as an asset for the future; it was a reservoir of manpower which in the desirable general economic development would assist in the creation of higher standards for the whole population of the area.
As to the question of where integration should be sought, the report stated that the stand taken by the General Assembly in 1948 would involve integration of refugees into the productive life of Israel, as well as of the Arab countries, in accordance with the choice of the refugees themselves. That stand had been consistently maintained by the Arab Governments concerned. However, Israel, stressing that the Assembly's resolution related to "refugees wishing ... to live at peace with their neighbours ... " had limited itself to offering, with conditions, a form of compensation to former landowners in the country and did not exclude an extension of the uniting of families scheme under which former Arab residents had already come back to Israel territory.
The Secretary-General's report pointed out that the economic development which had been presented as necessary to an integration of the refugees required that various political difficulties hampering progress in the desirable direction should be overcome. One of them was the Palestine problem in its various aspects; another was the problem of inter-Arab relationships; a third was the problem of an Arab economic co-operation so framed as to make possible the exploitation of the natural resources of the area to the full benefit of all the countries in the area. Regarding the Palestine problem, no progress towards a solution was now in view. A solution, however, should be sought in order to create conditions for a sound general economic development in the area, irrespective of its significance for the reintegration of the refugees. If the problem were solved sufficiently well to provide for such conditions, the proper political setting would probably ipso facto be created also for a solution of the refugee problem in its political aspects.
The report also pointed out that, although the problem was basically a human problem, reintegration would have to be freely accepted if it were to yield lasting results in the form of economic and political stability. However, the report added, it should be noted that a de facto economic integration would not prejudice any rights established by the General Assembly.
The Secretary-General concluded that the perspective was not a discouraging one, provided that the world was willing to assist the region in its economic development and provided, further, that - step by step and as economic conditions permitted - progress regarding the political and psychological obstacles was sought in a constructive spirit and with a sense of justice and realism.
In the second part of his report, the Secretary-General recommended certain arrangements as essential improvements in the continued work of the Agency, the main significance of which was that the UNRWA operation should be so conducted as to be in harmony with the general view of the refugee problem. The technical matters, to which he invited the General Assembly's attention, fell under four main headings: (1) recipients of assistance; (2) administration of assistance; (3) types of assistance - programme of self-support; and (4) agreements with host Governments.
The annex to the Secretary-General's report, dealing with the Palestine refugee problem, indicated that the labour force for the area as a whole, exclusive of the Palestine refugees, might be expected to increase by 5.6 million between 1960 and 1970. In order to absorb this increase into productive employment so that per capita income would continue to rise at a modest rate, new net investment from all sources of approximately $12,000 million would be needed. The funds necessary to finance such investment might be considered as coming from two major sources: domestic savings and various flows to the area from outside. The present refugee population represented a labour force of approximately 380,000. which would increase to 500,000 by 1970, and the total capital investment required to reintegrate the refugees by that date would be approximately $1,700 million.
In conclusion, it was stated that the more rapidly the refugees could be productively employed, the greater the contribution they would make to national income and thus also to the availability of domestic capital.
In the introduction to his annual report to the General Assembly on the work of the United Nations, the Secretary-General stated that the position taken in his report on Palestine refugees was not that economic development was the means by which a "reintegration," through repatriation or resettlement, should be brought about, but that it was unrealistic to hope for realization of the goal set by the Assembly unless there was a general improvement of the economic situation. He considered it difficult to envisage a reintegration - where ever it might take place - if it were to be accompanied by a lowering of the present unsatisfactory standards of living for the population in the region. If possible, it should be achieved with a parallel improvement of those standards. "Naturally," he stated, "this evaluation of the economic conditions needed for implementation of the General Assembly's resolutions does not in any way detract from or change the substance or legal validity of those resolutions."
REPORT OF 10 ARAB STATES
On 6 October 1959, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, the United Arab Republic and Yemen transmitted a report which they had adopted unanimously on the Secretary-General's proposals for the continuation of United Nations assistance to Palestine refugees. They asked that it be circulated to all United Nations Members.
After analysing the Secretary-General's report, these 10 Arab States reaffirmed their stand on behalf of the Arab people of Palestine, on the right of the Arab refugees to return to their homeland, their determined insistence on this return, their rejection of every project which might, even indirectly, aim at the settlement of refugees outside their country, and their demand to return to their former homes.
REPORT OF DIRECTOR OF UNRWA
In his annual report to the Assembly's fourteenth (1959) session the Director of UNRWA pointed out that, during the year ending 30 June 1959, the Agency's activities were limited, as throughout its history, almost entirely to the temporary task of providing relief. The long-term task of helping the refugees to become self-supporting had, as in the past, been hampered by a political climate, both among the refugees and in the host countries, and by the limits imposed by the availability of funds.
However, by providing food, shelter, medical care and education to a growing refugee population the Agency had played a major role in reducing human suffering and, by assuming much of the burden of providing the basic needs of the refugees, had acted as a stabilizing factor in the Middle East.
The Director went on to state that relief to refugees, however indispensable, could not be regarded as more than a palliative. The refugees lot continued to be one of hardship and disappointment. Until a solution to their problem could be found, he said, UNRWA's principal role would probably remain that of rendering basic services. No shift in that emphasis could be foreseen, he said, unless and until significant changes took place, offering the refugee a permanent home and suitable employment and giving him the feeling that "a wrong has been set right." One of the strongest arguments for extending UNRWA's mandate, the Director pointed out, was to provide time in which such a solution could be found.
The Director concluded that it was no exaggeration to state that every aspect of life and human endeavour in the Near East was conditioned and complicated by the Palestine refugee problem. Its psychological, political and social repercussions were of no less significance than its economic and humanitarian aspects. Any solution of the Palestine refugee problem, he said, must take these aspects into account.
For 1959, the Director also reported, UNRWA operated on a budget of $38.9 million. To finance this budget, the Agency could, in July 1959, foresee that only about $23 million would be available. Even if additional pledges were received, total funds available for 1959 would still fall some $1.6 million short of the budget.
Lacking assurance of adequate funds for 1959, the report added, the Agency had had to postpone certain parts of its programme. Though it was still able to provide basic services at normal standards and to implement the planned expansion of education and vocational training facilities, other plans could not be implemented. Thus, the report added, the Agency, though able both in 1958 and 1959 to carry out its basic functions, was forced to do so on a most uncertain financial basis.
The Director hoped that the General Assembly and contributing countries would evolve a method of financing the Agency in 1960 so that the planning and execution of approved programmes could be carried out properly and efficiently.
As of 30 June 1959, a total of 1,087,628 refugees were registered with the Agency: 248,742 in the Gaza strip; 595,725 in Jordan; 131,732 in Lebanon; and 111,429 in the Syrian Region of the United Arab Republic.
The total number of refugees receiving Agency relief rose to 990,181 as of 30 June 1959, as compared to 963,958 on 30 June 1958.
Food. Each month about 844,000 refugees received basic dry rations, providing approximately 1,500 calories per day in summer and 1,600 per day in winter. In addition, about 16,350 persons received half rations. About 232,000 refugees - children from 1 to 15 years old, pregnant and nursing women, and others upon medical recommendation - were aided under the supplementary feeding programme.
Shelter. About 40 per cent of the refugees receiving relief (over 400,000) lived in the Agency's 58 camps, maintained in four host countries. The number of camp residents was increasing annually, due to the natural increase of the camp population and due to new residents being forced by economic necessity to seek shelter in camps. The replacement of tents by huts was to be completed by the end of 1959.
Health. The health of the refugees continued to be satisfactory. The Agency operated 91 clinics and used the services of 12 clinics operated by voluntary societies and Governments, as well as the out-patient facilities of large hospitals in the host countries. About 2,000 hospital beds were maintained by the Agency.
Education and Vocational Training. In 1959, the Director's report went on, the Agency's education and vocational training had reached the stage where elementary education was provided for all refugee children; secondary education was provided for a proportion of the refugee school population roughly equal to the proportion of the indigenous school population receiving it in the host countries. There were university scholarships for a small number of gifted students and as much vocational training as the Agency could afford.
In May 1959, there were 101,462 pupils in UNRWA elementary schools (excluding 40,906 assisted by the Agency to attend government and private schools). In May 1959, there were 380 schools, staffed by 3,287 teachers. The total expenditure for general education in 1958 came to $5,232,000.
In his report, the Director added that the scholastic year 1958-1959 had been an important one for the education of Palestine refugee youth.
Claimants for Relief. From its inception, the Director's report also pointed out, UNRWA's major purpose had been to provide relief for those former inhabitants of Palestine who, as a result of the 1948 conflict, became refugees.
However, many non-refugees, under those terms, had suffered severely from the events of 1948. These people, who were also in need of relief aid, totalled some 300,000, excluding the children in Jordan whose eligibility was not in doubt. About $5,000,000 a year, it was estimated, would be needed to issue rations to them. UNRWA did not have additional relief funds on such a scale in sight, added the Director's report, drawing attention to the humanitarian problem posed by the continued distress of these large numbers of people, the most needy of whom were the Azazme Bedouin.
Aid for Self-Support. The Director also reported that, as in previous years, conditions had not permitted the execution of projects capable of supporting substantial numbers of refugees. No change in this sterile situation could be foreseen in the immediate future. The Agency, for practical purposes, had therefore had to modify its attitude towards self-support programmes. The very, limited funds available had also largely influenced the approach, which was currently directed at assisting a relatively small number of selected refugees to support themselves.
Describing the educational and vocational training situation, the report stressed that vocational training of various kinds still offered the best assurance of future employment; the Agency's vocational training centres, though important forward steps, could handle only a fraction of those wanting such training.
CONSIDERATION BY GENERAL ASSEMBLY
At the General Assembly's fourteenth (1959) session, the question of aid to Palestine refugees was referred to the Assembly's Special Political Committee, which had before it the Secretary-General's proposals for the continuation of United Nations assistance to Palestine refugees, as well as the annual report of the Director of UNRWA and the letter of 6 October from 10 Arab States.
On 10 November 1959, the Secretary-General informed the Committee that, in recommending continuation of UNRWA, he was not able - any more than anybody else - to say how long such assistance would be needed. As a result of his studies, he said, he had indicated various possibilities for improvements in UNRWA's work - objectives which, if endorsed by the Assembly, could be interpreted as guidance for possible negotiations between the Director of UNRWA and the host Governments.
The Secretary-General said he was convinced that, for political, humanitarian, psychological and economic reasons, the Assembly should decide on the continuation of United Nations assistance to the Palestine refugees through UNRWA "for all the time and to all the extent necessary."
On the same day, in presenting the UNRWA report, the Director of UNRWA pointed out that, in spite of limited funds, the Agency had been able to hold malnutrition among the refugees to a minimum, provide improved shelter, avoid epidemics, and provide schooling for refugee children approximating that prevailing in the host countries. Those combined services had been provided at an average cost of $33 per person per year.
In contrast to this, the Director said. there had been the Agency's inability to carry out the rehabilitation of the refugees: the number rehabilitated had been more than offset by the net margin of births over deaths, which continued to add to UNRWA's total number of dependents. Large-scale rehabilitation projects, he said, had proved unacceptable to the refugees and to the host Governments alike, who felt that a grave injustice had been perpetuated on the Arab World.
The Director stressed the importance of UNRWA's programmes for vocational training, individual assistance and university scholarships, and said he would apply such funds to them as might become available to the Agency through the World Refugee Year. For this reason, he hoped that world-wide response to the Year would be substantial.
As to how long UNRWA's services would be required, it seemed certain to the Director that it would take a decade or longer to world out a solution to the problem. Continuation of UNRWA was essential, in his view, as a means for alleviating human suffering and augmenting stability in the Middle East while the numerous and varied forces shaping the future of the area were at work, forces which would, in time, resolve the Palestine refugee problem.
During the debate in the Special Political Committee - which took place from 10 to 20 November and from 7 to 8 December - it was generally agreed that UNRWA's mandate should be extended, pending a final settlement of the Palestine question.
Representatives of the Arab States stressed that the Palestine refugee problem was essentially a political one and could not, therefore, be related in any way to the economic development of the Arab countries. United Nations responsibility towards the problem must, they said, be upheld pending implementation of all the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly. Further, the refugees must be given the choice of repatriation or compensation, as envisaged in Assembly resolution 194 (III) of 11 December 1948. It was also urged that the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine be re-activated and enlarged. If the United Nations did not act, the Saudi Arabian representative warned, it would in equity be precluded from intervening again in the matter, even if at some future date the situation should warrant intervention.
The representative of Israel said that the answer to the refugee problem was to help the refugees build new lives for themselves among their brethren in Arab countries. He repeated his Government's offer that it was prepared immediately to enter into negotiations, directly or indirectly, for an over-all and final settlement of all outstanding differences. If the problem was solved by integration and if the international assistance offered in 1955 was forthcoming, Israel would be ready to pay compensation even before peace had been finally re-established and other outstanding problems had been solved.
The spokesman for Ireland suggested a stage-by-stage approach as the best way to break the deadlock. First, a limited number of refugees would be given the choice between repatriation and compensation. Those choosing repatriation would, after a year, return to their camps and give an account of their new lives in Israel. Then, perhaps, a larger group could be offered the same choice and that process could be continued.
The United States representative, emphasizing that merely extending the Agency's mandate was not a satisfactory way to serve the long-term interests of the refugees, regretted that no real progress had been made towards a fundamental solution of the problem. The United States, as a major contributor to the relief of the refugees, would welcome constructive proposals from any quarter, whether involving the Conciliation Commission, a new commission, or any other possibility. He welcomed a point stressed by the Indian representative to the effect that the General Assembly had consistently held fast to the principle of repatriation or compensation.
Several Members, including Australia, Ceylon, Guinea, Indonesia, Italy, Liberia, Pakistan and Turkey, endorsed the proposal to reactivate the Conciliation Commission.
Bulgaria, Morocco, Nepal, the USSR and others, while favouring the continuation of United Nations relief to the refugees, indicated that the only acceptable long-range solution lay in the implementation of past Assembly resolutions calling for repatriation or compensation.
Other Members - among them Australia, Denmark, Peru and Sweden - emphasized that the primary responsibility for a solution of the problem rested with the parties themselves.
On 30 November, the Committee heard a statement by Izzat Tannous, Director of the Palestine Refugee Office in New York.
On 7 December, Indonesia and Pakistan submitted a revised text of a draft resolution which had been put forward by them on 23 November. By this revised proposal, which the United States representative described as a compromise, the General Assembly would, among other things: decide to extend UNRWA's mandate for three years with a review at the end of two years; request the Palestine Conciliation Commission to make further efforts to secure implementation of paragraph 11 of resolution 194 (III) of 1948, (calling for repatriation of the refugees or payment of compensation); call attention to the "precarious financial position" of the Agency and urge Governments to consider to what extent they would contribute or increase their contributions; and direct the Agency to continue its relief programme and, in so far as possible, expand its programme of self-support and vocational training.
The Israel representative said that, in so far as the revised proposal had been referred to as a compromise, it was a compromise on which his delegation had not been consulted and to which Israel was not a party.
On 8 December, in a separate vote, the paragraph about the Conciliation Commission was adopted by a roll-call vote of 54 to 1, with 18 abstentions. The paragraph referring to UNRWA's financial situation and urging increased contributions was adopted by a roll-call vote of 64 to 0, with 7 abstentions. The Committee then adopted the draft proposal as a whole by 71 votes to 0, with 1 abstention.
On 9 December 1959, in a plenary meeting of the General Assembly, the Committee's recommendation was approved by a vote of 80 to 0, with 1 abstention, as resolution 1456 (XIV).
PLEDGES ADD PAYMENTS FOR 1959-1960
During the financial year 1959, 48 countries and territories pledged the equivalent of $32,719,362 for UNRWA's activities. By
31 December 1959, the equivalent of $32,426.013 had been received in payment of these pledges, as well as payments on previous pledges amounting to $127,660. At the end of the year, pledges for 1959 amounting to $293,349 and for prior years amounting to $307,788 remained unpaid.
As of December 1959, UNRWA had received pledges of approximately $18.3 million for the 1960 programme.
PLEDGES AND CONTRIBUTIONS TO UNRWA FOR THE YEAR ENDING
31 DECEMBER 1959
(Showing the equivalent in U.S. dollars of pledges and
contributions in cash, kind and services)
Government Pledge Received
Australia $ 190,400 $ 190,400
Austria 2,000 2,000
Belgium 30,000 30,000
Cambodia 571 571
Cambodia* 286 286
Canada 2,075,000 2,075,000
Cuba 5,000 5,000
Denmark 43,440 43,440
France 264,002 264,002
Gambia* 30 30
Gaza Authorities 129,592 129,592
Germany, Fed. Rep. of 238,095 238,095
Ghana 3,000 3,000
Greece 15,000 15,000
Holy See* 1,000 1,000
India 10,504 10,504
Iran 5,666 5,666
Ireland 2,814 2,814
Italy 120,000 120,000
Japan 10,000 10,000
Jordan 99,045 99,045
Laos 1,000 1,000
Lebanon 23,844 23,844
Liberia* 1,500 1,500
Liberia 5,000 5,000
Libya 10,000 10,000
Luxembourg $ 2,000 $ 2,000
Federation of Malaya 1,500 1,500
Federation of Malaya* 1,500 1,500
Monaco 203 203
Morocco 4,796 4,796
Netherlands 65,790 65,790
New Zealand 140,000 140,000
Norway 42,000 42,000
Pakistan 20,964 20,964
Saudi Arabia 200,000 200,000
Switzerland 35,047 35,047
Sweden 57,915 57,915
Thailand* 3,125 -
Tunisia 2,000 -
Turkey 5,000 5,000
United Arab Republic:
Egyptian Region 326,324 326,324
Syrian Region 81,909 81,909
United Kingdom 5,400,000 5,400,000
United States 23,000,000 23,000,000
Viet-Nam* 2,500 2,500
Yugoslavia 40,000 40,000
Total $32,719,362 $32,426,013
* Special contribution for World
GENERAL ASSEMBLY - 14TH SESSlON
Special Political Committee, meetings 148-162, 169, 171.
Plenary Meeting 851
A/4121 and Corr.l. Proposals for continuation of United Nations
assistance to Palestine Refugees.
Document submitted by Secretary-General.
A/4213. Annual report of Director of United Nations Relief and
Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in Near East, 1 July 1958
- 30 June 1959.
A/4236. Letter of 6 October 1959 from representatives of Iraq,
Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan,
Tunisia, United Arab Republic and Yemen transmitting report
adopted by Arab States regarding proposals by Secretary-
A/SPC/40. Letter of 20 November 1959 from representative of
A/SPC/L.38 and Rev.1. Indonesia and Pakistan: draft resolution
and revision, adopted by Special Political Committee on 8
December 1959, meeting 171, by 71 votes to 0, with I
A/4342. Report of Special Political Committee.
Resolution 1456 (XIV), as submitted by Special Political
Committee, A/4342, adopted by Assembly on 9 December 1959,
meeting 851, by 80 votes to 0, with I abstention.
"The General Assembly,
"Recalling its resolutions 194 (III) of 11 December 1918, 309(IV) of 8 December 1949, 393 (V) of 2 December 1950, 513 (VI) of 26 January 1952, 614 (VII) of 6 November 1952, 720 (VIII) of 27 November 1953, 818 (IX) of 4 December 1954, 916 (X) of 3 December 1955, 1018 (XI) of 28 February 1957, 1191 (XII) of 12 December 1957 and 1315 (XIII) of 12 December 1958,
"Noting the annual report of the Director of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, in particular the expiration of the Agency's mandate on 30 June 1960,
"Noting the recommendation of the Secretary-General and the Director of the Agency for the continuation of the Agency,
"Noting with deep regret that repatriation or compensation of the refugees, as provided for in paragraph 11 of General Assembly resolution 194 (III), has not been effected, and that no substantial progress has been made in the programme endorsed in paragraph 2 of resolution 513 (VI) for the reintegration of refugees either by repatriation or resettlement and that, therefore, the situation of the refugees continues to be a matter of serious concern,
"Having reviewed the Agency's budget and noting with concern that contributions from Member States are not sufficient,
"Recalling that the Agency, as a subsidiary organ of the United Nations, enjoys the benefits of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations,
"1. Decides to extend the mandate of the United Nations Relief and Worlds Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East for a period of three years with a review at the end of two years;
"2. Requests the Governments concerned to co-operate with the Agency in efforts to rectify the situation described in paragraphs 17 and 18 of the Director's report;
"3. Requests the Director of the Agency to arrange with the host Governments the best means of giving effect to the proposals contained in paragraph 47 of his report;
"4. Requests the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine to make further efforts to secure the implementation of paragraph 11 of General Assembly resolution 194 (III);
"5. Directs attention to the precarious financial position of the Agency and urges Governments to consider to what extent they can contribute or increase their contributions so that the Agency can carry out its programmes;
"6. Directs the Agency to continue its programme of relief for the refugees and, in so far as is financially
possible, expand its programme of self-support and vocational training;
"7. Expresses its thanks to the Director and the staff of the Agency for their continued faithful efforts to carry out the mandate of the Agency, and to the specialized agencies and the many private organizations for their valuable and continuing work in assisting the refugees."
/ On 21 February 1958, a plebiscite was held in Egypt and Syria as a result of which the two countries joined to form the United Arab Republic.