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UNITED
NATIONS
A S

        General Assembly
        Security Council
Distr.
GENERAL
A/50/85
S/1995/152

23 February 1995

ENGLISH
ORIGINAL: FRENCH

GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Fiftieth session
Items 28, 32, 42, 44, 54, 55 and
73 of the preliminary list* THE SITUATION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE
QUESTION OF PALESTINE
THE SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
THE SITUATION IN AFGHANISTAN AND
ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY
QUESTION OF CYPRUS
THE RISK OF NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
SECURITY COUNCIL
Fiftieth year



Letter dated 2 February 1995 from the Permanent Representative of Morocco to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


I have the honour to transmit to you herewith the final communiqué (see annex I), declarations (see annex II) and resolutions (see annexes III-VII) of the Seventh Islamic Summit Conference (Session of Fraternity and Revival), held at Casablanca from 13 to 15 December 1994. I should be grateful if you would have them circulated as a document of the General Assembly, under items 28, 32, 42, 44, 54, 55 and 73 of the preliminary list, and of the Security Council.

(Signed) Ahmed SNOUSSI Permanent Representative


/....


Annex I
[Original: Arabic, English and French]
Final communiqué of the Seventh Islamic Summit Conference held at
Casablanca, Morocco, from 13 to 15 December 1994

IS/7-94/FC./FINAL

/...

Question of Palestine and Al-Quds Al-Sharif:

24. The Conference reaffirmed that the question of Palestine and Al-Quds Al-Sharif is the prime cause of all Muslims, and expressed its solidarity with the Palestine Liberation Organisation in its just struggle for removing the effects of Israeli occupation and building the Palestinian national institutions on the land of Palestine. It called upon Member States to continue supporting the PLO and its positions in the forthcoming negotiations for the transfer of all powers and responsibilities in the occupied Palestinian territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif, to the Palestinian National Authority, and to emphasize the return of the Holy City to Palestinian sovereignty. It affirmed that a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East region can only be achieved through complete and unconditional Israeli withdrawal from all the Palestinian and Arab territories occupied since 1967, including the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, the Syrian Golan and the occupied Lebanese territories.

25. It expressed its support for the peace process in the Middle East, and welcomed the agreements concluded in its framework and noted that the success of the peace process hinges on the implementation of resolutions of international legitimacy, including resolutions 242, 338 and 425 of the Security Council, on the basis of Arab and international understanding of these resolutions, and the "land for peace" formula and the need to enable the Palestinian people to exercise their national and political rights.

26. It stressed that Al-Quds Al-Sharif is an integral part of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967 and to it apply all the provisions applicable to the other occupied territories and reiterated the necessity of its return to Palestinian sovereignty as capital of the State of Palestine.

It invited all States in the world to refrain from having any dealings with the Israeli occupation authorities which might be interpreted in any way by those authorities as an implicit recognition of the "fait accompli" imposed by the proclamation of Al-Quds as the capital of Israel. It called for compliance with Security Council resolution 478 (1980) which invites Member States not to transfer their diplomatic missions to the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif. It called on Member States to face up to the serious developments ensuing from the continued Israeli expansionist policy in Al-Quds Al-Sharif, to confront this policy to provide material resources for the preservation of Islamic Shrines, and to support the steadfastness of the city's inhabitants. It invited the international community, and in particular the two co-sponsors of the Peace Conference, to compel Israel not to effect any geographical or demographical changes in the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif during the transitional period, that might affect the outcome of the negotiations on the final status of the City.

27. It expressed its strong condemnation of the decision taken by the Israeli Supreme Court to consider the Blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque as part of the territory of the State of Israel.

28. It called upon Member States to honour their commitment to cover the budgets of the Al-Quds Fund and its Waqf.

29. It called for the dismantling of the settlements already established since they are unlawful, and to halt further Jewish settlements in occupied Palestinian and Arab territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif and Syrian Golan, as required under the relevant resolutions of international legitimacy.

30. It stressed the need to secure international protection for the Palestinian people in the Occupied Territories; and to halt all Israel's terrorist and repressive practices against the Palestinian people. It invited Member States to work for compelling Israel to release the detainees, bring back the deportees, put an end to the method of collective punishment, and desist from any works that may endanger life and the environment in the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories.

31. It called for the support of the international programme of economic, social and cultural development in the occupied Palestinian areas, and for the support of the Palestinian National Authority so that it can establish its control and start the process of reconstruction and development of the Occupied Territories.

32. It strongly condemned the aggressive Israeli scheme to partition the Ibrahimi Enclosure in the city of Al-Khalil, and called on Member States to continue their coordination and intensive efforts to prevent the implementation of this scheme and preserve the Ibrahimi Enclosure as a mosque solely for Muslims as it has been through the ages.

33. It called on the international community and the Security Council to compel Israel to comply with U.N. Resolutions, particularly Security Council Resolution 487 (1981), to accede to the treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to implement the resolutions of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) calling for the subjection of all Israeli Atomic facilities to the IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards System, to proclaim Israel's renunciation of nuclear armament, and to submit a full report on its stockpile of nuclear weapons and materials to the Security Council and the International Atomic Energy Agency as those steps are essential for the establishment of a just and comprehensive peace in the region.

34. The Conference commended the steadfastness of the Arab-Syrian citizens in the Golan against Israeli occupation, strongly condemned Israel for not complying with Security Council resolution 497 (1981), and affirmed that Israel's decision to impose its jurisdiction, its law and its administration on the occupied Syrian Golan is null and void. It also declared that the Knesset resolution of 11 November 1991 confirming the annexation of the occupied Syrian Golan is null and void and without legal effect and constitutes a flagrant violation of Security Council resolution 497 (1981). It expressed strong condemnation of Israel for continuing to alter the legal status and demographic set up of the occupied Syrian Golan. It affirmed that Israel's continuing occupation of the Syrian Golan constitutes a permanent threat to peace and security in the region. It demanded that Israel withdraw totally from Lebanon to the lines of 4 June 1967.

35. The Conference saluted the heroism and steadfastness of the Lebanese people against Israeli occupation and strongly condemned Israel's continuing occupation of Lebanese territories, and its persistence in deporting Lebanese citizens from their villages and lands, as well as all the inhuman practices of the Israeli enemy in those areas. It called for efforts to prevent Israel from continuing those practices and compel it to release Lebanese detainees. It also called for action to force Israel to implement the UN Security Council resolutions, in particular resolution 425 (1978) which calls for immediate and unconditional withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Lebanese territory, and for helping the legitimate authorities to establish their control over all Lebanese territories. It invited all countries to increase their assistance to Lebanon in order to consolidate the political gains of the National Reconciliation Government.

/....

Annex IV

[Original: Arabic, English and French]

Resolutions on political, Muslim minorities and communities, legal and information affairs

CONTENTS

Subject

* Resolution No. 1/7-P (IS) on the Palestine Cause and the Arab-Israeli Conflict ........................... Pg. 78

* Resoultion No. 2/7-P (IS) on the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif................................................ Pg. 85

/....

* Resolution No. 32/7-P (IS) on the problem of refugees in the Muslim World................................. Pg. 160

/...


RESOLUTION NO.1/7-P(IS)ON THE PALESTINE CAUSE AND THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT

The Seventh Islamic Summit Conference (Session of Fraternity and Revival), held in Casablanca, Kingdom of Morocco, from 11-13 Rajab 1415H (13-15 December, 1994);

Having considered the Report of the Secretary General on the Cause of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict contained in Document No. (ICFM/22-94/PAL/D.1);

Proceeding from the principles and objectives of the Charter of the Organization of the Islamic Conference;

Pursuant to the resolutions of the Islamic Conferences on the Cause of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict;

Recalling all the resolutions issued by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Organization of African Unity and the League of Arab States on the situation in the occupied Palestinian territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the other occupied Arab territories;

Reaffirming that the Palestine Cause is the core of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and that Israel's continued occupation of Palestinian and Arab territories, its annexation of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the Syrian Golan, its continued denial of the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people and its disrespect for the human rights of the Palestinians constitute a flagrant violation of international legitimacy and the principles of international law as well as the UN Charter and the relevant UN resolutions and the Universal Declaration on Human Rights;

Reaffirming the UN Security Council Resolution No.681 and the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 relative to the Protection of Civilian Population in Times of War to the Palestinian People in the occupied Palestinian territories since 1967, including Al-Quds Al-Sharif;

Recalling resolutions 465, 476 and 478 of the Security Council on the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the Islamic resolutions emphasizing that the Question of Al-Quds Al-Sharif constitutes the heart of the Palestine Question which is the prime cause of all Muslims and the core of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, and that a just and lasting peace will only be achieved with the return of the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif to Palestinian sovereignty as capital of the State of Palestine;

Recalling also resolution 904 (1994) of the Security Council on the massacre in the Ibrahimi Mosque in the city of Al-Khalil which calls for the provision of international protection to the Palestinians in the city of Al-Khalil;

Expressing deep concern at Israel's continuing terrorist and repressive measures and practices, its continued policy of deportation and mass punishment against Palestinian and Arab citizens in all occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, and its siege of the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif;

Proceeding from Islamic and international resolutions which reaffirm the legitimacy of the struggle waged by the Palestinian people under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, their sole legitimate representative, for the re-establishment of their sovereignty over their land, and the exercise of their inalienable national rights;

Condemning the continuous Israeli aggression against Southern Lebanon and Western Beqa'a and emphasizing that the Israeli policies, practices and expansionist plans, do not only threaten the Arab states and the peace process but also threaten the Islamic countries and endanger international peace and security;

Following with interest the peace efforts being exerted for the achievement of a just and comprehensive solution of the Question of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict on the basis of UN Security Council Resolutions Nos. 242 and 338 and 425 and of the formula of "land for peace", and the legitimate national and political rights of the Palestinian people;

1. Reaffirms all the resolutions of the Islamic Conferences relating to the Palestine Cause and the Arab-Israeli Conflict.

2. Reaffirms also that the Palestine cause is the prime cause of all Muslims, and expresses its solidarity with the Palestine Liberation Organisation in its just struggle for removing the effects of Israeli occupation and building the Palestinian national institutions on the land of Palestine, with a view to fulfilling the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian People, including their right to return, to self-determination and to the establishment of their independent State on their national soil, with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital;

3. Calls on Member States to further strengthen their solidarity with the Palestinian people, and support their just and legitimate struggle for ending Israeli occupation and achieving all their goals of freedom and independence and to continue supporting the PLO and to its position in its negotiations in order to affirm the transfer of all powers and responsibilities, in all fields in the occupied Palestinian territories including the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, to the Palestinian National Authority.

4. Reaffirms that a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East region can only be achieved through complete and unconditional Israeli withdrawal from all the Palestinian and Arab territories occupied since 1967, including the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, the Syrian Golan and the occupied Lebanese territories.

5. Expresses its support and backing for the peace process in the Middle East, which is aimed at bringing about a just and comprehensive solution to the Question of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict and welcomes the agreements concluded within the framework of the peace process and believes that the success of the peace process in the Middle East hinges on the fulfillment of the following principles and basic factors:

First

It being based on the resolutions of international legality, including resolutions 242 and 338 and 425 of the Security Council, and the obligation to implement them in accordance with the Arab and international understanding of these resolutions, which guarantee full Israeli withdrawal from all the occupied Palestinian territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif as well as from the occupied Syrian Golan and the occupied Lebanese territories, and on the basis of the formula "land for peace"; of the legitimate national and political rights of the Palestinian people, and of the need to enable them to exercise their right of return in conformity with the General Assembly resolution 194.

Second

Applicability of Security Council resolution 242 to all Arab occupied territories including the Palestinian territories.

Third

The fact that Al-Quds is the heart of the Palestine Question which, in turn, is the heart of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Al-Quds is an integral part of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967 and to it apply all the provisions applicable to the other occupied territories under the resolutions of the United Nations Security Council and General Assembly, and the necessity of its return to Palestinian sovereignty as capital of the State of Palestine, as a guarantee for peace and security in the region.

Fourth

Dismantling the settlements already established in the occupied territories since they are illegal under the international resolutions including resolution 465 of the Security Council, and cessation of the settling of Jews in the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the Syrian Golan, combined with the necessity of providing international guarantees to that effect.

Fifth

The need to secure international protection for the Palestinian people in the Occupied Territories, to implement the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 and the Hague Treaty of 1907, to halt all Israel's terrorist and repressive practices against the Palestinian people, to release all Palestinian detainees in the Occupied Territories, to halt the expropriation and attempted transformation of Islamic and Christian properties and waqfs, to halt the continuing violations of Islamic and Christian holy places and to halt the excavations which endanger these shrines.

6. Calls for the support of the international programme on economic, social and cultural developments in the occupied Palestinian territories; support the Palestinian National Authority so as to establish its control and start the process of reconstruction and development of the occupied Palestinian territories, including the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif.

7. Calls for a more effective participation of the United Nations in promoting the success of the peace process in the Middle East, and reaffirms the continued and constant responsibility of the United Nations vis-a-vis the Palestine Question until a just and comprehensive solution to all its aspects is achieved securing an end to occupation and the exercise, by the Palestinian people, of their inalienable national rights.

8. Draws the attention of the international public opinion and the Security Council against the gravity of Israel's behaviour as though it were exempted from abiding by the principles of international law and exempted from compliance with the norms of international legality, and urges the international community to compel Israel to desist from violating the principles of international legitimacy and to implement the resolutions of the U.N. General Assembly and Security Council without delay or procrastination.

9. Invites all States of the world to refrain from having any dealings with the Israeli occupation authorities which might in any way be interpreted by those authorities, as an implicit recognition of the "fait accompli" it had imposed by the declaration of Al-Quds as the capital of Israel and in this context recalls the UN Security Council Resolutions No. 465,476 and 478 which rule that the Israeli measures relating to the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif are null and void and affirm that all the legislative, administrative and settlement measures aiming at changing the legal status of the Holy City are null and void, have no legal effects whatsoever and are a violation of international agreements, conventions and norms.

10. Calls for abiding by the provisions of the Islamic Boycott against Israel and to consider the legislation, rules and provisions governing the Boycott "the General Principles of the Boycott, Islamic law, the Internal Regulations and Sessional Meetings of the Regional Offices" as part of their own-current national legislations, and set up the necessary offices and mechanisms to serve that end.

11. Strongly condemns the aggressive Israeli scheme to partition the Ibrahimi Mosque Enclosure in the occupied city of Al-Khalil, which aims at seizing and judaizing most of it and building a Jewish temple on its site and calls on the Member States to continue their coordination and intensive efforts in the various international fora to prevent the implementation of this scheme and preserve the Ibrahimi Enclosure as a mosque solely for Muslims as it has been through the ages and warns, that any slackness in these efforts, would encourage Israel to undermine the Blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque and other Islamic and Christian shrines, which would affect the peace process and also invites them to endeavour to renovate the old town in Al-Khalil and preserve the heritage and culture of this ancient city as well as settle Palestinian families therein in order to face Jewish settlement in the city.

12. Calls on the international community to work for the return of the international observers to the city of Al-Khalil in accordance with the Security Council resolution No. 904, and to oblige Israel to allow them to carry out their tasks.

13. Strongly condemns the Israeli repressive measures and practices against the Palestinian citizens and also strongly condemns Israel's expansionist settlement policy and regards all settlements established or to be established by Israel in Al-Quds Al-Sharif and in all other parts of the occupied Palestinian territory and the Syrian Golan as null and void in accordance with international legitimacy and appeals to all States to refrain from taking any steps that might facilitate the process of settlement in the Occupied Territories; invites the Member States to request the UN Security Council to form an international committee to supervise and monitor the prevention of the settlement process in the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories.

14. Invites Member States to work within the framework of the United Nations and at the international institutions and fora for compelling Israel to release the detainees, bring back the deportees, put an end to the method of collective punishment, and desist from any works that would endanger life and the environment in the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories.

15. Strongly condemns Israel's continuing occupation of Southern Lebanon and the Western Biqa'h region, its arbitrary practices and military acts of aggression against the Lebanese citizens and against the Palestinian refugees in their camps in Lebanon, and calls upon the UN Security Council to put an immediate end to these acts of aggression and demands Israel's immediate, total and unconditional withdrawal from the Lebanese territory; and affirms its eagerness to maintain the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Lebanon within its internationally recognized borders and stresses the necessity of implementing the UN Security Council resolutions concerning Lebanon and in particular Resolution No.425 (1978) and expresses its appreciation for the achievements of the Supreme Tripartite Arab Committee; also calls on the international community to contribute to the International Fund for the Reconstruction of Lebanon.

16. Strongly condemns the policy of Israel in refusing to comply with Security Council resolution 497 (1981), and in imposing its jurisdiction, its laws and its administration on the occupied Syrian Golan, as well as Israel's policies of annexation, establishment of settlements, expropriation of lands, diversion of water resources and imposition of Israeli nationality on Syrian citizens and considers that all those measures are null and void, and constitute a violation of the rules and principles of international law, relating to occupation and war and particularly the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 and demands the complete withdrawal of Israel from the entire occupied Syrian Golan.

17. Calls on the international community and the Security Council to compel Israel to comply with U.N. Resolutions, particularly Security Council Resolution 487(1981), to accede to the treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to implement the resolutions of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) calling for the subjection of all Israeli Atomic facilities to the IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards System, to obtain Israel's renunciation of nuclear armament, and to submit a full report on its stockpile of nuclear weapons and materials to the Security Council and the International Atomic Energy Agency as those steps are essential for the establishment of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction, and primarily nuclear weapons in the Middle East region, and fundamental factor for the establishment of a just and comprehensive peace in the region.

18. Calls on the Member States to coordinate their positions at all international fora in order to preserve the principled position of the Organization of the Islamic Conference on all the resolutions on the issue of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict.

19. Commends the efforts deployed by Al-Quds Committee, under the Chairmanship of His Majesty King Hassan II of Morocco.

20. Calls upon the Member States to request the UN Secretary General to entrust the Reconciliation Committee, in cooperation with UNRWA and the States concerned, with the preparation of a comprehensive census of Palestinian refugees and their properties as well as formulate a comprehensive conception for solving their problem in accordance with the UN resolution 194.

21. Expresses its appreciation to the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Organization of African Unity, the United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, and to all peoples and peace-loving forces for their support of the Palestine Question in the international fora, and their backing of the struggle and blessed Intifada of the Palestinian people and calls on them to continue that support and assistance by all available means.

22. Requests the Secretary General to take necessary measures for continuing and strengthening contacts and coordination on the Question of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict between the Organization of the Islamic Conference and the League of Arab States, the Organization of African Unity, the Non-Aligned Movement, the European Union, and the United Nations and its Specialized Agencies.

23. Requests the Secretary General to follow up the implementation of this resolution and to submit a report thereon to the next Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.



RESOLUTION NO.2 /7-P(IS)ON THE CITY OF AL-QUDS AL-SHARIF


The Seventh Islamic Summit Conference (Session of Fraternity and Revival), held in Casablanca, Kingdom of Morocco, from 11 to 13 Rajab, 1415H (13-15 December, 1994),

Having considered the Report of the Secretary General on the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, contained in Document No. (ICFM/22-94/PAL/D.2);

Proceeding from the principles and objectives of the Charter of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference;

Pursuant to the Islamic resolutions which reaffirm that the issue of Al-Quds Al-Sharif forms the core of the Palestinian issue which is the foremost Islamic cause, and core of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and that no comprehensive and just peace can be achieved without the return of Al-Quds Al-Sharif to the Palestinian sovereignty, as the capital of the State of Palestine;

Recalling the relevant resolutions of the UN General Assembly and Security Council, in particular resolutions 46T, 476 and 478 on the city of Al-Quds which consider as null and void the Israeli Law annexing Al-Quds claiming it as the unified capital of Israeli;

Expressinq its deep concern at the escalation of Israel's acts of aggression on the Holy Places in the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, and also over the deteriorating situation of the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and all Islamic and Christian Holy Places, in particular the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock;

Expressinq its full solidarity with the just and legitimate struggle of the Palestinian people under the leadership of the PLO, so as to enable it to face up to the forthcoming stage and ensure the transfer of all authorities in the occupied Palestinian territories to the Palestinian national authority, and establish its authority on all the occupied Palestinian territories, including the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif.

Reiteratinq Security Council's Resolution No. 681 which provides for the applicability of all the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention concerning the protection of civilians in times of war to the Palestinian people in the occupied Arab territories, including Al-Quds Al-Sharif;

Following attentively the continued peace efforts for the achievement of a just and comprehensive settlement to the issue of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict on the basis of Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 and the legitimate national and political rights of the Palestinian people;

Commendinq the constant efforts made by the Committee of Al-Quds under the Chairmanship of His Majesty King Hassan II, King of the Kingdom of Morocco.

1. Reaffirms all the resolutions issued by the relevant Islamic Conferences including those adopted by the Third Islamic Summit Conference on Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the recommendations of Al-Quds Committee at its former sessions.

2. Invites the Member States to continue extending their support to the Palestine Liberation Organisation and to back up its stands at forthcoming negotiations for the benefit of the transfer of all authority and responsibilities in the occupied Palestinian territories to the Palestinian National Authority including the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, and to ensure its return to Palestinian sovereignty.

3. Asserts that just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East will not be realized unless Israel withdraws from all the occupied Palestinian and Arab Territories, at the forefront of which is the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, being part of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967 and whatever is applicable to all the occupied territories applies to that city also, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council and General Assembly and underlines the need for the City to return to Palestinian sovereignty, as the capital for the State of Palestine, as a guarantee for peace and security in the region.

4. Invites all States to refrain from having any dealings with the Israeli occupation authorities which might be interpreted in any way by those authorities as an implicit recognition of the "fait accompli" imposed by the proclamation of Al-Quds as the capital of Israel and reaffirms that all legislative, administrative and settlements' procedures and measures aiming at altering the legal status of the Holy City are null and void and constitute a violation of international agreements, conventions and norms, as proclaimed by international legitimacy resolutions which include the UN Security Council resolutions No. 465, 476 and 478 (1980) as well as those of the UN General Assembly, all of which invalidate the Israeli procedures in question.

5. Invites the Member States to face up to the serious developments ensuing from the continued Israeli expansionist policy in Al-Quds Al-Sharif, to confront it with all possible means, to provide material resources for the preservation of the Islamic Shrines, and to support the steadfastness of its citizens so as to prevent Israel from carrying out its schemes which seek to annex the city of Al-Quds and wipe out its Arabo-Islamic character.

6. Invites the international community, and in particular the two co-sponsors of the Peace Conference, to oblige Israel not to effect any geographical or demographical alteration in the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif during the transitional period, which might affect the outcome of the negotiations on the final status of the City.

7. Emphasizes the need for the dismantling of the existing settlements in the Occupied Territories, and the reversal of the Jewish settlement movement, particularly in the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, together with the provision of international guarantees to ensure the above.

8. Calls upon all States to adhere to Security Council Resolution No. 478 (1980) which invites the member States to uphold the provisions of the said resolution and refrain from transferring their diplomatic missions to the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif.

9. Asserts the commitment of Member States to pursue and coordinate their action with regional and international organisations for the implementation of the international resolutions adopted by United Nations and its specialized agencies, in particular UNESCO, to stop the hostile measures and aggressive practices and the excavation work in the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, and to safeguard its cultural and historical heritage.

10. Reaffirms the resolutions of earlier Islamic Conferences which call for the extension of support to the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the consolidation of the steadfastness of its citizens, through the implementation of the following activities:

11. Condemns the Israeli occupation authorities persistence in confiscating new land, closing thousands of acres in and around Al-Quds Al-Sharif, and establishing colonial projects on the usurped property, with the purpose of cutting off the Arab city of Al-Quds from the rest of the occupied Palestinian territories, which forms a violation of international law as well as of the resolutions of the UN General Assembly and Security Council, and of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949.

12. Strongly condemns the Israeli Supreme Court's decision, issued on 23 September 1993, claiming the Blessed Mosque of Al-Aqsa as part of the territory of the State of Israel, and considers it as an organised action aimed at opening the way for the Zionist extremist gangs to continue their violations against the sanctity of the Blessed Mosque of Al-Aqsa, to establish their presence in its precincts, and to continue looting the religious, historical and cultural relics in Al-Quds and the Occupied Territories.

13. Hails the appeal made by H.R.H. Prince Salman Bin Abdulaziz, Emir of the Riyadh Province and Chairman of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia People's Committee in support of the Palestinian freedom fighters, under the noble directive of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Fahd Bin Abdulaziz, Sovereign of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, to launch the campaign for 'the salvation of the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif', and donate its proceeds to meet expenditure for the reconstruction of the Islamic Shrines in Al-Quds and their salvation from the threat of disappearance, especially the blessed Mosque of Al-Aqsa, the Honored Dome of the Rock, and the Mosque of Omar Bin A1-Khattab, as a consequence of the Israeli practices and Expresses its profound thanks and appreciation to the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for its consistent and attentive interest in the cause of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the Islamic Shrines there and Urges the Member States to organize similar campaigns.

14. Entrusts the Secretary General with the task of following up the implementation of this resolution and to submitting a report thereon to the next Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

/...



RESOLUTION NO.32 /7-P(IS)ON THE PROBLEM OF REGUFEES IN THE MUSLIM WORLD


The Seventh Islamic Summit Conference (Session of Fraternity and Revival), held in Casablanca, Kingdom of Morocco, from 11 to 13 Rajab, 1415H (13-15 December, 1994),

Recalling Resolution 34/21-P adopted by the Twenty-first Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers on the problem of Refugees;

Deeply concerned over the plight of refugees in many parts of the world, most of whom are members of the Islamic community;

Reaffirming the solidarity of Member States with the countries providing asylum to the refugees, and thus assuming immense political, economic and social burdens, in a spirit of Islamic brotherhood and in accordance with the principles of the Charter of the Organization of the Islamic Conference;

Convinced that solidarity is dictated by the principles of brotherhood and the defence of human rights and human dignity, which are deep-rooted in the Islamic heritage and traditions;

Recallinq the mandate of the UNHCR in providing protection and adequate care and maintenance to refugees;

Notinq with deep concern the declining levels of international assistance extended to the countries of asylum to help them to continue providing assistance to refugees;

Fully convinced that the lasting solution of the refugee problem consists in providing favourable conditions for their return to their homelands in safety and dignity;

Having considered the Report of the Secretary General on the subject (Document No.ICFM/22-94/PIL/ D.24);

1. Notes with satisfaction the ongoing efforts of the Secretary General to further enhance the capacity of the OIC to provide humanitarian assistance to the refugees in cooperation with the UNHCR.

2. Expresses its appreciation to Member States, donor countries, the UNHCR, the U.N. specialized agencies, and other humanitarian institutions for the valuable assistance they extend to refugees in Islamic countries.

3. Expresses also its deep appreciation to countries of asylum for their generous assistance to refugees irrespective of

their critical economic situation as well as presence of large number of displaced persons.

4. Reaffirms its deep concern for the security, stability and infrastructure of those Muslim countries whose economic and social development is seriously affected by the presence of millions of refugees.

5. Calls on Member States, to coordinate their action at international level with a view to determining the main reasons behind the exodus of refugees to Islamic and other countries and strive, in cooperation with the UNHCR, to enable those refugees to return to their homes whenever circumstances permit.

6. Urges Member States and the Islamic Development Bank to increase their assistance to the Islamic countries sheltering refugees given the economic and social difficulties caused by the presence of those refugees.

7. Calls on Member States to cooperate with the UNHCR to end the downward trend of assistance to refugees and to secure additional resources to alleviate the suffering of those refugees in Islamic countries.

8. Urges Non-Member States to create better conditions for their Muslim communities, so that they are not forced to escape or are driven out as refugees because of religious, ethnic or racial oppression.

9. Condemns all acts of repression against the refugees armed attacks on their camps and pressures on the sheltering them.

10. Urges Secretary General to continue to closely liase with the countries of asylum and cooperate and coordinate with the UNHCR with a view to intensifying the efforts of the Organization of the Islamic Conference for the alleviation of the plight of the refugees in the Muslim World and to report thereon to the Twenty-Third Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers.

/...

Annex V

[Original: Arabic, English and French]

Resolutions on economic affairs, science and technology

CONTENTS

Subject

* Resolution No. 6/7-E (IS) on Economic Problems of the Palestinian People in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the Syrian Golan and other Arab citizens in the other Israeli occupied Arab territories ........................... Pg. 207

/...

* Resolution No. 22/7-E (IS) on Environmental Problems in the Islamic world Including Israeli Practices and Their Effects on the Environment in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, The Occupied Syrian Golan and other Israeli Occupied Arab Territories ........................... Pg. 230

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RESOLUTION NO.6 /7-E (IS) ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE IN THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES,
THE SYRIAN CITIZENS IN THE OCCUPIED SYRIAN GOLAN
AND OTHER ARAB CITIZENS IN THE OTHER ISRAELI OCCUPIED ARAB
TERRITORIES


The Seventh Islamic Summit Conference (Session of Fraternity and Revival), held in Casablanca, Kingdom of Morocco, from 11 to 13 Rajab 1415H (13-15 December 1994),

Recalling the resolution adopted by the Islamic Summits concerning support to the Palestinian people;

Recalling also the resolutions of the Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation on the economic and social conditions of the Palestinian Arab People in the occupied territories of Palestine;

Recalling furthermore the resolution of the
Twenty-second Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers concerning the extension of support to the Palestinian State;

Noting with profound interest the role which the national Palestinian authority is playing in the autonomous Palestinian regions in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank for the improvement of the Palestinian people's living conditions and the redressal of their national economy;

Also notinq the continuing occupation of Southern Lebanon and Beka which are daily exposed to economic and material losses;

1. Hails the efforts made by the Palestinian national authority in the autonomous Palestinian regions for the reconstruction of what had been destroyed under the occupation as well the efforts exerted to establish and consolidate the Palestinian national economy.

2. Notes with satisfaction the assistance extended by the Islamic States and donor countries to the Palestinian people to establish their national economy in the autonomous regions of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

3. Invites all those concerned to expedite the extension of the envisaged necessary assistance to help the Palestinian national authority and its people to establish their national economy and to act for the consolidation of their national institutions.

4. Reaffirms the 0IC's earlier resolutions in favour of the extension of all forms of economic, technical, material and moral assistance to the Palestinian people and to its national authority, whilst giving at the same time a preferential treatment to Palestinian export products by exempting them from taxes and tariffs.

5. Invites attention to the continuing occupation by Israel of Syrian Golan and South Lebanon as well as to the arbitrary Israeli practices which have resulted in the deterioration of the economic and social conditions of the Syrian and Lebanese people.

6. Appeals to the Member States and the International Community to continue to exert prc3?ur2 Israel for the total withdrawal from occupied Syrian Golan on the basis of International legality and UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 as well as on the principle of land for peace.

7. Unvites OIC business, people and investors to undertake economic, industrial, agricultural and housing programmes in the autonomous territories with a view to building the national economy, and supporting the Palestinian national authority and its institutions in the implementation of its development programmes over the coming transitional period in all economic, social and health-related fields.

8. Appeals urgently to Member States and the international organizations to also extend every necessary assistance to the Lebanese population in South Lebanon and occupied Beka which are daily and permanently exposed to Israeli aggression causing material losses and also resulting in social hardship which paralyse almost permanently the economic activities of the region.

9. Invites the OIC Secretary General to follow up the efforts aimed at the implementation of the earlier resolutions relating to the extension of support to the State of Palestine, and to submit to the next COMCEC Session an activity report on the progress achieved in the implementation of these resolutions

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RESOLUTION NO.22/7-E(IS)
ON
ENVIRONMENTAL PROELEMS IN THEISLAMIC WORLD
INCLUDING ISRAELI PRACTICES AND THEIR EFFECTS
ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN
TERRITORIES, THE OCCUPIED SYRIAN GOLAN AND OTHER
ISRAELI OCCUPIED ARAB TERRITORIES

The Seventh Islamic Summit Conference (Session of Fraternity and Revival), held in Casablanca, Kingdom cf MOROCCO, from 11 to 13 Rajab 1415H (13 to 15 December 1994),

A. Environmental Problems in the Islamic World

B. Israeli practices and their effects on the environment in the occupied Palestinian territories, the occupied Syrian Golan and other Israeli occupied Arab territories

Proceeding from the principles and objectives of the Charter of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference;

Recalling Previous OIC and other International Resolutions on this subject;

Also recalling resolutions 14/11 and 15/18 of the UN Environmen Programme with ro pcct to the environmental conditions in the occupied Palestinian Arab Territories, occupied Syrian Golan, Lebanese and other occupied Arab territories;

Referring to the relevant resolution of the UN General Assembly and Security Council and the ECOSOC;

Reaffirming the rights of mankind to a dignified life enjoying a healthy environment, free of pollution as a basic human and sacred right;

Expressing deep concern over the brutal practices of the Israeli occupation authorities which include seizure of land and water-resources, the demolition of houses, the construction of new settlements in the occupied Palestinian and Arab Territories, specially in Al-Quds Al-Sharif, the Syrian Golan, the uprooting of trees, the destruction of crops, the cutting off of irrigation waters, the deforestation of wide expanses of land and the use of toxic gases with the attendant serious effects on the Palestinian and other Arab inhabitants and the economic and social situation in those lands;

Appreciating the Report presented by Islamic Foundation for Science, Technology and Development on the environmental problems of the occupied Palestinian and Arab occupied territories which was presented during the 21st Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers;

Having examined the Report of the Secretary General on this subject;

1. Condemns and censures Israel for its aggressive policies, the confiscation of Palestinian lands, setting forests on fire, the uprooting of trees, the cutting off of irrigation water and the seizure of water resources, thereby leading to considerable deterioration of ecological conditions in occupied Palestine and to a worsening of the economic and social situation of the citizens.

2. Requests the Islamic countries to continue to extend help and assistance to the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Syrian citizens in the occupied Syrian Golan and the Arab citizens in the Lebanese occupied territories in the drawing up of plans deemed necessary for environmental conservation within these territories. Also stresses that implemental measures be adopted for consolidating plans and taking steps required for exposing the policies pursued by occupation authorities which have led to ecological deterioration in the occupied Palestinian territories, the occupied Syrian Golan and the Lebanese occupied territories.

3. Strongly Condemns Israel's persistence in changing the legal status of the occupied Syrian Golan and its practices aimed at changing its environmental conditions as well as its geographical, demographic and historical characteristics and at imposing Israeli laws, jurisdiction and administration on the occupied Syrian Golan and in South Lebanon and Western Bekaa occupied by Israel.

4. Notes that the report prepared by Islamic Foundation for Science, Technology and Development on the occupied Palestinian, Syrian and Lebanese territories clearly establishes the links between occupation and destruction of the Environment, and requests IFSTAD to further study the matter.

5. Acknowledges the valuable nature of the IFSTAD report on the crucial environmental issues affecting the Member States and strongly emphasizes the need for further similar indepth studies pertaining to such issues so that the Member States are kept abreast of their future development and implications.

6. Requests that the proposals for action included in the report prepared by the Islamic Foundation for Science, Technology and Development should be considered for implementation.

/...


Annex VI

[Original: Arabic, English and French]

Resolutions on cultural and Islamic affairs

CONTENTS

Subject

/...

* Resolution No. 22/70C (IS) on the Teaching the Subject of the History and Geography of Palestine .............. pg. 282

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* Resolution No. 23 7-C (IS) on the Educational situation in the occupied Palestinian territories, Syrian Golan and other occupied territories................................................................pg. 283

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RESOLUTION NO.22/7-C(IS)
ON THE
TEACHING THE SUBJECT OF THE HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY
OF PALESTINE

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RESOLUTION NO.23/7-C(IS)
ON THE
EDUCATIONAL SITUATION IN THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN
TERRITORIES, SYRIAN GOLAN AND OTHER
OCCUPIED TERRITORIES

The Seventh Islamic Summit Conference (Session of fraternity and revival) held in Casablanca, Kingdom of Morocco, from 11 to 13 Rajab, 1415H (13-15 December, 1994),

Recallinq the Resolutions adopted by previous Islamic Conferences and the recommendation issued by the Eighteenth Session of the Islamic Commission for Economic, Cultural and Social Affairs, concerning educational situation in the occupied Palestinian territories and Syrian Golan;

1. Condemns the measures taken by the Israeli occupation authorities against the educational and cultural organs and institutions in the occupied Palestinian territories and aimed at denying the Palestinians access to education, so as to obliterate their national identity and sever their relation with their education and history, and distort their culture to serve the designs of occupation.

2. Appeals to the Member States to support the efforts of the Palestine Liberation Organization aimed at promoting the educational process in the occupied Palestinian territories over the transitional period, and to provide it with technical and financial means for the development of the necessary curricula for all educational levels.

3. Calls upon Member States to promptly extend every kind of academic and financial assistance and support to the educational sector in the occupied Palestinian territories so that it may fulfill its mission in the reconstruction of the Palestinian national institutions and so that the educational institutions may contribute to the establishment of the Palestinian people's national authority on their homeland, and as a further enhancement to Islamic soildarity with the Palestinian people.

4. Calls upon Member States to extend every necessary assistance to provide the financial requirements for the promotion of the educational process in the occupied territories in general and in the City of Al-Quds in particular, in view of the great difficulties faced by education in the holy City on account of the practices of the Israeli occupation authority aimed at the judaization of the City and at severing it from its Arabo-Islamic environment.

5. Condemns the Israeli acts of repression against and the closure of educational institutions in the occupied Syrian Golan, and in particular the banning of the Syrian textbooks and educational system, barring Syrian students from pursuing their studies in Syrian universities, depriving the Syrian students who pursue their higher education in Syria of their right to return, imposing the Hebrew Language on the Syrian students, imposing curricula which incite to hatred, hostility and religious fanaticism, laying off Syrian teachers, all of which constitute acts which flagrantly violate the Fourth Geneva Convention signed on 12 August 1949, on the protection of citizens in times of war, and which in fact but give further staying power to the resistance of the Syrian Arab people in the face of the Israeli parties aimed at the obliteration of their Arab cultural identity and declares its support for the maintenance of the Syrian Arab educational curricula and the provision of educational and cultural requirements.

6. Appeals to the international specialized organs and institutions to oppose this Israeli policy which violates international law and conventions and the Universal Human Rights Declaration.

7. Calls for intensified international efforts to compel the Israeli occupation authorities to reopen the schools and universities in the occupied Palestinian territories to Palestinian students.

8. Recommends the General Secretariat to continue its coordination with the international organs and institutions and particularly the UN and its specialized agencies, mainly the UNESCO and UNRWA with the purpose of giving assistance to the PLO and providing the necessary support for the development and updating of curricula at all educational levels. This is to be done within the framework of the establishment of the Palestinian national authority which is impeded by financial difficulties resulting from a deficit in terms of currently available resources to meet the requirements for the development of academic life in the occupied Palestinian territories.

9. Invites the Member States to extend all necessary facilities to the Palestinian students so as to enable them to enroll in their universities and specialized institutes and thus help them complete their university studies and also underlines the need to increase the number of scholarships and seats for the benefit of the Palestinian youth in the Islamic States and particularly in the fields of higher studies, technical, technological and teacher training.

10. Calls for extending of support to the Open University of Al-Quds in view of its vital importance in strengthening the resistance of the Palestinian people and enabling them to continue their university studies and also calls for extending all the technical and financial assistance necessary for the university to develop and settle its problems so that it may open new branches and discharge its educational mission in an optimal manner.

11. Expresses its high appreciation for the role played by the Palestinian schools and universities in the preservation of the Palestinian culture and heritage and in confronting the measure adopted by the Israeli occupation authorities against the educational and cultural institutions and organs in the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories.

12. Reaffirms the need to implement the recommendation of Islamic Universities' managements to receive training and academic missions from the universities of the occupied territories to work in their universities for short periods.

13. Recommends to provide all kinds of financial and academic assistance and support to the universities of the occupied territories in implementation of the successive Islamic Conferences, and to work for the establishment of a Centre for Higher Studies in the occupied Palestinian territories.

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