Follow UNISPAL Twitter RSS
Report of the Secretary-General
The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) was established by the Security Council in its resolution 425 (1978) of 19 March 1978. The present report contains the proposed budget of UNIFIL for the 12-month period from 1 July 1996 to 30 June 1997, which amounts to $122,757,000 gross ($119,700,000 net). It reflects a 7.4 per cent decrease in gross terms when compared with the prorated resources approved for the preceding 12-month period ending 30 June 1996. The decrease is owing mainly to the reduction in the average troop strength from 5,015 to 4,513 and to an exclusion of the provision for the support account for the budgeted period. The budget provides for maintaining the Force, consisting of 4,513 personnel (3,518 infantry and 995 logistics), supported by a civilian establishment of 336 (143 international and 193 local level).
The actions to be taken by the General Assembly, set out in paragraph 27 of the present report, include the appropriation of $122,757,000 gross ($119,700,000 net) for the 12-month period beginning 1 July 1996, to be assessed at the monthly rate of $10,229,750 gross ($9,975,000 net), subject to the extension(s) of the Force by the Security Council.
1. The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) was established for an initial period of six months by the Security Council in its resolution 425 (1978) of 19 March 1978. The Force's mandate has subsequently been extended by the Council in various resolutions, the latest of which was resolution 1039 (1996) of 29 January 1996, which the Council extended UNIFIL from 1 February 1996 until 31 July 1996.
2. For the financing of UNIFIL, the General Assembly, in its resolution 50/89 of 19 December 1995, inter alia , authorized the Secretary-General to enter into commitments for the operation of the Force at a rate not to exceed $10,774,800 gross ($10,489,600 net) per month for a period of up to five months beginning 1 February 1996, and to assess the amount of $32,324,400 gross ($31,468,800 net) on Member States, should the Security Council decide to continue the Force beyond 31 January 1996.
3. Following the extension of UNIFIL by the Security Council on 29 January 1996, an amount of $32,324,400 gross ($31,468,800 net) was assessed on Member States.
4. It may be recalled that the General Assembly, in its decision 49/483 of 12 July 1995, decided that there would be set off against the apportionment among Member States, in respect of such future mandate period(s) as might be approved by the Security Council, their respective share in the unencumbered balance of $1,755,000 gross ($16,000 net) for the period from 1 February 1994 to 31 January 1995, inclusive. These amounts were credited to Member States against their assessments for the period from 1 August 1995 to 31 January 1996, following the adoption of resolution 1006 (1995) of 20 July 1995, in which the Council extended UNIFIL until 31 January 1996.
II. Political mandate
5. UNIFIL was established in 1978 for the purpose of confirming the withdrawal of Israeli forces, restoring international peace and security and assisting the Government of Lebanon in ensuring the return of its effective authority in the area of operations (Security Council resolution 425 (1978)). UNIFIL has been prevented so far from implementing any part of this mandate. In the meantime, its task remains as laid down in the Secretary-General's report of 19 March 1978 (S/12611), namely, to ensure the peaceful character of its area of operation or, more precisely, of that part of the area that is not under Israeli occupation. In doing so, UNIFIL also affords a measure of protection to the civilian population.
III. Operational plan and requirements
6. To meet the task as identified above, the military component of UNIFIL comprises a force headquarters, six infantry battalions and a mobile reserve company, together with supporting logistic and administrative units. The battalions are deployed throughout the south of Lebanon in a network of positions as marked on the map in annex VI to the present report. These positions are staffed 24 hours a day, 365 days a year and are of three types: checkpoints, for the control of movement on the principal roads in UNIFIL's area; observation posts, for the purpose of observing movement on and off the roads; and checkpoints/ observation posts, which combine the functions of control and observation. Each position is assigned responsibility for ensuring that hostile activities are not undertaken from the location and for patrolling the immediate vicinity by foot and vehicle.
7. As of January 1996, UNIFIL comprised 4,649 troops from Fiji, Finland, France, Ghana, Ireland, Italy, Nepal, Norway and Poland.
8. The battalions are supported in their task by a Force Mobile Reserve (FMR). This comprises a composite mechanized company, which is deployed when serious incidents occur and to reinforce positions during rotations. UNIFIL is also assisted in its task by 57 military observers of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) who staff a number of observation posts along the Israel-Lebanon armistice demarcation line and operate mobile patrols in that part of the area of operations that is controlled by Israel.
9. As a result of the recent streamlining of the Force the concept of operations now places emphasis on greater use of vehicle-borne patrols to cover potential trouble spots and maintain a presence over the area of operations. This revised concept has resulted in the closure of a number of positions without affecting the operational capacity of the Force. This, together with the rationalization of the Force headquarters and the logistic support, has enabled the military component of the Force to be reduced from 5,015 to 4,513. The civilian component of the Force has also been reduced, from 524 to 487 posts.
IV. Financial administration
A. Financial period
10. A financial period for UNIFIL was established by the General Assembly in its resolution 42/223 of 21 December 1987 covering the 12-month period from 1 February of one year to 31 January of the following year. In accordance with part I of General Assembly resolution 49/233 A of 23 December 1994, a new financial period covering 12 months, beginning on 1 July of one year and terminating on 30 June of the following year, becomes effective 1 July 1996.
B. Resources made available and operating costs from inception to 30 June 1996
11. Table 1 below indicates total resources of $2,575.6 million gross made available to the Force from inception to 31 January 1996 and estimated expenditures amount to $2,544.8 million gross for the same period. Of this amount, credits returned to Member States amounted to $30.8 million. An additional amount of $53,874,000 gross ($52,448,000 net) has been authorized for the period from 1 February to 30 June 1996. Detailed information is presented in annex V.
C. Status of assessed contributions
12. Amounts totalling $2,544.8 million have been assessed on Member States for the period from inception to 31 January 1996. Contributions received as at 31 December 1995 for the same period amounted to $2,331.4 million. In addition, outstanding assessments were reduced by an amount of $9.9 million pursuant to General Assembly resolution 50/83 of 15 December 1995. The outstanding balance of $203.5 million includes an amount of $19.6 million transferred to a special account in accordance with Assembly resolution 36/116 A of 10 December 1981. The details are contained in table 1 below.
Table 1 Resources made available and operating costs, including voluntary contributions in kind and status of assessed contributions for the period from inception to 31 January 1996 as at 31 December 1995
(Millions of United States dollars)
D. Voluntary contributions and trust funds
13. The General Assembly, in paragraph 11 of its resolution 50/89, invited voluntary contr ibutions to UNIFIL from Member States both in cash and in the form of services and supplies acceptable to the Secretary-General. No voluntary contribution has been received for the period under review. The Government of Switzerland has continued to make available to UNIFIL air ambulance service for the repatriation of those wounded or taken ill in the performance of their duties, as and when required. This service was not utilized by UNIFIL during the period from 1 August to 31 December 1995.
14. No trust fund has been established in support of UNIFIL.
15. Information regarding the surplus balance for the period from 1 February 1994 to 31 January 1995 will be provided following the closure of the accounts for the biennium 1994-1995.
V. Status of reimbursement to troop-contributing Governments
16. As of January 1996, troops were provided by Fiji, Finland, France, Ghana, Ireland, Italy, Nepal, Norway and Poland. In the past, troops have been provided to the Force by Canada, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Nigeria, the Netherlands, Senegal and Sweden.
17. As a result of the withholding of assessed contributions or delays in the payment of assessed contributions by certain Member States, UNIFIL has been unable to meet its obligations on a current basis or in full, particularly those due to the troop-contributing countries.
18. Full reimbursement has been made to troop-contributing Governments up to the period ending 31 January 1995. For the period from 1 February to 31 July 1995, reimbursements to Governments have been made only at the initial rate of $750 per person per month as part of the standard rates approved by the General Assembly for troop cost reimbursement. For the period from 1 August to 31 December 1995, no reimbursement has been made to troop-contributing Governments. It is estimated that an amount of $36.8 million is due for troop costs for the period ending 31 December 1995.
VI. Signature of status-of-forces agreement
19. A status-of-forces agreement was signed between the United Nations and the Government of Lebanon on 15 December 1995.
VII. Cost estimates for the period from 1 July 1996 to 30 June 1997
20. As shown in annex I, column 2, the cost of maintaining the Force for the period from 1 July 1996 to 30 June 1997 is estimated at $122,757,000 gross ($119,700,000 net). Some 67 per cent of these amounts are based on standard cost ratios and costs contained in the Standard Ratio/Cost Manual , while 33 per cent covers mission specific requirements. These mission-specific requirements and variations cover the items described in annex II, sections A and B, respectively.
21. For comparison purposes, approved resources prorated for the prior 12-month period from 1 July 1995 to 30 June 1996, amounting to $132,516,000 gross ($128,544,000 net), is shown in column 1. A breakdown of the proposed budget by non-recurrent and recurrent costs is shown in columns 3 and 4, respectively. Non-recurrent costs amount to $4,309,000 gross and net while recurrent costs amount to $118,448,000 gross ($115,391,000 net).
Table 2 Cost estimate summary (gross)
(Thousands of United States dollars)
22. Supplementary information on the costs estimates is presented in annex II. Section A provides mission-specific cost parameters. Variations from standard ratios are presented in section B. A breakdown of the annual recurrent requirements and the corresponding monthly cost is presented in section C. Non-recurrent requirements are provided in section D. Supplemental explanation on the cost estimates is provided in section E.
23. As shown in table 2 above, the proposed budget reflects a decrease of $9,759,000 gross in comparison with the prorated resources provided for the operation of the Force for the prior 12-month period from 1 July 1995 to 30 June 1996. The decrease is owing mainly to the reduced average troop strength from 5,015 to 4,513 during the budgeted period, as well as the anticipated transfer of vehicles ($2,030,000) and equipment ($655,500) from missions in the process of liquidation to UNIFIL. In addition, no amounts have been included for the support account for peace-keeping operations since the budget for the support account will be presented separately to the General Assembly at its resumed fiftieth session.
VIII. Staffing requirements
24. The current and proposed staffing is shown in table 3 below. There are no proposed changes in the staffing requirements during the budgeted period. The detailed breakdown of the staffing table is contained in annex IV.
Table 3 Civilian staffing table
IX. Observations and comments on previous recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions
25. In paragraphs 18 and 19 of the report of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions dated 27 October 1995 (A/50/694), the Advisory Committee reiterated its request to the Secretary-General to reconsider the practice of using provisions for general temporary assistance to finance positions in peace-keeping budgets that were actually temporary posts, like those in the budget of UNIFIL. The Advisory Committee also reiterated its request to the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly during its fiftieth session, through the Advisory Committee, on the measures he had taken to address the concerns of the Committee with regard to the use of funds for general temporary assistance.
26. With regard to the 151 local staff funded under general temporary assistance, the majority of this staff has been employed in the kitchens and workshops for a considerable period of time and should more correctly have their positions converted to established posts. However, since the main thrust of the ongoing streamlining exercise is a more efficient utilization of kitchens and workshops, it is felt that it would be more appropriate to retain these positions under general temporary assistance. Moreover, following the completion of the planned renovation and restructuring projects, it is anticipated that certain services could be obtained from local contractors more economically and could lead to further staff reductions. The staffing positions provided under general temporary assistance will be kept under review.
X. Action to be taken by the General Assembly at its fiftieth session
27. The actions to be taken by the General Assembly at its fiftieth session in connection with the financing of UNIFIL are as follows:
(a) The appropriation and assessment of the amount of $53,874,000 gross ($52,448,000 net) authorized for the five-month period from 1 February to 30 June 1996, inclusive of the amount of $32,324,400 gross ($31,468,800 net) already assessed on Member States in accordance with paragraph 7 of General Assembly resolution 50/89;
(b) The appropriation of the amount of $122,757,000 gross ($119,700,000 net) for the 12-month period beginning 1 July 1996, to be assessed at the monthly rate of $10,229,750 gross ($9,975,000 net), subject to the extension(s) of the Force by the Security Council.
Cost estimates for the period from 1 July 1996 to 30 June 1997
(Thousands of United States dollars)
Supplementary information on the cost estimates for the period from 1 July 1996 to 30 June 1997
A. Cost parameters: mission specific
See section E for more detailed information
B. Variations from standard ratios
C. Monthly breakdown of resources (recurrent costs)
(Thousands of United States dollars)
D. Requirements for non-recurrent costs
(United States dollars)
1. Death and disability compensation. This estimate provides for the reimbursement to troop-contributing Governments for payments made by them to members of their military personnel for death, injury, disability or illness resulting from service with UNIFIL, based on the past experience.
2. Other travel costs. The cost estimate includes provision for the travel and subsistence expenses of internal auditors for two trips between New York and the mission area ($7,000) and subsistence allowance for 14 days ($6,440). It also includes provision ($86,440) for the travel and subsistence expenses of the Force Commander, Chief Administrative Officer, Senior Administrative Officer, Legal Advisor, Senior Advisor, procurement staff, electricians, mechanics and staff from Field Administrative and Logistics Division.
3. Integrated Management Information System. There are no requirements under this heading since the proportionate share of financing from peace-keeping budgets has been met.
4. Support account for peace-keeping operations. No provision is made for the funding of the support account for peace-keeping operations in these estimates since the budget for the account will be presented separately to the General Assembly at its resumed fiftieth session.
5. Commercial freight and cartage. This estimate provides for the cost of customs clearance, demurrage, storage and freight forwarding services at Beirut International and Ben Gurion International Airports, Haifa, Ashdod, Beirut, Tyre and other ports in Israel and Lebanon. It also provides for the cost of shipping and handling of supplies and equipment for which no provision has been made elsewhere, as well as freight costs for diplomatic pouches.
6. Staff assessment. The estimate represents the difference between gross and net emoluments, that is, the amount of staff assessment to which United Nations staff members are subject, in accordance with the Staff Regulations of the United Nations.
7. Income from staff assessment. Staff assessment requirements provided for under expenditure line item 19 have been credited to this item as income from staff assessment and are credited to the Tax Equalization Fund established by the General Assembly in its resolution 973 A (X) of 15 December 1955. Member States are given credit in the Fund in proportion to their respective shares of contribution to the UNIFIL budget.
8. Other income. Included under this heading is the estimated income to be derived from sale of obsolete or surplus equipment and stores.
(as at 16 October 1995)
Current and proposed staffing table
A. Military staffing table
Resources made available and operating costs for the period from inception to 31 January 1996 (as at 31 December 1995)