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Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
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This report groups the activities of the Office under the following headings: the normative foundations: the human rights treaties; human rights and peace; human rights and development; human rights and justice; human rights and conflicts; human rights problems: gross violations of human rights; new challenges — bioethics and the role of the corporate sector in upholding human rights.
The thrust of the report is that human rights activities are central to the achievement of the purposes of the United Nations. Having regard to the present difficult international situation, with problems of terrorism, conflicts and poverty, and of legality, the report is mindful of the role of human rights activities in the future of the United Nations.
1. This report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 48/141, establishing the post of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. It provides information on the activities of the Office of the High Commissioner (OHCHR) over the past year and supplements the reports submitted earlier this year to the Commission on Human Rights (E/2003/73) and the Economic and Social Council (E/CN.4/2003/14).
V. Human rights and justice
48. It has been the experience of OHCHR that assistance to professional groups from within the administration of justice area is particularly important. Twenty-five advocates from 11 Arab countries participated in a regional workshop held in Rabat on the role of the defence in a fair trial. The workshop was organized by the Moroccan National Human Rights Documentation, Information and Training Centre, with the support of OHCHR. Officers of the European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina were trained on trafficking and human rights. Twenty-three Palestinian prison officials were trained on human rights and prisons at a course in Ramallah in May, organized in coordination with the Directorate of the Reform and Rehabilitation Centers, supported by the United Nations Special Coordinator in the Occupied Territories. OHCHR has also been coordinating with the Judicial School in Guatemala to prepare a guide of indigenous peoples’ rights with a selected number of national case studies.