Question of Palestine home
31 March 1981
Items 12, 19, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 33, 36,
40, 46, 56, 64, 69, 72 and 82 of the
REPORT OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DECLARATION ON THE GRANTING OF INDEPENDENCE
TO COLONIAL COUNTRIES AND PEOPLES
CO-OPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF
THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE
THE SITUATION IN AFGHANISTAN AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR
INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY
QUESTION OF THE COMORIAN ISLAND OF MAYOTTE
QUESTION OF PALESTINE
OF THE GOVERNMENT OF SOUTH AFRICA
THE SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
QUESTION OF NAMIBIA
REDUCTION OF MILITARY BUDGETS
ESTABLISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR-WEAPON-FREE ZONE IN THE REGION OF
THE MIDDLE EAST
ISRAELI NUCLEAR ARMAMENT
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE ISRAELI PRACTICES
AFFECTING THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE POPULATION OF THE OCCUPIED
DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION
SPECIAL ECONOMIC AND DISASTER RELIEF ASSISTANCE
ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
Letter dated 25 March 1981 from the Charge d'Affaires a.i. of
the Permanent Mission of Saudi Arabia to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General
On instruction from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which was the host country of the Third Islamic Conference (the Conference on Palestine and Jerusalem), I have the honour to enclose herewith the texts in Arabic, English and French of the resolutions (annexes I to III) and the final communiqué (annex IV) of the Conference, held at Mecca-Taif from 19 to 22 Rabi Awal 1401 Hegira (25 to 28 January 1981).
Upon the request of the Secretary-General of the Islamic Conference, I should be grateful if you would have the enclosed resolutions and final communiqué circulated as a document of the General Assembly under items 12, 19, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 33, 36, 40, 46, 56, 64, 69, 72 and 82 of the preliminary list.
) Gaafar M. ALLAGANY
Annex I. Political resolutions
Annex II. Resolutions on economic and financial affairs
Annex III. Resolutions on cultural and social affairs
Annex IV. Final communiqué
Secrétariat Général de L'Organisation
de La Conférence Islamique
General Secretariat of The
Organisation of The Islamic Conference
THE THIRD ISLAMIC SUMMIT CONFERENCE
"PALESTINE AND AL-QUDS AL-SHARIF SESSION"
HELD IN MECCA
FROM 19-22 RABI-UL-AWAL, 1401
25 - 28 JANUARY, 1981
Resolution No. 1/3-P(IS), Islamic Programme of Action against the Zionist enemy.
3 - 16
Resolution No. 2/3-P(IS), Cause of Palestine and the Middle East
17 - 34
Resolution No. 3/3-P(IS), Situation in Afghanistan
35 - 39
Resolution No. 4/3-P(IS), Islamic Solidarity
40 - 42
Resolution No. 5/3-P(IS), Declaration of Holy Jihad
43 - 45
Resolution No. 6/3-P(IS), Iran-Iraq conflict
46 - 47
Resolution No. 7/3-P(IS), Problems of the Sahel
48 - 51
Resolution No. 8/3-P(IS), Question of the Comorian Island
52 - 53
Resolution No. 9/3-P(IS), Eritrea
54 - 56
Resolution No. 10/3-P(IS), Lebanon
57 - 58
Resolution No. 11/3-P(IS), Islamic Court of Justice
59 - 60
Resolution No. 12/3-P(IS), Support for the oppressed people in the Horn of Africa
Resolution No. 13/3-P(IS), Creation of Committees under the Chairmanship of Heads of State
62 - 63
ISLAMIC PROGRAMME OF ACTION
The Third Islamic Summit Conference (Palestine and Al-Quds Session), held in Mecca, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from 19 to 21 Rabi-ul-Awal 1401 A.H. corresponding to 25 - 28 January 1981,
the Islamic Programme of Action against the Zionist enemy, prepared by the Committee on Al Quds in its meeting held in Rabat from 14 to 16 Safar 1401 H. corresponding to 22 - 24 December 1980 which reads as follows:
from the principles and aims set out in the Charter of the Islamic Conference for the promotion of Islamic Solidarity, coordination of action to maintain the integrity of the Holy Places and to liberate Al Quds, and the support of the Palestinian people to enable them to recover their rights and liberate their homeland,
by the resolutions of the First Islamic Summit Conference in Rabat and the Second Summit Conference in Lahore, and by all resolutions of Islamic Conferences of Foreign Ministers and of the Committee on Al Quds as regards supporting the struggle and
resistance of the Palestinian people, since this struggle is a struggle for liberation, from colonialism and zionist racist occupation and is being waged in defence of the national inalienable rights of the Palestinian people,
the determination of the Palestinian people to maintain their eternal right to the Holy City of Al Quds as the capital of their homeland Palestine and the insistence of Muslim Governments and peoples alike on their eternal right to the Holy City of Al Quds, in view of the paramount political, religious, cultural and historical importance of Al Quds to all Muslims.
Recommends the following
(1) Stressing that the Palestinian issue should be viewed as the paramount issue of the Muslim nation and that no party may renounce this commitment,
(2) Stressing the commitment to liberate all the Palestinian and Arab territories occupied since the 1967 aggression including Holy Al Quds Al Sharif and that there should be no renunciation or relinquishment of any part of these territories or impairment of the full national sovereignty over these territories.
(3) Rejecting any situation that would prejudice Arab sovereignty over Al Quds Al Sharif.
(4) Pledging to recover the national inalienable rights of the Palestinian Arab people, including their right to return to self-determination and to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state on their national soil, led by the Palestine Liberation
Organisation, the sole legitimate representative of Palestinian people.
(5) Refusing to admit of a unilateral action by any one of the Arab or Islamic parties to reach any solution of the Palestinian issue in particular, and the Arab-zionist conflict in general, and the continuation of the resistance to the Camp David approach and accords and to any consequences thereof until they are eliminated and their sequels removed as well as resistance to any initiative stemming therefrom, extending material and moral support to the Palestinian Arab people in the occupied Palestinian territories, and enhancement of their resistance to the conspiracy of autonomy.
(6) Rejecting of any political settlement of the issue of Palestine and the Arab- Israeli conflict that does not ensure the realisation of the above mentioned principles.
(7) Viewing the Security Council Resolution 242 as inconsistent with the Palestinian and Arab rights, stressing that it does not constitute a sound basis for the
solution of the Middle East crisis and the Palestinian issue.
(8) Ensuring continued support of the struggle and steadfastness of the Palestinian
people inside and outside the occupied homeland under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organisation until they recover their national inalienable rights.
(9) Ensuring continued support of the Palestine Liberation Organisation and consolidating its independence.
(10) Confirming the commitment of Islamic States to make use of all their military, political, economic and natural resources, including oil, as an effective means of upholding the national inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and the Arab nation, and of confronting those countries that extend support to the zionist entity at military, economic, political and human resources levels.
(11) Intensifying of efforts to win further international support at both official and popular levels, especially in Europe, for the issue of Palestine, the liberation of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, to promote the status of the Palestine Liberation Organisation in the international arena, and extend the range of recognition of the Organisation as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian Arab people in accordance with the United Nations resolutions relating to the issue of Palestine and the representation of the Palestinian people, and particularly General Assembly resolutions 3236 and 3237 and its resolution 7/2 of 29 July 1980, resolution 3375 of 10 November 1975 and resolution 35/169 A, B, C, D of 15 December 1980.
(12) Pursuing the efforts of the Member States of the Organisation of the Islamic
Conference within the United Nations and its specialised agencies to expose and isolate Israel with a view to:
a) Having a resolution adopted in the UN General Assembly soliciting an advisory ruling from the International Court of Justice on the Israeli practices and measures which violate the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, and on the acts of aggression perpetrated by the Israeli authorities against the Palestinian people in Palestine and the occupied Arab territories. This should be achieved with the consent of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, as it is the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. Entrusting the Islamic Secretariat with the task of undertaking, upon agreement with the Bureau of the Committee on Al Quds, the legal and procedural studies necessary to ensure the success of such endeavour.
b) Inviting the UN General Assembly to reject the credentials of the Israeli delegation to the United Nations, as representative of a government that violates international legality and declares Al Quds its capital. Entrusting the Islamic Secretariat with the task of conducting, upon agreement with the bureau of the Committee on Al Quds, the relevant legal and procedural studies.
c) Calling on Member States of the United Nations and its Specialised Agencies to shoulder their responsibilities, contend with the continued Israeli refusal to implement the United Nations resolutions by adopting the necessary sanctions against Israel, in implementation of Chapter VII of the UN Charter, Assigning the Islamic Secretariat to conduct in agreement with the Bureau of the Committee on Al-Quds, the relevant legal and procedural studies.
d) Inviting the UN General Assembly to freeze the membership of Israel, in view of its failure to implement the UN resolutions, although such implementation was a condition set for its admission to the United Nations under the
. Entrusting the Islamic Secretariat with the task of conducting, in agreement with the bureau of the Committee on Al Quds, the relevant legal and procedural studies.
(13) Calling on Member States of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference which have earlier recognized Israel to withdraw this recognition and to sever all diplomatic and economic relations with Israel.
(14) Consolidating relations between Islamic countries and Latin American countries in various fields, with a view to evolving the position of the latter countries in favour of the liberation of Al Quds and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, the restoration of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and the recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organisation.
(15) Maintaining contacts with the Vatican and the World Council of Churches as well as other Christian Institutions and foundations to ensure their support of the restoration of full Arab sovereignty over Al Quds, recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organisation as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, and support of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people.
(16) Strengthening relations with Arab and Islamic Communities abroad and making full use of their capacities and potentialities to serve Arab and Islamic causes.
(17) Working for the establishment of associations similar to that of FRANCE - AL QUDS in the States of Western Europe and North and South America with a view to gaining increased support from public opinion for the cause of Al Quds.
(18) Viewing Jewish emigration to occupied Palestine as an act that consolidates the aggression of the zionist entity against the Palestinian people and their inalienable rights and calling on all countries to put an end to such emigration and to refrain from extending facilities to Jewish emigrants in view of the zionist settlement policy which is in violation of international law.
(19) Calling on the government of the United States of America to change its hostile attitude towards the issues of Palestine, the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and the Palestine Liberation Organisation, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. The Islamic Conference stresses its condemnation of this policy and views the continued United States military, economic and political support of zionist entity as a hostile attitude towards the Islamic World and a challenge to Muslim feelings, which would negatively reflect on US interest and relations with the Islamic World.
(20) Concentrating activities within the circles of U.S. public opinion on explaining the Palestinian issue, and the zionist aggression on the Arab and Islamic Ummah and highlighting further damage brought about by the pro-Israeli US policy to both the Arab and American people.
IN RESPECT TO AL QUDS AL SHARIF
(1) Confirming the commitment of the Islamic States to the Liberation of Arab Al Quds to become the capital of the independent Palestinian State, and the rejection of any situation that may prejudice full Arab sovereignty over the city.
(2) Confirming the commitment of Muslim States to utilize all their potentialities to oppose the Israeli decision to annex Al Quds, endorsement of the decision to impose a political and economic boycott on these States that recognise the Israeli decision, contribute to its implementation or set up embassies in Al Quds Al Sharif.
(3) Inviting all countries to respect international legitimacy by abstaining from dealing with the Israeli occupation authorities in any form that may be construed by these authorities as amounting to implicit recognition or acceptance of the
, imposed by their declaring Al Quds to be the unified and eternal capital of the zionist entity, and in particular, inviting all countries to refrain from:
a) signing any agreements in Al Quds Al Sharif;
b) paying any official visits to Al Quds;
c) conducting any formal talks in Al Quds.
(4) Inviting Member States of the European Community to implement their pledge to refrain from extending the effect of their bilateral and multilateral economic agreements with Israel to the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories; exerting efforts to reach similar results with other countries that have such agreements with Israel.
(5) Stressing the need to cover the capital of Al Quds Fund, as well as its waqf (endowment) to meet all necessary and urgent requirements to support the resistance and struggle of the Palestinian people.
(6) The undertaking by all Islamic countries of psychological mobilization through their various official, semi-official, and popular mass media, of their peoples for Jihad to liberate Al-Quds.
IN THE ECONOMIC FIELD
1. Utilising all Islamic economic potentialities and natural resources in a well-oriented and studied manner for the following objectives:
a) weakening Israeli economy;
b) halting the political, economic and financial support to Israel;
c) enhancing the resistance of the front-line states and the Palestine Liberation Organisation in the various fields;
d) bringing about changes in the political positions of States in favour of the Palestinian cause and enabling the Palestinian people to recover their inalienable national rights;
e) exerting efforts to transform neutral international attitude into friendly ones, and transforming hostile attitudes into neutral and friendly ones.
2. Adopting measures to set up an Islamic Office for the boycott of Israel, pursuant to relevant resolutions of the Islamic Conference, and ensuring coordination between such an office and the main office for boycott of Israel within the General Secretariat of the League of Arab States.
3. Adopting a stiffer stand as regards legislation enacted in the United States and other countries to counteract the boycott of Israel, and stressing the legitimacy of this boycott, as well as dissuading other countries from adopting such legislation.
IN THE MILITARY FIELD
1. Exerting efforts to ensure a strategic military balance with the Zionist enemy.
2. Ensuring military coordination among the front-line states and the Palestine Liberation Organisation, on the one hand, and the Islamic States on the other, to ensure full utilization of the potentialities of the Islamic States in the service of the military effort; and setting up a military office in the Islamic Secretariat to be responsible for such coordination, in agreement with the Committee on Al-Quds.
3. Meeting the needs of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation as regards military expertise and equipment, both qualitatively and quantitatively, and conducting bilateral contacts between the Palestinian Liberation Organization and all Islamic countries to ensure the implementation of the above.
RESOLUTION NO.2/3.P (IS) ON THE
CAUSE OF PALESTINE AND THE MIDDLE EAST
The Third Islamic Summit Conference (Palestine and Al-Quds Session) meeting in Mecca, from 19 to 22 Rabi-ul-Awwal 1401 H (25-28 January, 1981);
from the principles and objectives of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, and the principles and objectives of the United Nations Charter,
the resolutions of the two Islamic Summit Conferences, the first in Rabat and the second in Lahore and those of the Foreign Ministers on the Palestine Question, Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories,
the link between the destiny of Islamic States and their commitment to the aims of their joint struggle for peace, justice and progress and against colonialism, foreign occupation, racial discrimination, zionism and racism,
over the deteriorating situation in the Middle East which could result in a new war thus endangering international peace and security, in view of Israel's persistence in its aggressive, colonialist and racist policy, and as a result of the collusion with the Egyptian regime and the United States,
that the Palestine Question is the core of the struggle against Zionism, and that Israel's continued refusal to withdraw from the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and its flouting of the inalienable national rights of the Arab Palestinian people constitute a flagrant violation of the principles of the Islamic Conference Organization and UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and of the principles of International Law,
Noting with great concern
the recent developments of the Middle East problem and the Palestine Question in the region, particularly the normalization by the Egyptian regime of its relations with the Zionist entity and its persistence in carrying out the autonomy conspiracy and the dangers that ensue therefrom which imperil Islamic principles, values, heritage, culture and civilization,
that the Liberation of Al-Quds and its restoration to Arab sovereignty, as well as the liberation of the holy places from Zionist occupation, are a pre-requisite to the Jihad that all Islamic States must wage, each according to its means,
that time has come to apply the sanctions provided for in Chapter VII of the UN Charter, against Israel, since it is persistently violating the principles of the Charter, refusing to implement the resolutions of the International Organizations and pursuing its aggression against the Arab States and the Palestinian people,
that the Islamic States should take firm and practical measures to counter the Zionist enemy's continued aggression and violations,
that the problem of the Middle East and the Palestine Cause cannot be solved unless the following principles and conditions are implemented concurrently, without any exception and also reaffirms its commitment to these principles and conditions,
(a) The cause of Palestine is the core of the Middle East problem and the crux of the Arab-Israeli struggle;
(b) The Palestine Cause and the Middle East problem form an indivisible whole when dealing with the problem, or seeking a solution thereto hence any solution may not be a partial solution, concern some parties to the exclusion of others; or relate to some of the causes and not to others; nor can any partial peace be attained, for peace should be comprehensive and include all parties to the dispute, and should moreover, eliminate all the causes that led to it, in addition to being a just one;
(c) A just peace in the region can only be achieved on the basis of total and unconditional withdrawal by Israel from all the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, and on the recovery by the Palestinian people of their inalienable national rights including:
- their right to their homeland, Palestine;
- their right to return to their homeland and recover their property in accordance with the UN General Assembly Resolutions;
- their right to self-determination without any foreign interference;
- their right to freely exercise sovereignty over their land and natural resources;
- their right to establish their national independent State in Palestine under the leadership of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
(d) that Al-Quds is an integral part of the occupied Palestinian territory, and Israel must unconditionally and totally withdraw from it, and it should be restored to Arab sovereignty;
(e) that the P.L.O. is the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and it, above is fully entitled to represent that people and to participate independently and on an equal footing in all Conferences, activities and international fora connected with the Palestinian cause and the Arab-Israeli conflict, with a view to achieving the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people. No solution can be comprehensive, just and acceptable unless the P.L.O. participates in its formulation and accepts it as an independent party and on an equal footing and parity with the rest of the parties concerned. No other party is entitled to claim the right to represent or negotiate on the question of Palestine, its people, its territory and its rights, otherwise it shall be considered null and void and by no means legally binding.
(f) That Security Council Resolution 242 (1967) is not in keeping with the Palestinian and Arab rights and does not constitute a sound basis for the solution of the Middle East problem and the Palestine Question.
(g) That no Arab party concerned should unilaterally seek a solution to the Palestine Question or to the Arab-Zionist conflict, that resistance to the Camp David Accords, should be pursued, their consequences, effects or any initiative emanating therefrom voided, moveover, material and moral assistance should be extended to the Arab Palestinian People in the occupied Palestinian territories, and their resistance against the autonomy conspiracy reinforced.
that any solution that is not founded on all those principles and conditions can never lead to a just peace but, on the contrary, can only exacerbate tensions in the region and pave the way for the policies applied by the parties to the Camp David Accords to liquidate the question of Palestine and help Israel achieve its objectives and expansionist, colonialist and racist policies. It would, moreover, encourage bilateral and partial solutions while disregarding the essence of the problem;
the right of the Arab States and the Palestine Liberation Organization to struggle militarily, politically and, by any other means, to liberate their occupied territories, secure the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people and foil by all means possible any solution or settlement which is detrimental to such territories and rights;
that the support of Islamic States to the Arab States with a view to enabling the latter to liberate their territories, and their support to the Palestinian people to help them restore their inalienable national rights, are both a responsibility and an obligation dictated by the principles and objectives of the Charter of the Islamic Conference Organization. The Conference also affirms that such support should be clearly expressed in practical and effective measures and positions on the part of all Member States;
its full and effective support to the Palestinian people in their legitimate struggle under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, their legitimate and sole representative inside and outside the occupied homeland, with a view to liberating it, restoring their inalienable national rights in Palestine. All Member States shall commit themselves to safeguarding Palestinian unity, the independent character of Palestine Liberation Organization and non-interference in the internal affairs of Palestinian action.
a) The commitment of Islamic States to liberate Al-Quds to become the capital of the independent Palestinian State, and to reject any situation which might infringe on the Arab right to full sovereignty over Al-Quds.
b) The commitment of all Islamic States to use all their means to foil the Israeli decision to annex Al-Quds and make it the capital of the Israeli entity, and decides to apply a political and economic boycott against those States which recognize this Israeli decision or participate in its implementation or establish their Embassies in Al-Quds Al Sharif;
all countries throughout the world to abide by the United Nations resolutions by refraining from dealing with the Israeli occupation authorities and from any kind of relations that could be construed by Israel as a de facto recognition of its declaration that Al Quds has been the eternal and unified capital of the Israeli entity. It particularly calls upon all countries to refrain from:
A - Signing any agreements in Al Quds;
B - Making official visits to Al Quds;
C - Conducting official talks in Al Quds;
D - Presenting the Credentials of Heads of Diplomatic missions in Al Quds;
member states to psychologically mobilize their people for Jihad to liberate Al Quds, through their official, non-official and otherwise mass media;
that any infringement on the resolutions of the Islamic Conference Organisation on the Middle East problem and the cause of Palestine and Al Quds will weaken the struggle waged to liberate Al Quds and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and secure the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, undermine the struggle of the Organization against colonialism, foreign occupation, racism and Zionism and will be a reneging by Member States on their determination to put an end to Israeli occupation of the Palestinian and Arab territories and assist the Palestinian people to achieve their inalienable national rights;
its rejection and condemnation of the Camp David Accords signed on 17.9.1978, and the Israeli-Egyptian Treaty signed on 26.3.1979, and all the consequences and efforts ensuing therefrom and asks that they be resisted by all means and methods;
any partial or separate solution and any agreement detrimental to the rights of the Arab nation and, the Palestinian people that would violate the principles and resolutions of the Islamic Conference Organization and the UNO, or that could impede the liberation of Al-Quds and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories or prevent the Palestinian people, from securing and fully exercising their inalienable national rights;
the collusion between the Egyptian Regime, Israel and the United States in all fields and deems it a direct aggression against the right of the Palestinian people, their homeland and future, and a serious threat to the security and stability of Arab and Islamic States, and decides to support the suspension of its membership to the Non-aligned Movement;
the Egyptian government for proceeding to normalize relations with the Zionist entity and considers it a denial of the principles of Jihad and a danger to Islamic principles, ideals, heritage, culture and civilization; and decides to suspend Egypt's membership in the Non-Aligned Movement.
the USA's persistence in its inimical attitude towards the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, and total withdrawal from all the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Al Quds, which constitutes a violation of the principles and objectives of the UN Charter and of the resolutions of the General Assembly on the question of Palestine and the Middle East, and impedes the establishment of a just peace in the region; the Conference also condemns the policies the United States of America seeks to impose on the region at the expense of the liberation of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Al Quds and at the expense of the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people. The Conference also condemns the continuous and increasing support of the United States to Israel in all fields, particularly the military and political fields; affirms that the United States' persistence in these policies are detrimental to its relations with the interests in Muslim States;
Israel for pursuing its policies and practices in Al Quds and the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, particularly its annexation policies and the establishment of Israeli settlements, bringing in alien settlers, demolishing houses, seizing and confiscating property and land, evicting the lawful inhabitants deporting, expelling, despoiling, exiling, transferring and rejecting them; in addition to their liquidation on a mass scale denying them the right to return, their massive detention and wholesale torture, the obliteration of national, archaeological, spiritual and cultural landmarks; violating the liberties and preventing the exercise of rights and religious rites; disregarding the laws relating to personal status, illegally exploiting the heritage and natural and human resources of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories and their inhabitants; and considers such practices and measures, void and illegitimate;
for refusing to abide by Security Council resolution 446 (1979), 452 (1979) and 465 (1980) in which the Council emphasized that all measures taken by Israel to change the characteristics of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, including Al Quds, are illegal, denounced Israel's policy and practice in establishing settlements, and stressed the need to cancel these measures and remove the existing settlements, and abstain from setting up others;
that such Israeli policies and practices constitute a dangerous violation of the UN Charter, in particular the principle of sovereignty and territorial integrity, the principles and provisions of international law, UN resolutions, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Fourth Geneva Convention on the protection of civilians in times of war. Such policies and practices constitute a major impediment to the establishment of a just peace in the Middle East;
all the States and Peoples of the world to refrain from extending military, manpower, material or moral support to Israel likely to encourage it in perpetuating its occupation of Al Quds and the Palestinian and Arab territories, and declares that such a continued support to Israel will compel Islamic States to take appropriate stands against then;
19. Deplores the attitude of these states that provide assistance and arms to Israel and considers that the real purpose of flooding Israel with this great quantity of weapons of war and destruction, is to establish it as a colonialist and racist base in the third world, in general, and in Africa and Asia, in particular.
the collusion between Israel and South Africa and their identical policies of aggression and racism, and condemns, as well, cooperation between them in all fields since it threatens the security and independence of Africa and Arab States;
member states which had recognized Israel to withdraw such recognition and sever all kind of diplomatic, consular, economic, cultural, sports and touristic relations, as well as all forms of communication with Israel at all levels, official or otherwise, and requests the member states that have not yet severed such relations to do so;
22. Calls upon member states to take all measures within the United Nations, to:
A. Request the U.N. General Assembly to refuse the credentials of the Israeli delegation to the UN General Assembly, as it represents an authority which aggressed against international legitimacy, and which made Al Quds its capital, and request the General Secretariat to take all necessary measures in this respect;
B. Request the member states of the United Nations and its specialized institutions to assume their responsibility and face up to the continued rejection by Israel of United Nations resolutions, by applying appropriate penalties against Israel, in implementation of the provisions of Chapter VII of the UN Charter, and request the General Secretariat to take the necessary measures in this regard;
the right of the Palestinian people as represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Arab states, whose territories are under Israeli occupation, to total, permanent and actual sovereignty and full control over their natural and other resources, economic riches and activities. It also reaffirms their right to recover them and to receive full compensation for all damages incurred through exploitation, depletion or loss of such resources;
to have recourse to all Islamic states economic, potential and natural resources in a studied and planned manner with a view to:
A. Weakening Israeli economy;
B. Stopping the political, economic and financial assistance received by Israel;
C. Bringing about political stands by countries in favour of the Palestine Question with a view to enabling the Palestine people recover their national inalienable rights;
D. Endeavouring to turn national stands at the international level into friendly ones, and antagonistic or inimical stands into neutral or friendly ones;
the Member States of the European Economic Community to fulfil their undertakings to the effect that their bilateral and multilateral agreements with Israel shall not be applied in the Palestinian and Arab occupied territories and endeavour to secure such a stand from other states that have similar agreezments with Israel;
states to pay up the capital of Al Quds Fund, and its Waqf in order to enhance the struggle and resistance of the Palestinian people;
member states not to tolerate legislations enacted by the United States of America and other countries with a view to countering the Arab boycott, and to secure a strict implementation of the boycott against Israel; stress its legitimacy and urge other states to adopt similar regulations.
Declaration of Holy Jihad
The Third Islamic Summit Conference, meeting at Mecca Al-Mukarrama and Taif from 19-22 Rabi-al-Awal 1401 H, corresponding to 25-28 January, 1981,
the latest developments of the question of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, the fact that it is under occupation, that it has been declared the eternal capital of the Zionist entity, that Islamic sanctities, and religious and cultural heritage have been violated and desecrated,
that the Zionist enemy persists in denying the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people particularly their right to their homeland and possessions; and the fact that the enemy continues to harass the Palestinian people, subjecting them to persecution and terrorism of the fiercest kind,
that the Zionist continue to occupy territories belonging to other Arab states, in disregard of the previous resolutions of the Islamic Conference, as well as the resolutions adopted by international bodies such as the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement, which has shown all Muslims and the world at large that this enemy persists in aggression and occupation, in disregard of all ethical rules, ideals and conventions of international relations,
these facts into consideration, the Kings, Emirs and Presidents of Islamic States, meeting at this Conference and in this holy land, studied this situation and concluded that it could no longer be tolerated that the forthcoming stage should be devoted to effective action to vindicate right and deter wrong-doing; and have unanimously,
To declare holy Jihad, as the duty of every Muslim, man or woman, ordained by the Shariah and glorious traditions of Islam;
To call upon all Muslims, living inside or outside Islamic countries, to discharge this duty by contributing each according to his capacity in the cause of Allah Almighty, Islamic brotherhood, and righteousness;
To specify that Islamic states, in declaring Holy Jihad to save Al-Quds al-Sharif, in support of the Palestinian people, and to secure withdrawal from the occupied Arab territories, wish to explain to the world that Holy Jihad is an Islamic concept which may not be misinterpreted or misconstrued, and that the practical measures to put it into effect would be in accordance with that concept and by incessant consultations among Islamic states.
RESOLUTION NO. 10/3-P(IS)
SITUATION IN LEBANON
The Third Islamic Summit Conference (Palestine and Al-Quds Session), meeting in Mecca Al Mukarramah, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from 19 to 22 Rabiul-Awal 1401 H, corresponding to 25-28 January, 1981,
principles and the targets defined by the Charter of the Islamic Conference, the United Nations and the League of Arab States, which secure the territorial integrity of member states and establish their sovereignty over all their territories,
Recalling and reaffirming
the resolutions of the Arab Summit Conferences held in Riyadh, Cairo, Baghdad and Tunisia and the United Nations resolutions on South Lebanon; the resolutions adopted at previous Islamic Conferences and in particular the last two held in Fez and Islamabad;
by the current events in South Lebanon and the serious developments in Lebanon and the Middle East;
its concern for Lebanon's independence, the unity of its territory and people, its sovereignty over all its territories and its right to realise national harmony among the Lebanese and to restore normal life and return the evicted population to their region and villages;
to give the Lebanese Government support in all international fields with a view to exerting the utmost possible pressure on the Israeli enemy to induce it to cease its attacks on South Lebanon and bring about withdrawal from it;
Member States and particularly those concerned, to lay down a comprehensive, integral strategy defining a role for each state in its struggle against Israel and which should be binding on each state;
the decision taken by the Palestine Liberation Organisation and noted by the Tunis Summit to abstain from undertaking any military operation across the Lebanese borders and refrain from announcing any actions undertaken by the Palestine resistance inside the occupied territories from Lebanon. The Conference affirms the need to implement the resolutions adopted by both the Riyadh and Cairo Summits.