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Situation au Moyen-Orient/Question de Palestine/Accord non suffisant pour une Conférence de paix internationale sur le Moyen-Orient - Rapport du Secrétaire général sous la résolution A/RES/44/42

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UNITED
NATIONS
A S

        General Assembly
        Security Council
Distr.
GENERAL
A/45/709
S/21929

12 November 1990

ENGLISH
ORIGINAL: ARABIC/ENGLISH

GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Forty-fifth session
Agenda items 23 and 35
QUESTION OF PALESTINE
THE SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
SECURITY COUNCIL
Forty-fifth year


Report of the Secretary-General


1. The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 44/42 of 6 December 1989 on the question of convening the International Peace Conference on the Middle East. The operative part of the resolution reads as follows:

2. On 28 August 1990, the Secretary-General, in pursuance of the request contained in paragraph 6 of the above-mentioned resolution, addressed the following letter to the President of the Security Council:

3. On 22 October 1990, the President of the Security Council sent the following reply:

4. In a note verbale to the parties concerned, dated 19 July 1990, the Secretary-General sought the positions of the Governments of Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and the Syrian Arab Republic, respectively, and of the Palestine Liberation Organization, in regard to the International Peace Conference on the Middle East as called for in General Assembly resolution 44/42. The replies are reproduced below:


Note dated 30 October 1990 from the Permanent Mission of the Arab Republic of Egypt


Note dated 27 September 1990 from the Acting Permanent Representative of Israel

Note dated 3 October 1990 from the Permanent Representative of Jordan

Note dated 25 September 1990 from the Permanent Representative of Lebanon


Note dated 5 September 1990 from the Permanent Representative of the Syrian Arab Republic

Note dated ll September 1990 from the Permanent Observer of Palestine
* * *


Observations

5. It is clear from the communications set out above that sufficient agreement does not exist, either within the Security Council, or amongst the parties to the conflict, to permit the convening of the International Peace Conference on the Middle East as called for in resolution 44/42, which like 43/176 before it, was adopted with much wider support than earlier General Assembly resolutions concerning an international conference. It is, in essence, a reaffirmation by the international community of the urgent need to achieve a just and comprehensive settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict. This sense of urgency is underscored by the members of the Security Council who, as indicated in the President's letter to me of 22 October 1990, remain deeply preoccupied by the lack of progress in achieving peace in the Middle East and by the increasingly serious situation facing the occupied territories and their inhabitants. I fully share the view of the Council that a prolonged delay in the settlement of the Middle East problem poses a grave threat to peace and security in the region as well as the world, and that the situation in the region is aggravated by the presence of a high level of armaments in many Middle Eastern countries.

6. It is thus encouraging to note that there is unanimity within the Security Council that efforts must be continued on an urgent basis to achieve a comprehensive, just and lasting settlement of the situation in the Middle East, Particularly a solution of the Palestinian problem in all its aspects. That said, must add that I am deeply concerned by the absence, at present, of any diplomatic Process aimed at overcoming the obstacles to an effective negotiating process in the Middle East. Regrettably, since my last report to the General Assembly on this Object, bilateral efforts to promote a dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians have reached an impasse. As for the parties themselves, while it is possible to entity in each of their notes to me a willingness to achieve a settlement through negotiations, it is evident that there is a divergence of views as to the framework and the context within which such negotiations should take place. It is worth noting, in this connection, that the positions of the parties with respect to an international conference have evolved in recent years.

7. For my part, I continue to believe that a negotiating process will only be effective if it involves all the parties concerned, including the Palestine Liberation Organization, and aims at a just and lasting settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict based on Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973) and the legitimate political rights of the Palestinian people, including self-determination. Given the grave dangers in the region that are evident to all, I cannot reiterate too strongly the need to revive efforts aimed at ensuring a just and lasting settlement of a conflict that, for decades, has been a source of continuing instability and has brought immense suffering to Arabs and Israelis alike.
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