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Source: Department of Public Information (DPI)
13 November 2007


General Assembly
GA/10657

Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York


Sixty-second General Assembly
Plenary
49th & 50th Meetings (AM & PM)



SPEAKERS URGE START TO INTERGOVERNMENTAL NEGOTIATIONS ON SECURITY COUNCIL REFORM,

TO BUILD ON PAST YEAR’S POSITIVE MOMENTUM, AS GENERAL ASSEMBLY DEBATE CONTINUES

43 More Member States Address Issue on Debate’s Second Day


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Background

The General Assembly met today to continue its annual joint consideration of the report of the Security Council and the question of equitable representation on the Council and an increase in its membership.

Statements

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AURA MAHUAMPI RODRIGUEZ DE ORTIZ ( Venezuela) said the report of the Security Council continued to be just descriptive -– a chronological compendium of sessions and documents that did not evaluate the advances of the Council or the difficulties of its work.  A broader and more analytical report to Member States, which made clear the way in which decisions were made, needed to be prepared.

Continuing, she said matters related to Africa once again occupied a prominent place on the Council’s schedule, as did counterterrorism.  The United Nations needed to address Africa in an integrated fashion -– dealing not just with security, but its economic and social problems.  Additionally, stemming terrorism meant securing stability in the Middle East.  That required a two-State solution regarding Israel and Palestine, in which the Palestinian people lived in an independent Palestine and were given the chance to realize their self-determination.  ...

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BASO SANGGQU ( South Africa) said the Security Council remained engaged in many parts of Africa, and stimulated debate on such important issues as security sector reform, the role of women in peacekeeping operations and the relationship between the Council and regional organizations in keeping with the Charter.  However, its inability after 60 years to play a meaningful role on the issue of Palestine was a serious threat to its credibility.  He hoped that the Council would transcend its divisions and discharge its Charter-based mandate to maintain international peace and security.  The global mandate of members was to advance peace worldwide, without certain members claiming such issues as anti-terrorism, non-proliferation, Kosovo and Western Sahara for their own.

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HAMIDON ALI ( Malaysia) ...

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Highlighting some specific aspects of the Council’s work during the past year, he said that, while his delegation had been pleased that the Council continued to hold thematic discussions and that it continued its tireless efforts in many conflict-affected areas and regions, its monthly consideration of the situation in the Palestinian Occupied territory and the wider Middle East had had little impact on the ground.  Violence continued unabated and deaths of civilians and destruction of infrastructure were mounting, particularly on the Palestinian side.  The Council’s report “lacked substance” on that issue, despite the body’s monthly briefing.  The Council must improve its credibility by enforcing its authority on that question.  It must be seen to discharge its responsibilities in maintaining peace and security in that region.

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MOHAMMAD KHAZAEE ( Iran) ...

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Among other deficits, he noted that the Council was continuing to encroach on the prerogatives of other main organs, such as the Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, over the objections of a majority of Member States.  Equally disturbing was that the Council had been “rendered incapacitated” in several cases where action had been urgently needed, including Israeli atrocities against the Palestinian and Lebanese people.  Indeed, the period under review had been marked by the Council’s inaction regarding the Zionist regimes crimes against the Palestinian people, and yet another resolution on the matter had been vetoed by the United States.

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For information media • not an official record

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