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Conseil de sécurité - Rapport sur les travaux du Conseil de sécurité durant la présidence de la Chine (Novembre 2009) – Lettre de la Chine (extraits)

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UNITED
NATIONS
S

        Security Council
Distr.
GENERAL
S/2010/107
2 February 2010; 26 February 2010

Original: English

Letter dated 26 February 2010 from the Chargé d’affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council

I have the honour to transmit herewith a report on the work of the Security Council during the presidency of China in January 2010 (see annex). The document was prepared under my own responsibility, following consultations with other members of the Security Council. I should be grateful if you would have the present letter and its annex circulated as a document of the Security Council.

(Signed) Liu Zhenmin
Ambassador and Chargé d’affaires a.i. of the People’s Republic
of China to the United Nations


Annex to the letter dated 26 February 2010 from the
Chargé d’affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council


Assessment of the work of the Security Council during the presidency of China (January 2010)


Introduction


Under the presidency of China in Ja nuary 2010, the Security Council went through an extensive programme of work. During the month, the Council dealt with a wide range of regional issues, including Côte d’Ivoire, Somalia, the Sudan, Afghanistan, Nepal, the Middle East, Kosovo, Haiti, peace co nsolidation in West Africa, and the United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia.

During the month, the Security Council held 21 meetings, of which 12 were public, including a thematic debate on cooperation between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations in maintaining international peace and security, a debate on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo and an open debate on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question. The Council held eight closed consultations of the whole and one private meeting with countries contributing troops to the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire. The Council adopted four resolutions and produced one presidential statement and three statements to the press.


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Middle East


The situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question

On 27 January, the Council held an open debate on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question, during which the Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Oscar Fernandez-Tarranco, briefed the Council on the recent developments in the region. He expressed concern about the lack of significant progress towards a solution to the peace process and recent events on the ground. He confirmed the Secretary-General’s support for resumption of talks and his call for a freeze of settlement activity, which was echoed by the majority of delegations that addressed the Council after the briefing. The Permanent Observer of Palestine, the Permanent Representative of Israel, members of the Council and 25 other speakers addressed the Council. Most participants expressed their concern for the current impasse in the peace process and called for an early resumption of talks between the concerned parties. They also restated their grave concern at the humanitarian situation in Gaza and called for full implementation of Council resolution 1860 (2009), with many speakers stressing the need for the immediate opening of Gaza’s border crossings in accordance with international humanitarian law, and the urgency of reconstruction. The majority of speakers called on Israel to end its settlement activity, including in East Jerusalem, and to refrain from all actions that might prejudge the outcome of the final negotiations. In this regard many speakers also stressed the need to resolve the status of Jerusalem as the future capital of two States. Most speakers reiterated their support for a two-State solution under relevant Security Council resolutions, thus contributing to the peaceful settlement of the question of Palestine and Arab-Israeli conflicts, and the ultimate attainment of a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East.

Regarding Lebanon, most members of the Council reiterated their call for a full implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions.

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