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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
GENERAL
A/53/287
26 August 1998

English
Original: English/Spanish

Fifty-third session
Item 148 of the provisional agenda



*
Status of the Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949
and relating to the protection of victims of armed conflicts


Status of the Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and
relating to the protection of victims of armed conflicts


Report of the Secretary-General

CONTENTS

Pages

I. Introduction 2
II. Information received from Member States Uruguay 2

Annex

List of States parties to the Protocols Additional to the
Geneva Conventions of 1949 as at 31 July 1998 3




I. Introduction

1. On 16 December 1996, the General Assembly adopted resolution 51/155 entitled “Status of the Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and relating to the protection of victims of armed conflicts”. In paragraph 7 of the resolution, the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to submit to it at its fifty-third session a report on the status of the additional Protocols based on information received from Member States.


2. Pursuant to that request, the Secretary-General, by a note dated 31 January 1997, invited Member States to transmit to him, by 30 June 1998 and for inclusion in the report, the information requested in paragraph 7 of the resolution.


3. As at 31 July 1998, a reply had been received from Uruguay. The text of the reply is reproduced in the present report. Any additional replies will be reproduced as addenda to it.


4. The list of all States that are parties to the Protocols1 Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 19492 as at 31 July 1998, as communicated by the competent authorities of the Government of Switzerland, depositary of the Protocols, appears in the annex to the present report.


II. Information received from Member States Uruguay

[Original: Spanish]
[1 April 1997]


Uruguay is party to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977. With respect to the Protocols, Uruguay deposited its instrument of accession on 13 December 1985. On 17 July 1990, it made the declaration provided for under article 90 of the Additional Protocol, accepting the competence of the International Fact-Finding Commission. In terms of domestic policy, Uruguay has a standing inter-ministerial commission responsible for planning legislative and administrative provisions to promote the development of international humanitarian law in its internal law. A priority task of the commission is to contribute to the dissemination of international humanitarian law among members of the armed forces, specialist schools, lawyers, teachers and the general public. All these activities will determine the degree of compliance with the resolutions adopted in this regard by the General Assembly and the various bodies of the United Nations system.


Notes


1 United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1125, Nos.17512 and 17513.
2 Ibid., vol. 75, Nos. 970-973.



Annex

List of States parties to the Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 as at 31 July 1998 a


State Date of ratification, accession or succession

Albania 16 July 1993
Algeriab c 16 August 1989
Angolab (Protocol I only) 20 September 1984
Antigua and Barbuda 6 October 1986
Argentinab c 26 November 1986
Armenia 7 June 1993
Australiab c 21 June 1991
Austriab c 13 August 1982
Bahamas 10 April 1980
Bahrain 30 October 1986
Bangladesh 8 September 1980
Barbados 19 February 1990
Belarusc 23 October 1989
Belgiumb c 20 May 1986
Belize 29 June 1984
Benin 28 May 1986
Boliviac 8 December 1983
Bosnia and Herzegovinac 31 December 1992
Botswana 23 May 1979
Brazilc 5 May 1992
Brunei Darussalam 14 October 1991
Bulgariac 26 September 1989
Burkina Faso 20 October 1987
Burundi 10 June 1993
Cambodia 14 January 1998
Cameroon 16 March 1984
Canadab c 20 November 1990
Cape Verdec 16 March 1995
Central African Republic 17 July 1984
Chad 17 January 1997
Chilec 24 April 1991
Chinab 14 September 1983
Colombia (Protocol I)c 1 September 1993
(Protocol II) 14 August 1995
Comoros 21 November 1985
Congo 10 November 1983
Costa Rica 15 December 1983
C_te d’Ivoire 20 September 1989
Croatiac 11 May 1992
Cuba (Protocol I only) 25 November 1982
Cyprus (Protocol I) 1 June 1979
(Protocol II) 18 March 1996
Czech Republicc 5 February 1993
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
(Protocol I only) 9 March 1988
Denmarkb c 17 June 1982
Djibouti 8 April 1991
Dominica 25 April 1996
Dominican Republic 26 May 1994
Ecuador 10 April 1979
Egyptb 9 October 1992
El Salvador 23 November 1978
Equatorial Guinea 24 July 1986
Estonia 18 January 1993
Ethiopia 8 April 1994
Finland b c 7 August 1980
France (Protocol II only) 24 February 1984
Gabon 8 April 1980
Gambia 12 January 1989
Georgia 14 September 1993
Germanyb c 14 February 1991
Ghana 28 February 1978
Greece (Protocol I)c 31 March 1989
(Protocol II) 15 February 1993
Guatemala 19 October 1987
Guineac 11 July 1984
Guinea-Bissau 21 October 1986
Guyana 18 January 1988
Holy See 21 November 1985
Honduras 16 February 1995
Hungaryc 12 April 1989
Icelandb c 10 April 1987
Italyb c 27 February 1986
Jamaica 29 July 1986
Jordan 1 May 1979
Kazakhstan 5 May 1992
Kyrgyzstan 18 September 1992
Kuwait 17 January 1985
Lao People’s Democratic Republicc 18 November 1980
Latvia 24 December 1991
Lebanon 23 July 1997
Lesotho 20 May 1994
Liberia 30 June 1988
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 7 June 1978
Liechtensteinb c 10 August 1989
Luxembourgc 29 August 1989
Madagascarc 8 May 1992
Malawi 7 October 1991
Maldives 3 September 1991
Mali 8 February 1989
Maltab c 17 April 1989
Mauritania 14 March 1980
Mauritius 22 March 1982
Mexico (Protocol I only) 10 March 1983
Micronesia (Federated States of) 19 September 1995
Mongoliab c 6 December 1995
Mozambique (Protocol I only) 14 March 1983
Namibiac 17 June 1994
Netherlandsb c 26 June 1987
New Zealandb c 8 February 1988
Niger 8 June 1979
Nigeria 10 October 1988
Norwayc 14 December 1981
Oman 29 March 1984
Palau 25 June 1996
Panama 18 September 1995
Paraguayc 30 November 1990
Peru 14 July 1989
Philippines (Protocol II only) 11 December 1986
Polandc 23 October 1991
Portugalc 27 May 1992
Qatarb c (Protocol I only) 5 April 1988
Republic of Koreab 15 January 1982
Republic of Moldova 24 May 1993
Romaniac 21 June 1990
Russian Federationb c 29 September 1989
Rwandac 19 November 1984
Saint Kitts and Nevis 14 February 1986
Saint Lucia 7 October 1982
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 8 April 1983
Samoa 23 August 1984
San Marino 5 April 1994
Sao Tome and Principe 5 July 1996
Saudi Arabiab (Protocol I only) 21 August 1987
Senegal 7 May 1985
Seychellesc 8 November 1984
Sierra Leone 21 October 1986
Slovakiac 2 April 1993
Sloveniac 26 March 1992
Solomon Islands 19 September 1988
South Africa 21 November 1995
Spainb c 21 April 1989
Suriname 16 December 1985
Swaziland 2 November 1995
Swedenb c 31 August 1979
Switzerlandb c 17 February 1982
Syrian Arab Republic (Protocol I only) 14 November 1983
Tajikistanc 13 January 1993
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedoniac 1 September 1993
Togoc 21 June 1984
Tunisia 9 August 1979
Turkmenistan 10 April 1992
Uganda 13 March 1991
Ukrainec 25 January 1990
United Arab Emiratesb c 9 March 1983
United Kingdomb 28 January 1998
United Republic of Tanzania 15 February 1983
Uruguayc 13 December 1985
Uzbekistan 8 October 1993
Vanuatu 28 February 1985
Venezuela 23 July 1998
Viet Nam (Protocol I only) 19 October 1981
Yemen 17 April 1990
Yugoslaviab 11 June 1979
Zaire (Protocol I only) 3 June 1982
Zambia 4 May 1995
Zimbabwe 19 October 1992

Notes


a As communicated by the competent authorities of the Government of Switzerland, depositary of the Protocols. By a note dated 15 August 1990, the Permanent Observer Mission of Switzerland informed the Secretary-General as follows:

“On 21 June 1989, the Federal Department for Foreign Affairs received a communication of 14 June 1989 from the Permanent Observer of Palestine to the United Nations Office at Geneva concerning Palestine’s participation in the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and their two additional Protocols of 8 June 1977. On 18 September 1989, the Federal Department for Foreign Affairs sent to the States parties to the Conventions an information note of 13 September 1989 regarding this communication, accompanied by the text of the latter. In the information note, the Swiss Federal Council, depositary of the Conventions, brings to the attention of the States parties that it is not in a position to settle the question whether the communication should be considered an instrument of accession within the meaning of the relevant provisions of the Conventions and their Additional Protocols.”


b Ratification, accession or succession accompanied by a reservation and/or a declaration.

c Party which has made the declaration provided for under article 90 of Protocol I.









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