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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
A/8013
30 June 1970

REPORT

OF THE COMMISSIONER-GENERAL
OF THE UNITED NATIONS

RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCY FOR PALESTINE
REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST

1 July 1969-30 June 1970





GENERAL ASSEMBLY

OFFICIAL RECORDS : TWENTY-FIFTH SESSION

SUPPLEMENT No. 13 (A/8013)










UNITED NATIONS

New York, 1970

CONTENTS


Letter of transmittal .

Letter from the Chairman of the Advisory Commission of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

INTRODUCTION


Chapter
Para
I.REPORT ON THE OPERATIONS OF THE AGENCY FROM 1 JULY 1969 TO 30 JUNE 1970
32-199
A. Relief services
31-61
B. Health services
62-90
C. Education and training services
91-142
D. Common services and general administration
143-146
E. Legal matters
147-186
F. Financial operations
187-199
II. BUDGET FOR 1971 AND REVISED BUDGET FOR 1970
200-245
A. Introduction
200-207
B. Budget estimates
208-243
C. Financing the budget - 1970 and 1971
244-245
ANNEXES
I. TABLES
1-3 Statistics concerning registered population
67-69
9-12 Health services
77-81
13-17 Education and training services 82-86
19-22 Finance 88-99
23 UNRWA manning-table posts 100
II. RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY 101
III. RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION 103
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

5 September 1970

Sir,

I have the honor to submit my annual report to the General Assembly on the work of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) for the period 1 July 1969 to 30 June 1970, in compliance with the request contained in paragraph 21 of resolution 302 (IV) of 8 December 1949 and paragraph 8 of resolution 1315 (XIII) of 12 December 1958.

The report is presented in three main parts.

The introduction seeks primarily to make Member States aware of UNRWA's financial situation. As is clearly stated by the Secretary-General in his latest communication to all Member States, reproduced in document A/8040, a breakdown is now unavoidable sometime in 1971 unless substantial additional resources become available soon. I have no doubt that the General Assembly will wish to prevent developments of such gravity, the implications of which both for the refugees or displaced persons and for the United Nations would be extremely serious. In addition, the introduction recalls the continuing sad plight of the refugees, particularly those who were displaced again as a result of the hostilities of June 1967. It also endeavors to convey to the General Assembly, an idea of some other operational problems which, while not entirely new, deserve -the Assembly's attention.

Chapter I gives an account of the Agency's activities during the twelve months ending 30 June 10/70 and includes a section on the many legal problems with while UNRWA is confronted.

Chapter II presents the Agency's budget for the calendar year 1971 for consideration by the General Assembly at its twenty-fifth session, and the revised budget for 1970.

Statistical tables relating to various aspects of the Agency's work are included in annex I to the report. Resolutions adopted following discussions, UNRWA's education and health activities by the World Health Assembly and the UNESCO Executive Board, are reproduced in annexes II and III.

The Advisory Commission of UNRWA has considered this report and its view, are set forth in a letter dated 21 August 1970 from its Chairman, of which attach a copy. Although in drafting the report I have had the benefit of the advice of the members of the Commission, it should not be assumed that the Governments represented on the Commission necessarily subscribe to all the views I have expressed.


The President of the General Assembly
United Nations
New York

Since a major part of UNRWA's operations during the past year have been conducted in areas under the control of the Government of Israel, I also considered it appropriate to show the report, in draft, to its representatives and have ken their views and comments into account in preparing the final text.

Accept, Sir, the assurances of my highest consideration.

(Signed) Laurence MICHELMORE
Commissioner-General
LETTER FROM THE CHAIRMAN OF THE ADVISORY COMMISSION OF THE UNITED NATIONS RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCY FOR PALESTINE REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST

21 August 1970

Dear Dr. Michelmore,

At its meeting on 20 August 1970, the members of the Advisory Commission of UNRWA stated their views on the content of the annual report which you propose to submit to the twenty-fifth session of the General Assembly.

While individual members of the Commission have reserved the position of their respective Governments on a number of matters discussed in the report, as in previous years, the Commission as a whole believes that your report in general accurately describes the Agency's activities and the hardships experienced by the refugees and displaced persons during the period 1 July 1969 to 30 June 1970.

The Commission commends the Agency's staff for the manner in which they have carried out their tasks in exceptionally difficult circumstances. It does not underestimate the difficulty of the problems (aggravated by the hostilities of 1967) which increasingly hamper the Agency's operations.

Above all, however, the Commission is concerned by the financial situation -of the Agency, the extreme seriousness of which is well described in the annual report and which jeopardizes the Agency's ability to pursue, as it ought to, its action for the Palestine refugees. The Commission therefore can only express the firm hope that during its twenty-fifth session the General Assembly will manage to solve this problem in a way which will enable the Agency to carry on its indispensable mission without any reduction in its services.

Yours sincerely,



(Signed) Fouad SAWAYA
Chairman
Advisory Commission



Dr. Laurence Michelmore
Commissioner-General
United Nations Belief and Works Agency
Beirut

INTRODUCTION


1. It has become customary for the Agency to report, year after year 1/ - subject to exceptional circumstances such as those in 1967 - that it has been able to maintain its relief and health activities and even expand its education program, in spite of a number of problems, old and new, which, with the passing of time, become integral parts of the Agency's conditions of work: foremost among them is the Agency's ever-increasing financial needs, mainly the result of substantial annual increases in enrolments in UNRWA/UNESCO elementary and preparatory schools, and its deteriorating financial position owing to the failure of contributions to keep pace with needs and the adamant opposition of the Governments of the host countries to action to decrease costs by reducing services. This analysis remains basically unchanged: in spite of the Commissioner-General's statement in last year's annual report that "a decision of this kind [concerning the method of future financing or on the scope of the services the Agency is to provide] can no longer be delayed, for the Agency can hardly go forward into 1970 in such uncertainty", the Agency was left in just such uncertainty. 2/

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1/ Information concerning the origin of the Agency and its mission and work will be found in the following annual reports and other United Nations documents:

A. Final report of the United Nations Economic Survey Mission for the Middle East (28 December 1949) (A/AC.25/6, parts I and II).

B. Report of the Secretary-General on Assistance to Palestine Refugees: Official Records of the General Assembly, Fourth Session, Ad Hoc Political Committee, Annexes, vol. II, (A/1060), p.14.

C. Proposals for the continuation of United Nations assistance to Palestine refugees. Documents submitted by the Secretary-General to the fourteenth session of the General Assembly (A/4121).

D. Report by the Secretary-General under General Assembly resolution 2252 (ES-V) and Security Council resolution 237 (1967) (A/6787).

E. Reports of the Director (Commissioner-General) of UNRWA and special reports of the Director and Advisory Commission to the General Assembly:

(i) Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifth Session, Supplement No. 19 (A/1451/Rev.1);
(ii) Ibid., Sixth Session, Supplements Nos. 16 and 16A (A/1905 and Add.1);
(iii) Ibid., Seventh Session, Supplements Nos. 13 and 13A
(A/2171 and Add.1);
(iv) Ibid., Eighth Session, Supplements Nos. 12 and 12A (A/2470 and Add.1);
(v) Ibid., Ninth Session, Supplements Nos. 17 and 17A (A/2717 and Add.1);
(vi) Ibid., Tenth Session, Supplements Nos. 15 and 15A (A/2978 and Add.1);
(vii) Ibid., Eleventh Session, Supplements Nos. 14 and 14A (A/3212 and Add.1);
(viii) Ibid., Twelfth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/3686 and A/3735);
(ix) Ibid., Thirteenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/3931 and A/3948);
(x) Ibid., Fourteenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/4213);
(xi) Ibid., Fifteenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/4478);
(xii) Ibid., Sixteenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/4861); (xiii)Ibid., Seventeenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/5214); (xiv) Ibid., Eighteenth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/5513);
(xv) Ibid., Nineteenth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/5813);
(xvi) Ibid., Twentieth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/6013); (xvii)Ibid., Twenty-first Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/6313);
(xviii) Ibid., Twenty-second Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/6713);
(xix) A/6723 and Add.l. For the printed text, see Official
Records of the Security Council, Twenty-second Year, Supplement for April, May and June 1967, documents S/8001 and Add.1;
(xx) A/6787 and Corr.1;
(xxi) A/7060;
(xxii)Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-third
Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/7213).
(xxiii) Ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614).

F. Pertinent General Assembly resolutions:
194 (II) of 11 December 1948; 212 (III) of 19 November 1948;
302 (IV) of 8 December 1949; 393 (V) of 2 December 1950;
513 (VI) of 26 January 1952; 614 (VII) of 6 November 1952;
720 (VIII) of 27 November 1953; 818 (IX) of 4 December 1954;
916 (X) of 3 December 1955; 1018 (XI) of 28 February 1957;
1191 (XII) of 12 December 1957; 1315 (XIII) of 12 December 1958;
1456 (1K.IV) of 9 December 1959; 1604 (XV) of 21 April 1961;
1725 (XVI) of 20 December 1961; 1856 (XVII) of 20 December 1962;
1912 (XVIII) of 3 December 1963; 2002 (XIX) of 10 February 1965,
2052 (XX) of 15 December 1065; 2154 (AXI) of 17 November 1966;
2252 (ES-V) of 4 July 1967; 2341 (XXII) of 19 December 1967;
2452 (XXIII) of 19 December 1968; 2535 (XXIV) of 10 December 1969

G. Pertinent Security Council resolutions:
237 (14 June 1067); 242 (22 November 1967).

2/ Official Records of the General Assembly Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614), para. 33.



2. Meanwhile, too, the human problem persists and becomes more complicated: the continued deferment of the hope of the Palestine refugees 3/ for return and the failure to achieve progress in the implementation of paragraph 11 of General Assembly resolution 194 (III); the fact that the refugees therefore regard themselves not simply as refugees, but as temporary wards of the international community whom they hold responsible for the upheaval which resulted in their having to leave their homes, and UNRWA rations as their entitlement and a recognition of their position; the persisting effects of the 1967 hostilities, including military occupation with its manifold implications and the maintenance of high tension in the area; the continuing displacement for a third year, despite the calls of the General Assembly and the Security Council for their return, of hundreds of thousands of persons who fled in 1967; the growing decisive impact of the policies and activities of the various fedayeen movements on the situation in some host countries and on the attitudes of the refugees in of them.

3. If the Agency did maintain, on the whole, the integrity of its services, and indeed expand its education program, so much so that in 1970, for the first time in its history, education - including technical education, vocational training, teacher training etc. - has become the main item of expenditure (45 per cent), surpassing the relief programs (42 per cent) which for many ears were the major preoccupation of the Agency, this was made possible only as a result of a deliberate decision by the Commissioner-General, in full agreement with the Secretary-General, who was then making personal efforts to prove the Agency's financial position., not to put into effect, for the time being, all of the significant curtailments in the Agency's program which the general Assembly was informed at its twenty-fourth session would have to be proceeded with during 1970. Consequently, as explained in section F of Chapter I below, the Agency, whose financial capacity to carry out its mandate has reached breaking point, will be virtually insolvent at the end of 1970.

4. Moreover, and simultaneously, the Agency's conditions of work were perturbed Occurrences which represented serious obstacles to the orderly accomplishment of its task within the present formal framework of its operation as a United Nations agency. Their conjunction with a serious financial problem must be a matter of real concern, especially since they may have repercussions on each other: for the financial situation, in particular, if not redressed in one way or another before the beginning of 1971, is bound to lead either to a breakdown in operations or to drastic curtailments in the Agency's program, either of which, in turn, cannot fail to have far-reaching, possibly dramatic, repercussions on the policies and politics of the host countries and on the attitude of the Palestinian refugee community. Inasmuch as UVRWA has become, by virtue of its twenty years of existence and the scope of its activities, a de facto element of stability in some of the host countries, any major diminution of its role could only add to the combustible material in an already inflammatory situation.

_____________

3/ Throughout this report, the term "refugees", "displaced refugees" or "newly displaced refugees" refers to those persons who were registered with UNRWA Prior to the June 1967 hostilities; the term "displaced persons" or "other displaced persons" refers to those who were displaced after the outbreak Of the June 10,67 hostilities but who were not registered with UNRWA.

5. The Main elements of the situation are briefly reviewed below.
Finance

6. At the start of 1970, the Agency Is financial position was so critical that the Commissioner-General considered there was no alternative to substantial reductions in the Agency's program unless he could be assured of an increase in income sufficient to cover the deficit then facing the Agency and estimated at nearly $5 million. Despite very strenuous efforts by the Secretary-General, the Commissioner-General and others, the increase in income has barely covered unavoidable increases in expenditure, so that the deficit facing the Agency for 1970 must still be estimated at about $5 million.

7. Nevertheless, as stated in paragraph 3 above, the Commissioner-General, after consulting the Secretary-General and taking into account the views of the Governments of the host countries, decided to delay major budget reductions directly affecting the refugees until the General Assembly had had a further opportunity of dealing with the problem of financing the Agency's operations. This delay was made feasible by the withholding of payment of $1.3 million of health, education and other subsidies to host Governments, by other economies which brought the total saving to about $1.5 million in 1970, by an improvement in the cash position resulting from donations in kind that made purchase unnecessary or otherwise generated cash and by acceptance of the risk for the future involved in a further drawing down of cash and the working reserve.

8. While the Agency should in this way be able to maintain operations until the end of 1970 without major reductions, and continue some way into 1971 if contributions for 1971 are paid promptly in that year, it will be in an even weaker financial position than at the start of 1970. Cash or assets readily convertible to cash will have been reduced to such a low level that liabilities" owed by the Agency will exceed such assets by over $1.5 million, while the remaining assets of the Agency (principally supplies) will barely be sufficient, to provide the necessary "pipeline" of supplies. Expedients will have been exhausted and, in default of adequate additional income, there will be a break in 1971.

9. The fact of receiving, year after year, less than an adequate income confronts the Agency with problems of three related types, which differ according to the time factor. They are:

(a) Availability of cash in hand from month to month to meet payrolls, pay suppliers etc.; a crisis was barely avoided in 1970 - indeed only timely payment in last April of a large contribution enabled the Agency to meet its payrolls that month. It is clear that, with a materially smaller cash balance in hand at the start of 1971, the risk will be very great that at some time that year the Agency will find itself temporarily without cash and hence unable to meet payrolls and pay creditors.

(b) Availability of sufficient cash over the whole budget year to cover that part of the budget not covered by contributions in kind; this problem, while unlikely to face the Agency in 1970, will undoubtedly do so in 1971, unless adequate income is received. If income in 1971 does not exceed the estimate for 1970 (approximately $41 million), the Agency will face a deficit of the order of $6 million and is likely to run out of funds by September 1971.

(c) Availability of sufficient cash to meet outstanding liabilities if operations were to cease; this type of problem will face the Agency from the end of 1970 on. As noted above, the Agency will in all probability end the year with its liabilities exceeding its cash assets by $1.5 million or more. Although the problem will not become acute so long as the Agency can meet its current liabilities, it is highly questionable whether the Agency should use for current operations cash needed to meet long-term liabilities that would fall due if operations were to cease, notably staff separation costs (for both international and local staff). (It may be mentioned here that the Agency's present allowance of $5.8 million for such staff separation costs assumes that a high proportion of its staff will not qualify for termination indemnities "because they obtained continued employment. Should this assumption prove invalid, the Agency's liabilities in this respect could amount to $4 million more than the present allowance.)

10. It seems hardly conceivable to the Commissioner-General that the Agency could continue operations through 1971 in these conditions. It is therefore, in his view, a prerequisite for continuation that the Agency's budget for 1971 should be balanced either by the assurance of adequate income to maintain the existing level of services or by a radical review of the Agency's role and program, in order to vent a complete breakdown in the Agency's services at some point in 1971. Since a decision in this regard cannot be delayed much beyond the beginning of 1971, the Commissioner-General must ask the General Assembly to exercise its responsibility and take whatever action it deems appropriate at its twenty-fifth session.

11. The Commissioner-General considers it his duty to ask the Assembly for an unequivocal decision. There can be little doubt that, at their present level, reductions in the relief and health services on the scale necessary to eliminate the estimated deficit for 1971 are impossible. Education is the only sector in which the amount required could be found, but the effect, unfortunately, would be to deal a grievous blow at the most constructive part of the Agency's activities and the only one to go beyond mere relief and look towards the future of the Palestine refugee youth.
General

12. It has seemed appropriate to assess the financial situation described above in isolation in the first place because of its unprecedented gravity, before considering the background against which it should be viewed - a background not only of deepening frustration, uncertainty and fading hopes, but also of a marked change in the Agency's environment due primarily to a transformation in the political role of the Palestine refugee community, which has not been without effect on the 13,000 Palestinians serving the Agency, and the acceptance by the refugee community and by host Governments of a representative, negotiating role for the Palestine politico-Military organizations. While this development did not affect equally each of the Agency's five fields of operation, it can be considered, on the whole, as the most significant feature of the year under review and, unless some progress is made in the near future towards a just settlement of the refugee problem, as the factor which, with the Agency's financial position, may require a radical reconsideration of UNRWA's role methods and program.

13. In the West Bank and Gaza, the Agency has been confronted with the same operational problems, in general, as last year: actions taken by Israeli military authorities on security grounds, such as curfews; screenings (sometimes in Agency installations); detention or deportation of staff members, and in two instances banishment to Sinai for six months; demolition of shelters, with damage to adjacent installations; intrusions into Agency premises, including vocational training centers, with arrest of trainees. There was also damage to Agency property by mines or grenades, in the course of incidents. In the year ending 30 June 1970, there were, in the West Bank fourteen new cases of detention of staff members, and in Gaza, fifty-seven new cases. Further details will be found in paragraph 147 below. The number of staff under detention or serving sentences of imprisonment at any one time has remained about forty; some of them have been sentenced for substantial periods, others have been sentenced and later released, many have been released without being brought to trial, others nave remained in prison for periods up to and in excess of one year without any charge having been brought against them, or have been released after detention of varying periods, also without charges against them. In addition, it has still proved impossible to supply many of the prescribed textbooks to UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the occupied territories (see paragraphs 100-105 below). There have also been problems over the movement of supplies into the occupied territories and over travel permits for staff. The Agency was also confronted with a new type of problem as a result of the decision of the Israeli military authorities to build new, wide roads in several camps of the Gaza Strip and their demolition of shelters on twenty-four hour notice to the inhabitants and without informing the Agency's Field Director beforehand. After representations by the Agency, the authorities agreed that there would be no more demolition until alternative shelter had been made available, and that the Agency would be reimbursed with the costs of the new construction.

14. In Syria, the Government authorized the Agency, in May 1970, to replace tents by concrete block shelters in the emergency camps; this decision is most timely- since many tents needed constant repair, and only a mild winter prevented the situation in these camps from becoming serious. The Commissioner-General is glad to report also that in June 1970 the Government arranged for the evacuation of the Agency's training center in Homs, which had been occupied since 1967 without prior consultation with the Agency, by Syrian displaced persons. Problems for which no final solution was reached included issue of visas to locally recruited staff and posting of international staff (see chapter I, section E below).

15. In Lebanon and in east Jordan, however, the Agency was confronted with other developments which caused it grave concern. The developments in question differed in the two countries in several respects, but they had a common source in the considerable growth in numbers, fire-power and influence of the Palestine politico-military organizations, in the enhanced political consciousness of the Palestine refugee community, which raised basic questions of authority and identification, and in the reflection of these developments in the attitude of the Agency's locally recruited staff.

16. The position in the refugee camps in Lebanon was described to the Special Political Committee of the General Assembly by the Commissioner-General during the last session (A/SPC/PV.665). Since then, protracted negotiations have been taking place between the Lebanese authorities and representatives of the Palestine organizations, but they have no so far resulted in the return of police Or other Government officials to the camps, or in the release of occupied Agency installations. On the other hand, it must be said that no essential installations are occupied and that Agency services have been maintained without interference (though field investigation for ration roll rectification has not yet been resumed).

17. The Commissioner-General regrets to report, however, that, in May, members of one organization intruded into the Agency's headquarters building and into its main warehouse, both in Beirut, and that the organization made and published threats against staff members which constituted also a challenge to the authority of the Agency over its staff. As a result, the Government made appropriate police dispositions. The Commissioner-General trusts that there will be no sequel to these disturbing developments, which threaten the essential conditions for the Agency's continued operation. The situation at the Siblin Training Center in Lebanon, where there were continual strikes by staff and students and a virtual breakdown in discipline, also gave cause for concern for the future of the institution. The Agency has been in close and constant contact, at the highest levels, with the government authorities in regard to these difficulties and has met with understanding and assurances of co-operation.

18. In east Jordan, it is perhaps sufficient to say that the successive confrontations between the Government and the Palestine organizations have posed many problems for the Agency and have had repercussions on its work and on staff relations. The Commissioner-General is glad to report that, throughout the period, there has nevertheless been cordial and fruitful co-operation between the Agency and the Government in dealing with the common task of caring for Palestine refugees and, to the extent the Agency is in a position to help, other displaced persons, and that outside interference with the Agency's operations has been generally avoided.

19. The transformation in the attitude of the Palestine refugee community to which reference has already been made is bound progressively to have a profound effect on the environment in which the Agency operates. Under successive resolutions of the General Assembly, there have been references to co-operation with the Governments of host countries in which the Agency operates and these Governments are also represented on the Agency's Advisory Commission. As a result, consultation with them is continuous, whether on policy or on problems of execution of policy, sometimes by means of well-established procedures, sometimes on an ad hoc basis. There is no reference, however, to consultation with the refugee community. Consultation does take place in practice either through the host Governments or informally between headquarters staff or field directors and individuals or groups, such as Mukhtars, who have some - but not necessarily a continuing - representative quality. There are already signs that, just as the refugee community now exercises an agreed right to consultation with Governments in host countries in some form or another, it will increasingly expect to be consulted on Agency affairs in the same way that the Governments of host countries are consulted by the Agency, though not necessarily on the same subjects. In the field of education, the question of consultation has, in fact, now been raised formally by a recommendation from the Arab host Governments at the tripartite meeting on education in June between the Governments, UNESCO and UNRWA, that representatives from the Palestine Liberation Organization should take part in future meetings on education on the same basis as the representatives of the Governments of the Arab host States. As the tripartite meetings are jointly convened by UNESCO and UNRWA and are the subject of an agreement between the two organizations, the response to this recommendation will be a matter for consultation between the Commissioner-General and the Director-General of UNESCO.

20. The Commissioner-General wishes to record his appreciation of the many instances of initiative and devotion to duty in crisis by agency staff, in the best tradition of service to the refugee community. As a result, essential services have continued with little interruption even in the most difficult, and sometimes dangerous circumstances.
*****

21. In addition to the information given in chapter I below, it may be appropriate to refer briefly in this introduction to health, education and to the Agency's relations with other organizations.
Health

22. In general, the standards of the Agency's health services are simple, basic and similar to services provided by the Governments of the Arab host countries to their indigent populations free of cost. Because of the growing financial inability described earlier, these services have had to be severely restricted, over the past few years, as regards expansion and improvement, to the extent to which donations from voluntary sources for specific purposes have been available, and these have been rather limited. Strict economies have also been applied in their operation. In these circumstances, it would be impossible to reduce further any of the health services without an unacceptable risk to the life and health of the refugees, in particular the vulnerable groups. The refugee community is largely dependent on the health services provided by UNRWA and is in no position individually or collectively, socially or economically, to bear the burden of restrictions or cuts in these services. The hardships that would result would be severe generally and very harsh in many cases especially where hospitalization and medical care costs are concerned. Over the past years, UNRWA's health program, comprising preventive, curative and environmental sanitation services, has contributed much, and at a relatively low cost to the- Agency, towards the health protection and relief of suffering as well as the prevention of epidemics which could prove disastrous and affect local national" populations as well. Despite the difficulties which have been faced in the last year, the health of the refugee population has not worsened, nor has there been a deterioration in the nutritional state of the refugees.

23. The Director-General of the World Health Organization, who by virtue of the UNRWA-WHO Agreement is responsible for the technical direction of the Agency's health services, has expressed deep concern over the possibility of cuts in the health program.

Education

24. The 1969-1970 school year began badly, with strikes by teachers in Lebanon, Syria and east Jordan, as a result of a dispute over conditions of service. The disagreement was resolved at the beginning of November, but disturbances in east Jordan and Lebanon interfered with school work on several occasions during the remainder of the year. On the West Bank and in Gaza, the schools were less affected by interruptions than in the previous year. Enormous difficulties were caused in both areas, especially serious in Gaza, by the shortages of text-books. This problem, which has continued to engage the Director-General of UNESCO, is described in more detail in chapter I below (paragraphs 100 to 105). As may also be seen in section C of chapter I, there were a number of positive accomplishments during the school year 1969-1970. It was possible to admit to the UNRWA-UNESCO schools an increased number of refugee students. The successful functioning of the Institute of Education significantly improved the qualifications of teachers in these schools, and thus helped advance the quality of education. The physical plant used for education was further enlarged and improved by the construction and expansion of schools and training centers, with funds received as special contributions for these purposes.

25. The importance attached to education by the whole Palestine refugee community, which justifies the Agency's concentration on the provision of education and technical training services, now its major preoccupation as well as its largest item of expenditure, and hence the major factor in its recurring deficits, explains why the Commissioner-General must view with particular concern any curtailment in this program.

Relations with other organs of the United Nations system

26. As in the past, UNESCO and WHO have collaborated with UNRWA in the conduct of education and health programs. Their participation, as essential as ever, has provided the necessary guarantee of the professional competence of UNRWA's policy and activities in these two fields. Reference may be made, in addition, to the report of a study carried out by a WHO Maternal and Child Health/Nutrition team in 1968, which helped UNRWA to review its related programs.

27. A number of the Agency's vocational and technical instructors have once more received fellowships at the ILO's International Center for Advanced Training and Vocational Training in Turin, Italy. The ILO also provided the Agency with the services of an expert, from October 1969 to March 1970, to study the possibilities for extension of vocational training activities. The report and recommendations of this expert are now under study.

28. The Agency's accounts for 1969 have been audited by the United Nations Board of Auditors, and their report will be reviewed by the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions and the Fifth Committee of the General Assembly. The Agency's report on its administration, budget and financial procedures, prepared in response to a proposal made in the Fifth Committee during the twenty-third session, has been submitted to the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions.

Assistance from voluntary agencies and other
non-governmental organizations

29. In recording his gratitude to the many voluntary agencies and other organizations and individuals who have provided assistance for refugees and displaced persons during the past year, the Commissioner-General wishes to make special mention of contributions that have made it possible to carry out programs which, in the Agency's critical financial situation, might otherwise have been allowed to lapse. The projects financed by these contributions and the names of the donors are noted in the appropriate sections throughout this report, and include the American organization NEED (Near East Emergency Donations, Inc.); American Near East Refugee Aid, Inc. (ANERA); the Swedish Save the Children Federation (Radda Barnen); OXFAM, United Kingdom; Australians Care for Refugees (AUSTCARE), Australia; the Pontifical Mission for Palestine; Diakonisches Werk, Federal Republic of Germany; Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO); the Near East Council of Churches and many others. All contributions made direct to UNRWA from non-governmental sources for regular programs are shown in table 21 of annex I below. The Commissioner-General wishes to pay tribute to the continued, generous assistance and untiring efforts on behalf of the refugees by voluntary agencies, both international and local, based in the area of the Agency's operation (see table 18 of annex I). He wishes also to acknowledge the unrecorded, free services provided for refugee patients by institutions such as the St. John's Ophthalmic Hospital in Jerusalem, and the Caritas Children's Hospital in Bethlehem.

Summary and conclusion

30. The most significant feature of the year under review was a marked change in the Agency's operational environment. This is due to a transformation in the political dimensions of the Palestine refugee problem, reflected in the attitudes of the refugees themselves (and inevitably in the Agency's staff drawn from the Palestine refugee community) and to a deterioration in public security in some areas. The Agency has sought, in the interest of the refugees for whose welfare it has a mandate, to adapt itself to a changing situation while seeking at the same time to maintain the integrity of its operations incumbent on a United Nations agency. But the pressures to which it has been subject in 1969-1970 have been very great, and, if they continue to grow, they could seriously jeopardize future operations.

31. Concurrently, the Agency's finances have continued to be drained and unless the General Assembly takes adequate positive action at its twenty-fifth session, this may be the last report on the operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. The urgent need for effective action has been emphasized by the Secretary-General in a recent letter -to States Members of the United Nations and members of the specialized agencies.
4/ Only an increase in income of about $5 million will enable the essential work of the Agency to be maintained. Unless sufficient income can be assured, there will inevitably be substantial cuts in the education program, which would deal a grievous blow at the most constructive sector of the Agency's work and produce repercussions that might well shatter the Agency to the point of disintegration. No less than the continued existence of the Agency is, in fact, at stake.

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4/ See document A/8040 of 17 August 1970 for the letter of the Secretary-General and accompanying statement.
CHAPTER I

REPORT ON THE OPERATIONS OF THE AGENCY FROM
1 JULY 1969 TO 30 JUNE 1970


32. The following section of the report describes UNRWA's main activities during the year ending 30 June 1970. Supplemental information on the estimated expenditure for each activity in the calendar year 1970 and the actual expenditure in l969 is given in chapter II below, which presents the Agency's budget for the year 1971.

A. Relief services

33. The General Assembly, at its twenty-fourth session, recalled its resolutions of the twenty-second and twenty-third sessions calling upon the Government of Israel "to take effective and immediate steps for the return without delay of those inhabitants who have fled the [occupied] areas since the outbreak of hostilities" and requested the Security Council to ensure the implementation of these resolutions. None the less, there was little movement during the year by UNRWA-registered refugees or displaced persons assisted by UNRWA. Few of these were able to return to the West Bank under the "family reunion" scheme (handled by the Government of Israel through municipal authorities on the West Bank), or to Gaza from the United Arab Republic under the auspices of the International Red Cross.

34. The special identification procedures at distribution centers referred to in last year's report were maintained in Gaza, the West Bank and east Jordan throughout the year to assist in the correction of the Agency's registration records.

35. The major task of identifying refugees who became displaced as a result of the hostilities has now been completed and the Agency's records corrected. It has not been possible, however, to-process all routine changes in family composition in east Jordan and a large number of births subsequent to June 1967 in that Field still remain unrecorded. The following statistics should therefore be read with these deficiencies in mind.

36. The number of refugees registered with the Agency on 30 June 1970 was 1,425,219 compared with 1,395,074 on 30 June 1969, an increase of 2.2 per cent. However, the number of UNRWA rations issued in June 1970 was 836,926 including issues being made on an emergency basis, compared with 840,353 in June 1969, a decrease of 0.4 per cent, resulting mainly from employment by the Agency or graduation from UNRWA-sponsored training centers. It will thus be noted that only some 58.7 per cent of registered refugees received rations in June 1970. Tables 1 to 3 of annex I below give statistics of registered refugees, the categories of service to which they are entitled and changes in the composition and entitlement of refugee families as recorded by the Agency.

37. In addition to its normal program of distribution of rations to registered refugees, the Agency, as requested by the Jordanian Government in 1967 and subject to reimbursement by that Government of most of the additional costs, has continued to distribute rations to displaced persons in east Jordan, whereas in Syria, the Government is responsible for meeting their needs. In the month of June 1970, 217,557 rations were issued to such persons in east Jordan, compared with 242,453 in June 1969, a decrease of 10.3 per cent.
Eligibility and registration

38. The disruption of registration records in east Jordan, Gaza and the West Bank caused by the major movement of refugee population following the hostilities in 1967, has now been rectified. The checks made in Gaza and on the West Bank on the existence and presence of refugees resulted in the removal of a substantial number of unreported dead and absentees from the ration rolls and, as a result, -a further 11,878 rations were issued to needy children in these Fields who, although registered with the Agency, were not previously in receipt of rations.

39. In Lebanon, the Agency has not been in a position to carry out the normal investigation program since October 1969, when governmental authorities withdrew from the camps. The relatively small number of rations which became available through the deletion of ineligible refugees were issued to the children of needy refugees for whom no rations were previously available within the ceiling established for Lebanon.

40. There has been no progress in rectification in Syria, and the Government's opposition to field investigation by the Agency has been maintained. Agency records continue to be amended in respect of deaths and prolonged absences on the basis of Government refugee records, and ration entitlements are adjusted accordingly.

41. In all areas of the Agency's operations, the names of 37,686 persons, including 29,197 ration recipients, were removed from the rolls during the twelve, months ending 30 June 1970, compared with 72,433 (of whom 61,577 were ration recipients) in the twelve months ending 30 June 1969. Among the additions to the rolls were 13,327 rations issued to children on the waiting list whose families were found to be suffering hardship. For other rations issued, see table 2 of annex I.

42. The Agency has continued to maintain a limit on the maximum number of a ration recipients in each country with no allowance for population increase. As a result, the number of children over the age of one year for whom no rations are available on a permanent basis continues to grow. By June 1970, these children totaled 324,187, of whom 170,422 were in east Jordan, 63,867 on the West Bank, 14,926 in Lebanon, 37,368 in Syria and 37,604 in the Gaza Strip.

43. However, only 268,070 of these children were without rations, for 56,117 of them received temporary rations: in east Jordan, 12,624 children of displaced refugees residing in the emergency camps have been issued with rations by the Agency as a continuing temporary measure, and the children (40,502) of displaced refugees living outside camps have been issued with rations donated by the Government; similarly, in Syria, 2,991 children of displaced refugees in the emergency camps have been issued with rations by the Agency.
Basic rations

44. The calorific content of the basic food ration which provides approximately 1,500 calories per day in summer and 1,600 in winter, remained unchanged during the period covered by this report, but, since November 1969, there has been some substitution of additional flour for part of the pulses and rice components of the ration, in order to utilize donations of flour received as contributions to the Agency over and above normal requirements (see table 4 of annex I below). The cost of basic rations, including the cost of distribution, accounted for
approximately one third of the Agency's budget.
Supplementary feeding

45. The Agency's nutrition and supplementary feeding services include regular and careful surveillance of the nutritional status and requirements of the specially vulnerable refugee groups. These groups comprise those in the age of growth and development (infants, pre-school and school children), pregnant and nursing women, tuberculous outpatients, selected medical cases and displaced refugees, particularly those still accommodated in the emergency camps in east Jordan and Syria.

46. The protection of their health and nutrition is of paramount importance, because the UNRWA basic ration is nutritionally unbalanced, lacking as it does not only proteins of animal origin, but also fresh food items, and also because the average refugee, in his difficult economic circumstances, is hardly in a position to make good these dietary deficiencies.

47. In general, it can be stated that the nutrition of the refugees has been maintained satisfactorily during the period of this report. Regular and careful surveillance has been kept over infants under two years of age attending the infant health centers and particularly over these found to be underweight, in a marginal state of nutrition, or showing more specific signs of protein-calorie malnutrition. Such deficiency states are usually associated with or precipitated by attacks of gastroenteritis and other common childhood infections and are expected to be more prevalent among displaced refugees who are subject to special social, economic and environmental stresses.

48. A daily issue of a mixture of liquid whole and skim milk is available for infants aged six to twelve months, and for those under six months who cannot be breast-fed. An issue of liquid skim milk is made available on twenty-six days per month to children aged one to six years., to expectant and nursing mothers from the beginning of the fifth month of pregnancy until the end of the twelfth month after delivery., and to sick refugees upon medical recommendation. During the scholastic year, there is an issue of milk in the Agency's elementary schools on twenty-two days per month. A monthly issue of 500 grams of corn flour/soya/ milk mixture (CSM) is made available to all children in the age group of six to tens years - The Agency's milk and CSM distribution programs are made possible through the special annual contribution of, skim milk powder and CSM from the Government of the United States of America. During the period under review, the Agency received donations of 1,169 metric tons of skim milk powder and 739 metric tons of CSM.

49. Nutritionally balanced hot meals are provided at Agency supplementary feeding centers six days per week, on an "open" basis to all children up to the age of six years, on medical selection to children between six and fifteen years, and to small number of sick adults. Over and above the varied standard menus, a special bland high-protein menu is provided for infants and young children suffering from gastroenteritis and malnutrition. Vitamin A and D capsules are issued to children one to six years of age attending supplementary feeding centers and to elementary school children at the time of school milk distribution. On medical certification, extra dry rations are issued to expectant and nursing mothers from the beginning of the fifth month of pregnancy to the end of the twelfth month after delivery. On medical certification also, tuberculous outpatients receive a monthly supplement equivalent to the UNRWA monthly basic rations.

50. In addition to the foregoing supplementary feeding issues, the emergency feeding program introduced after the June 1967 hostilities was maintained, with minor changes, throughout the period of this report. While those benefiting under this special program were mainly the newly displaced refugees, whether living in or out of the emergency camps in east Jordan and in Syria, assistance was also provided to some other categories on the West Bank and in Gaza. In broad outline the emergency feeding program consisted of: (a) extension of the daily hot meal and milk distribution to include all displaced refugee children up to the age of fifteen years; (b) distribution of a monthly protein supplement, consisting of one twelve-ounce tin of meat and 500 grams of CSM (i) to all displaced refugees in Syria, (ii) to those living in emergency camps and to displaced pregnant women, nursing mothers and tuberculous out-patients living outside the emergency camps in east Jordan., (iii) to all pregnant, nursing mothers and tuberculous out-patients in Gaza and West Bank; (c) an extra supplement, including flour, rice and fats, to all displaced refugees living in the tented camps and hardship cases living outside those camps in Syria, which was, however, discontinued with effect from 1 August 1969 in order to bring the emergency supplementary rations in Syria in line with those issued to the displaced refugees in east Jordan. Daily hot meals were provided by UNRWA on behalf of the Jordanian Government (on a reimbursable basis) for about 8,000 displaced persons not registered with UNRWA, but living in the emergency camps in east Jordan. The -whole/skim milk mixture was made available for the age group of four to six months among the displaced registered refugee population in east Jordan and in Syria.

51. Some contributions were received from various sources, in cash and in kind, including milk and other food items, in support of the supplementary feeding program.

52. Tables 5 and 6 of annex I below give, in summary, the numbers of various categories of refugees and displaced persons benefiting from the milk and supplementary feeding programs.

Camps, shelter and construction

53. The Agency continued to provide assistance in sixty-three camps - the fifty-three 5/ camps established before 1967 and the ten emergency camps (six in east Jordan, four in Syria) set up in 1967 and 1968 for shelter-needy refugees and other persons displaced as a consequence of the 1967 hostilities. Total camp population increased over the year from some 590,000 to 616,000, of whom 497,000 resided in the established camps and 119,000 in the emergency camps (see tables 7 and 8 of annex I).

54. In the six emergency camps in east Jordan, the total population increased during the year from 91,000 to 103,000, of whom some 61 per cent were UNRWA--registered refugees displaced from the West Bank and Gaza and the remainder other displaced-persons from the West Bank, Gaza and the East Ghor (east Jordan River valley). As of June 1970, the Agency had completed most of the major construction program begun in the autumn of 1968 for both shelter and central services buildings.

55. During the year, UNRWA built 6,084 pre-fabricated family shelters in three of these camps - 3,900 units financed by the Federal Republic of Germany, 890 from UNRWA funds released from the Agricultural Credit Corporation of Jordan (under the agreement reached when the Corporation succeeded the Development Bank of Jordan, Ltd., liquidated in 1967), 700 by the Standing Conference of British Organizations for Aid to Refugees, 3,85 by the Italian Government, 200 by OXFAM (in addition to their contribution to the Standing Conference) and nine by the Catholic Women's League of the United Kingdom. In addition, the Lutheran World Federation financed a self-help shelter construction scheme for some 500 displaced refugee families in Sukhne village, near Zerka. As the year ended, a further increment of about 950 Agency shelters was under construction in one of the camps. When those shelters are added to the 6,000 family units built by UNRWA in four camps and the 2,400 built by voluntary organizations in two camps in 1965-1969, a total of about 16,500 family shelter units will have been built in the emergency camps and one village in east Jordan in less than two years. Finally, the Agency has requested a contributing Government to finance an additional 1,000 shelters to care for the increasing population of these camps.

56. The emergency camps in east Jordan have been improved during the year by the erection of additional pre-fabricated or temporary buildings to serve as schools, clinics, dining halls, kitchens etc., as well as by the construction of additional access roads, pathways, storm-water drains and septic tank latrines. A further contribution of pre-fabricated buildings from Diakonische Werke (the Federal Republic of Germany) has been used mainly to provide additional schoolrooms in two camps, while the Pontifical Mission for Palestine has financed and constructed schools in three camps over a period of two years. Thus it has been possible virtually to eliminate tents as schoolrooms in the emergency camps of east Jordan, though "double-shifting" is still necessary.
__________

5/ The camp in Nuveimeh, north of Jericho, has contained no refugees since 1967 and is on a stand-by basis.

57. In the four emergency camps in Syria., the registered refugee population increased during the year from 9,041 to 9,671, and the total camp population to 15,491. All residents continued to live in tents because of the lack of funds to finance the construction of residential shelters. As a result of UNRWA appeals, a special contribution has been received from the World Anglican Community, through the Anglican Archbishop of Jerusalem and the Bishop in Jordan, Lebanon and Syria, which will cover shelter construction in one camp, and appeals have been made to voluntary organizations for similar contributions to cover the other camps. Standard school buildings were being constructed in two of the camps and construction will begin in a third camp as soon as a site is made available.

58. Elsewhere, no refugees are accommodated in tents. In the camps in Lebanon, no shelters were built during the year, but construction of new schools was begun in several locations. In the West Bank camps, construction was limited to some improvement in central facilities. In several Gaza camps, the Agency had to replace or rebuild shelters demolished because of the construction, for security reasons, of wide roads by the Israeli authorities, with funds provided or expected to be provided by the occupation authorities.

Special hardship assistance

Clothing

59. The voluntary agencies continued, through their contributors abroad, to make generous donations of used clothing to UNRWA. During the year about 1,200 tons of used clothing were received by UNRWA and distributed to registered refugees in need in east Jordan and on the West Bank, in Lebanon, Syria and Gaza. The Agency itself spent over $30,000 on inland transportation costs and on ocean freight for some of the clothing received from abroad.

60. The following agencies generously maintained and indeed increased their regular contributions to meet the needs of the many thousands of registered refugees and other displaced persons, and other special donations were received from various organizations in the United States of America, Canada and Europe, including the following:

American Friends Service Committee
Canadian Lutheran World Relief
Canadian Red Cross Society
Caritas-Verband (Federal Republic of Germany)
Catholic Relief Services (United States of America)
Church of Scotland
Church World Service (United States of America)
Lutheran World Relief, Inc.
Mennonite Central Committee (United States of America)
OXFAM (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
Unitarian Service Committee of Canada
United Church of Canada
Women's Royal Voluntary Service (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
Casework program

61. Special assistance continued to be given to the most needy, amongst whom are the chronically ill, widows with minor children and the aged. They were assisted with either small sums in cash or issues of clothing, blankets and kerosene. A few cases were helped through special donations to purchase the tools necessary to practice their trade and attain some measure of self-support. Because of budgetary limitations, only a fraction of the real need could be met. Through the casework program, 132 orphans and thirty-five aged person were placed in various institutions. Welfare employees continued their work of counseling, helping families solve their problems and trying to mitigate strenuous conditions presently obtaining.

B. Health services

62. Under the technical supervision of staff lent by the World Health Organization, the Agency has maintained its health program for the Palestine Arab refugee population. Technical guidance was available from the World Health Organization (WHO) in accordance with the Agreement under which - WHO provides advisory and consultative services in health matters to UNRWA. It is to be noted that the World Health Assembly, under resolution WHA22.43 adopted on 24 July 1969 at its twenty-second session, requested the Director-General to take all effective measures in his power to safeguard health conditions among refugees and displaced persons in the Middle East and to report thereon to the twenty-third session. This report was presented, the Agency providing the Director-General of WHO with such information in respect of the displaced UNRWA-registered refugee population (and other displaced persons to whom UNRWA provides assistance) as was required for the purpose of enabling him to complete the report. Subsequently, at its twenty-third session, the World Health Assembly adopted resolution WHA23-52 dated 21 May 1970 (see annex II below).

63. The Agency's health program comprises both curative and preventive elements, the former including services for outpatients attending Agency health centers, referrals for laboratory investigation, specialist consultations and admission to hospital; the latter includes maternal and child health services, health education and the control of communicable diseases, with special emphasis on prophylactic immunization of the susceptible against specific diseases and on environmental sanitation services. The program of supplementary feeding and milk distribution has been developed to provide nutritional support for the specially vulnerable groups. In general, the Agency's health program, though operated within a very limited financial framework has, over the years, effectively safeguarded the health of the refugee community. The individual services are designed to keep in line as closely as possible with the services provided by the Governments of the host countries for comparable sections of the local population in their countries. Close co-operation between UNRWA's Health Department and the Ministries of Health of the Governments of the host countries has continued and has been particularly fruitful in such fields as the control of communicable diseases and mass immunization campaigns.

64. As in previous years, the Governments concerned, universities, charitable organizations, business firms and individuals have given much assistance in such forms as provision of personnel, specialized technical advice and guidance, free hospital, X-ray and laboratory facilities services in maternal and child health centers, medical supplies, vaccines, layettes and supplementary food items, as well as help in mass vaccination campaigns. Funds were obtained for the training of refugee students, particularly in basic nursing and midwifery. Donations were received covering the annual operating costs of individual units, such as health centers and rehydration/nutrition centers, and part of the operating costs of the emergency supplementary feeding program. Donations were also received to meet the cost of construction and equipment of a number of new health units and of improvement of accommodation in existing units.

65. A number of improvements have been achieved in the health program and services during the period of review: continued gradual extension in all Fields, except Gaza, of the preventive health services to include the regular health supervision of children in the third year of life working towards the eventual aim of covering the whole pre-school age group; strengthening of the basic immunization program, particularly the extent to which primary protection against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and poliomyelitis was completed and BCG vaccination was extended among infants and school children; extension to all Fields of protection through vaccination of young children against measles; institution of a special study on the incidence of goiter among school girls in Damascus; establishment of two additional clinical laboratories attached to health centers in east Jordan; strengthening of dental services through the provision of new equipment at Zerka, Baqa'a and Irbed health centers; improvement in facilities in the supplementary feeding dining halls; establishment of the cafeteria system in a number of the Agency's residential training centers. Under the environmental sanitation program, it was possible to effect a partial replacement of the pit privy latrines by septic-tank latrines in the emergency camps in Syria and east Jordan. The replacement by pre-fabricated shelters of the tents in the emergency camps in the latter Field can be regarded also as a substantial contribution towards the protection of the health of the population groups affected.

66. Through special donations received, an active program of construction and amelioration of accommodation for health services was maintained. Thus it -possible to make substantial improvements for both patients and staff at Bureij Tuberculosis Hospital, Gaza. In east Jordan, a new health center is now in use at Marka Camp and another is under construction at Zerka. Plans are well under way for the construction of an infant health center at Amman New Camp, an infant health center and a rehydration/nutrition center at Jebel Hussein Camp, and a health center at Irbed, all in east Jordan, as well as a health center at Amari Camp in West Bank. Residential accommodation is almost completed for health staff living in the east Jordan emergency camps and on call after normal clinic working hours. Dining halls are also being built in these same locations which, when read, will permit the serving of the daily hot meal under supervision. Work has begun on the construction of a new supplementary feeding center at Dera'a Camp in Syria.

Curative and preventive medical services

Clinics, hospitals and laboratories

67. Curative and-preventive medical services continued to be provided directly by UNRWA at eighty-nine points, at a further fifteen points by Agency-subsidized voluntary societies and at eight points by Governments. The curative services comprise medical consultations, injections, dressings, eye treatments, laboratory examinations dispensing of medicines and dental services, and referrals to specialists, hospitals and medical rehabilitation centers. During the period of review, the family file system, already in operation for some years in the Gaza Strip, was extended to all health centers in the remaining Fields, thus enabling the treating medical officer to evaluate the health state of the family as a whole as well as that of the individual member. A register of congenital malformations and chronic diseases, covering eighty different conditions, has been created in each health center for the purpose not only of maintaining a case-sheet for each patient, but also of establishing as accurately as possible statistical records of the prevalence among the refugee population of the separate conditions under review. Four additional diabetic clinics have been established, three in east Jordan and one at Yarmouk in Syria, making a total of nine such special clinics in all Fields. A heavy work-load has been borne by the health center staff particularly in the Gaza Field where a number of posts remained unfilled because of recruitment difficulties, though the position has now improved considerably. It is considered that the increasing demand for medical services as a reflection, at least in part, of increased strain on the refugee population resulting from the unstable conditions in the Middle East. Statistical information in respect of outpatient curative services is shown in table 9 of annex I below.

68. During the period of review, the average daily number of hospital beds made available to refugee patients through arrangements made by UNRWA in the five Fields was 1,706. This total includes beds in Agency hospitals, in those subsidized by the Agency, in government and private institutions, as well as beds provided free of charge by Governments and voluntary societies. The average daily bed occupancy was 1,329. Other hospital admissions have also taken place, arranged directly by the patients themselves with government and private hospitals; their number is not known.

69. The Agency maintained its cottage hospital (thirty-six beds) at Qalqilya in the West Bank, nine camp maternity wards (sixty-nine beds), located mostly in the Gaza Strip, and a fifteen-bed pediatric ward in the UNRWA-Swedish Health Center at Gaza. (Part of the annual operating costs of this center is being met by the Swedish Save the Children Federation.) In addition, UNRWA and the public health authorities in Gaza operated jointly the 210-bed tuberculosis hospital at Bureij. Through a donation from the Finnish Refugee Council, extensive improvements of both patient and staff accommodation, as well as of certain other facilities in this hospital have been made.

70. About four fifths of the hospital beds available are set aside for the treatment of patients suffering from acute conditions of a medical, surgical or gynecological nature, the remaining one fifth being occupied by those suffering from chronic disabilities, principally tuberculosis and mental diseases. Statistical details in respect of the number of beds available are shown in table 10 of annex I, which also provides similar information in respect of the twenty rehydration/nutrition centers.

71. The Agency maintains a central laboratory in the Gaza Strip. It also operates ten clinical laboratories attached to its larger health centers (east Jordan, 4; Lebanon, 3; Gaza, 2 and Syria, 1). Of the ten clinical laboratories mentioned above, two were established during the period of review at the Zerka and Jerash health centers in east Jordan. All other laboratory services, whether of a clinical or public health nature, were obtained from governmental, university or private laboratories, usually on a subsidy or on a fee-for-service basis, but in certain instances free of charge.
Control of communicable diseases

72. Through the Agency health centers, the routine data on communicable diseases are collected and the measures for their prevention and control are undertaken and maintained. The governmental and local health authorities collaborate closely with the Agency in various aspects of the control programs involved by providing certain facilities, vaccines and services. Surveillance of communicable diseases was maintained through weekly reporting by health centers of the incidence of selected diseases and by the investigation of any untoward disease occurrence any special epidemiological problems. In table 11 of annex I may be found the case incidence of these reportable diseases for the period under review. None of the quarantinable diseases made their appearance among the refugees, nor did epidemic typhus or relapsing fever. Most of the other reportable diseases showed either a downward trend or remained near their level of the previous year. Whooping cough, on the other hand, occurred with greatly increased frequency from May through August 1969 in the Zerka area (east Jordan) and in the outlying communities in the West Bank. With intensification or extension of the immunization program in these areas, the incidence dropped off to low levels by December. Influenza, which had shown the first epidemic waves in certain areas of Syria and in Gaza early in 1969, developed as a wide-scale epidemic in all Fields towards the end of the year. Following epidemic peaks reached in east Jordan in November 1969 and in all other Fields in January 1970, the incidence fell off gradually in the ensuing two to three months. Although the epidemic was moderately severe, the excess mortality from it was little, if any, due in part at least to the immunization of vulnerable groups with donated vaccine early in 1969.

73. The total number of new cases of tuberculosis reported by Fields other than east Jordan, which provided statistics for the first nine months only, was almost the same as that reported in the preceding period. In following up the findings of surveys in 1968 and from a further survey in Baqa'a camp early in 1970, it was concluded that tuberculosis is not at present more prevalent among the emergency camp populations than among the general refugee population in east Jordan. The incidence rate in 1969 for this Field (about 19.5 per 100,000 was below the general average of 24 per 100,000 for the refugee population of all- Fields. The incidence of other communicable diseases among the newly displace registered refugees reflected fairly closely the levels found in the refugee population in general.

74. Aside from the general measures of environmental sanitation, the usual control measures of early case detection and treatment, isolation to a limited extent and mass prophylaxis on occasion were employed. For specific long-term prevention, the same range of immunizing agents were employed starting in early infancy, namely, BCG, DPT, poliovirus, TAB and smallpox vaccines. For infants, pre-school and school children, the extent of full primary and reinforcing immunization was substantially increased. BCG vaccination was greatly extended among infants and school children. The use of more efficient agents, such as the lyophilized forms of smallpox and TAB vaccines, was steadily expanded. Thanks to the donation of attenuated vaccines from various sources, there was substantial progress towards the goal of establishing measles immunization as a routine protective procedure in infancy. Since this program, in view of the Agency's financial situation, has not been included under the regular budget, its continuation is entirely dependent upon further donations of vaccine. Early in 1970, the use of individual immunization record cards was introduced in all Field as an aid in maintaining up-to-date immunity status.

Maternal and child health

75. The Agency continued to provide comprehensive maternal care and health supervision of infants through some eighty maternity and seventy-nine infant clinics, of which one of the former and two of the latter are operated in Jerusalem by voluntary societies subsidized by the Agency. In east Jordan, the Norwegian Refugee Council, the Commonwealth Save the Children Fund and the Lutheran World Federation each continued to provide a medical and nursing team to render maternal and child health services in three of the emergency camps. In Amman, the Ministry of Health's several maternal and child health centers made their services available to the large, scattered refugee population there, and in Amman and Damascus, the Lutheran World Federation had clinics providing maternal and child health services to refugee communities. In Gaza, the Swedish Save the Children Federation undertook to meet the operating costs of the maternal and child health and related training services at the UNRWA/Swedish Health Center. The Belgian Government provided a pediatrician for the infant and child health services at the UNRWA-Belgian Health Center in Jabalia.

76. The maternal services comprised ante-natal, delivery and post-partum care. In the reporting period, 72.4 per cent of the 27,421 deliveries took place in the homes with attendance by local midwives under Agency nursing supervision and the remaining 27.6 per cent, about equally divided, in maternity centers and hospitals. There were nine maternal deaths, giving a mortality rate of 0.32 per 1,000. The issue of extra dry rations and skim milk to pregnant and nursing women provided valuable support to maternal nutrition. Surveys conducted during the period in Lebanon, Syria and east Jordan indicate that nutritional anemia in pregnancy is a problem of considerable importance, at least in these three Fields. Infant health care comprised regular medical and nursing observation of the growth, development, nutritional state and general health; comprehensive immunization; treatment as necessary; and education of the mother in child care.

77. The nutritional state of the group as a whole was maintained under surveillance by ascertaining monthly for the under-one-year group and bi-monthly for the one- to two-year group the percentages of underweight infants. Comparing the rates for the calendar years 1968 and 1969, there was a modest improvement in all Fields except for Lebanon, where a small but significant increase in the underweight rate occurred, especially in the one- to two-year group. In the emergency camp population of east Jordan, the rates of underweight infants in Baqa'a, Jerash and Husson were on the -whole above the average for the Field both for the under one-year group or the one- to two-year group, though some of the pre-1967 camps in Amman had rates of a similar order. Only Jerash camp stood out as having consistently the highest rate for the Field. In Syria, on the other hand, the rates of underweight in the emergency camps were not unfavorable in comparison with the Field average. Further information on the nutritional state of infants and other vulnerable groups in the Jordan emergency camps, based upon a survey early in 1970, is to be found in the sub-section on nutrition later in this chapter. The infant health services continued to find valuable support in the Agency's supplementary feeding program (see paras. 45 to 52 above), both in helping to maintain normal nutrition and to restore the nutrition undernourished children either through the open cooked-meal and milk feeding or the special post-diarrhea menu. For the mere serious cases of gastroenteritis and malnutrition, the rehydration/nutrition centers served a valuable purpose. During the period of review, admissions to the twenty centers (with 216 cots) numbered 2,103 as compared with 1,956 in 1968-1969.

78. As an aid in assessment of the problems of infant health, studies on infant mortality were developed on a more systematic basis in four Fields in 1969. Comparing the data collected in recent years, including 1969, the trend of infant mortality appears to be favorable in Lebanon and Syria, where the rates were 36.2, and 40.3 per 1,000, respectively, in 1969. The Gaza rate of 86.7 in 1969 was substantially reduced from the last previously reported rate of 127.0 in 1964. In West Bank, on the other hand the trend in the past three years has been definitely unfavorable, the rates being 76.8, 93.5 and 106.3 in the years 1967-1969, inclusive. The proportional mortality in 1969 of the five leading causes of deaths of infants and young children dying in hospital in east Jordan, West Bank, Gaza and Lebanon were found to be as follows: diarrheal disease 24.7 per cent; respiratory infections, 24.1 per cent; nutritional deficiency, 15.4 per cent; pre-maturity, 9.2 per cent; measles, 6.2 per cent. Nutritional deficiency was associated with about one third of the deaths ascribed to diarrheal disease.

79. There has been considerable progress during the reporting period in the development of regular health care for the two- to three-year age group. This has been achieved in all Fields, except in Gaza, where shortage of staff precluded any such development. There, attention is directed mainly to the underweight and problem cases in this age group. After the pilot project stage, which began early in 1969 at selected health centers, the service has been gradually extended to other centers from the latter part of that year. The average number of children of this age under regular care had increased from 1,093 in 1968 to 4,863 in 1969. Desirable as it might be, an expansion of the same service to children in the upper pre-school ages, that is, three to six years, would require certain additional facilities and staff, which could be realized only through specific additional contributions. Both the Health and the Education Departments have had useful exchanges of view with voluntary organizations, such as the American Friends Services Committee and the World Organization for Early Childhood Education (OMEP), which have shown an interest in promoting the general welfare of pre-school children among the refugees.

80. The school health services were provided to children at 480 schools of the Agency in the five Fields. The service comprises the comprehensive medical examination of school entrants and the follow-up care required; the examination and care of other school children as and when required; referral of undernourished children for supplementary feeding; reinforcing immunization; school environmental sanitation; and systematic health education. The service is provided by the camp health units, supplemented by special school health teams. Such a team could -still not be fully reconstituted in Gaza owing to the continuing shortage of medical officers. With the improved organization of the service in other Fields, more attention has been devoted to the study of special problems of school children. For example, a study of 235 school entrants in two camps of the West Bank revealed the presence of intestinal parasites in 97.5 per cent and blood hemoglobin levels below 70 per cent (Sahli method of estimation) in 48.2 per cent. In the Damascus area, grossly visible goiter was observed in 1968 per cent of 2,887 school girls aged twelve to fifteen years. In the West Bank, a survey revealed dental caries in approximately 30 per cent of school children of both sexes and all ages (six to sixteen). Within its available means, the Health Department is directing special attention towards the amelioration of these and other common problems brought to light by routine examinations and special studies.

81. Statistical information is presented in table 12 of annex I on some of the salient operational features of maternal and infant care infant care and the school health services.

Health education

82. The health education program continued to place its main emphasis on educating mothers in maternal and child clinics, children in schools, special groups in social welfare centers, and the general camp communities, on the basic elements of health, the prevention of disease and on individual and community responsibility in protection of health. It is carried out in each Field by teams of Health Education Workers in close co-operation with health center staff, school teachers and school health committees, social welfare staff, and leaders in the community. The theme selected for the focus of the program in 1969-1970 was "UNRWA's health services; what they offer and how they can best be utilized in promoting individual and community health". Under this theme, highlighted by the Health Calendar, monthly subjects were developed in weekly health drives in the camps, in classroom sessions, and by group education in health centers and social welfare centers. Besides the Health Calendar, other visual aids, such as monthly leaflets, posters and flannelgraphs, were produced by the Audio-Visual Division at headquarters and distributed widely in all the Fields.

83. World Health Day was again observed in all Fields. On this occasion, a poster and in informational document were produced on the theme "Early detection of cancer saves lives", for wide distribution in all Fields, and the health education program centered on this topic during the whole month of June.

84. In addition to the general program mentioned above, each Field undertakes special programs to meet its own particular needs. Health exhibitions were organized in several Fields on subjects of special interest in the Agency's health program, as well as campaigns associated with camp sanitation, fly control, immunization, tuberculosis control, mass treatment programs, etc. Emphasis continued to be placed on group teaching and demonstration in maternal and child health clinics and on the production of suitable visual aids. The health education course on motherhood and child care continued successfully in the third preparatory classes of girls' schools in Gaza.

Nursing services

85. At the end of the period of report, UNRWA was employing 155 graduate nurses and midwives, 283 auxiliary nurses and 55 traditional midwives (dayahs). The nursing staff make a most important contribution to the preventive and curative health programs, having considerable responsibility for the following activities: maternal and child health clinics, layette distribution (including the provision of extra layettes to babies born in the emergency camps and of woolen blankets for the same category born during the winter period), home visiting, supervision of infant feeding, certification of expectant and nursing mothers for supplementary ration distribution purposes, school health) health education, individual and mass immunization, tuberculosis and venereal diseases control, care of the sick in clinics, hospitals, rehydration/nutrition centers, and midwifery services in the home, in camp maternity centers and in one hospital. They also provide nursing services after normal clinic working hours in the Gaza Field and in the emergency camps in east Jordan. Because of the shortages of graduate nurses in Gaza, it was necessary to recruit abroad a number of nurses. In east Jordan, the services of two graduate nurses have been provided to the Agency by the French Government through the French Red Cross. Due credit must also be given to the nursing staff of the various hospitals and clinics subsidized by the Agency for the part they play in the medical care program for refugees.

Nutrition

86. General surveillance of the health and nutrition of the refugees is maintained through the Agency's preventive and curative services. Of particular importance in this respect are the regular periodic returns on the number and proportion of underweight infants under two years of age, as well as the quarterly reports of the school health officers.

87. A nutrition survey was carried out on a representative sample of some 3,700 displaced refugees (infants, pre-school and school children, expectant and nursing mothers) living in Baqa'a and Jerash emergency camps in east Jordan. The survey comprised anthropometric measurements, clinical examination, hemoglobin determination and a dietary investigation. In general the survey showed that infants up to two years of age grow less well than expected by the norms of Boston standards, but that they were, however, growing better than the non-refugee children examined in Jordan in 1962 by the Inter-departmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (ICNND). Typical advanced cases of kwashiorkor or marasmus were not observed, but mild protein-calorie malnutrition exists to a considerable extent in the pre-school age group. Riboflavin and vitamin C deficiencies exist in a small proportion of school children and pregnant/lactating mothers. Anemia was present in substantial proportions of all groups studied but more among the pre-school children of both camps.

88. The aim of the supplementary feeding and milk distribution program is to protect the most vulnerable groups of the population (infants, pre-school and school children, pregnant and nursing women and selected medical cases). Details of this program, which is administered and operated by the Agency's Health Department, are given in paragraphs 45 to 52 above. Included is a description both of the normal program in operation in all five Fields and of the emergency feeding program, which provides additional assistance to the newly displaced refugees in east Jordan and Syria as well as to certain hardship cases elsewhere.

Environmental sanitation

89. The environmental sanitation program, which involves the provision of potable water supplies, sanitary disposal of liquid and solid wastes, surface water drainage and control of insect and rodent vectors of disease, was in general maintained satisfactorily in all camps. While tented shelters are still maintained in the emergency camps in Syria, replacement of tents by prefabricated shelters in the emergency camps of east Jordan and partial replacement of pit privies by the water-seal septic-tank type of latrines have improved the living and sanitary conditions considerably. Improvements in refuse collection are proceeding through the replacement of the metal-wheeled barrows by rubber-tired hand-carts and the introduction of tractor-trailers. At Homs Camp, the Syrian local authorities have provided community water supply and sewerage systems thereby enhancing greatly the standard of sanitation in the camp. On the other hand, as a result of political tension and problems connected with the maintenance of public order, public sanitation and other facilities in certain established camps were encroached upon particularly through the unauthorized extension of shelters. Responsibility by the vector control aspect of the malaria control program in Gaza outside of camps was assumed by the local public health authorities on 1 April. The camp sanitation labor force, other than in the emergency camps, was maintained at a ratio of 1.7 laborers per 1,000 camp population. In the emergency camps, as improvements took place (see above), the ratio was reduced in two stages from 2.5 to 2.0 laborers per 1,000 camp population.

Medical education and training

90. In the field of health sciences 442 refugee students are holders of university scholarships (see para. 132 below). Of these, 351 are studying medicine, twenty-three dentistry, sixty-four pharmaceutical chemistry, and four veterinary medicine. There are, in addition, seventy-seven students receiving training in basic nursing, eleven in mid-wifery, forty-one are in training as assistant pharmacists, thirty-seven as laboratory technicians, five as physiotherapists, nine as public health inspectors. One staff member, a dental surgeon, was granted six months study leave in order to pursue abroad a course of training in periodontology. One medical officer on study leave abroad completed a post-graduate course in cardiology during the period of report. An active program of in-service training of staff, concluding doctors, nurses and environmental sanitation personnel, was continued. During the period of review, 150 students have either completed successfully their course of education or are expected to pass their final qualifying examination: fifty-two in medicine, four in dentistry, eighteen in pharmaceutical chemistry, twelve in basic nursing, eight in maternal and child health auxiliary nursing, twenty-two as assistant pharmacists, sixteen as laboratory technicians, six as X-ray technicians, four as physiotherapists and eight as public health inspectors.

C. Education and training services

91. Total enrolments in 1969-1970 amounted to 210,578 in agency schools at the elementary and preparatory level of general education 3,656 in Agency vocational and pre-service teacher-training centers, and 1,465 in the Institute's program of in-service teacher training for agency staff members. In addition, there were an estimated 64,350 refugee children in government or private primary and secondary schools, many of them assisted by agency grants-in-aid. The university scholarship program in 1969-1970 covered a total of 1,101 awards in Middle East universities, and 115 graduates of the Vocational Training Centers were abroad on training-in-industry schemes, for the most part in the Federal Republic of Germany. Details of enrolments, by educational level, type of training, and country are given in appendices to this report.

92. While these figures do reflect steady progress in the expansion of the education program, to keep pace with the growth in the population of school ago, so that it now involves over half of the Agency's total staff and costs 45 per cent of the Agency's budget, 1969-1970 has not been an easy year, as it has been marred throughout by strikes by teachers or by students, protests and demonstrations, curfews shooting incidents and damage to agency school buildings and equipment. While these troubles were seldom simultaneously agency-wide, they reflected adversely on the program and the educational advancement of the students concerned, especially in Gaza, as well as in east Jordan and Lebanon, where conditions were particularly unsettled during the year.

93. Towards the end of the year under review, from 25 to 28 June 1970, the fourth meeting of the present series between representatives of UNESCO, UNRWA and the Governments of the Arab host countries took place in Beirut, and the recommendations resulting from this latest meeting are now under consideration by UNESCO and UNRWA. Some of these recommendations raise serious problems for the Agency, both from a financial point of view and on grounds of principle. For instance, the Governments of the Arab host countries recommended that UNRWA/UNESCO schools must be considered as "private schools and therefore subject to the laws,regulations and by-laws applicable to private schools". The implications for the UNRWA/UNESCO school system of this recommendation will be explored with the Governments in consultation with the Director-General of UNESCO. As a result of a project for co-operation with the International Labor Office in vocational training, the Governments of the Arab host countries also expressed their apprehension lest consultation and association with other international organizations should affect UNRWA's basic responsibility for services to Palestine refugees.

94. The Agency also took part in the Regional Workshop on Teacher Training, held in Beirut from 7 to 12 July 1969, and in the third Regional Conference of Ministers of Education and Ministers Responsible for Economic Planning in the Arab World, held in Marrakesh, Morocco, from 12 to 21 January 1970. Both of these meetings were organized by UNESCO. At Marrakesh, the Director-General of UNESCO made a stirring appeal for assistance to the UNRWA/UNESCO joint education -and training program.

95. Funds provided by NEED (United States private sources), the Swedish Save the Children Federation, the Government of Denmark, and Austcare (Australia), in the period following the hostilities of June 1967 have enabled the Agency, despite its operational deficits, to carry on with its capital expansion program in the field of education, particularly in the provision of new schools, additional classrooms to existing schools, and science laboratories in the general education sector, and in expanding facilities in the vocational and teacher training sector. In the former sector, 1969-1970 was not as productive as had been expected mainly because of the considerable delays experienced in obtaining suitable sites for schools in Lebanon, Syria and east Jordan. Nevertheless, a total of 320 schoolrooms and eleven science laboratories have been completed in east Jordan and twenty-one science laboratories on the West Bank, while a total of 191 schoolrooms and seven laboratories are presently under construction in east Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. Various circumstances have called for a slight modification of the original school building program, and there is now a balance of 295 schoolrooms and seven science laboratories to be completed; these are either in the design stage or held up pending the acquisition of building sites.

96. Better progress was made in the training sector, particularly in the construction of a $1,250,000 project financed by NEED in the Amman area of Jordan. This is a combined teacher and vocational training center for 300 young men and 400 young women. It will replace two temporary centers in the Amman area set up by the Agency in the autumn of 1967, when admission of refugee students from Lebanon, Syria and the east Bank of Jordan into the Agency's training centers on the occupied West Bank was no longer possible, and represents a permanent addition to the educational opportunities open to young refugees since admissions to the West Bank centers have been maintained at the pre-1967 level. It had been planned to open the new center by the beginning of the 1970-1971 school year, and up to mid-1970 it looked as if this target date would be achieved. Unfortunately, the crisis which affected east Jordan and in particular Amman, in June resulted both in structural damage to some of the buildings already completed, and to work stoppages by the contractor's staff Present indications are that the center will not be ready for occupation before February or March 1971. Work also began on the expansion of Wadi Seer Vocational Training Center, in the Amman area, with funds provided by the Federal Republic of Germany. Work continued an the expansion of the Ramallah Women's Training Center in Ramallah, near Jerusalem. This project was financed by NEED. The expansion of Gaza Vocational Training Center, providing for an increase in intake from 368 to 556 trainees, was completed this year. Alterations were made this year also to transform the two adjacent centers operated by the Agency at Siblin, in the Lebanon, into a combined training center under a single administration. In March 1970, the United States Government made a special additional donation of $1,000,000 to the Agency towards the expansion of its training program, and it has been agreed that this contribution will be used to cover the operating costs of the new Amman Mining Center, the operating costs of the expansion of Gaza VTC, and the initial capital and operating costs of an additional 144 training places on a residential basis at Kalandia Vocational Training Center on the West Bank.

97. In last year's report, reference was made to the troubled relations between the Agency and its teaching staff over the latter's resistance to the new service and salary conditions which the Agency had introduced in July 1968 and which were later withdrawn in consequence of strike action. 6/ This action did not satisfy the teachers completely and 1969-1970 has been disturbed by further strikes, the most serious of which was a five-week stoppage in September--November 1969 in Lebanon, Syria and east Jordan. These strikes also affected the Agency's training centers in these countries. Negotiations continued between the Agency and the different groups of teachers, and agreement was reached with the teachers by the end of 1969 on the main points at issue.

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6/ Official Records of the Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No.14 (A/7614), paras. 97-101.
General education

98. Despite this somewhat somber picture, the UNRWA/UNESC0 school system continued to function and even to expand. During the year under review, it operated 480 elementary and preparatory schools for a total of 219,378 refugee children. In addition, 45,755 registered refugee children were enrolled in government and private schools in these two cycles, which cover the first nine years of general education (for details see tables 13 to 16 of annex I). In 1969-1970, the Agency employed 6,268 teachers and head teachers in its own school system, in addition to a supervisory staff of 61 elementary and subject supervisors divided between the five Field Offices, each of which has its own educational administrative staff headed by a Field Education Officer. Co-ordination and technical control over these five largely autonomous field education systems is achieved through the UNRWA/UNESCO Department of Education at Agency headquarter

99. Attendance of refugee students at government and private schools in the upper secondary cycle totaled 18,604 in 1969-1970. The Agency made some financial contributions towards the education of these students but the major part of the burden is borne by the Governments concerned.

100. The textbook problem continued to bedevil the UNRWA/UNESCO school system and to call for considerable attention from the Director-General and the secretariat of UNESCO. The Director-General visited the Middle East in August 1969, and had discussions with the Israeli authorities and, in Amman, with representatives of the Governments of the Arab host countries. These raised fresh hopes that a solution would soon be found to the problem. Further, discussions and consultations continued throughout 1969-1970 with some progress. Meanwhile the UNRWA/UNESCO schools in Gaza and the West Bank continued to be deprived of the major part of the textbooks prescribed for use.

101. In October 1969, the UNESCO Executive Board, in the course of its eighty-third session, once more discussed the textbook issue, and adopted resolution 4.2.3 (see annex III-A below). In this resolution, approved by a vote of 27 to 1, with 4 abstentions, the Executive Board urgently called on the Government of Israel to remove immediately any obstacles in the import and use of the textbooks approved by the Director-General in the UNRWA/UNESC0 schools in the occupied territories, asked UNRWA not to use in its schools in east Jordan the three textbooks found unacceptable by the Director-General (which UNRWA has not yet been able to achieve), commended the Director-General for the measures he had already taken and asked him to report progress on the implementation of the present resolution. The Director-General subsequently had consultations with the Governments of Jordan, Lebanon, the United Arab Republic and Israel, and was able to report to the next session of the Board that, in January 1970, had agreed to accept the proposed changes in certain of its textbooks and would embody these changes in the prescribed textbooks for 1970-1971. The United Arab Republic gave similar assurances in June. In the Lebanon, where school texts are not published or prescribed by the Government, the commercial publishers of two of the seven queried texts announced in March their intention to modify and reprint these two books. There was no change in the attitude of Syria, which had previously rejected the setting up of the Commission of Outside Experts as being an encroachment on its national sovereignty.

102. Shortly after his visit to Israel, the Director-General wrote to the Permanent Delegate to UNESCO, reiterating his request to the Government of Israel to permit, as a matter of urgency, the importation into the West Bank and Gaza of the eighty-four books approved by him for use in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools in these areas. He sent a similar request in October 1969 concerning an additional thirty-four books, and a third request in March 1970 concerning eight other books. In February, the Permanent Delegate advised the Director-General that his Government would permit the import of specific textbooks from Jordan as soon as all textbooks in UNRWA/UNESCO schools in that country had been replaced or amended in full accord with the recommendations of the Commission and the Director-G-eneral's rulings.

103. Towards the end of the school year, the Government of Israel allowed the Agency to import into its Vest Bank schools a number of English language school texts, and copies of the Koran, but permission to import the school texts published in Jordan was not forthcoming.

104. This was the situation when the UNESCO Executive Board net again in June 1970 to hear the Director-General's report on this item. This report drew attention to the seriousness of the situation in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the occupied territories resulting from the shortages of textbooks and of teaching notes. In Gaza, the 60,000 students enrolled in the Agency's schools needed 500,000 school texts; they had in 1969-1970 only 00,000 teaching notes and obsolete textbooks, the latter for the most part falling to pieces. The situation was less unsatisfactory in the West Bank, where the 28,000 students had 143,000 copies available out of a total of 220,000, but in certain subjects of the curriculum virtually no texts or teaching notes were available.

105. In the debate which followed, the Board, by a vote of 25 to 2, with 5 abstentions, approved a resolution which deplored with grave concern the failure of the Government of Israel to comply with paragraph 7 of the previous resolution 7/ and physically admit into the occupied territories all the textbooks approved by the Director-General; called for early admission of these books by Government of Israel; invited all parties concerned to co-operate fully with the relevant resolutions of the Executive Board, and asked the Director-General, in the event that the Government of Israel failed to permit the importation of these books, to report urgently to the Board, to enable it to reconsider the matter and formulate its recommendations to the sixteenth session of the UNESCO General Conference (see annex III-B below).

106. During the same session, the Executive Board authorized the Director-General to take appropriate steps to launch an international appeal describing the conditions of the Palestine

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7/ Ibid., Supplement No. 14 (A/7614), annex II.
refugees and urging participation in the provision of assistance to ensure the continuation and improvement of the education services provided for them. (For the text of this resolution see annex III-C.)

107. The organization by UNESCO in August 1969, with the active collaboration of the United Arab Republic and Israeli authorities, of secondary school certificate examinations for some 7,000 students of both sexes in the Gaza Strip, was a remarkable example of international co-operation in very unfavorable circumstances. This operation, which was supervised in Gaza by local government and Agency staff working under the control of a team of international experts from UNESCO and UNRWA, resulted in 5,109 students passing the United Arab Republic certificate examination, and in 1,031 subsequently crossing the Canal zone in five convoys, conducted by the International Red Cross, to take up university scholarships offered by the United Arab Republic Ministry of Higher Education. This constructive action has brought fresh hope to thousands of young Gaza residents, most of them registered refugees. The Israeli Defense Department has given an undertaking to permit these students to return to Gaza during the long vacation and at the end of their university education.
Lebanon

108. The UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the Lebanon began the new school year on 1 September 1969 with a deficit to make up, as the disturbed conditions of the previous year had prevented the 1968/1969 syllabus from being fully covered. No sooner had the year started, however, than the camp schools in the north had to close for security reasons. A sit-in strike affecting the whole area began on 4 October and lasted until 3 November, when a settlement between the Agency and its teaching staff in Jordan helped to bring the Lebanon teachers' strike to an end. This did not restore peace to the school system, as sporadic strike action by pupils followed in November and December for a variety of reasons, mainly affecting schools in south Lebanon. The early part of 1970 was relatively tranquil, but fresh disturbances, not the consequence of Agency action, occurred in March and the latter half of April. These stoppages, and the generally unsettled conditions prevailing in the schools even when they were supposed to be normally operating, have had a serious effect on both the quantity and the quality of the work done.

109. As a result of representations from the teaching staff in Lebanon, the Agency agreed early in 1969 to consider the teaching of Palestine history and geography in UNRWA/UNESCO schools in Lebanon. A recommendation to the same effect was subsequently made at the 1960, meeting of representatives of the Governments of the host countries, UNESCO and UNRWA on education, end with agreement of the Director-General of UNESCO and the approval of the Lebanese Ministry of Education, the subject -was introduced as from January 1970. New material has been provided by the Department of Education, with the technical assistance of the UNRWA/UNESCO Institute of Education.

Syria

110. Agency schools in Syria were equally affected by the teachers' strike October over conditions of service, but have since had a better work record, despite difficulties caused by shortages of school texts. Construction of additional classrooms for which funds have been contributed has been delayed for lack of suitable sites. 312 elementary and 51 preparatory class sections were on double shift during the 1969/1970 school year, the majority in the Yarmouk quarter, Damascus.
East Jordan

111. The teachers, strike also affected the east Bank area of Jordan, until for the 18 October, after which a plan was put into effect to make up time lost. Considerable efforts were made by the teachers and pupils to achieve the desired target, but later in the school year teaching was disrupted on a number of occasion by incidents affecting public security. Moreover some of the Agency's schools in Irbed in north Jordan were in an area subject to shelling, and this had an adverse effect on attendances. The prescribed curriculum was covered by the end of the school year, however and final examinations were completed on schedule.
West Bank

112. Apart from brief strikes in September and some curfews in October, the school year on the West Bank has been relatively good in so far as work and attendance are concerned. The schools suffered seriously from a shortage of textbooks and of certain teaching notes, however, which had to be withdrawn and could not yet be replaced by the textbooks approved for use by the Director-General of UNESCO. It is estimated that this has caused an effective loss of between a quarter and a third of the school year, despite the overtime worked by many schools.
Gaza

113. UNRWA/UNESCO schools in Gaza suffered even more seriously than those in the West Bank from an almost complete lack of textbooks and teaching notes, and this has placed an extra, heavy burden on the teachers who have had to resort to large-scale dictation. Despite generally unsettled conditions in the Strip, the UNRWA/UNESCO school system continued to operate with acceptable results. There is no doubt that the successful holding of the secondary school certificate examinations in Gaza in 1969 contributed to this by boosting the morale of both teachers and students.

Youth activities program

114. This program, which is carried out in partnership with the World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations, is now generally accepted by the refugees as an important factor in camp life. It aims to train refugee youth to become responsible members of their communities and to channel their interests and energies into constructive activities. In addition to sports and recreational activities, emphasis is laid on community services and active participation in developing projects for the community. The program has also developed a sense of individual responsibility in the participants and fostered the concept of working together for the good of the community.

115. Voluntary leaders are selected and trained to assume responsibility for the thirty-four youth activities centers which serve around 3,000 young men and to organize, through committees drawn from the centers cultural recreational, sports and community activities in the centers and the camps.
Pre-school children's activities

116. There is a growing awareness in the Middle East of the importance of pre--school education in the development, of children, a matter which has been of concern to the Agency over the years. Unfortunately no funds can be made available from the Agency's budget for this program, which must therefore be financed from special contributions.

117. Ideally a pre-school program should cover all facets of a child's development - social, education and health - and the Agency, with the active assistance of voluntary agencies, is endeavoring to improve its present program, which is limited both in scope and content. In the emergency camps in east Jordan, a number of voluntary agencies are administering and operating children's centers at their own expense and in co-operation with the Agency with a view to meeting the needs of the refugee children. On the West Bank, the Young Men's Christian Associations are operating pre-school centers in three camps. The Agency has also entered into an agreement with the American Friends Service Committee where they will finance, operate and improve the Agency's centers in Gaza. There are at present twenty-six centers operating in the area of UNRWA's operation, serving 3,486 children in the age group three to six years. In general, these children are given milk and a hot meal, but only a relatively small percentage at present are under regular medical supervision by the Agency's doctors.
Teacher Training

118. The Agency is active in the field of teacher training, both to provide for its own needs and to give selected young refugees of both sexes a professional training which would enable them to be gainfully employed outside the Agency's services. The program falls into two distinct, but professionally related sectors, pre-service training of school leavers and the in-service training of, Agency staff members, who now exceed 6,250 in the teaching service. The former category of training is undertaken in the UNRWA/UNESC0 residential training centers and the latter by the UNRWA/UNESCO Institute of Education, operating on an Agency-wide basis from its Beirut headquarters.
Pre-service

119. The Agency's pre-service teacher-training program is of a two-year duration at post-secondary school level. In the school year 1969-1970, the Agency operated five centers: two on the West Bank, two (temporary) in east Jordan and one in Lebanon.

120. A new training center is being constructed on the outskirts of Amman (see paragraph 96 above). It will absorb the two temporary centers which have functioned since 1067 in Amman, and will have a total enrolment of 700 students: 300 men and 250 women following courses in teacher education and 150 women following courses in vocational training. The Center will have a central administration with shared library stores kitchen and laundry facilities, but with separate dining-rooms, reading rooms, classrooms and dormitory facilities.

121. At the beginning of the school year 1969-1970, the Technical and Teacher Training Institute in Siblin (Lebanon), which combined teacher training and technical education, was amalgamated with the Vocational Training Center, also in Siblin, under the common name of the Siblin Training Center. The capacity of the teacher-training section was reduced from 200 to 125 students.

122. In the period under review, these five pre-service teacher-training centers concentrated on two-year courses of training to prepare teachers principally for the six grades of the primary (elementary) education cycle. Some aspects of the curricula were, however, based on the assumption that the center's graduates may be called upon to teach classes in the preparatory cycle.

123. The total number of refugee trainees enrolled in the UNRWA pre-service teacher-training centers in 1969-l970 was 1,153 compared with 1,162 in 1968-1969 and 1,219 in 1967-1968. This number is expected to reach 1,395 in 1970-1971, when the new Amman Center begins to operate.

In-service

124. The UNRWA/UNESCO Institute of Education continued in 1969-1970 to provide in-service training for teachers employed in UNRWA/UNESCO schools, but shifted the emphasis from elementary to preparatory school teachers. By the end of the school year 1968-1969, the Institute had completed six of its basic two-year or three-year courses for the in-service training of elementary teachers. Out of a total initial intake of 2,797 elementary teachers enrolled between 1964 and 1967, 1,901 (about 68 per cent) have successfully completed all the requirements of their training program, and have been recognized by the Agency as professionally certificated elementary school teachers. In addition, 653 elementary school teachers are still undergoing in-service training with the Institute, having begun their training in 1967, 1968 or 1969. Of these, 372 will complete their training in August 1970, and 281 in August 1971. The total number of elementary school teachers who have so far been involved in this program of on-the-job professional training is 3,450. This represents about 80 per cent of the total number of elementary school teachers in the school year 1969-1970. When the Institute started operation in October 1964, it was estimated that only about 10 per cent of the total of elementary teachers were professionally qualified. The first phase of the Institute's task, that is, the upgrading of elementary school teachers, has been running down over the past two years, and is expected to continue to run down during the next two school years, but not to be eliminated completely.

125. With the decrease of enrolment in the basic courses for training elementary teachers, the Institute has further expanded and diversified its program for the in-service training of preparatory-level teachers, which started on an experimental basis in 1967-1968. By the end of the school year 1968-1969, 159 preparatory school teachers, out of an initial intake of 349 (about 45 per cent), have successfully completed all the requirements of their training courses and have been certificated as qualified Agency teachers for the preparatory level. In addition, 685 teachers are still undergoing training with the Institute in preparatory-level courses of different specializations: mathematics, science, Arabic, social studies, English and home economics. Of these, 297 will complete their training in August 1970 and 388 in August 1971. The duration of the preparatory-level courses varies according to the teachers' academic background and the level of their teaching duties. The total number of preparatory school -teachers who have so far been involved in the program of on-the-job professional and academic training is 1,034, which represents about 54 per cent of the total preparatory-teacher population in the school year 1969-1970. The expansion of the program for the training of preparatory-school teachers is expected to continue during the coming two school years.

126. In the school year 1969-1970, the Institute introduced, on a limited and experimental basis, a special course in school administration for fifty-two head teachers employed in UNRWA/UNESC0 schools in east Jordan and Syria. It also organized an ad hoc course in the use of the global method for seventy-five teachers of Arabic to elementary school children in grade one in the Damascus area. Within the framework of its research activities, the Institute has produced new instructional material for use in schools. The Institute has thus embarked upon the third phase of its task, that is, the improvement of the quality of education in UNRWA/UNESCO schools through the training of key education personnel and through methods other than the qualification of unqualified and underqualified teachers.

127. Since 1965-1966, the total training strength of the Institute has been maintained at about 1,500 trainees per year, as can be seen from the following tables:


'64-'65
'65-'66
'66-'67
'67-'68
'68-'69
'69-'70
Courses for training elementary teachers
862
1,506
1,552
1,398
927
653
Courses for training preparatory teachers
-
-
-
190
620
685
Special types of courses (the head teachers, course and the global method course)
-
-
-
-
-
127
862
1,506
1,552
1,588
1,547
1,465


128. UNESCO has now provided the Institute with a closed circuit television unit and videotape recording facilities. During the first stage, experiments will be conducted on production techniques and procedures as well as field utilization and the training of personnel. For this purpose, a small experimental closed circuit television studio has been installed in the Institute. With the help of an additional contribution from the Swiss Government, it has been possible to establish five new posts at the Institute to enable it to develop further its methods, particularly in the use of programmed instruction, of closed circuit television and in documentation and research.

129. The Institute continued its plans for the further training of its professional staff at both the headquarters and field levels. The annual seminar for Field Representatives and Subject Supervisors was held at the UNESCO Palace, Beirut, from 7 to 11 February 1970. The Program concentrated on ways of improving the quality of seminar instruction and media, practice teaching, self-study practices and guidance to trainees in their research studies.

University scholarships

130. UNRWA awarded a total of 1,101 scholarships to Palestine refugees for university-level study during the academic year 1969-1970. Of these, 943 were continuing scholarships and 158 were new. UNRWA scholarships funded from various sources are awarded only for one year at a time, but are renewable from year to year for the duration of the course of study undertaken by the individual student provided he satisfactorily passes the end-of-year examination held by his faculty.

131. In 1968, the Federal Republic of Germany generously agreed to assist Palestine refugee students whose university studies had been affected by the hostilities of 1967 by sponsoring a five-year program through the provision of funds to the extent of $850,000. Of this total, an amount of $237 000 for 496 scholarships was allocated for the school year 1969-1970.

132. The distribution of university scholarships is shown in the following table:


University scholarship holders by course of study and country of
study during the academic year 1969-1970

Course of study
United Arab Republic
Lebanon
Syria
East Jordan
West Bank
Iraq
Turkey
Total
Medicine
256
12
73
-
-
10
-
351
Pharmacy
33
3
23
-
-
5
-
64
Dentistry
6
-
11
-
-
6
-
23
Veterinary
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
Engineering
133
25
48
-
-
38
4
248
Agriculture
16
2
5
-
-
1
-
24
Teacher training
33
-
-
-
-
-
-
33
Commerce and economics
11
7
5
33
-
-
-
56
Arts
55
21
41
22
18
-
-
157
Science a/
30
33
24
31
14
9
-
141
Total
577
103
230
86
32
69
4
1,101
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Includes scholars who may later enter the medical faculty of their university.

133. Several Governments have also granted scholarships to Palestine refugee students. These include, in addition to the Governments of Arab host countries, Algeria, Iraq, Libya, Pakistan, the Sudan and Turkey.
Vocational and technical education

134. There are now six training centers established by the Agency for Vocational and technical education, and operated on a residential basis for Palestine refugees. The apparent reduction from seven to six 8/ is due to the amalgamation of the two previously independent training centers in Siblin (see paragraph 121 above) into one operational unit. In addition, a number of expansion schemes were implemented and an increase was in fact registered in 1969-1970 in the over-all training capacity of the program, the number of places available being 2,656, compared with 2,408 for the previous year.
___________

8/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (7614), para. 126.

135. The capacity and location of each of the vocational and technical training centers are given below, and further details of the training places available by center and by course of study are given in table 17 of annex I below.


Centre
Location
Number of training places in vocational and technical education
Kalandia Vocational Training centre
West Bank
376
Wadi Seer Training Centre
East Jordan
452
Gaza Vocational Traing Centre
Gaza
556
Damascus Vocational Centre
Syria
404
Siblin training Centre
(Vocational Training wing)
Lebanon
556
Ramallah Women's Training Centre
West Bank
312
Total
2,656


136. Plans are being formulated for a further expansion of the vocational training program, made possible by the special contribution of the Government of the United States of America of $1,000,000 (see paragraph 96 above).

137. Regrettably, many of the Agency's training centers have lost considerable training time during the past year. As already mentioned, the training centers located in Lebanon, Syria and east Jordan lost more than one month at the beginning of the school year owing to a sympathy strike staged by the instructional staff of the centers in support of the teachers in the general education sector. In addition, the centers in east Jordan and Lebanon, particularly the latter, have lost more time because of strikes staged mainly by students. The time lost by the Siblin Center in Lebanon has reached such proportions that it is doubtful if the students will be able to complete their courses before the end of the school year. The amount of time lost in the centers on the West Bank and Gaza is less significant, but the situation in Gaza has deteriorated recently and could give cause for concern in the future.

138. The employment prospects of graduates from the Gaza Vocational Training Center continue to be less than satisfactory, in spite of efforts by the Agency to alleviate the situation.

139. Arrangements were made in 1969-1970 for 115 graduates of Agency vocational training centers to be given the opportunity of gaining work experience in modern industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Agency is indebted to the Government for making it possible for this important adjunct to the trainingprogram to be continued. The number benefiting from this scheme in 1969-1970 would have been higher if forty-one graduates from Gaza Vocational Training Center who were selected for this scheme had been able to obtain travel documents from the United Arab Republic and take part. Negotiations are taking place between the Agency and the Federal Republic of Germany with a view to continuing this scheme in 1970-1971 with another 150 graduates from UNR14A training centers and it is hoped that it will be possible for refugees from Gaza to take part in the coming year.
Adult training courses

140. Refugees who lack the academic qualifications necessary for admission to vocational training centers were enabled to acquire a skill through adult training courses and so improve their prospects of earning a living. During the year, forty-five young men attended one-year carpentry courses organized in three centers. Further, in thirty-three centers run by the Agency and six by voluntary agencies, 1,743 young women attended six-month sewing courses in which they also received instruction in cooking, home management and hygiene, as well as literacy. Moreover, 667 girls and young women attended thirteen centers, where they participated in a variety of women's activities. The training at these centers is designed to teach the young women to improve their standard of living by their own initiative, and includes literacy classes, remodeling of second-hand clothing, teaching of embroidery, knitting, first aid, child care and household skills. In addition, cooking courses were organized to teach these young women how to prepare simple meals based on UNRWA rations. The continuation of these activities is mainly dependent on receipt of special donations.
Training of the handicapped

141. Through its program for the rehabilitation of the physically disabled, the Agency has, since 1958, endeavored to meet the needs of blind, deaf and crippled refugees by providing them with education and training and thus helping them to move from a feeling of seclusion and loneliness towards social, educational and economic integration in the community.

142. During this year, 275 disabled boys and girls, including fifty accepted free of charge, were placed in various institutions in the Middle East. Among then were sixty-five blind children and adults receiving training from the Center for the Blind in Gaza, which is financed by the Pontifical Mission and administered by the Agency and which provides elementary education from the first to the sixth grades for forty-four students and vocational training for further twenty-one students. The Center also operates a home unit section, which serves thirty-five adult refugees residing in Agency camps and provides them with work.
D. Common services and general administration

143. The numbers of staff on the Agency's manning-table at 30 June 1970 as compared with 30 June 1969 are given in table 23 of annex I.

144. During the period under review, the locally recruited staff manning-table was increased so as to allow for the annual increase in teachers' posts and to accommodate, upon reclassification as manning-table employees, a number of pre-existing and regularly employed casual distribution laborers in east Jordan.

145. The net increase in the international manning-table at 30 June 1970 was nine posts, all in the field of education, reimbursable or not. During the year, twenty vacancies were filled and ten occurred. Of the total of 133 international posts on the manning-table on 30 June 1970, thirty-three were paid for by other organizations (mainly UNESCO and WHO).

146. As indicated in the last annual report, the Agency's salary policy for locally recruited staff has been, within the limits set by the availability of funds, to use as a guide levels of remuneration of the Governments of host countries in each Field for comparable groups of employees. Basing itself on this policy, the Agency approved a 4 per cent cost-of-living allowance for its employees stationed in the Lebanon with retroactive effect to 1 January 1969 and, in the light of two separate costs-of-living adjustments approved by the Jordanian Government, effected a number of salary and allowance revisions for its staff in Jordan (East Bank and West Bank) a-ad in Gaza. These comprise a revision of the Manual Service salary scales and a 6 per cent cost-of-living allowance for area staff in Gaza effective 1 July 1969; a 4 per cent cost-of-living allowance for area staff on the West Bank effective 1 July 1969; revised Manual Worker salary scales in the East Bank and West Bank of Jordan and in Gaza effective 1 January 1970, and supplementary to the 1 April 1969 revisions already reported; and a 4 per cent cost-of-living allowance for area -staff in Gaza effective 1 January 1970. There have similarly been revisions of the locally recruited staff dependency allowances and, effective 1 January 1970, incremental steps have been introduced into the Manual Worker salary scales throughout the Agency. With effect from 1 April 1970, additional cost-Of-living allowances have been approved for area staff and Manual Workers serving in Jordan (East Bank). Effective 1 July 1970, the Agency's Manual Worker salary scales were increased in Lebanon and Syria so as to conform more closely to minimum wage standards established by the Governments of the host countries.

E. Legal matters
The Agency's staff - detention

147. The Agency continues to be concerned about the detention of members of its staff. The following table gives the number of employees arrested and detained in Gaza during the period from 1 July 1969 to 30 June 1970, and not charged with any criminal offence:


Period of detention
Number of cases
Up to 3 days
7
4-7 days
6
1 week to 1 month
12
1 month to 3 months
19
5 months to 6 months (including 2 banished staff members)
8
More than 6 months
5
57


Out of these fifty-seven cases, thirteen of the persons involved were still under detention on 30 June.

Comparable figures on the West Bank are as follows:


Period of detention
Number of cases
Up to 3 days
2
4-7 days
1
1 week to 1 month
2
1 month to 3 months
-
3 months to 6 months
2
More than 6 months
7
14

Out of these fourteen cases, seven staff members were still under detention on 30 June. During this same period, nine staff members (five in Gaza and four in the West Bank) have been brought to trial by military courts, of whom four two in (Gaza and two in the West Bank) had been arrested and detained prior to the reporting year.

148. Further matters affecting the Agency's activities in the occupied territories, are the deportation and the "banishment" or "rustication" of staff. In September and October 1969, two head teachers of Agency schools in the West Bank and a teacher in one of the schools were deported by the Israeli authorities to the East The Agency protested strongly to the authorities about these deportations, which are contrary not only to the Fourth Geneva Convention, 9/ but, as they affect the Agency's operations, also to the Charter of the United Nations (Articles 100 and 105). Having regard to the latter, the Agency enquired as to the reasons for the deportations, but was not informed of them in any precise terms. Regarding staff "banished", on 17 December 1969, two of the Agency's staff in Gaza (the General Education Officer, and a head teacher) were removed by the Israeli authorities to places in the desert of Sinai. The Agency made representations to the Israeli authorities, but has been unable to obtain adequate information as to the reason for this action. These two staff members were released and returned home on 12 June 1970.

149. One of the difficulties that has always confronted the Agency in this sphere is that of obtaining adequate information from the authorities as to the reasons for the detention or deportation of staff. In response to representations made to the Government of Israel, the Agency has been told that the authorities are willing to inform the Agency in general terms of the charges made against any employee detained or deported (or "rusticated"). As this does not satisfy the obligations under the Charter, further information has been sought about the reasons for the deportations mentioned above.

150. During the autumn of 1969, eight members of the staff in Jordan East Bank, all of whom were teachers, were arrested and detained for varying periods up to a few weeks, and then released. The Agency was informed by the Jordanian Government that the arrests were made for reasons of security. Four additional members of the staff, also teachers, were arrested and subsequently brought to trial and sentenced to imprisonment by the Security Court.

151. In August 1969, a nurse employed by the Agency in one of its clinics in Gaza, Miss Fatma Abdul Fatteh el Najouli, was arrested and charged on two counts in a military court. On the first count she was charged with failing to report to the police her treatment of an injured person in the clinic whose "injury was believed to have resulted from explosive materials", contrary to the requirements of Order No. 122 issued in 1968 by the Israeli authorities. The second count charged her with "making contacts with the enemy". At her trial, Nurse Najouli was defended by the Agency's legal adviser in Gaza, who argued that the first charge arose out of matters connected with her official duties, and accordingly claimed privilege under section 18 (a) of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations of 13 February 1946. 10/ The military court decided
___________

9/ United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75 (1950), No. 973, p. 227.

10/ United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1 (1946-1947), No. 4, p. 15.
against the claim of privilege, convicted Nurse Najouli on both
charges, and sentenced her to imprisonment. The Agency does not accept that the decision of the military court was right in law on the question of privilege, and the matter has been taken up with the authorities of the Government of Israel. Shortly after her conviction, while discussions were in progress with United Nations Headquarters, Miss Najouli was pardoned and returned to work.

152. As reported in last year's report, 11/ locally recruited staff employed by the Agency within Syria, whether Syrian or Palestinian are not accorded the full measure of privile3es and immunities conferred on the Agency's officials by Article V of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations of 1946. The Government of Syria still maintains its attitude on this question, although the Agency is glad to report that there have been no instances of arrest of staff members such as were reported last year.

153. On 21 May 1970, the Agency sent a note verbal to the Government of Jordan protesting against the forcible abduction, by persons unknown, from outside his home, of one of its senior officials in Amman, and of his child and sister-in-law. They were forcibly detained for the whole of one night. The Agency requested that immediate steps should be taken to trace the offenders and deal with them according to law.

154. In the course of the disturbances in Jordan in the second week of June 1970, a senior official of the Agency was forcibly detained in a hotel in Amman for three days by armed elements. A protest has been made to the Government.
The Agency's staff movement and functioning

155. There have been continuing difficulties in connection with the travel of Agency staff members. The Syrian Government takes the position that visas will not be granted on the United Nations laissez-passer held by Syrian or Palestinian staff. Exit permits have been refused by that Government to several staff members whose presence has been required at the Agency's headquarters at Beirut, including drivers. Representations on this matter, drawing attention to sections 24 and 25 of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations, were made to the Syrian Foreign Ministry by a note verbal dated 14 May 1970.

156. Difficulties in respect of the movement of locally recruited staff have also been experienced in the West Bank. Thus the Israeli authorities have refused permission on various occasions to three staff members in the West Bank to travel on duty to Amman and Beirut. Two of the Agency's headquarters staff members are not permitted by the Israeli authorities to enter the occupied territories. Mention should also be made of the refusal by the Israeli authorities to permit a staff member to travel to Chicago, Illinois, where she was to attend a conference on behalf of the Agency.
____________

11/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614), para. 144.

157. In last year's report, reference was made to the matter of the fees, by way of stamp duty or "popular action contribution" 12/ collected by the Government of Syria on applications by the Agency for travel permits for locally appointed officials. The Agency is happy to report that its officials have now been exempted from these fees when travelling on Agency business.

158. The Agency is glad to record that, as foreshadowed in last year's report, 13/ a satisfactory agreement, incorporated in an aide-memoire dated 10 September 1969, was concluded with the Government of Lebanon regarding certain staff matters. The agreement covers the procedure for the appointment of certain categories of the Agency's locally recruited staff, the possession of residence permits, and the procedure for application for entry and exit permits, when required.

159. The difficulty over obtaining visas for entry into Syria for the purpose of official visits by staff internationally recruited has been somewhat eased.14/ But there have been two cases in which the Government has declined to allow the presence in the country of senior officials of the Agency for the purpose of employment there. The first case concerned the Agency's Deputy Field Director. On 26 August 1969, the Agency was notified that the Deputy Director had been "declared persona non grata" and that he should leave the country within three days. The Agency, in a note verbal to the Foreign Ministry dated 26 August, expressed its concern at this decision and brought to the notice of the Syrian Government that it did not have the right with respect to an official of the Agency to invoke the doctrine of persona non grata by which a State, without establishing an abuse of privilege or giving any reason, may unilaterally require that a diplomat accredited to it leave the country. The Syrian Government, however, adhered to its decision. The matter was taken up by the Secretary--General of the United Nations with the Minister for Foreign Affairs, and he drew attention to the procedure for consultation which had been agreed between the Secretary-General and the Minister for Foreign Affairs in August 1967. He also referred to Articles 100, 101 and 105 of the Charter of the United Nations, and asked the Syrian Government either to agree that the Deputy Field Director, who had- departed on home leave, return to his duty station, or to supply full information as to the facts on which the Government had based its decision. The Secretary-General, having considered, the information given to him in response to this request, replied that he was not satisfied that the officer in question had acted in any way contrary to his obligations as an international civil servant. In all the circumstances, however, the Secretary-General, taking into account the attitude, of the authorities towards the official, recognized that he might not usefully continue his work in Syria, and he was therefore assigned to another duty station on his return from home leave. The Secretary- Genera I stated, however, that in the- future, he would be unwilling to consider the transfer of an Agency staff member except in accordance with the agreement of August 1967, on the basis of particularized and satisfactorily proved complaints. In the second case, the Government has refused, notwithstanding written representations to it, to agree to the transfer of an official to the Vocational Training Center at Damascus, without giving any reason.


__________

12/ Ibid., para. 148

13/ Ibid., para. 140

14/ Ibid., para. 148
The Agency's courier

160. On 7 May 1970, the Agency's regular courier car, en route from Beirut to the West Bank and Gaza, was stopped by unknown armed men in civilian clothes on the borders of Beirut. The Agency's international driver was ejected and the car, including its one female passenger, an international employee on her way to take up Agency employment on the West Bank, was driven away. The Agency's five diplomatic pouches and all other baggage in the car were removed, and the female passenger was then told to drive the car back to the Agency's headquarters. A note verbal about the incident was sent to the Lebanese Foreign Ministry on 19 May 1970, but the pouches and other bags have not been recovered nor have those responsible been brought to justice.
The Agency's premises and camps

161. On a number of occasions during the year under report, there have been intrusions into the Agency's Field Office in Amman. The first occurred on 14 September 1969, When three armed persons forcefully entered the building and distributed communications to staff members. The second occurred on 25 October, when a large crowd, mostly school children, surrounded the Office and pulled down the United Nations flag on the building. Representations were made to the Government on both these occasions and adequate protection of the Agency's- premises was requested. On 7 April 1970, a mob of students attacked the Office, threw stones, smashed windows, forced their way into the buildings, seized official papers and documents and threw them into the street. Telephones and other equipment were damaged. Outside the office, the crowd set fire to a number of vehicles belonging to the Agency or its staff, damaging some of them seriously. The United Nations flag was torn down. By a note verbal dated 9 April 1970, the Agency protested strongly against this latest violation of its premises and again requested that prompt and effective measures should be taken to protect the Agency and its staff so that the Agency could carry out its functions. A note of protest was also sent to the Government on 5 May 1970 relating to forceful demonstrations and some damage affecting the Agency's office at Irbed, which occurred on 16 April 1970.

162. During the disturbances which took place in Jordan in the second week of June 1970, the Agency suffered incursions upon, and damage to, its premises and property. On 10 June 1970, several armed persons entered the Agency's field office building in Amman, caused damage to the building and also to some office files, pulled down the United Nations flag and placed a machine-gun on the roof for some time. They took away with them five telephone sets and an electric fan, which were subsequently returned. Damage has also been caused in various camps and installations in Jordan during the period of the disturbances. In addition, a number of vehicles, belonging to the Agency as well as to some of its staff members, have been removed by unknown persons. Some of these vehicles have been subsequently retrieved. A protest has been made to the Government on these occurrences.

163. In July 1969, armed soldiers forcibly entered the Agency's Vocational Training Center and Supply Compound at Damascus and caused damage to the dormitories and workshops. The incident was immediately reported by the Agency to the Syrian Government on 28 July 1969 and subsequently, on 3 September 1969, Agency claimed from the Government the sum of IS 2,767 representing the assessed damage caused to Agency property. The Government expressed its regret for the incident, but has not so far paid the sum claimed, despite a further request made to it on 31 January 1970.

164. On 2 December 1969, the Agency sent a note verbal to the Lebanese Foreign Ministry drawing attention to the state of affairs in the Agency's refugee camps. At the time of the disturbances that had recently taken place in the country, the Lebanese security forces had been withdrawn from the camps, and some buildings continued to be occupied by armed elements. These included youth centers welfare and other centers, and a number of other buildings, in fourteen camps, with the result that the operation of certain of the Agency's services were affected. The note verbal requested that measures should be taken with the minimum delay to ensure the Agency's protection and the release of the buildings. This was followed up by various representations to the authorities, including the delivery of an aide-memoire, dated 11 March 1970, again drawing attention to the situation and asking for the evacuation and return to the Agency of the buildings still occupied. A further note verbal was sent to the Government on 2 June 1970.

165. The demolition of shelters and other structures by the Israeli authorities, both in Gaza and the I-Test Bank, has been of serious concern to the Agency Shelters demolished include those put up by the Agency and others erected by the refugees at their own cost or with materials provided by the Agency. Even in these last cases the demolition affects the Agency, since new housing must be found for the refugees and, in some cases, other relief.

166. In one category of cases, some of the occupants of individual shelters, having been arrested or detained, have had their shelters demolished by the Israeli authorities, often by explosives. The Israeli authorities have stated that, in such cases, the demolished shelters cannot be rebuilt without specific authority, and have further indicated that no reimbursement will be made therefor. Besides the demolition of refugee shelters, the Israeli authorities have demolished a Camp Leader's house, causing damage to the extent of IS 17,000. These demolitions are, in the Agency's view, contrary to the Fourth Geneva Convention Protests at the demolitions have been lodged, and compensation claimed in appropriate cases. The demolitions also often cause damage to adjacent structures. In the West Bank, the Israeli authorities have accepted, in principle, that damage to adjacent, structures will be compensated for, and have, in most case, themselves arranged for the repairs to be carried out. In Gaza the authorities have not met claims for such damage.

167. In a different category of cases the Israeli authorities have taken the view that the roads leading through certain refugee camps in Gaza have to be widened and properly surfaced for security reasons, in order to facilitate the movement of their patrol vehicles. This has involved the demolition of shelters, sometimes without consultation with the Agency and even with very little advance notice, with the result that the refugee families affected did not have time to safeguard their belongings. As a result of a review of these problems with the Minister of Defense of Israel, on 23 January 1970, at the Agency's urgent request, the authorities have agreed to try to provide due notice to the Agency when contemplating demolition measures in this class of cases, so that alternative accommodation for the refugees affected can be made available (and have in practice -since done so). The competent Israeli authorities in Gaza have confirmed that reimbursement will be made in respect of the destruction of or damage to shelters, whether built by the Agency or not, and for any other damage caused to the Agency's buildings or facilities in this context.

168. In December 1969, armed soldiers and several police entered the compound of the Agency's Field Office headquarters. In Gaza in Army and Police vehicles and the personnel entered the Agency's Office began to interrogate one of the Agency's employees and, subsequently, took him away. In a note verbal dated 27 February 1970, the Agency protested to the Israeli authorities against this violation of the immunity of the Agency's premises, and recalled a working arrangement that, if the authorities deemed it to be absolutely necessary to question Agency staff for security reasons during office hours, it would be done in a mutually agreed manner which would not violate the Agency's premises. The Israeli Government in its note verbal of 11 June 1970, stated that the measures taken were considered urgent and unavoidable and that the military authorities would maintain the arrangements under which they would refrain from entering the Agency's premises except in cases of vital security need. It is the Agency's view that under the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations, such entry could only be with the Agency's prior approval.

169. There have been several instances of intrusion by the Israeli authorities into the Agency's Vocational Training Centers, especially in Gaza, for interrogation of the students and staff.

170. The Agency has also taken up with the Israeli authorities the matter of the use of schools and other Agency premises in the camps for the purpose of screening the inhabitants, and the Israeli authorities have undertaken to try to avoid this to the greatest extent possible.
The Agency's transport operations

171. The Agency has encountered difficulties regarding the implementation of existing arrangements with the Syrian Government for the transportation of supplies within Syria. By the Bernadotte Agreement of 28 August 1948 the authorities are bound to transport free of charge within Syria supplies intended for the Palestine refugees. Until 1960, transportation was directly undertaken by the Syrian authorities, and thereafter it was agreed that the Agency would arrange with the contractors to do the transport, the cost being reimbursed by the Syrian authorities. Despite repeated requests, the Agency has not received reimbursement for such transport cost incurred since 9 December 1968, and, as at 31 January 1970, an amount of approximately IS 200,000 is outstanding. The authorities have also not communicated their approval for the renewal of the transport contract for 1970. Notes verbals were sent in regard to these matters on 20 March and 23 April 1970, but no reply has yet been received.

172. The Syrian authorities have also recently been insisting that a 40 per cent quota of the trucks carrying Agency supplies to Jordan from the Lebanon through Syria should be reserved for Syrian trucks. It appears that the basis for these requirements is the Arab Transit Agreement of 1959 to which the Agency is not a party. The Syrian authorities are also insisting that the Syrian trucks should be paid for at rates laid down by the Syrian Transport Syndicate, which are appreciably higher than corresponding rates for Jordanian and Lebanese trucks. The Agency by a note verbal of 23 June 1970, pointed out that such restrictions were incompatible with the Agency's right to freedom of transport; and further that the inapplicability of the Arab Transit Agreement of 1959 to its operations had been made clear as early as June 1960 (by aide-memoire of 3 June 1960) without any disagreement. The Agency is willing to employ Syrian, Lebanese and Jordanian trucks in any relative proportions acceptable to the Governments concerned, provided that such arrangements do not result in increased costs and administrative difficulties. It was stated in the note verbal that any extra cost resulting from the above-mentioned restrictions would be the subject of a claim against Syria.

Education and health subsidies

173. There has been an exchange of notes with the Israeli Government regarding the education and health subsidies. The Israeli Government has maintained that the education and health subsidies formerly paid to the Jordanian Government and the Gaza authorities by the Agency are payable to it in respect of the occupied territories. The Agency's position is that these subsidies are not payable to the Israeli Government. In any event, the Agency is compelled, on account of its critical financial position, to discontinue the subsidies altogether. The Jordanian Government, which was informed of this decision, has pressed for payment of the subsidies to it and, in reply, the Agency has reiterated its inability to do so.
The Agency's claims against Governments

Lebanon

174. The Commission of Experts on Taxation, set up by the Government to verify Agency's claims in relation to taxes paid, has now recognized the validity of the Agency's claims amounting to approximately IS 594,000. The Commission will soon submit its report to the Ministry of Finance with a view to the payment of this sum to the Agency. A procedure has been set up by the Government, with the concurrence, of the Agency, for the reimbursement to the Agency of landing charges paid on goods discharged in Lebanese ports, 15/ and monthly reimbursements have already begun.
Syria

175. No progress has been made towards the settlement of the Agency's claim of IS 272,577. The claim has again been rejected by the Government by letter dated 17 September 1969, on basically the same grounds as before. The continuing claim for exemption from porterage fees and taxes on electricity bills also remains. 16/
Jordan

176. No response has been received from the Government with regard to the proposal mentioned in last year's report 17/ for an over-all settlement of certain claims of the Agency against the Government and of claims made, on the other hand, by the Government against the Agency. A settlement on the basis of this proposal would result in a payment being made by the Agency to the Government of $3,371.70.


______________

15/ See ibid., Twenty-third Session Supplement No. 13 A/7213), annex II, para. 14; and ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614), paras. 152 and 153, as to these various claims.

16/ See ibid., Twenty-third Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/7213), annex II, paras. 16-18; and ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614), paras. 154 and 155, as to these various claims.

17/ See ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614), para. 156.



177. In response to the claim made by the Agency for reimbursement of the amount paid (JD 1,500) to one of the four contractors affected by the Government's order in 1967 to cease work under the "winterization" program in the Jordan Valley) 18/ the Government replied, in November 1969, by denying liability. By letter of 17 March 1970, the Agency reiterated its claim for reimbursement on the ground, amongst others, that under the operation of the rules of State responsibility, Jordan was responsible for the loss incurred by the Agency as a result of the sudden order to cease the construction work, which had been undertaken with due permission. Furthermore, the Government had not, for nearly two years, controverted the Agency's position, taken as early as 20 December 1967, that the Government should bear any loss to the Agency from the implementation of the order to cease construction work. The Agency also requested that corresponding reimbursements be made by the Government of any sums which the Agency may have to pay in order to settle claims raised by the three other contractors affected by the Government's order. A request has since been received from the Government for further information and. clarification, which has been provided.

178. As reported last year, 19/ the Agency has made a claim on the Government of Jordan in respect of certain damage suffered at its Field Office in Jerusalem during the hostilities of June 1967. A note verbal reminding the Government of this claim was sent on 14 March 1970. In a note verbal dated 30 March 1970, the Government has rejected this claim. The matter is being pursued.

i79. A note verbal was sent to the Government on 17 January 1970, claiming compensation for damage caused to Agency installations and other property in certain camps in Jordan on 4 November 1968. The damage was done in the course of which led to an exchange of fire between the armed forces and other elements. Although the Minister of Development and Reconstruction and the Secretary of the Supreme Ministerial Committee offered compensation at that time in the amount estimated by the Agency, the Government has subsequently declined to pay compensation, as conveyed recently in its note of 30 March 1970. The Agency has already spent JD 520 on the repairs and JD 524 more will have to be spent for their completion.
The claim against Lebanon, Syria and Jordan jointly in
respect of excess rail charges

180. This claim, of about $1.5 million, is in respect of excess costs paid by the Agency for the transport of supplies from Beirut to Jordan by rail. 20/ By notes verbal of 15 March 1967 to all the three Governments, the Agency had proposed a joint meeting, but, except for an expression of willingness to meet on the part of the Lebanese Government (conditional on the willingness of the other two Governments to meet), no reply was received to these notes. Letters dated 10 June 1969 were sent by the Commissioner-General to the Foreign Ministers of Syria and Jordan asking again for agreement to a meeting, or for any alternative proposals they might have for a settlement of the matter. A reply to this letter dated 22 September 1969, was received from the Government of Syria drawing attention inter alia, to the efforts made by the competent authorities to reduce the charges. There was no response to the request for a joint meeting. A reply sent on 2 March 1970 by the Agency in which the request for a joint meeting of the three Governments and the Agency was reiterated. A reminder was also sent on 26 February 1970 to the Government of Jordan on the same subject.

________________

18/ See ibid., para. 157.

19/ Ibid., para. 159 (b)

20/ See ibid., Twenty-third Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/7213), annex II, paras. 22-24; and ibid., Twenty-fourth Session Supplement No 14 (A/7614), para. 158.

United Arab Republic

181. A note verbal was addressed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the United Arab Republic on 11 September 1969 giving the Agency's outstanding claims against the United Arab Republic, amounting altogether to $80,637.67. Discussions have taken place with representatives of the Government on these claims, and it is hoped that some settlement will be arrived at in due course.
Israel

182. By notes verbal dated 31 December 1968 and 23 January 1969, the Agency claimed various sums, as reported last year, 21/ from the Government Israel in respect of damage to and. loss of Agency property during the hostilities of June 1967. In response to a further note verbal sent on 14 March 1970, the Government of Israel advised the Agency that the claims were still under consideration.

183. The Israeli military authorities have on three occasions conducted military exercises in the empty Nuveimeh Camp, in the West Bank. While the claim raised by the Agency regarding damage caused for the first such occurrence was met by the authorities, no settlement has been made of the Agency's claim for compensation regarding damage caused in the other two instances. The authorities have been repeatedly requested to refrain from using empty UNRWA camps for military purposes. Another case relates to damage caused to the water pipeline between two of the Agency camps in the West Bank. The damage was apparently caused when a trench was being dug for the military authorities. Despite repeated reminders, the Agency has so far received only IS 300, as against the total claim of IS 1,350.

184. The Agency has submitted various small claims to the Israeli military authorities for loss or damage suffered in incidents occurring in the occupied territories during the year under report, many of which have been settled There are, however, a number of larger claims for loss or damage occurring since the hostilities of June 1967, which owing to shortage of staff, it has not yet been possible to assess and formulate.

185. Under agreements made by the Agency with the Government of Jordan in 1953 and 1955, the Agency spent considerable sums on the development of an area of land at El Hubeileh in the West Bank, the land then being in the custody of the Jordanian custodian of enemy property. The Agency spent these sums in carrying out -agricultural development with a view to settling Agency refugees on the land, and in erecting houses and school buildings, and executing other works. By November 1967, a considerable number of the refugee families who had been on the land, had left for the East Bank, and the rest were paid. compensation by the Israeli authorities. Almost all the buildings on the land were then demolished. The Agency, in a note dated 23 July 1969, protested to the Government of Israel against the demolition of its installations and stated its intention to claim
_____________

21/ See ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614), para. 159 (a).

compensation therefor. The Government replied by a note verbal dated 30 September 1969. Further notes verbal were exchanged on 3 April and 16 April 1970. The position taken by the Government of Israel is that the activities of the Agency on the property in question were undertaken at its own risk, and that it regards the matter as one in which the former Israeli owners of the land have regained lawful possession of it. The Agency has found itself unable to accept this and will continue to pursue the question with the Government of Israel.
Claim in respect of the Agency's account with the Gaza
Branch of the Bank of Alexandria

186. As indicated in previous reports, 22/ the Agency has a claim in respect of the amount of IS 40,401,854 held by the Gaza branch of the Bank of Alexandria to the account of the Agency, at the time of the hostilities of June 1967. By a note verbal dated 11 March 1970, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Israel informed the Agency that, without entering into the merits of the Agency's legal submission, conveyed in a note verbal to the Ministry, dated 19 January 1970, it was ready, as an exceptional measure, and on certain undertakings, to arrange for the transfer to the Agency of approximately 9 per cent of the amount mentioned above. This percentage represents the proportion of the total deposits in the Gaza branch held in liquid form at the commencement of hostilities. The Agency has continued to pursue the matter also with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of the United Arab Republic; and. it is hoped that, with the good offices of that Ministry, the claim may be settled.
F. Financial operations

187. The financial accounts Of UNRWA are published separately, together with the related report of the Board of Auditors. 23/ This section, therefore, presents in summary form the Agency's actual financial operations in 1969 and its estimated financial operations in 1970. (UNRWA's fiscal period is the calendar year, whereas the present report covers the period 1 July 1969 to 30 June 1970.) 24/

188. The following summary table reflects the Agency's financial operations in 1969:

_______________

22/ See ibid., Twenty-third Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/7213), annex II para. 26; and ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14, (A/7614), para. 162.

23/ Ibid., Twenty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 7C
(A/8007/Add.3).

24/ Figures for income, expenditure and working capital and details of income from all sources since the establishment of UNRWA are shown in tables 19 and 20 of annex I. Table 21 lists contributions from non-governmental sources for the year 1969 and the first six months of 1970. Chapter II provides more detailed information with respect to the Agency's financial operations for 1969 and 1970 and the budget for 1971.

188. The following summary table reflects the Agency's financial operations in 1969:

In millions of dollars
Income received in 1969:
$
$
$
Pledges by Governments
39.8
Other contributions
1.8
Other income
0.7
Total income
42.3
Expenditure in 1969:
Recurrent Non-recurrent
operations_Total
Total
Relief services
19.7
1.4
21.1
Health services
5.5
0.2
5.7
Education services
17.6
1.8
19.4
Total expenditure
42.8
3.4
46.2
Excess of expenditure over income
(deficit)
(3.9)
Add working capital at 1 January 1969
(after adjustment of prior year's accounts)
14.4
Working capital at 31 December 1969
10.5

189. The foregoing summary distinguishes between expenditure on "recurrent operations" (salaries, supplies, rentals, subsidies and other costs incurred on a regularly recurring basis) and expenditure on "non-recurrent operations" (capital improvements such as shelters and schoolrooms, replacement of worn-out equipment and other essentially non-repetitive costs). The significance of this distinction lies in the facts (a) that the cost of recurrent operations is a measure of the Agency's basic program which it cannot easily reduce, and (b) that non-recurrent operations are largely financed by special contributions which cannot be used for recurrent operations.

190. Perhaps the most significant feature of the foregoing summary is that the Agency again - for the sixth time in seven years - incurred a massive deficit on its program, amounting to $3.9 million (compared with $2.9 million in 1968), which reduced working capital to only $10.5 million. Although income in 1969 increased by -$1.2 million over income of 1968, expenditure increased by $2.2 million, so that the deficit increased by $1 million.

191. Unliquidated budget commitments carried forward from 1969 (or prior years) to 1970 totaled approximately $3 million, compared with $2.6 million of such commitments which had been carried forward from 1968 to 1969. During 1969, savings on liquidation of budget commitments from prior years totaled some $124,000 (the savings were credited to working capital).

192. At the end of 1969, unpaid pledges from Governments totaled $l0.6 million, compared with $9.9 million unpaid at the end of 1969, reflecting a further slight slow-down in the timing of payment of contributions in 1969 by certain Governments. Inventories of supplies and advances to suppliers at $6 million were materially lower than at the close of 1968 ($7.7 million). Accounts receivable had also been materially reduced, from $4.3 million at the close of 1968 to only $1.5 million at the close of 1969. These two factors which increased cash available, contributed significantly ($4.5 million in all) to avoiding exhaustion of the Agency's cash, which nevertheless amounted to only $5.5 million at year end, less than the cost of two months' recurrent operations.

193. The foregoing figures do not include those related to the receipt and expenditure of funds made available by NEED (Near East Emergency Donations, Inc.) mentioned elsewhere in this report. For technical and legal reasons, these funds cannot be regarded as part of the Agency's funds. Up to 30 June 1970, the Agency had received a total of $6.6 million of NEED funds (including interest) and by that date had expended or committed $5.5 million, largely for the provision of emergency shelter and sanitation for refugees and other displaced persons in east Jordan and Syria and for school and vocational training facilities in east Jordan, the West Bank, Gaza and Lebanon. The unexpended balance of funds available was largely earmarked for further expansion of educational facilities for the refugees.

194. The financial prospects for the Agency in 1970 regrettably indicate not only another deficit year (the seventh in eight years), but a year of even greater deficit than in 1969, as the following summary table clearly shows:
In millions of US dollars
Estimated income in 1970:
$
$
$
Pledged by Governments
39.1
Other contributors
1.4
Other income
0.5
Total
41.0
Estimated expenditure in 1970:
Recurrent operation
Non-recurrent operations
Total
Relief services
18.8
0.3
19.1
Health services
6.0
0.1
6.1
Education services
20.4
0.5
20.9
Total expenditure
45.2
0.9
46.1
Estimated expenditure over income
(deficit)
(5.1)
Add working capital at 1 January 1970
10.5
Estimated working capital at 31 december 1970
5.4


195. In 1970, expenditure on recurrent operations is expected to increase by $2.5 million (due largely to increased school population and to increased staff salaries to meet increases in the cost of living). Non-recurrent operations expenditure, however (which, as mentioned above, is very largely financed by special contributions), is expected to decrease by $2.5 million, so that total expenditure is expected to be $0.02 million less than in 1969. On the other hand, income is expected to be $1.3 million less than in 1969, so that the deficit is expected to increase to $5.1 million (compared with $3.9 million in 1969 and $2.9 million in 1968).

196. A comparison of the summary tables for 1969 and 1970 reveals a significant change in the pattern of the Agency's expenditure on recurrent operations. Expenditure on education services recurrent operations is expected to increase by $2.9 million and health services by $0.5 million, while that on relief services is expected to decrease by $0.9 million. 25/ For the first time in the Agency's history, therefore, recurrent education services operations will exceed in financial scope recurrent relief services operations. Total expenditure on education services is also expected to be significantly larger than total expenditure on relief services, but this relationship will depend on the amount of special contributions received to finance capital improvements under either program in 1970.

197. A deficit of $5.1 million in 1970 will, as shown in the summary table, reduce working capital to approximately $5.4 million, that is, less than the Agency requires even to finance its "pipeline" of supplies. Even this estimate is subject to a number of assumptions, however, the more important of which are (a) that unit costs (in particular staff costs) will not increase further, (b) that some $13.1 million of expected pledges by Governments will be forthcoming, and (c) that contributions from non-governmental sources for recurrent operations will continue at the same high rate as in 1970. While the latter two of these seem reasonably safe assumptions, the first may well prove to be seriously wrong, particularly in respect of staff salaries affected by increases in the cost of living.

198. With an opening cash balance of only $5.5 million and an expected deficit of $5.1 million or more, the Agency will have been extremely fortunate in not finding itself faced with an insufficiency of cash to meet its payrolls, rentals, suppliers' bills, etc., at some point in 1970. At the close of 1970, the Agency's accounts payable, its obligations for separation costs of staff, etc., will be covered virtually only by unpaid pledges (not all of which will be payable in cash), accounts receivable and other non-cash assets. It is extremely likely that the Agency will be insolvent at the end of 1970, that is, that it would be unable to meet its current obligations in full if called upon to do so immediately. (It would also, of course, be unable to meet its total obligations, if called upon to do so at that time, until and unless it could collect all unpaid cash contributions

__________________

25/ Resulting mainly from the difference in the unit valuation per ton of flour and discontinuance of the distribution of soap with the monthly ration.
and convert its non-cash assets including unpaid pledges in kind, into cash.)

199. The problems posed by the expected deficit of $5.1 million in 1970 are also discussed in the introduction to this report (see paragraphs 6 to 11 above). The ability of the Agency to continue its existing program is at stake.


CHAPTER II

BUDGET FOR 1971 AND REVISED BUDGET FOR 1970

A. Introduction

200. This part of the report presents both the budget estimates for 1971 and the adjusted budget estimates for 1970. The original budget estimates for 1970 were presented to the General Assembly in the report for 1968-1969 and revised estimates were presented in document A/SPC/133 dated 17 November 1969. These estimates have now been further revised in the light of developments since that date, in particular adjustments which have had to be made in local staff salaries and cost of living allowances in the light of changes in the rates of remuneration paid by the Governments of the host countries for comparable employment.

201. The budget for 1971 is estimated at $47,545,000, which compares with estimated expenditure of $46,145,000 in 1970 and actual expenditure of $46,161,000 in 1969. These totals include the non-recurrent costs of replacement of unserviceable equipment and of capital improvements, the latter being financed almost entirely by special contributions designated for those purposes. Non-recurrent expenditure budgeted at $537,000 in 1971 compares with an estimated expenditure of $861,000 in 1970 and actual expenditure of $3,413,000 in 1969 (when large special contributions were received for capital improvements). Continuing annually recurrent costs, on the other hand, are estimated at $47,008,000 for 1971, compared with $45,284,000 estimated expenditure in 1970 and $42,748,000 actual expenditure in 1969.

202. Recurrent costs have increased each year in the three years under review and may be expected to continue to increase at a similar rate in future years. Three factors in particular contribute to the steady increase in recurrent costs: first, the increase in local staff costs due to cost-of-living adjustments. The incidence of staff cost increases falls to some extent on all Agency activities, but rather more than 50 per cent in general education (where more than half of the staff of the Agency are employed and where approximately 80 per cent of the total of recurrent costs in Agency schools relates to teachers' emoluments); secondly, other educational increases due to continually larger numbers of pupils enrolling and the constant trend for, students to remain longer in the educational cycles - for example, it is now normal for girls to remain in school nearly as long as boys, whereas even five years ago there was a significant preponderance of male pupils; thirdly, the increase in vocational and professional training costs due to the use of expanded capacity at residential centers for vocational and teacher training (an increase partly funded by special contributions received for this purpose).

203. Other factors contributing to annual increases in costs are increased costs of supplies and services purchased by the Agency, in particular transport services, rentals and subsidies paid to private hospitals. In general terms, inflationary influences have been marked in the Agency's area of operations since the hostilities of June 1967, and although the effects of these influences have been most pronounced in the case of staff costs, they are also experienced by the Agency in respect of virtually everything it buys.

204. As a partial offset to these increases, some reductions have been achieved and are described under the program headings in section B below, including the suspension of soap issues,, except in the emergency camps; a partial reduction in the numbers of hot meal beneficiaries and the closure of supplementary feeding centers where the hot-meal beneficiaries were less than an economical number; some reductions in medical and sanitation services; strictures in the consumption rates for many supplies; limitation of the quantities of used clothing (contributed by voluntary societies, but on which the Agency pays freight).

205. Costs of health services in 1970 will be higher than in 1969, particularly in recurrent costs, and are expected to increase again in 1971 despite lower provisions for non-recurrent items and no amelioration in standards of care. The increases arise from staff costs, as mentioned first in paragraph 202 above, from rising hospital-bed rates and unit prices for supplies and from the increasing numbers seeking health care, especially in the emergency camps. Again, the cost of environmental sanitation continues higher in the emergency camps than in the older-established camps.

206. In relief services, the reduction achieved in 1970, below the 1969 level, is maintained for 1971. Although prices of certain commodities have risen, that increase has been offset by substitution of available lover-cost components in the ration without reducing the over-all nutritional value. Provisions for non-recurrent items are also progressively lower, now at an irreducible minimum. No estimates have been framed for shelter units or even for tent replacements in the emergency camps in Syria - it is hoped that such essential requirements can be funded from special contributions being solicited for this purpose.

207. Common costs (supply and transport and other internal services and general administration), which rose shortly after the events of mid-1967, have tended to stabilize. However, this has been partly achieved by progressive limitations on replacement of capital equipment (see particularly paragraph 237 below), a policy which sacrifices long-term economies for short-term budget savings. Particular efforts have been made over the years to reduce common costs (in particular other internal services and general administration), with considerable success up to June 1967. The present cost levels therefore reflect essentially the reduced levels achieved by June 1967 increased only by the unavoidable effects of the hostilities of June 1967 (in particular the necessity to have two field offices in Jordan) and staff salary increases subsequently. Further reductions will be sought, but are not likely to be found.
B. Budget estimates
General

208. The following tables present in summary the budget estimates for 1971 together with comparative data of the adjusted budget for 1970 and actual expenditure in l969, table A presenting the total estimates and tables B and C the estimates of recurrent and non-recurrent costs, respectively. The estimates for 1971 are briefly described in the paragraphs following the tables.


Table A

Total costs

(In thousands of US dollars)



_________________________________________________________________
1970
1971 adjusted 1969
budget budget actual
estimates estimates expenditure

Part I. Relief services

Basic rations 12,487 12,461 13,546
Supplementary feeding 2,204 2,111 2,165
Shelter 261 348 1,390
Special hardship assistance 534 529 524
Share of common costs
from part IV 3,539 3,585 3,509

Total, Part I 19,025 19,034 21,134

Part II. Health services

Medical services 3,799 3,662 3,523
Environmental sanitation 1,522 1,369 1,101
Share of common costs
from part IV 1,136 1,139 1,093

Total, Part II 6,457 6,170 5,717

Part III. Education services

General education 15,335 14,452 12,589
Vocational and professional
training 3,911 3,679 4,050
Share of common costs
from part IV 2,817 2,810 2,671

Total, Part III 22,063 20,941 19,310

Part IV. Common costs

Supply and transport
services 3,429 3,539 3,587
Other internal services 2,617 2,556 2,321
General administration 1,446 1,439 1,365

Total, Part IV 7,492 7,534 7,273

Costs allocated to
operations (7,492) (7,534) (7,273)

Grand total 47,545 46,145 46,161
Table B

Recurrent costs

(In thousands of US dollars)

_________________________________________________________________
1970
1971 adjusted 1969
budget budget actual
estimates estimates expenditure

Part I. Relief services

Basic rations 12,484 12,454 13,537
Supplementary feeding 2,186 2,089 2,081
Shelter 256 270 256
Special hardship assistance 534 529 497
Share of common costs
from part IV 3,472 3,443 3,317

Total, Part I 18,932 18,785 19,688

Part II. Health services

Medical services 3,759 3,620 3,397
Environmental sanitation 1,449 1,350 1,061
Share of common costs
from part IV 1,121 1,105 1,049

Total, Part II 6,329 6,075 5,507

Part III. Education services

General education 15,096 14,242 12,013
Vocational and professional
training 3,866 3,446 2,962
Share of common costs
from part IV 2,785 2,736 2,578

Total, Part III 21,747 20,424 17,553

Part IV. Common costs

Supply and transport
services 3,329 3,336 3,300
Other internal services 2,603 2,513 2,285
General administration 1,446 1,435 1,359

Total, Part IV 7,378 7,284 6,944

Costs allocated to
operations (7,378) (7,284) (6,944)

Grand total 47,008 45,284 42,748
Table C

Non-recurrent costs

(In thousands of US dollars)

_________________________________________________________________
1970
1971 adjusted 1969
budget budget actual
estimates estimates expenditure

Part I. Relief services

Basic rations 3 7 9
Supplementary feeding 18 22 84
Shelter 5 78 1,134
Special hardship assistance - - 27
Share of common costs
from part IV 67 142 192

Total, Part I 93 249 1,446

Part II. Health services

Medical services 40 42 126
Environmental sanitation 73 19 40
Share of common costs
from part IV 15 34 44

Total, Part II 128 95 210

Part III. Education services

General education 239 210 576
Vocational and professional
training 45 233 1,088
Share of common costs
from part IV 32 74 93

Total, Part III 316 517 1,757

Part IV. Common costs

Supply and transport
services 100 203 287
Other internal services 14 43 36
General administration - 4 6

Total, Part IV 114 250 329

Costs allocated to
operations (114) (250) (329)

Grand total 537 861 3,413


Relief services
Basic rations
Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimat
12,487,000
l2,484,000
3,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
12,461,000
12,454,000
7,000
1969 actual expenditure
13,546,000
13,537,000
9,000



209. The components of the basic ration have been briefly described in paragraph 44 above and in table 4 of annex I below. The costs included under this heading cover both the purchase and the distribution of all basic food items and of soap issues (which for economy reasons are now limited to refugees in the emergency camps). The costs of transportation and warehousing within the UNRWA area, however, are reflected under "supply and transport services" (see paragraphs 236 and 237 below).

210. The present estimate provides for ration issues to beneficiaries throughout 1971 of approximately the same nutritional value as in 1970 (although the composition of the ration may differ somewhat) and to approximately the same number of beneficiaries. The costs of flour and of rice (both expected to be received as contributions) are expected to be maintained at about the current level, but prices for cooking oil and sugar are expected to rise and insurance rates on shipments have increased. However, issues of pulses have been discontinued and replaced by flour (to utilize supplementary contributions of flour). The resulting savings are expected nearly to offset the increased costs of oil and sugar, so that the total budget estimate for recurrent costs in 1971 is only slightly larger than the revised estimate for 1970.

211. Many of the premises where ration distribution is made are old, unsuitable and in some cases dilapidated; nevertheless, no proposals are included for replacements during 1971 however desirable this may be, because of the continuing serious financial situation; for the same reason only a minimal reservation has been made for necessary replacements of essential equipment.
Supplementary feeding

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimat
2,204,000
2,186,000
18,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
2,111,000
2,089,000
22,000
1969 actual expenditure
2,165,000
2,081,000
84,000


212. This program is described in paragraphs 45 to 52 above and in tables 5 and 6 of annex I below. Again, similar to the basic ration activity (see paragraph 209 above), the costs of transportation and warehousing within the UNRWA area are charged to "supply and transport services".

213. The nutritional value of the supplemental hot meals which are served is intended to be maintained at the approved level despite the continual rise in prices of fresh food components and increased staff costs. However, to keep the over-all costs at the 1970 level, the authorized numbers of beneficiaries has been reduced since April 1970 by 5,500 (about 10 per cent). Further, centers which serve less than 150 hot meal beneficiaries have been closed as uneconomic on a per caput cost basis. Other supplemental items of diet for other vulnerable groups of refugees are proposed for continuation; these include milk, cornflour/soya/milk mixture, tinned meat and vitamin capsules.

214. As to premises, the same remarks apply here as for basic commodities (see paragraph 211 above). The budget estimate provides only for essential replacements of equipment.
Shelter

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimat
261,000
256,000
5,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
348,000
270,000
78,000
1969 actual expenditure
1,390,000
256,000
1,134,000


215. This program is described in paragraphs 53 to 58 above and in table 7 of annex I below. The estimate includes the rental value of camp sites (most of which are made available as contributions by Governments) and the cost of administrative control of shelters. An exceedingly limited amount is included for structural maintenance of Agency-built shelters and for upkeep of roads and paths within camps.

216. For 1971, no provision has been included for construction of additional shelter in established camps, nor has any provision been included for extension of roads and paths within camps. It is hoped, however, that special contributions will be forthcoming for these purposes, both in 1971 and 1970, as in 1969.

217. Due to very generous special contributions received in 1969, essential shelter in the emergency camps in Jordan has been largely completed in prefabricated units which have replaced tents. For the tented camps in Syria it is hoped that sufficient special contributions will be received in 1970 to permit replacement by shelter units, but no provision has been included for either tent replacements or shelter units.


Special hardship assistance
Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimate
534,000
534,000
--
1970 adjusted budget estimate
29,000
529,000
..
1969 actual expenditure
524,000
497,000
27,000
218. This heading covers the provision for additional relief assistance to refugee families who suffer from special hardship; this is limited to welfare casework, the distribution of donated used clothing and donated layettes and blankets. The program is described in paragraphs 59 to 61 above.

219. Although the real needs for assistance under this program are substantially greater now than they mere prior to the events in 1967, the Agency has been constrained to limit the scope and scale of this form of relief. Inevitable increases have had to be offset by strictures on the quantities of used clothing accepted (despite exemption from freight charges in certain circumstances on shipments from the United States of America and Canada) and by limiting the average scale of family case-work relief to the same level as that of ten years ago.

Health services

Medical services
Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimate
3,799,000
3,759,000
40,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
3,662,000
3,620,000
42,000
1969 actual expenditure
3,523,000
3,3977,000
126,000


220. For preventive and curative medical services, the programs are described in paragraphs 67 to 88 above and in tables 9 to 12 of annex I below.

221. No improvements of any kind are proposed in the present minimal standards of care nor is any provision included for either replacement or amelioration of the many unsuitable premises. Increases, however, are inevitable due to the constantly rising unit costs of supplies, the increasing numbers of patients who require treatment (due to the normal increase in population, the conditions in the emergency camps and the loss of income of other refugees), higher bed-rate charges for hospital services and increased staff costs.

222. Inevitably, a minimal provision has had to be made for essential replacement of aged and worn out ambulance vehicles and for replacement of clinic equipment.
Environmental sanitation

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimate
1,522,000
l,449,000
73,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
1,369,000
1,350,000
19,000
1969 actual expenditure
1,101,000
1,061,000
40,000


223. The programs under this heading are described in paragraph 89 above. All progressive economies have derived from application of more proficient techniques and by the constant replacement (within available funds) of public latrines private family facilities (the latter significantly reducing maintenance costs), these have been more than extinguished by other increases, including the higher ratio of sanitation laborers required in emergency camps, increased costs of supplies (especially of effective insecticides where resistance has been developed to former cheaper treatments) and wage increases to conform with increases in corresponding government scales of remuneration.

224. Fortunately, certain essential sanitation works in the emergency camps have been financed by funds provided outside the Agency's budget by NEED (Near East Emergency Donations Inc.). Nevertheless, in 1971, it will be necessary to effect essential replacements of two outworn vacuum tankers (for voiding septic tanks), of unserviceable wheel barrows and garbage carts, of corroded water-pipe lines and to repair installations for sewage and surface water drainage - hence the increased estimates for non-recurrent costs.
Education services

General education

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimate
15,335,000
l5,096,000
239,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
14,452,000
14,242,000
210,000
1969 actual expenditure
12,589,000
12,013,000
576,000


225. For a description of the Agency's general education program, see paragraphs 98, 99 and 108 to 113 above and tables 13 to 16 of annex I below. Several minor activities conducted outside the UNRWA/UNESC0 schools are also included under this heading: youth activities (paragraphs 114 and 115), women's activities and pre-school play centers (paragraphs 116 and 117). Although the two latter activities are considered as normal Agency programs, funding of their operations is limited to special contributions designated for these purposes.

226. Of all services provided for refugees, general education is possibly the one most highly valued; it is on education that refugee families pin their hopes for the future; this is more and more reflected in the tendency for both boys and girls to remain at school throughout both the elementary and the preparatory cycles and then to press for secondary school facilities. It is noteworthy that the current enrolments of refugee girls throughout both the elementary and preparatory cycles are now almost the same as for boys. Further, families which withheld their children from schools immediately following the hostilities of 1967, have now re-enrolled them. Again, the unusually high number of births in the early sixties has resulted in an exceptionally high intake of pupils in the first elementary classes in school years 1968/1969, 1969/1970 and projected for 1970/1971. Prior to 1967, the average annual increase in recurrent costs for general education was approximately $0-5 million; it now exceeds $1.0 million, substantially due to the salaries for the additional teachers required and increases in salaries paid to correspond to those paid by local Governments.

227. It is important to note that approximately 80 per cent of general education costs in Agency schools is related to staff costs of teachers, and that nearly half the staff employed by the Agency are teachers. Hence the payment of comparable remuneration to that paid by the host Governments has a very significant reflection in the Agency's education budget.

228. Standards of equipment and for consumption of educational supplies are extremely closely controlled. In many localities, especially in large agglomerations of populations, school facilities are already 100 per cent double-shifted. Undeniably, this system is educationally most undesirable - an expedient of sheer necessity. Only a massive injection of funds for capital improvements could remedy this truly deplorable situation. The provisions for non-recurrent costs in 1971, however, are limited to essential replacements of equipment and for capital costs related to avoiding of triple shifts where further double-shifting is impossible.

229. The UNRWA/UNESCO Institute of Education (see paragraphs 124 to 129 above) continues to give an effective and efficient service of in-service training programs to raise the academic and professional qualifications of teachers already in Agency service, to the desirable level. For 1971, it is hoped, again, that the operational costs (estimated at $419,000) will be substantially, if not totally, covered by special contributions.



Vocational and professional training

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimat
3,911,000
3,866,000
45,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
3,679,000
3,446,000
233,000
1969 actual expenditure
4,050,000
2,962,000
1,088,000
230. Details of these programs are given in paragraphs 134 to 139 above. They include teacher training and vocational and technical courses conducted in the Agency's residential centers, as well as similar training subsidized by the Agency in centers operated by Governments or other organizations.

231. Also included is the cost of scholarships awarded at universities in the Agency's area (described in paragraphs 130 to 133 above) for outstanding candidates who are selected on the dual basis of academic qualifications and economic need. During recent years, much of this part of the program has been funded from special contributions. However, for 1970/1971, while scholarships will be continued for those students who have made satisfactory and acceptable progress, the grant of new scholarships has had to be drastically curtailed.

232. This heading also includes certain minor categories of training, such as adult -craft training (largely funded by special contributions), the training of physically handicapped children and some additional assistance to graduates from Agency centers in obtaining on-the-job training in their respective trades in industries abroad (mostly limited to defraying travel costs).

233. Even more than general education, vocational and professional training is sought by refugee families. It is one of the few avenues by which Agency services can lead them to be economically independent of direct relief and permanently equipped for a successful future life. For this reason, special contributions have been particularly numerous for the expansion of the Agency's training facilities. The consequence has been a marked increase in recurrent operating costs as shown in the budget estimates (although their increase has been partly financed by special contributions also).

234. Although unit costs for consumable supplies continue to rise and salaries for staff also (staff costs represent nearly 60 per cent of the total operational costs), the spread of the costs of common instruction and administration over a greatly increased number of trainees results in a significantly lower per caput cost of graduating a trainee.

235. No provision has been made for further expansion in 1971, but, if special contributions are received for this purpose, the budget will be adjusted accordingly. Provisions for one-time expenditure in 1971 are limited to a minimal amount for essential replacement of equipment and to a small reservation for in-service training of instructors.
Common cost

Supply and transport services

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimat
3,429,000
3,329,000
100,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
3,539,000
3,336,000
203,000
1969 actual expenditure
3,587,000
3,300,000
287,000

236. All costs are reflected here of procurement, control and warehousing of supplies and equipment, port costs and the operation and maintenance of freight and passenger transport within the UNR14A area of operations for all Agency activities. Although recurrent costs appear to have temporarily stabilized, it seems inevitable that future operational costs will increase; all economies which can be attained have already been implemented (inclusive of the plan, in passenger transport, of user-drivers in austerity vehicles to save driver costs), but they have been offset by higher staff costs, by heavier costs for vehicle maintenance and by increased rates of port charges and hire of transport (although the latter, on the West Bank and in Gaza, is matched by an increased contribution).

237. The replacement of old vehicles continues to be a very serious problem. Many of the freight carriers in the fleet have already been ten years or more in service. Although it is uneconomic in the long run to continue them in use with high maintenance costs and high incidence of replacement parts, the limitation of funds for capital replacements has obliged the adoption of such a practice. In 1970, somewhat more than $200,000 will be expended on essential replacements (including the value of certain vehicles which have, fortunately, been received as contributions); double that amount could have been expended with advantage and with consequential long-term economies. However, for 1971, only $100,000 is to contemplated cover replacement not only of uneconomic freight and transport vehicles, but also of workshop equipment now under even heavier usage than ever before; this is minimal and only postpones the day when drastic remedial measures will become unavoidable.
Other internal services

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimat
2,617,000
2,603,000
14,000
1970 adjusted budget estimate
2,556,000
2,513,000
43,000
1969 actual expenditure
2,321,000
2,285,000
36,000

238. These services include the registration of refugees and determination of their eligibility for Agency services; personnel and administrative services; translation, legal, financial, audit, technical (engineering) data-procession services and the protection of Agency installations and other property.

239. Efforts have been sustained and intensive over many years to reduce these costs. Substantial economies have been attained, but the continuing effects of dislocations following the mid-1967 hostilities have largely offset those results. More recently, the cost of living adjustments for local staff, to conform with government practice in the host countries, has further offset operational economies. Although effort will be pursued, even intensified, to reduce the incidence of expenditure (as far can be effected without lass of efficiency or the adequate control of operations), no major reductions can be expected.

240. It will be noted, under the non-recurrent heading above, that provision for essential replacement of operation equipment has again been significantly reduced, possibly this time below the minimal requirement.
General administration
Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1971 budget estimat
1,446,000
1,446,000
-
1970 adjusted budget estimate
1,439,000
1,435,000
4,000
1969 actual expenditure
1,365,000
1,359,000
6,000


241. All general administration requirements for the Agency's headquarters and for five Field Office headquarters are included in these estimates, as well as for all subordinate area and camp formations, together with maintenance of liaison offices in New York, Geneva and Cairo, and for the public information service.

242. The observations in paragraph 239 above on other internal services are equally applicable under this heading and the same conclusion pertains.

Allocation of common costs

243. The summary table under paragraph 208 above reflect the allocation of common costs to the three main categories of Agency services - relief, health and education. Such an allocation is subject to the exercise of judgement, but the percentages applied have been evolved and re-tested periodically on the basis of a detailed study of all Agency operations in all offices and extracted as weighted averages. They are believed to be an accurate assessment.
C. Financing the budget - 1970 and 1971

244. The problems facing the Agency in financing the currently adjusted budget for 1970 and the budget for 1971 are summarized below.

(In thousands of US dollars)

1970
1971
Budget
46,145
47,545
Estimated funds available from
Non-government contributions
1,380
1,350
Miscellaneous income
550
550
1,930
1,900
Balance to be covered by
contributions from Governments
44,215
45,645
Estimated contributions by Governments
39,103
?
Estimated deficit
(5,112)
( ? )


245. While a question mark has been shown above for estimated contributions by Governments in 1971, it is clear that, if they do not exceed those estimated for 1970 (excluding special contributions for capital improvements not repeated in the 1971 budget estimates), the deficit in 1971 will exceed $6.5 million. The implications of the probable deficit in 1970 and of a possible further deficit in 71 are examined in the introduction to this report.

Tables 1-3
A 8013 Tables pages 67-69.pdf




RELIEF SERVICES

Table 4

Basic rations and other supplies distributed by UNRWA

1. Basic dry rations

A monthly ration for one person consisting of the commodities listed below was issued to refugees for the months of July-October 1969.

10,000 grams of flour
600 grams of pulses
600 grams of sugar
500 grams of rice
375 grams of oils and fats

Thereafter flour was substituted in part for the pulses and rice ration, in order to utilize donations of flour received as contributions to the Agency over and above normal program requirements.

The ration continued to provide about 1,5,00 calories per day. In the winter, the flour issue was increased to bring the daily ration to about 1,600 calories.
2. Other supplies distributed

As for many years, one piece of soap (150 grams) per month -was distributed to each ration beneficiary in the months from July 1969 to February 1970. However, beginning in March 1970, as an economy measure, the general issue of soap ceased, soap thereafter being restricted to ration beneficiaries in the emergency camps is east Jordan and Syria.

As in previous years, 1-1/2 liters of kerosene were allocated to ration beneficiaries and to babies and children registered for services, in camps in east Jordan, West Bank, Lebanon, and Syria during five winter months. In Gaza, 1 liter was allocated to these beneficiaries whether or not they lived in camps, during five winter months.






Table 5

Normal supplementary feeding program

Number of issuing centers and beneficiaries
(1 July 1969 - 30 June 1970)
_________________________________________________________________

A. Hot meal program
_________________________________________________________________

Beneficiaries
_____________________________

Daily average for the period
_____________________________
Number of
feeding 0-2 2-15 years and 0-15
Field centers years special cases years__

East Jordan a/ 15 474 2,681 3,155

West Bank 30 507) 9,176)
5 b/ 159) 260) 10,102

Gaza 24 1,304 15,475 16,779

Lebanon 18 339 4,021 4,360

Syria 18 218 3,856 4,074

110 3,001 35,469 38,470
_________________________________________________________________

B. Milk program
_________________________________________________________________

Daily number of beneficiaries
Average for the period
_____________________________

Number of Orphanages,
milk Milk medical pre-
Field centers centers Schools scriptions Total

East Jordan a/ 16 3,389 23,069 154 26,612

West Bank 30 3,540 12,291 125 15,956

Gaza 24 23,995 31,912 80 55,987

Lebanon 21 14,424 5,092 351 19,867

Syria 19 12,011 12,193 111 24,315

110 57,359 84,557 821 142,737
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Statistics for the first nine months only
b/ Centers operated by voluntary societies.
Table 5 (continued)

_________________________________________________________________

C. Extra dry ration program
_________________________________________________________________

Beneficiaries
___________________________________

Monthly average for the period
___________________________________

Pregnant Nursing TB out- 6-10 years
Field women mothers patients CSM c/ Total__

East Jordan a/ 1,028 2,861 185 32,380 36,454

West Bank 1,121 4,770 409 23,642 29,942

Gaza 3,082 7,791 432 35,732 47,037

Lebanon 856 2,478 144 22,022 25,500

Syria 759 1,788 93 19,720 22,360

6,846 19,688 1,263 133,496 161,293
_______________________________________________________________ _

a/ Mixture of corn flour, soya and milk.

Table 6


Emergency supplementary feeding program


A. Hot meal program Number of
beneficiaries
(daily average)



Categories by Field

East Jordan a/ - displaced refugees
1-15 years 13,011

- non-refugee displaced persons
1-15 years 7,183

Syria - displaced refugees
1-15 years 5,318

25,512
B. Milk program

Categories by Field

East Jordan a/ - displaced refugees
1-15 years 3,120

- non-refugee displaced persons
1-15 years 1,685

Syria - displaced refugees
1-15 years 6,424

11,229




______

a/ Statistics for the first nine months only.









Table 6 (continued)

C. Other emergency supplements

I. Protein supplement b/

(Consists of a twelve-ounce tin of meat and 500 grams
CSM per month.)

Number of
beneficiaries
Field (monthly average)

East Jordan 33,840

West Bank 6,278

Gaza 11,304

Lebanon -

Syria 16,611

68,033

II. "Non-protein supplement" c/
(Consists of 600 grams of flour 500 grams rice
and 500 grams fat per month.)

Field

East Jordan -

West Bank -

Gaza -

Lebanon -

Syria 15,685

15,685

____________

b/ Authorized for issue to all displaced refugees in Syria, to those living in emergency camps in east Jordan and to pregnant and nursing mothers and tuberculosis out-patients in West Bank and Gaza, and to those in this category living outside the emergency camps in east Jordan.

c/ Authorized for issue to displaced refugees living in emergency camps in Syria and to identified hardship cases among the same category living outside these camps. This was done with a view to having the Agency's ration conform as closely as possible in food value to that issued by the Syrian Government to the Syrian displaced persons. Such issues were, however, discontinued as of 1 August 1969 in order to bring the program in line with that in east Jordan.
Table 7

Population of established camps by country
as at 30 June 1970

_________________________________________________________________

Number Number of persons Number of persons
Area of officially registered actually living
camps in camps a/ b/ in camps c/
_________________________________________________________________

East Jordan 4 72,595 106,417

West Bank 20 66,274 73,058

Gaza 8 192,590 198,919

Lebanon 15 83,487 90,949

Syria 6 25,313 27,630
_________________________________________________________________

Total 53 440,259 496,973
_________________________________________________________________


a/ This table does not include displaced persons and registered refugees in the emergency camps (see table 8 below).

b/ Persons officially registered in these camps are refugees eligible for UNRWA assistance who are shown in UNRWA records as living in camps, irrespective of their category of registration (R,,S,N), although some may have moved to villages, towns or cities in other parts of the country and their removal has yet to be reported to the Agency. The figures do not include refugees in camps who are not given shelter by UNRWA, but benefit from sanitation services only.

c/ Persons actually living in these camps include 489,351 UNRWA-registered refugees and 7,622 who are neither registered with UNRWA nor eligible for UNRWA assistance. Also included are so-called refugee "squatters", who live in or on the fringes of the camps, although never officially admitted to or registered in the camps.

Table 8

Population of emergency camps by
country, as at 30 June 1970

_________________________________________________________________

Area Number of camps Number of persons actually
living in camps a/
_________________________________________________________________

East Jordan 6 103,678

Syria 4 15,491
_________________________________________________________________

Total 10 119,169
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Persons actually living in these camps comprise 78,024 UNRWA-registered refugees and 41,145 other persons, all of whom became displaced in 1967 and 1968.

N.B. Total population of persons living in established and emergency camps 616,142.





HEALTH SERVICES


Table 9

Out-patient medical and dental care


Number of patient-visits according to services rendered, UNRWA and UNRWA-subsidized clinics, 1 July 1969-30 June 1970.
_________________________________________________________________

Number of visits (first and re-visits combined)
____________________________________________________

Type of East a/ West Gaza Lebanon Syria All
service Jordan Bank Fields
_________________________________________________________________

Medical
consultation 386,465 267,393 513,441 414,396 423,809 2,005,504

Injection 315,529 193,067 5361484 249,564 225,047 1,519,691

Dressing and/
or skin
treatment 232,630 191,086 363,063 223,164 114,344 1,124,287

Eye treatment 178,172 162,097 380,366 110,916 40,464 872,015

Dental
treatment 9,931 12,797 18,577 29,573 8,509 79,387

All types 1,122,727 826,440 1,811,931 1,027,613 812,173 5600884
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Statistics for the first nine months only.
Table 10

In-patient medical care

_________________________________________________________________

A. Hospitals providing services to Palestine refugees, as at 30 June 1970
Number of
Administering body Institutions

Government and local authorities 35
Voluntary societies or private 38
UNRWA 3 a/

76

In addition, there are nine maternity centers: one in Syria, two in West Bank, and six in Gaza.
_________________________________________________________________

B. Hospital beds by type of service and Field as at 30 June 1970
Number of Beds Available
_____________________________________________

East b/ West All
Type of service Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Fields

General medical
and surgical 218 227 348 161 79 1,033

Tuberculosis 23 25 84 32 20 184

Maternity 25 33 87 8 7 160

Pediatrics 40 55 60 22 - 177

Mental 19 75 - 56 2 152

All services 325 415 579 279 108 1,706
_________________________________________________________________

C. Rehydration/nutrition centers

East West All
Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Fields

Number of centers 7 1 6 3 c/ 3 20
Number of cots 57 10 98 30 21 216
_________________________________________________________________

a/ These are: Kalkilya Hospital, West Bank; the pediatric ward in UNRWA/Swedish Health Center, Gaza, and the Bureij Tuberculosis Hospital in Gaza, operated jointly with the Government Public Health Authority.

b/ As at 31 March 1970.

c/ One RNC (ten cots) temporarily closed.
Table 11
Infectious diseases reported among Palestine refugee population
(l July 1969-30 June 1970)
_________________________________________________________________

Number of cases
_____________________________________________
East a/ West All
Reportable diseases Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Fields_

Cholera 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plague 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yellow fever 0 0 0 0 0 0
Smallpox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Typhus (louse-borne) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relapsing fever
(louse borne) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ankylostomiasis 1 0 32 3 0 36
Bilharziasis 0 0 22 0 0 22
Brucellosis 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chicken-pox 541 677 863 1,260 771 4,112
Conjunctivitis 9,470 4,994 4,706 1,900 6,353 27,423
Diptheria 1 0 0 0 1 2
Diarrheal diseases
(0-3 years) 13,548 10,710 18,516 13,931 14,731 71,436
Dysentery 1,267 409 924 609 172 3,381
Enteric group fevers 0 0 15 4 123 142
Gonorrhea 0 0 8 3 4 15
Infectious hepatitis 93 24 524 65 74 780
Influenza 7,310 715 6,394 2,874 8,254 25,547
Leishmaniasis
cutaneous 0 2 0 0 2 4
Leprosy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malaria 0 0 4 1 0 5
Measles 1,848 528 469 494 733 4,072
Meningitis
(cerebrospinal) 0 1 1 3 2 7
Mumps 541 964 2,807 790 886 5,988
Pertussis 218 74 35 53 15 395
Poliomyelitis 4 2 31 6 3 46
Rabies 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relapsing fever
(endemic) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scarlet fever 0 0 0 0 0 0
Syphilis 0 0 12 13 13 38
Tetanus 0 0 1 2 1 4
Tetanus neonatorum 1 0 18 1 0 20
Trachoma 165 83 494 12 639 1,393
Tuberculosis
(pulmonary) 55 20 95 93 10 273
Typus (endemic) 0 0 0 0 0 0
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Statistics for the first nine months only.



Table 12

Maternal and child health
(1 July 1269 - 30 June 1972)
_________________________________________________________________

East a/ West All
Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Fields_

A. Ante-natal services

Number of ante-natal
clinics 10 24 9 18 19 80

Pregnant women newly
registered 5,199 3,948 9,681 3,558 2,961 25,347

Average monthly
attendance 1,750 1,207 3,461 1,071 882 8,371

Serological tests 1,559 1,716 4,325 994 891 9,485

Tests positive 0 0 9 8 9 26

Home visits 1,539 23 75 615 693 2,945

B. Infant health care

Number of infant
health clinics 10 23 9 18 19 79

Infants 0-1 year
registered, monthly
average 6,096 3,568 9,383 4,308 2,735 26,O90

Number attended,
monthly average 4,541 3,051 8,469 3,301 2,157 21,519

Infants 1-2 years
registered,
bi-monthly average 5,765 3,095 8,325 4,174 3,034 24,393

Number attended,
bi-monthly average 4,416 2,459 4,017 2,687 2,315 15,894

Infants 2-3 years
registered,
tri-monthly average 2,648 2,260 509 486 1,486 7,389

Number attended,
tri-monthly average 1,134 1,639 402 316 892 4,383

Smallpox vaccinations 3,516 2,123 9,273 4,277 2,155 21,344

TAB immunizations
(full) 2,775 3,079 98 3,178 2,446 11,576
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Statistics for first nine months only.
Table 12 (continued)

_________________________________________________________________

East a/ West All
Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Fields_

DPT immunizations
(full) 4,314 3,865 12,369 3,944 3,020 27,512

BCG vaccination 5,238 3,236 1,282 4,182 3,177 17,115

Polio vaccination 4,754 3,134 12,371 5,117 2,834 28,210

Home visits 8,537 11,313 9,169 13,288 12,252 54,559

C. School health services

Number of health
teams 2 1 1 b/ 1 1 1

School entrants
examined 9,388 2,498 8,130 3,759 6,329 30,104

Other pupils
examined 2,209 11,282 297 1,241 13,570 28,599

Follow-up
examinations 1,395 458 0 587 10,742 13,182

Teachers and
attendants
examined 772 345 0 0 967 2,084

School inspections 158 560 818 129 324 1,989

TAB boosters 12,494 8,526 34,733 32,386 18,915 107,054

Diphtheria or
diphtheria/tetanus
boosters 8,856 2,450 6,327 3,721 4,208 25,562

DPT immunizations
(full) 0 312 0 0 0 312

Smallpox
re-vaccinations 0 4,804 0 32,306 3,392 40,502

DCG vaccinations 0 2,693 2,514 6,079 15,721 27,007
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Statistics for first nine months only.

b/ School Medical Officer not available.
Tables 13-17

A 8013 Tables pages 82-86.pdf



OTHER ASSISTANCE TO REFUGEES

Table 18

Voluntary agencies having operational programs for direct assistance to UNRWA-registered refugees 1969-1970


American Friends Service Committee
Baptist Mission (United States)
CARITAS
Catholic Relief Services
Commonwealth Save the Children Fund
Co-operative for American Relief Every-where (CARE)
Lutheran World Federation
Mennonite Central Committee
Near East Council of Churches - World Council of Churches
Pontifical Mission for Palestine
Women's Auxiliary of UNRWA
World Alliance of YMCAs
Young Men's Christian Association
Young Women's Christian Association

Tables 19-20
A 8013 Tables pages 88-91.pdf

Foot-notes to Table 20

a/ The figures in this table through 1969 are based upon the Agency's audited financial statements, modified to show for each year the government pledges applicable to that year, regardless of when payment was actually made.

b/ The figures for 1970 are estimated.

c/ Includes $23,980 (FF 117,500) for 1969.

d/ Includes a late contribution of $3,000 for 1968.

e/ Includes a late contribution of $297,000 for 1964.

f/ Includes special contributions for the emergency situation arising from the hostilities of June 1967 as follows: from Governments $5,841,465 (in 1967) and $1,327,836 (in 1968) from others $1,309,928 (in 1967) and $1,454,136 (in 1968).

g/ The Federal Republic of Germany has made pledges for 1970 totaling $3,278,688 mainly to cover costs of special projects. Of this amount, $2,297,000 (as shown above) has been included in UNRWA's budget for 1970 pending agreement between the donor and UNRWA on the projects to be financed.

h/ The United States of America has made a special pledge of $1,000,000 for projects expanding technical and vocational training. The figure of $22,325,000 includes only $125,000 of this pledge to meet the operating costs in the first semester of 1970/1971 of expansion already undertaken by UNRWA and accepted by the donor as meeting the purpose of the pledge.





Table 21
Statement of income from non-government sources
1 January 1969 to 30 June_1970

(In US dollars)


First six
Year months
Name of contributor 1969 of 1970___

Australia

Australians Care for Refugees (AUSTCARE) 29,283 12,550
United Nations Association of Australia -
Victorian Division - 551

Austria

Caritas 1,925 -

Robert Brunner and Franz Wieland - 796

Belgium

L'Association culturelle belge - libanaise 343 -

Canada

Arab Refugee Emergency Appeal of Windsor 124 -
Baird, Dr. R. P. 462 475
Bartling, Miss Hedwig, D. H. 120 -
Canadian Council for International
Co-operation 100 -
Canadian Red Cross Youth
Ontario Division 925 -
Quebec Division 463 464
Canadian Save The Children Fund 4,664 -
Unitarian Service Committee 6,591 9,761
Sundry donors 96 19

Denmark

Lutheran Aid Organization - 2,842
Statens Seruminstitut 600 -

Federal Republic of Germany

Daimler - Benz, Stuttgart - 1,093
Deutsche Bank, AG. 601 -
Diakonische Werk 63,903 18,500
Index - Werke KG, Esslingen - 546
Katholische Hauptschule - 137
Kraukenhagen, Gerndt 75 -
MISERE0R 10,004 -
Near East Representatives of German Banks 546 466
Refugee Campaign 1966-1967, Bavaria 500 -
Spehl, Heimut 149 -
Sundry donors 34 11
Table 21 (continued)
First six
Year months
Name of contributor 1969 of 1970___

Jordan

Municipal Council - Qalqilia 616 308
Anonymous 120 -
Sundry donors 179 153

Lebanon

American Mission 978 489
Ardill, R. H. 50 -
Bassoul, Heneine and Co. - 200
Cassis, Gabriel J. - 154
Greek Orthodox Community 615 308
Heirs of Saadeddine Shatila 1,230 615
Hortaman, John F. 50 -
Middle East Education Consultant 20 -
Mneimneh and Bohsaly 1,384 692
Rowland, Victor 70 -
Syrian Lebanese Mission 1,845 923
Taylor, Vernon - 200
The Church Council of the Evangelise
Gemeinde 421 -
Anonymous 1,016 256
Sundry Donors 8 40

Luxembourg

Association pour l'Aide aux Refugies
Palestiniens - 500
Biermann, P. 498 500

Malaysia

Masged Negara 412 -

Monaco

Les Guides de Monaco - 500

Netherlands

Leepel, Mrs. M. J. B. 279 -
Stichting Clubhingen - Zwalle - 54
Van der Valk, P.C. 300 -
Sundry donor 29 -

New Zealand

Council of Organizations for Relief Services
Overseas, Inc. (CORSO) 18,425 2,233
United Nations Association of New Zealand -
South Canterbury Branch 400 -


Table 21 (continued)
First six
Year months
Name of contributor 1969 of 1970___

Norway

Norwegian Aid Society for Refugees and
International Development - 1,100
Norwegian Refugee Council 16,321 6,599
Save the Children Fund 700 1,416

Portugal

Gulbenkian Foundation 20,000 10,000

Saudi Arabia

Arabian American Oil Co. (ARAMCO) 104,000 -

Sweden

Swedish Committee for Palestine Refugees 106 98
Swedish Organization for Individual Relief - 1,374
Swedish Save the Children Federation 481,164 51,886
Sundry donors 53 -

Switzerland

Association de Cooperative Franco-Algerienne
du Faucigny - 45
Association Suisse - Arabe - 432
Caritas 19,676 -
Evangelisch - Refermierten Kirchen
des Kantons - Schaffhausen 1,551 -
Hoffman La Roche 1,125 -
Krbec, Miss Eva Marie 185 93
Swiss Pastors 259 116
Van Berchem, Mrs. M. Gauthier 549 -
Sundry donors 2 -

Syria

Syrian local authorities 3,038 992

United Arab Republic

Butros, Dr. Nushi Abael Hadi 46 -

United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland

AitKen, Mr. and Mrs, M. M. W. 619 -
Ardrossan Churches' Group - Scotland 335 250
Catholic Women's League 2,400 -
Collegiate Schorol for Girls - Blackpool - 499
Hite, Mrs. P. A. 48 -
Imperial Chemical Industries (Ltd.) 80 -

Table 21 (continued)
First six
Year months
Name of contributor 1969 of 1970___

United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland (continued)

Iraq Petroleum Company 13,386 12,913
OXFAM 228,590 51,326
Rogers, Miss M. 984 -
Standing Conference of British Organizations
for Aid to Refugees, including:

Catholic Women's League )
Friends Service Council )
Help the Aged )
OXFAM ) 142,134 -
United Nations Association of Great )
Britain and Northern Ireland )
War on Want )
Aitken, Mrs. E. - 552
The Refugee Circle - 984
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and
Associated Hospitals, Scotland 100 -
United Nations Association of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland - Peterborough Branch 24 -
Sundry donors 90 69

United States of America

American Friends Committee 2,263 1,683
American Joint Distribution Committee 214 1,920
American Middle East Rehabilitation (AMER) 29,536 3,990
American Near East Refugee Aid, Inc. (ANERA) 40,000 -
American Near East Refugee Aid, Inc. (ANERA)
Contribution of Mr. and Mrs. Howard Page 1,000 1,500
Contribution of Mr. G. Piercy 500 500
Contribution of Mr. Harold Fisher 1,000 -
Balfour Declaration of the Western Hemisphere 64 -
Baligh, Mustafa H. - 200
Canate, Ruth - 50
First Congregation Church of San Francisco 500 -
Gardner, Mrs, Cary B. 100 -
Glover, Dr. M. and Dr. F. Jackson - 85
Hess, Mrs. Gertrude C. 100 -
Henderson, Mrs. Douglas C. 462 -
Hurlimann-Mader, Mrs. Marianne 1,000 -
Islamic Center of New York - 127
Johns, Leroy K. - 50
Munroe, Miss Gretel S. - 100
NAJDA, American Women for the Middle East 1,000 550
National Cash Register Company 6,000 -
Pal-Aid 448 -
Press, Mr. and Mrs. Robert 150 -
Righter, Thomas 190 -
Scarsdale - Hardsdale Chapter of the United
Nations Association of the U.S.A. Inc. 125 -
Schwittery, A. M. 100 50
Union Theological Seminary 800 -
Table 21 (continued)
First six
Year months
Name of contributor 1969 of 1970___

United States of America (continued)

U. S. Omen 250 -
United States People's Fund for the United
Nations, Inc. 2,093 60
Anonymous 1,250 -
Sundry donors 220 214

International organizations

Caritas (through Jordan office) 5,080 -
Church World Services Inc. - 54
Federation of Business and Professional Women:

International Federation 2,024 -
Australia 504 -
Canada 3,588 2,788
Denmark 24 -
Japan 131 -
New Zealand 499 550
Norway 492 -
Sweden 319 -
Switzerland 500 -
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland 1,571 499
United States of America 500 -
International Confederation of Free Trade
Unions 1,500 -
Lutheran World Federation 5,874 1,398
The Pontifical Mission for Palestine - 352
United Nations Educational Scientific and
Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 356,506 195,157
Women's Auxiliary of UNRWA 4,525 5,769
World Council of Churches/Near East
Christian Committee 92 40,000
World Health Organization (WHO) 83,508 43,032
Zonta International 20,801 17,000
Anonymous 462 -
Sundry donors 35 -
_________ ________

1,786,421 540,540



Tables 22-23

A 8013 Tables pages 99-100.pdf


ANNEX II

RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE TWENTY-THIRD WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY

Health assistance to refugees and displaced persons in the Middle East

WHA23.52

21 May 1970

The Twenty-third World Health Assembly,

Mindful of the principle that the health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security;

Having considered the Director-General's report of 1 May 1970, and the annual report of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for the Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA);

Recalling its resolutions WHA21.38 and WHA22.43 on health assistance to refugees and displaced persons in the Middle East;

Noting with grave concern that the refusal to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949, as well as the refusal to apply United Nations resolutions regarding the refugees and displaced persons continue to cause immense sufferings to the life and health of the inhabitants of the occupied territories as well as the refugees and the displaced persons in the Middle East,

1. REAFFIRMS its resolutions WHA21-38 and WHA22.43 on health assistance to refugees and displaced persons;

2. DEEMS IT NECESSARY, for the protection of the life and physical and mental health of the refugees and displaced persons, that they be immediately afforded their right to return to their homes, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations;

3. CALLS UPON Israel, for the safeguarding of the life and the physical and mental health of the inhabitants of the occupied territories, to abide by its obligations under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949;

4. EXPRESSES its appreciation to the Director-General of the WHO, the Director of Health of UNRWA and to the specialized and other organizations that provide assistance to the refugees, displaced persons and the inhabitants of the occupied territories in the Middle East; and

5. REQUESTS the Director-General of the WHO

(a) to issue a world-wide appeal to Governments and humanitarian organizations: to make available to the International Committee of the Red Cross, material and human aid to the inhabitants of the occupied territories;

(b) to take all other effective measures in his power to safeguard health conditions amongst refugees, displaced persons and the inhabitants of the occupied territories in the Middle East;

(c) to report to the Twenty-fourth World Health Assembly on the implementation of this resolution.

Fifteenth plenary meeting, 21 May l
A23/VR/15




ANNEX III

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE UNITED NATIONS
EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION


A

Item 4.2.3 - Co-operation with the United Nations Relief and,
Works Agency (UNRWA) (83 EX/8 and Add.)

The Executive Board,

1. Having examined the Director-General's report on co-operation with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) (83 EX/8 and Add.)

2. Recalling its previous decisions on this question and in particular decision 4.2.5 adopted at its eighty-second session,

3. Having heard the debate,

4. Commends the Director-General on the measures he has taken to implement the said decision;

5. Regrets the failure to import and put to use in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the occupied territories the textbooks approved by the Director--General;

6. Asks the Director-General to request the UNRWA authorities not to use in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools the textbooks indicated as unacceptable by him;

7. Urgently calls upon the Government of Israel to remove immediately any obstacles to the import and use of the textbooks approved by the Director-General in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the occupied territories so that the textbooks would be in practical use in the said schools as early as possible in the present scholastic year;

8. Asks the Director-General in the event of the Government of Israel failing to comply with paragraph 7 of this resolution to report urgently to the Board, so that the Board may reconsider the whole situation;

9. Asks the Director-General to report to the Executive Board at its next session on the application of this resolution.

Executive Board
Eighty-third session
83 EX/SR.21, 22 and 28




B

Item 4.2.1 - Co-operation with the United Nations Relief and
Works Agency (UNRWA) (84 EX/5 and Add.)
I

The Executive Board,

1. Having examined the Director-General's report (84 EX/5 and Add.) on co-operation with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA),

2. Recalling its previous decisions on this question and in particular decision 4.2.3 adopted at its eighty-third session,

3. Having heard the debate,

4. Considering the increasing shortage of textbooks in UNRWA/UNESCO schools for the refugee children from Palestine, especially in the occupied territories and the serious damage this shortage inflicts on the credibility of their education,

5. Realizing that these innocent schoolchildren are the direct victims and sufferers if this shortage continues,

6. Commends the Director-General on his continuous and dedicated efforts to implement its previous decisions in letter and spirit;

7. Deplores, with grave concern, the failure of the Government of Israel to comply with paragraph 7 of 83 EX/Decisions, 4.2.3 and physically admit all the textbooks approved by the Director-General of UNESCO into the occupied territories for distribution and use in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools;

8. Reiterates its earnest call upon the Government of Israel to authorize, within the shortest possible time, the admittance of all textbooks approved by the Director-General -into the occupied territories for distribution and use in the schools therein;

9. Invites all the parties concerned to co-operate fully with the Director-General in the implementation of the relevant resolutions of the Executive Board in order to ensure that the approved textbooks reach the hands of schoolchildren in the most convenient time;

10. Asks the Director-General, in the event of the Government of Israel failing to permit the importation into the occupied territories of these textbooks, to report urgently to the Board, in order to reconsider the matter and formulate its recommendations to the General Conference at its sixteenth session on the problem of textbooks in the occupied territories and the whole educational situation in UNRWA/UNESCO schools.

Executive Board
Eighty-fourth session
84 EX/SR. 27, 28 and 33
C

Item 4.2.1 - Co-operation with the United Nations Relief and
Works Agency (UNRWA) (84 EX/5 and Add.1) (continued)

II

The Executive Board,

1. Recalls the resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1969, which directed attention to the financial difficulties which UNRWA faces;

2. Considers that the great shortage in the resources of UNRWA will have a serious impact on the education of the children of Palestinian refugees;

3. Supports the recommendation of the Third Regional Conference of Ministers of Education and Ministers responsible for Economic Planning in the Arab States convened by UNESCO in Morocco from 12 to 20 January 1970, to launch an international appeal describing the conditions of the Palestinian refugees and urging participation in the provision of assistance to ensure the improvement and continuation of educational services for those refugees;

4. Authorizes the Director-General to take the appropriate steps to launch this appeal for voluntary contributions to UNRWA;

5. Invites the Director-General to report to the Executive Board at a future session on the implementation of this resolution.

Executive Board
Eighty-fourth session
84 EX/SR. 27, 28 and 33



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