L’exécution du programme adopté par la Conférence générale de l'UNESCO - Cent quatre-vingt-onzième session du Conseil exécutif - Rapport de la Directrice générale Français
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MLA 2: Enhancing the protection of cultural property and fighting against traffic in cultural property through the effective implementation of the 1954, 1970 and 2001 Conventions
Challenges related to the implementation of the 1954 (including its two Protocols), 1970 and 2001 Conventions include the provision of effective assistance – in the fight against illicit trafficking in cultural property and its protection – to countries in crisis, conflict or post-conflict situations (e. g. Libya, Syria, Mali), the necessity of providing proper governance to the 1970 Convention, in particular in view of the recent creation of two institutional mechanisms (Meeting of States Parties to be convened every two years, and annual eighteen-Member Subsidiary Committee of the Meeting of the States Parties), as well as the need to increase the ratification rate of the Second Protocol to the Hague Convention and of the 2001 Convention. To enhance cost-effectiveness, the Secretariat launched fund-raising initiatives with public and private donors for the organization of statutory meetings, training sessions and awareness-raising events. Consultations are being pursued with the organizers of capacity-building meetings in order to obtain coverage of travel and associated costs for UNESCO representatives. Italy seconded a senior police officer to reinforce the Secretariat of the 1970 Convention.
Expected Result 4: Protection of cultural properties through the effective implementation of the 1954 Convention and its two Protocols enhanced
− Different capacity development programmes focusing on ICT in education, special needs education and educational leadership have been conducted in the West Bank and Gaza as part of the development of pre-service teacher courses;
− As part of the Programme of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf for the Reconstruction of the Gaza Strip and funded by the Islamic Development Bank, UNESCO finalized a project in support of the reconstruction of scientific laboratories in universities in Gaza;
− Pilot schools in West Bank (32) and Gaza (14) have been selected and needs assessment conducted together with the MoE in order to mainstream inclusive education approaches to teaching and learning and establish a Grade 0 (pre-school).
451. Culture: The World Heritage programme, started in 2002, reached its peak in 2012 with the inscription of the “Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route” in Bethlehem into the World Heritage List, the first of thirteen sites currently included in Palestine’s Tentative List (PTL).
− In 2012, UNESCO’s action of preservation policies, advocacy media campaigns and assistance for legal support was key for the protection of the Jerusalem Southern Terraced Landscape-Battir, potential WH site, threatened of irreversible damage and obliteration;
− Based on the methodology of the Bethlehem Area Conservation and Management Plan, three other conservation plans were prepared for the following sites included in the PTL: Sebastia and the Jerusalem Southern Terraced Landscape-Battir in the West Bank and Tell Umm Amer in the Gaza Strip. On-going implementation of the plans addresses the safeguarding of the sites for future generations;
− The publication of the two volumes showcasing the Bethlehem Area Conservation and Management Plan as a model plan for safeguarding Palestinian Historic Urban Landscapes was finalized;
− Two joint programmes (MDG-F on Culture and Development in the oPt - completed, and Human Security in the Jordan Valley – ongoing in its final phase) achieved significant results and visibility, placing Culture on the agenda of the Palestinian Authority.
452. Communication and Information: Capacity-building of the WATTAN News Department and the Palestinian media in conflict-sensitive reporting to a diverse range of Palestinian media professionals to cover the factional conflict:
− Several workshops and training courses were held both in West Bank and Gaza, aiming at building the capacities of journalists, with the participation of 53 young Palestinian journalists, in the areas of safety, reporting in conflict sensitive situations and areas, filming and professional news gathering, writing and editing benefitted from the trainings.
− Two other activities took place on the occasion of 2012 World Press Freedom day (WPFD, which was held in West Bank and Gaza on two separate dates to accommodate the wide range of participation among professional journalists, editors, bloggers, professional associations and media owners, International and local freedom of expression experts and academics. On the same level of participation, four of UNESCO’s partners (2 females and 2 males) participated in the global event of the 2012 WPFD which was held in Tunisia.
− The implementation of the Media Development Indicators Methodology was launched by the advisory committee, under the guidance of the expert Toby Mendel who shall also review the report to be produced by two lead national coordinators in the West Bank and Gaza. The project is expected to be finished by July 2013.
453. Gender: Within the framework of the MDG focusing on achieving gender equality and under the technical leadership of UNESCO and UN Women, capacity of gender advocates to influence policy makers and legislators enhanced through two specific activities:
− Building capacities of gender advocates at the central level (Ministry of Women Affairs, Ministry of Health, Central Elections Commission, Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), NGOs) by training women in research and data analysis on gender-based violence and the linkages with policy formulation through the development of related action plans; and
− Building networking capacities of women organizations in Gaza and the West Bank. UNESCO has been focusing on a top-down approach to increase capacities of policy makers on gender-based violence, sex-disaggregated indicators, and integration of gender-sensitive indicators into national laws. UNESCO also delivered training sessions to the members of the PLC on gender equality.
454. Activities carried out by the Palestinian Women’s Research and Documentation Centre (PWRDC) contributed to the following three main outcomes:
− Research on gender equality in the occupied Palestinian territory was further developed with a view to inform advocacy on the policy level, and developing appropriate laws that protect women rights;
− Capacities of governmental and non-governmental organizations were strengthened to better address gender and human rights issues, focusing on behavioral changes;
− Coordination and partnerships were strengthened at the local, regional and international levels with a view to facilitate knowledge sharing and advocacy on gender equality.
Contribution to the UNCT activities
455. UNESCO continued effective coordination of the UN Education Group and particularly coordination of the implementation of the UN/MoE package on inclusive and child-friendly education and early childhood development with the Ministry of Education and eight other UN agencies with the objective of strengthening the capacity of MoE to promote access to quality education for all Palestinian children. This package has been instrumental in strengthening UN coordination in the education sector and is at the heart of the upcoming UNDAF for Palestine (education sector coordinated by UNESCO).
456. Besides contributing to the Interagency Rapid Assessment (IRA), UNESCO was a key partner to the Education Cluster assessment, with particular emphasis on assistance to Higher Education Institutions and reactivation of INEE network in Gaza. A follow-up to the conflict-Disaster Risk Reduction is included in the 2013 Consolidated Appeals Process for the occupied Palestinian territory.
457. The four main sectors of the UNESCO Ramallah Office, Education, Culture, Communication and Information and Gender are actively involved in the development of the UNDAF.
458. Due to the unstable political and security situation, significant delays were experienced in the education programme. The security situation in Gaza and the destruction of one of the pilot schools affected the installation. In the area of culture, sustainability of coordinated efforts for long-lasting developmental interventions cannot be ensured. Moreover, the developmental agenda is regularly superseded by the humanitarian agenda.
459. In the area of communication and information, funding is a challenge. While most of the activities had high impact on the journalism community and professionals, lack of adequate equipment is constraining the effectiveness and sustainability of the capacity development programmes.