with the support necessary for their well-being during their protracted displacement while the camp is being reconstructed. Temporary schools, health clinics, relief offices and other installations were established in NBC Adjacent Areas and in Beddawi camp (where approximately 10,000 displaced refugees still live) through funding from the previous Emergency Appeal and the RERA.
Given that most refugees in the north were affected by the NBC conflict and in order to rationalise resources and operations, UNRWA amalgamated the NBC Project Management Unit (PMU) with its Area Office and the regular programmes in North Lebanon (education, health and relief and social services) in early 2009. The new Northern Management Unit (NMU), based in Tripoli, has since taken over responsibility for all of UNRWA’s regular programmes in North Lebanon and continues to manage the NBC relief, recovery and reconstruction operations.
Recognising that feelings of insecurity, lack of trust and scepticism that the camp will ever be rebuilt are common in the community, UNRWA has striven to develop better communication channels and dialogue with the refugees.
The Relief and Early Recovery Appeal (RERA) for NBC was launched in Beirut, on 11 September 2008, by UNRWA together with the GoL, represented by Ambassador Khalil Makkawi from the Lebanese-Palestinian Dialogue Committee (LPDC), and Palestinian Ambassador Abbas Zakki. The launch, which was attended by many representatives of the donor community based in Beirut, was combined with a technical presentation on the reconstruction of the camp. The RERA outlined the funding requirements up to the end of December 2009, totalling $42.7 million that would enable UNRWA to continue providing critical relief assistance as well as to support recovery activities, including rubble removal operations in the destroyed camp. The RERA followed two prior appeals launched by UNRWA to respond to the emergency, a Flash Appeal (June-August 2007) and an Emergency Appeal (September 2007-August 2008), which together raised $60 million.
The broad strategy outlined in the RERA requested funding for a wide range of services to support the displaced population and those directly affected by the conflict in the Adjacent Areas and indirectly in Beddawi camp: food and non-food items (NFIs), shelter, water and sanitation, health, education, protection, early recovery activities, including rubble removal in the destroyed camp, and coordination and security operations.
Donors responded generously to the RERA and by the end of December 2009, $28.2 million (or 66% of the budget requested) had been received in confirmed pledges from Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Centra Emergency Response Fund (CERF), the European Commission (EC), the EC Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO), Germany, Italy, Turkey, Norway and the US. Several donors also provided $5.6 million for additional projects outside of the RERA but related to NBC early recovery – Austria, Baleares Regional Government (Spain), Germany, UK and the United Arab Emirates Red Crescent (see Financial Summary Section 4). In total $33.8 million was donated towards NBC relief and recovery activities from September 2008 to the end of December 2009. Most activities that were funded under the RERA are continuing into 2010, and the balance accrued at the end of 2009 has been rolled over to 2010 with the permission of the donors. Separate to the RERA, an additional $11 million was provided to UNRWA in 2008-2009 for rubble removal by Belgium, Denmark, the EC, and the Netherlands and by the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (Finland, Norway and Spain).
With the funding received, UNRWA was able to provide support to all displaced families as well as to those who moved back to their damaged homes in the Adjacent Areas once these areas were opened up by the LAF. A small number of Lebanese families living in the Adjacent Areas who were also affected by the conflict were provided with food assistance up to the end of 2009.
Work on NBC’s reconstruction started in Package 1 on 25 November 2009, following the demolition of destroyed buildings, the removal of most of the rubble and clearance of Unexploded Ordnance (UXO), and construction will continue (funding permitting) until 2012. During work on the reconstruction UNRWA is committed to providing basic humanitarian assistance until all families can be rehoused in the rebuilt camp. A faster reconstruction process will mean less costs, in terms of both the reconstruction and the cost of maintaining the displaced refugees.
While UNRWA does not plan to launch another special appeal in 2010, following the end of the RERA, the Agency will continue to fundraise for ongoing activities started under the RERA and particularly for priority projects/activities that cover relief and recovery assistance in 2010-2011 (rental cash subsidies, hospitalisation, food assistance, and shelter maintenance until the camp has been fully reconstructed – a separate project proposal and budgets has been prepared.
This report outlines the activities funded under the RERA that were carried out from September 2008 to December 2009.