The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 62/159, in which the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to report to it at its sixty-third session on the implementation of the resolution. The report reaffirms the obligation and responsibility of States to protect internationally recognized fundamental rights that could be infringed while countering terrorism. It examines States’ practice in protecting non-derogable rights, in particular the right to life and the absolute prohibition of torture and ill-treatment, as well as obligations concerning the transfer of persons suspected of engagement in terrorist activities or deemed to be a threat to national security. The report also examines States’ practice to protect human rights and the limitations placed on the exercise of fundamental freedoms and human rights in the context of counter-terrorism, particularly freedom of expression, and considers the impact on the right to a fair trial. The report draws a number of specific conclusions and recommendations directed to Member States.