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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
11 October 2005


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

Protection of Civilians - Weekly Briefing Notes

5 - 11 October 2005


Protection – Deaths and injuries . Shelter and Property – People displaced, House demolitions, Demolition orders . Natural Resources - Land levelling, Requisitions, Tree Uprooting . Restrictions on Medical Assistance - Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations . Access and Movement for Civilians - Curfews, Access to education, Access to employment, Closures/Movement restrictions . Additional Protection Issues

Of note this week:
For the third week, the IDF and Border Police maintained a total closure of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. No permit holders have been allowed to access Israel since 24 September and only limited humanitarian cases were facilitated. The Israeli military also restricted Palestinians entry into Jerusalem to attend the first Friday prayer during the month of Ramadan at the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

1. Physical Protection



Casualty Incidents:
• 5 October: A Palestinian attempted to stab an IDF soldier at Beit Furik checkpoint, Nablus. The IDF soldiers fired at the Palestinian which resulted in a Palestinian bystander being injured. The Palestinian who tried to attack the soldier was arrested.
5 October: An Israeli settler was lightly injured when Palestinian youth stoned his car near the village of Mikhmas, Jerusalem. Some damage was also reported to the car.
6 October: A Palestinian was killed when an explosive device prematurely detonated near an Israeli military post in ‘Asira ash Shamaliya village area, Nablus.
7 October: An 11-year-old Palestinian boy was seriously injured when Israeli settlers from the settlement of Beit Hadassah threw stones through the protective net erected by the IDF above Old Al Shallalah street, H2 Area of Hebron City.
8 October: A 13-year-old Palestinian minor was injured in the Palestinian town of Surif, Hebron, when the IDF shot him. The circumstances surrounding the incident remain unclear.
9 October: An exchange of fire took place between the IDF and Palestinian gunmen near the ‘Asira ash Shamaliya road block north of Nablus City, Nablus. A 24-year-old Palestinian was killed.
9 October: IDF entered ‘Ein Beit el Ma refugee camp, Nablus, and clashes erupted between with Palestinian stone throwers. One Palestinian was injured.
10 October; Three Palestinians aged 15, 17 and 20 years old were shot dead by the IDF near the Gaza Strip eastern border in Deir Al Balah.

2. Shelter and Property

Incidents:
• No incidents to report.
8 October: Israeli settlers from the outpost of Neve Daniel north have occupied an uninhabited house that belongs to a Palestinian family from the town of Al Khadr, Bethlehem.
• The temporary occupation of houses by the IDF continued to take place in the H2 Area of Hebron City. This week the IDF occupied three houses for a period of 12 to 36 hours.

3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting1

Nablus, Jenin and Tubas Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

Tulkarm Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Salfit Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Jerusalem Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Jericho Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents to report.

________________
1 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare


4. Restriction on Humanitarian Assistance
• 11 October: The ICRC family visitation programme to Israeli prisons remained suspended as a result of the total closure imposed on the West Bank and Gaza Strip since 24 September.

5. Access and Movement for Civilians

a) Curfews



9 October: The IDF enforced a curfew on Beita village, Nablus, for six hours.

b) Access to Education

Hebron Governorate:
8 - 11 October: The IDF and Border Police intensified their presence around Hebron University and Al Quds Open University, H1 Area of Hebron City. The IDF soldiers harassed and physically assaulted both the students and university staff. The long checking system which the IDF soldiers employed caused delays and disrupted the school day.
• Ongoing incidents:
c) Access to Employment

Since 24 September, the IDF and Israeli Border Police have imposed a total closure on the West Bank and Gaza Strip. No permit holders (worker or traders) were allowed access to Israel.

d) Closures/Movement restrictions

Nablus Governorate:
5 October: The IDF closed the road connecting Sarra village to Road No. 55 near Sarra checkpoint with road blocks.
9 October: The IDF removed restrictions on some vehicular movement at Zaatara (Tapppuah) checkpoint. Since the 25 September the checkpoint had been closed for vehicular movement for residents of northern West Bank (Jenin, Tubas, Nablus, Tulkarm and Qalqiliya) unless they have a special permit to cross checkpoints in the West Bank.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jenin Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Tubas Governorate:
9 October: The IDF detained five shepherds in an area near Al Malaih village, Tubas, and held them at Tayasir checkpoint for several hours.
• Ongoing incidents:
Tulkarm Governorate:
5 October: The IDF opened Taybeh commercial checkpoint which was closed during the Jewish New Year holiday.
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

Salfit Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
9 October: At approximately 3pm the IDF checked Palestinian cars at Atara partial checkpoint for about two hours. Delays were reported.
10 October: At approximately 2.30pm the IDF set up a flying checkpoint between Surda and Ramallah for at least two hours. Palestinians experienced long delays and were unable to reach their residents on time for “Iftar” (breaking of the fast during the month of Ramadan).
10 October: At approximately 3pm the IDF set up a flying checkpoint near Ras Karkar for about 1 ½ hours checking Palestinian’s vehicles. Delays were reported.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jerusalem Governorate:
7 October: The Israeli Border Police only allowed Palestinians above the age of 45 years old to enter Jerusalem for the Friday prayer at the Al Aqsa Mosque in the Old City.

Jericho Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

Hebron Governorate:
5 - 11 October: The IDF erected flying checkpoints at entrances to major Palestinian towns and on the main roads in Hebron governorate. Vehicles travelling between Bethlehem and Hebron faced problems getting through Gush Etzion checkpoint.
5, 10, 11 October: The Israeli authorities denied the access of Palestinians to the Tomb of the Patriarchs (Al-Ibrahimi Mosque) in the Old City.
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
7 October: At Gilo checkpoint, the Israeli Border Police only allowed Palestinians above the age of 45 years old to enter Jerusalem for the Friday prayer at the Al Aqsa Mosque in the Old City.
• The IDF has removed the military observation tower placed in front of the village of Husan, along Road No. 375.
• According to the Palestinian Ministry of Tourism, 29,000 tourists entered the city of Bethlehem during the month of September. The movement of tourists has increased by 15% to the last month (August) but is still four times less than for the same month pre-intifada (September 1999). In September 2004, a total of 7,515 tourists entered Bethlehem.



The Gaza Strip:
Since 24 September the IDF have imposed a total closure on the West Bank and Gaza Strip. No permit holders (worker or traders) were allowed access to Israel from the Gaza Strip. Rafah crossing point has remained closed since 7 September

6. Additional Protection Issues














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