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"As is" reference - not a United Nations document

Source: Russian Federation
Egypt
3 May 2005


JOINT DECLARATION

On reinforcing of friendly and partnership between
The Arab Republic of Egypt and the Russian Federation


Cairo,  27/04/2005

    The Arab Republic of Egypt and the Russian Federation, herein called the parties, building on the historical traditions of friendships, mutual respect and constructive cooperation between the two peoples and both states; taking into account the agreements between the two states, including the Declaration on principles of friendly relations and cooperation, as well as the long- term program of development of trade and economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperation between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Russian Federation, both signed on April 27, 2001 in Moscow; determined to further strengthen the friendly relations, cooperation and partnership, reaffirming their commitment to the generally recognized principals and norms of international law, including those enshrined in the united Nations Charter, as well as international treaties to which Egypt and Russia are parties; proceeding from the commitment to the establishment of a more democratic multipolar world order based on the strict respect for sovereignty of all the states of the world;
guided by the aim to establish a new, secure and  just world order, more convinced that a further strengthening of their friendship and mutually beneficial cooperation meets of both countries and contributes to the establishment of peace and security in the middle east, declare as the following;

    1.The parties note with satisfaction that the bilateral relations between Egypt and Russia have acquired a new level of strategic partnership during the last years.

    2. The parties confirm their desire to further develop their relations and cooperation guided by the universal recognized principles and norms of international law, specially those enshrined in the UN Charter, as well as the principle of equality, mutual respect, trust and mutual benefit.

    3.The parties are convinced that unconditional primacy of the rules of international law, respect for legitimate interest and national sovereignties of all member states of the world community in accordance with such principles as well as the collective methods of countering threats and the challenges to security and sustainable development with central coordinating role played by the UN should form the core of the world order in the 21st century.

    4.The Russia Federation regards the Arab Republic of Egypt as an influential and major member of the international community, and in this connection declares the Egypt in a worthy candidate for a permanent seat in an enlarged UN security council, provided reaching the broadest possible agreement on security council reform.

    5. The parties shall pursue close coordination and cooperation within the framework of various UN bodies and specialized agencies on key international issues and problems related in particular to the prevention and peaceful settlement of the regional crises and conflict, as well as combating infectious diseases and environmental degradation.

    6.They shall cooperate in the areas of the maintaining and strengthening international peace and security, non- proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and means of their delivery, disarmament and prevention of an arms race in outer space. In this context, they stressed the importance of the Egyptian initiative submitted in 1990, to establish the Middle East as a zone free of weapons of mass destruction. The parties shall coordinate their efforts for the establishment of a zone free weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.           

   7. The Parties shall closely coordinate their efforts aimed at reaching a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East on the basis of the UN Security Council resolutions 242, 338, and other relevant resolutions of the international community, the Madrid principles, the Arab peace initiative approved by the Beirut Summit of the League of the Arab States in 2002 and re-affirmed by Algeria Summit in 2005, and the Road Map. The Parties stand for ensuring the leading role of the Quartet in the advancing the peace process.

    They welcome the positive developments in the Palestinian-Israeli track and call for the full implementation of the Palestinian-Israeli understandings reached at the Sharm El-Sheikh Summit on February 8, 2005 in the interests of a sound negotiating process.

    The Parties are convinced that earliest resumption of negotiations on the Syrian and Lebanese tracks without any preconditions would contribute to the advancement towards comprehensive settlements of the Arab-Israeli conflict, including the end of the occupation of all Arab territories.

    8. The Parties express their commitment to the preservation of unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq and support for all the political process in this country aimed at reaching national reconciliation and accord, ensuring tights and interests of all Iraqis irrespective of their ethnic and religious affiliation in accordance with the UN Security Council Resolution 1546 the implementation of which provides conditions for the withdrawal of the foreign troops from Iraq.

    9.  The parties strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations wherever and whomsoever committed and all will continue to cooperate together with members of the international community in fighting terrorism in accordance with norms and principles of the charter of the United Nations. They stress that terrorism is under no circumstances justifiable by considerations of political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or other similar nature. Both parties reconfirmed that terrorist acts constitute a crime and should be punished by penalties consistent with their grave nature. In this regard both parties welcome the adoption by the UN General Assembly of the international Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism; having stressed exceptionally great importance of the Convention, inter alia for the maintenance of the international peace and security, they were convinced that it will facilitate rallying states in the struggle against the terrorist challenges. The parties shall also cooperate in combating transnational organized crime, money laundering, illicit trafficking of drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors. For these purposes they shall facilitate in every possible way the intensification of contacts between their respective agencies.

    10. They declare their firm intention to promote in every possible way the dialogue among civilizations. Egypt and Russia, while having positive experience of coexistence of many religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam - believe that it is pertinent in the context of growing conflicts in the world to accelerate the dialogue between various cultures and civilizations.

    11.They shall encourage the development of parliamentary ties and exchanges and also actively use the consultation and coordination mechanisms between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of both countries in accordance with the protocol on Strategic Cooperation and Dialogue signed on September 4, 2004 in Cairo. The parties have agreed to establish a Joint high level bilateral committee to be headed by the Deputy Foreign Ministers of each country. Special attention will be paid to the Arab-Israeli conflict, the achievement of a comprehensive and just peace in the Middle East, as well as to the whole spectrum of urgent international and regional issues of mutual interest.

    12.The Parties confirm their intention to build up the mutually beneficial trade, economic, scientific and technical cooperation, particularly in the area of energy, oil and gas production and transportation, investments, high technology and other areas of mutual interest.   They shall promote contacts between research institutions and higher educational establishments, encourage the implementation of joint projects and programs in the field of science and technology, exchange of scientific experience and information with regard to their mutual needs and in compliance with their international obligations. In order to make full use of the available potential for interaction they intend to employ effectively the mechanism of the joint Egyptian-Russian Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technological Cooperation.

    13.They shall encourage in every possible way the development of ties and contacts between businessmen and their associations, including the Egyptian-Russian Business Council.

14.The Parties have agreed to develop their traditional military and technical cooperation taking into account their mutual interests and international obligations.

    15.They shall encourage in every possible way the development of their cultural and humanitarian ties, particularly in the field of education, through exchange of scholarships for universities and post-graduate studies and intensifying contacts between universities. They shall provide conditions for teaching the Russian and Arabic languages on a wider basis in the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Russian Federation respectively. In this context, the parties agreed to facilitate the completion of the necessary arrangements for the establishment of the Russian–Egyptian university in Cairo.

    16.The Parties shall continue to promote cooperation on sports, youth as well as tourist exchanges.


Copyright © 2004 Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Arab Republic of Egypt.

Address: Maspero - Cornish El Nile - Cairo
Telephone: (+202) 5746861 - 5746862


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