The UNITED NATIONS WORKS AND RELIEF AGENCY deplores the violence in Dera’a refugee camp in southern Syria, which reportedly claimed the lives of Palestine refugees and severely damaged UNRWA’s Health Centre and Women’s Programme Centre.
Initial reports indicate the Dera’a Palestine refugee camp was directly affected by intensive armed conflict on October 12, 2013, alleging that seven Palestine refugees were killed and 15 others injured. As a result of the intense fighting, UNRWA’s Primary Health Care Centre and Women’s Programme Centre sustained heavy damage.
“Reports from Dera’a of the further loss of Palestinian lives are deeply distressing”, lamented Michael Kingsley-Nyinah, Director of UNRWA Affairs in Syria. “UNRWA repeats its calls on all parties to desist from conducting armed conflict in Palestine refugee camps and other civilian areas and to comply with their obligations under international humanitarian law”.
The armed conflict is devastating Palestinian lives and homes. War damage to UNRWA’s facilities limits the availability of essential services and aggravates the humanitarian crisis felt by the Palestine refugees. The full extent of the loss and degradation of humanitarian assets remains to be ascertained as many are located in camps and communities, which are not safe to access. These include Yarmouk, Sbeineh, Khan Eshieh, Ein El Tal, Dara’a and Husseiniyeh.
The Dera’a Health Centre was reconstructed and fully re-equipped with donor funds in June 2008. Prior to the conflict, the centre offered a wide range of health services to over 25,000 Palestine refugees residing in Dera’a camp and the surrounding areas. The outbreak of war caused many refugees to seek safety outside the camp and for many months had prevented the health centre from functioning normally.
Despite extreme challenges, UNRWA continues to support some 420,000 Palestine refugees in Syria with health care, primary education, cash transfers, food assistance, psycho-social support access to micro-finance and other humanitarian services. The pursuit of military solutions to the Syria conflict aggravates the already severe human suffering being endured by Syrians and Palestinians alike. Once again, and fully in accordance with the Presidential Statement of the UN Security Council on the humanitarian situation on Syria adopted on 2 October, UNRWA appeals to all sides and to the international community to urgently resolve the Syria conflict through a peaceful process of mediation and dialogue.
UNRWA is a United Nations agency established by the General Assembly in 1949 and is mandated to provide assistance and protection to a population of some 5 million registered Palestine refugees. Its mission is to help Palestine refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, West Bank and the Gaza Strip to achieve their full potential in human development, pending a just solution to their plight. UNRWA’s services encompass education, health care, relief and social services, camp infrastructure and improvement, and microfinance.
Financial support to UNRWA has not kept pace with an increased demand for services caused by growing numbers of registered refugees, expanding need, and deepening poverty. As a result, the Agency's General Fund (GF), supporting UNRWA’s core activities and 97 per cent reliant on voluntary contributions, has begun each year with a large projected deficit. Currently the deficit stands at US$ 54.3 million.
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