Attachment to UNCTAD/ECDC/SEU/1

(thousands)

Source
Area
Dec. 1948
1 June 1949
1950
1951
1952
1955
1960
1961
1965
30 May 1967
a/
West Bank
Gaza Strip
415 - 426
78.7-81.7
295
369
900
450
b/
West Bank
Gaza Strip
755
290
801.3
369.2
c/
West Bank
Gaza Strip
435
85
d/
West Bank
Gaza Strip
742.3
805.5
e/
West Bank
Gaza Strip
494
80
f/
West Bank
Gaza Strip
268 845
385
g/
West Bank
Gaza Strip
764.9
240.3
781.5
260.4
798.9
302
855.7
342.9
As % of total
Palestinian
Population
West Bank
Gaza Strip
29.7-30.5
5.6- 5.8
31.1-33.7
5.5- 6.1
51.3
16.2
47.3
18.1
46.4 3
16.8-18.4
46.0
15.3-16.0
40.9
14.5
36.5
16.8
36.8
14.6
31.9-34.0 14.5-17.0

Sources:

a/ J. Abu Lughod, 1973, The Demographic Transformation of Palestine, Association of Arab-American University Graduates, Information Paper No. 5, North Darmouth, p. 160.
b/ N. Badran, 1981, "Socio-Economic Trends and Results of the Palestinian Emigration", Samed Al Iqtisadi, No. 32, pp. 47-48.
c/ J.P. Chagnollaud, 1983, "Palestine l'enjeu demographique", Revue d'Etudes Palestiniennes, No. 7, Printemps, quoted in B. Khader, 1984, Palestinian Demography 1900-2000: The Stake and the Challenge, cited in The Demographic Characteristics of the Arab Palestinian People, The Arabic Institute for Training and Statistical Research, Beirut, p. 634.
d/ Jordan Department of Statistics, 1953, Census of Housing, 1952, Amman, p. 28; 1964, Census of Population and Housing, 1962, Amman, p. 28.
e/ T. Maswadeh, 1978, "Demographic Conditions in Palestine During the Second Quarter of the Twentieth Century", M.A. Thesis, University of Cairo, Cairo, p. 272.
f/ E.F. Sabatello, 1983, The Populations of Israel's Administered Territories: Some Demographic Trends and Implications, The West Bank Data Base Project, The Jerusalem Post, Jerusalem, p. 9.
g/ United States Bureau of Census, 1985, Palestine Population 1950-1984 by M.K. Roof & K.G. Kinsella, Washington, p. 18.
Table 1.2.  Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip
(thousands and percentages)

West Bank
Gaza Strip
East Jerusalem
Annual growth rate    1931-1944 a/
2.4
2.7
..
Total population           1948 a/
420
80
..
Indigenous population      1949 b/
430.2
82.2
..
Refugee population         1949 c/
280
197
..
Total population           1949 b/
710.2
279.2
..
Annual growth rate    1949-1951 c/
2.5
2.7
..
Total population           1952 b/
765.5
302.8
85.6
Annual growth rate    1952-1961 b/
0.91
2.7
..
Total population           1961 b/
830.8
386.1
107.4
Annual growth rate    1962-1967 b/
0.91
2.5
2.5
Total population    30 May 1967 b/
872.8
442.1
123.1

Sources:

a/  J. Abu Lughod, The Demographic Transformation of Palestine, Association of Arab-American University Graduates, Information Papers No. 5, North Darmouth, 1973, p. 160.

b/  Author's estimate.

c/  United Nations, "First Interim Report of the United Nations Economic Survey Mission for the Middle East, Part 1" (A/1106), New York, 1949.

Table 1.3.  Crude birth rate, crude death rate, gross reproduction
rate, life expectancies at birth in Jordan (1950-65),
medium variant, per thousands and years

  1950-55  1955-60  1960-65
Crude birth rate
45.4
46.8
48.0
Crude death rate
21.0
21.1
18.7
Gross reproduction rate
 3.5
 3.5
 3.5
Life expectancies at birth
   Both sexes
43.2
45.7
48.7
   Males
42.2
44.6
46.9
   Females
44.3
46.9
49.5

Source:  United Nations, 1981 World Population Prospects As Assessed in 1980, Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, Population Studies, No. 78, New York, pp. 48-94.

Table 1.4.  Distribution of population of the Hashemite Kingdom
of Jordan by district, 1952 and 1961
(percentages)

District
1952
1961
West Bank-subtotal
55.8
47.2
  Nablus
23.7
20.0
  Jerusalem
22.7
20.2
  Hebron
 9.4
 7.0
East Bank-subtotal
44.2
52.8
  Ajlun
16.1
16.1
  Balqa'a
 7.0
 4.6
  Amman
14.3
25.5
  South
 6.7
 6.6
  Total     100     100

Sources:

Calculated from:

Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Housing 1952, Amman, 1953, pp. 27-28.

Ibid., Census of Population and Housing 1961, Amman, 1964, pp. 30-31.

Table 1.5.  Emigration from the West Bank towards the East Bank,
1962 - 1 April 1967 (percentages)

From
To
Nablus
Jerusalem
Hebron
West Bank
Amman
20.3
57.0
22.7
69.7
Zarka
42.0
46.2
11.8
22.7
Rsaifa
60.7
20.7
18.6
 3.5
Aqaba
28.6
32.0
39.4
 3.9
Total No.
4 592
8 870
3 523
16 985
Percentage
  27.0
52.2
20.8
      100

Source:  Jordan Department of Statistics, Study of Internal Migration and Full Enumeration for Amman, Jerusalem, Zarka, Irbid, and Aqaba Cities, Amman, 1967, p. 10.


Table 1.6.  Distribution of the Gaza Strip population 1958 and 1966
(thousands and percentages)

Principal
1958 a/
1966 b/
1958
1966
Annual growth
Location
%
%
1958-66
Gaza 98 973152 776
27.7
33.6
 5.4
Jabalya camp 23 482 49 009
 6.6
10.8
 9.2
Deir el Balah  3 808 15 002
 1.1
3.3
17.1
Bureij camp 11 820 14 204
 3.3
3.1
 2.3
Nuseirat camp 15 255 20 416
 4.3
4.5
 3.6
Khan Yunis 40 204 75 155
11.2
16.5
 7.8
Rafah 14 588 66 181
 4.1
14.5
18.9
Total357 526454 900
100.00
100.00
 3.0

Sources:

a/  General Administrative Governor of Gaza, Official Statistical Bulletin 1955-1958, Cairo, 1959, p. 6.

b/  M.A. Khlousi, "Economic Development in the Gaza Strip 1948-1966",  Cairo, 1967, quoted in A. Dahlan, Population Characteristics and Settlement Changes in the Gaza Strip. Ph.D thesis, University of Durham, Durham, United Kingdom, 1987, p. 30.

Table 1.7.  Emigrants from the West Bank living outside the Kingdom
of Jordan by place of origin and destination areas, 1961
(percentages)

Place of Origin
Place of destination
Nablus
Jerusalem
Hebron
Total
Arab countries as percentage of total
91.53
63.40
88.18
81.40
Asia
0.50
0.63
1.90
0.55
Africa
0.03
0.08
...
0.05
Europe
4.23
4.34
5.00
4.30
Americas
3.21
31.11
3.92
13.20
Total number    
30 757
17 923
1 582
50 262
Percentage              
61.0
36.0
3.0
100

Source:  Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, p. 315.

Table 1.8. Emigrants from the West Bank and Gaza Strip 1952 - 30 May 1967
(thousands)

Year
Actual
population
at beginning
of period
Actual
population
at end of
period
Expected
population at end of period (N.I.)
Emigrants
Emigrants
as % of
expected
population
Annual growth
a/ 1952-1961
West Bank
742 289
805 450
946 469
141 019
15.0
0.91
Gaza Strip
302 800
372 438
411 197
38 759
9.4
2.3
b/ 1961 - 30 May 1967
West Bank
805 450
850 543
959 980
109 436
11.4
1.0
Gaza Strip
372 438
406 158
447 756
41 598
9.3
1.6
c/ 1952 - 30 May 1967
West Bank
742 289
850 543
1 127 583
385 294
34.2
0.94
Gaza Strip
302 800
406 158
494 353
88 195
17.8
2.04

Source: Author's estimate.

N.I: Natural Increase N.I for West Bank: a/ 2.7 b/ 3.24 c/ 2.9 and for Gaza at 3.4.


Table 1.9.  Population of the West Bank by type of settlement (1961, 1967)
(percentages)

Subdistrict
1961 a/
1967 b/
Urban
Rural
Urban
Rural
Refugee
camps
Nablus District
27.0
70.5
22.9
67.3
9.8
       Nablus
26.5
73.5
27.4
61.3
11.3
       Tulkarm
39.3
60.7
26.6
62.9
10.5
       Jenin
16.6
83.4
10.7
82.9
6.4
Jerusalem District
44.7
53.9
48.9
42.6
8.5
       Jerusalem
56.3
43.7
68.8
25.6
5.6
       Ramallah
25.4
74.6
24.6
68.2
7.2
       Bethlehem
64.6
35.4
52.2
35.7
12.2
       Jericho
15.3
84.7
58.5
9.7
31.8
Hebron District
31.7
66.9
32.4
62.6
4.9
Total
33.0
65.1
34.1
57.4
8.5

Sources:

a/  Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, p. 28.

b/  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population 1967, Jerusalem, 1968, Publication No. 3, pp. 4-5.

Table 1.10.  Age and sex distribution of the West Bank
and Jerusalem district population, 1961
(thousands)

Age
Group
West Bank
Jerusalem
Male
Female
Sex ratio
Male
Female
Sex ratio
  <1
16 527
14 966
110.4
6 718
6 112
110.0
 1-4
58 275
52 952
110.1
23 674
21 621
109.5
 5-9
58 554
53 215
110.0
24 411
22 240
103.8
10-14
59 671
49 757
119.0
24 827
20 711
119.0
15-19
43 714
45 525
96.0
19 245
18 971
101.4
20-24
27 241
34 192
79.7
13 454
14 214
94.7
25-29
23 583
28 958
81.4
11 606
11 974
96.9
30-34
18 164
22 676
80.1
8 657
9 665
89.8
35-39
15 690
21 699
72.3
7 238
9 374
77.2
40-44
12 379
15 508
79.8
5 476
6 556
83.5
45-49
11 308
12 879
87.8
5 061
5 615
90.1
50-54
12 352
14 020
88.1
5 402
6 186
87.3
55-59
 9 371
8 466
110.7
3 894
3 821
101.9
60-64
10 656
11 054
96.4
4 448
4 962
89.6
65-69
 6 623
6 133
108.0
2 880
2 882
99.9
70-74
 5 956
6 769
88.0
2 485
3 033
81.9
75+
 8 125
8 482
95.8
3 329
3 528
94.4
Total
398 189
407 251
97.8
172 805
171 465
100.8
49.4
50.6
50.2
49.8
Source:  Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, pp. 41-43.


Table 1.11.  Distribution of West Bank population,
by age groups and district, 1961
(percentages)

Age group
Nablus
Jerusalem
Hebron
Total
 0-14
45.7
43.7
48.0
45.2
15-29
24.9
26.0
24.1
25.5
30-49
15.9
16.7
15.3
16.2
50-64
8.4
8.3
7.2
8.2
 65+
5.1
5.2
5.4
5.2
Total
100
100
100
100

Source:  Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, pp. 41-43.


Table 1.12.  Sex ratio of men to women in the West Bank,
by type of residence and district, 1961

District
Urban
Rural
Total
Nablus
102.9
90.5
93.9
Jerusalem
100.7
100.8
100.8
Hebron
106.2
98.0
100.4
Total
102.3
95.3
97.8

Source:  Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964 p. 28.

Table 2.1. Palestinian population of the West Bank, East Jerusalem,
and the Gaza Strip 1967-1988
(thousands and percentages)

Years
West
Bank b/
East
Jerusalem c/
Sub-
total
%
Change
Index
(1967 base)
Gaza
Strip d/
%
Change
Index
(1967 base)
1967 a/
585.7
65.9
651.6
-23.4
76.6
352.3
-20.3
79.7
1968
583.1
68.7
651.8
+0.03
76.6
334.0
-6.8
75.5
1969
597.9
71.1
669.0
+2.6
78.7
340.5
+1.9
77.0
1970
607.8
72.9
680.7
+1.7
80.0
346.0
+1.6
78.3
1971
622.6
75.7
698.3
+2.6
82.1
354.2
+2.4
80.1
1972
633.7
78.3
712.0
+2.0
83.7
361.9
+2.2
81.9
1973
652.4
81.7
734.1
+3.1
86.3
375.7
+3.8
85.0
1974
669.7
89.6
759.3
+3.4
89.3
387.6
+3.2
87.7
1975
675.2
92.4
767.6
+1.1
90.3
398.5
+2.8
90.1
1976
683.3
96.5
779.8
+1.6
91.7
409.7
+2.8
92.7
1977
695.8
99.8
795.6
+2.0
93.5
422.4
+3.1
95.5
1978
708.0
103.2
811.2
+2.0
95.4
433.8
+2.7
98.1
1979
718.7
106.6
825.3
+1.7
97.0
444.7
+2.5
100.6
1980
724.3
110.6
834.9
+1.2
98.2
456.5
+2.7
103.3
1981
731.8
113.0
844.8
+1.2
99.3
468.9
+2.7
106.1
1982
749.3
115.8
865.1
+2.4
101.7
477.3
+1.8
108.0
1983
771.8
117.5
889.3
+2.8
104.6
494.5
+3.6
111.9
1984
793.4
121.7
915.1
+2.9
107.6
509.9
+3.1
115.5
1985
815.5
125.1
940.6
+2.8
110.6
527.0
+3.4
119.2
1986
837.7
128.4
966.1
+2.7
113.6
545.0
+3.4
123.3
1987
868.1
131.3
999.4
+3.5
117.5
565.6
+3.8
127.9
1988
895.0
134.2
1 029.2
+3.0
121.0
589.0
+4.1
133.2

Source: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, 1969-1989, Nos. 20-40, Jerusalem.

a/ Base year population on 30 May 1967: 850,500 people in the West Bank and 442,100 people in the Gaza Strip (see table 1.2). Population figures cited here are at 30 June 1967 (i.e., post-war).

b/ Excluding east Jerusalem.

c/ Author's end of year estimate obtained as follows:

A. Calculate the annual growth rate of non-Jewish population of the pre-1967 Jerusalem district between 1948-1961, which would be 3.152 per cent.
B. Estimate of non-Jewish population of the pre-1967 Jerusalem by assuming the same growth rate over the years.
C. Subtract the non-Jewish population of the pre-1967 Jerusalem from total number of non-Jews of Jerusalem district as estimated by the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, 1967-1989.

d/ For the period between 1968-1978, the author's end of year estimate is obtained as follows:

(1) Estimate of the North Sinai population by assuming the same annual growth rate of Egypt (2.5 per cent).
(2) Subtract these population figures from the estimated Israeli figures on the population of the Gaza Strip and North Sinai combined.

Table 2.2. Population growth rates in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, 1968-87.
(per 1,000)

Years
West Bank* Gaza Strip
CBR
GFR
CDR
NI
NMR
CBR
GFR
CDR
NI
NMR
1968
44.07
214.4
21.78
22.30
-27.27
43.44
194.2
20.18
23.26
-90.53
1969
42.82
204.1
20.24
22.58
+ 2.17
46.17
202.2
18.69
27.43
- 7.97
1970
43.60
204.6
19.09
24.52
- 8.23
43.24
186.7
17.84
25.41
- 8.92
1971
45.46
211.2
17.67
27.79
- 4.02
46.20
194.9
16.63
29.57
- 6.34
1972
45.45
216.1
16.41
29.04
-11.52
47.28
205.4
15.50
31.78
-10.33
1973
44.91
210.5
16.71
28.20
+ 0.46
47.57
204.1
15.94
31.63
+ 4.23
1974
45.54
210.8
15.53
30.01
- 4.18
49.03
209.7
14.49
34.54
- 5.35
1975
45.17
206.8
14.66
30.51
-22.36
48.88
211.8
13.63
35.25
- 8.23
1976
46.54
210.6
13.61
32.93
-21.07
49.15
208.9
12.35
36.81
- 9.60
1977
44.98
211.9
12.36
32.62
-14.66
47.47
212.7
11.31
36.16
- 6.43
1978
42.94
196.6
12.43
30.51
-13.28
47.52
208.9
11.02
36.50
-10.15
1979
43.83
197.4
11.41
32.42
-17.53
47.67
208.9
10.57
37.10
-10.79
1980
41.97
186.1
10.36
31.62
-23.89
46.88
204.4
9.86
37.02
-11.17
1981
41.54
183.7
9.84
31.70
-21.45
46.92
206.4
9.17
37.75
-11.30
1982
41.64
192.2
8.94
32.70
-10.54
45.67
208.4
8.38
37.29
- 6.50
1983
41.46
192.5
8.81
32.65
- 3.50
45.10
210.2
8.29
36.81
- 2.02
1984
42.60
197.2
8.07
34.53
- 7.31
47.46
215.5
7.84
39.62
- 9.41
1985
40.76
-
7.48
33.23
- 6.13
44.59
-
6.83
37.76
- 5.50
1986
39.46
-
6.63
32.83
- 6.09
46.19
-
6.55
39.63
- 6.61
1987
40.58
-
6.37
34.21
+ 0.82
47.60
-
5.88
41.73
- 5.83

Source: Calculated from: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, 1969-1989, Nos. 20-40, Jerusalem.

* Excluding east Jerusalem.

CBR: Crude Birth Rate
CDR: Crude Death Rate
GFR: General Fertility Rate
NI : Natural Increase
NMR: Net Migration Rate.

Table 2.3. Age-specific fertility rate and total fertility rate in the West Bank
and Gaza Strip (various years, per 1,000)

Age Year
1968
1970
1972
1975
1977
1978
1979
1980
West Bank
Age-specific
fertility rate
<19
51.0
62.4
109.6
127.2
123.9
112.0
108.8
69.7
20-24
253.7
241.3
293.7
305.1
290.5
289.2
274.0
280.9
25-29
350.9
339.2
373.3
384.6
384.9
347.1
354.9
372.1
30-34
336.5
315.5
319.4
275.9
315.5
305.3
315.8
296.0
35-39
320.0
303.2
279.6
237.4
235.3
235.3
233.6
245.2
40-44
151.3
142.9
93.2
79.3
81.2
88.4
84.2
96.0
45+
65.3
57.8
26.9
17.4
17.3
14.2
14.7
24.8
Total fertility
rate
7.64
7.34
7.48
7.13
7.24
6.96
6.93
6.92
Gaza Strip
Age-specific
fertility rate
<19
27.4
41.6
87.6
123.2
106.8
103.5
112.0
80.9
20-24
181.0
181.2
254.1
305.1
315.5
312.7
312.4
309.5
25-29
339.9
297.5
330.6
326.7
359.2
374.4
383.7
391.6
30-34
330.8
320.0
328.5
301.3
285.5
310.6
330.4
312.9
35-39
335.3
348.5
293.3
263.7
245.5
260.5
246.4
225.2
40-44
131.2
130.2
93.4
104.4
103.7
108.2
108.3
93.4
45+
59.1
57.4
32.2
38.8
35.1
36.4
31.0
22.5
Total fertility
rate
7.02
6.88
7.10
7.32
7.25
7.53
7.62
7.18


Source: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Judea, Samaria and Gaza Area Statistics Quarterly, Vol. XII, 1982, Jerusalem.