|One injured near the fence
After almost three weeks with no injuries recorded in the Gaza Strip, a Palestinian farmer was shot and injured on 2 June by Israeli forces while he was approximately 300 meters from the fence between Israel and the Gaza Strip. Israeli forces also conducted at least two land leveling operations a few hundred meters on the Gaza side of the fence on 29 May. These incidents took place in the context of access restrictions imposed by the Israeli military in areas near the fence.
In relation to the restrictions on fishing areas beyond 6 nautical miles (NM) from the Gaza shore, Israeli naval forces opened fire on Palestinian fishermen on a number of occasions to force them ashore. While no injuries were reported, at least one boat sustained damage. Local sources indicated that in some cases the fishermen were sailing between 5 to 6 NM at the time of the shooting. Restrictions on access to fishing areas continue to undermine the fishing sector in Gaza. There are approximately 3,500 registered fishermen in Gaza, down from some 10,000 in September 2000. There are an additional 2,000 workers who rely fully or partially on income generated from fishing-related jobs.
Three children injured by UXO
On 28 May, an unexploded ordnance (UXO) being handled by a member of an armed Palestinian group exploded inside a house in Jabaliya, injuring him and three children (aged 3, 5 and 11). Since the beginning of 2013, two children have been killed in incidents related to explosive remnants of war (ERWs). Additionally, 23 Palestinians, including 19 children, have been injured.
Fourth death sentence this year
On 30 May, a Palestinian military court in Gaza sentenced a civilian man to death by hanging, allegedly for collaborating with what the court described as a “hostile element”. This is the fourth death sentence that has been issued by Palestinian courts in the Gaza Strip since the beginning of 2013. The trial of civilians in military courts is prima facie inconsistent with international human rights standards, in particular with regard to procedural guarantees pertaining to a fair trial. According to the Palestinian Center for Human Rights, of the 109 death sentences issued in Gaza since the establishment of the Palestinian Authority in 1994, 25 have been executed (14 without the required Palestinian presidential ratification).