Question of Palestine home
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
30 April 2007
EC-FAO Food Security Information for Action Programme
The Palestinian economy in the West Bank and Gaza Strip (WBGS) has sustained significant losses as a result of Israeli measures taken in the aftermath of the outbreak of the second Intifada in September 2000. These losses were primarily driven by the closure regime, the construction of the Barrier, and, recently, the international economic and political boycott of the PA. Israeli measures on the ground are de facto fragmenting the West Bank, while access to the Gaza Strip is severely restricted. Further, the international boycott of the PA and Israel’s withholding of PA tax revenue have disempowered Palestinian institutions, undermined services, and allowed important infrastructure to decay. As a result, key food security determinants—such as wage labour, food trade and social security schemes—are under severe threat, and dramatic change is being observed in some areas.
Food security programmes will have limited impact in the context of the structural constraints caused by continuing military occupation. Nonetheless, certain short-term food security measures should have an impact under a crisis scenario. For instance, interventions in the areas of food production for local consumption and income transfers (including food and cash aid, temporary job creation schemes and social hardship cases) have immediate impact on the food security of targeted families. With regard to income transfers and social safety nets, there is a need to enhance the monitoring of poverty as well as social and humanitarian needs. This includes food insecurity while harmonizing beneficiary selection criteria, avoiding gaps and duplications between programmes and improving coherence (i.e., minimizing inclusion and exclusion errors). …
Complete document in PDF format