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Source: General Assembly
9 February 1983
COMMITTEE ON THE EXERCISE OF THE INALIENABLE RIGHTS
OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE

VERBATIM RECORD OF THE EIGHTY-FIFTH MEETING

Held at headquarters, New York,
on Monday, 29 November 1982, at 3 p.m.

Chairman: Mr. SARRE (Senegal)

CONTENTS

Special meeting to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People (continued)

This record is subject to correction.

Corrections should be submitted in one of the working languages, preferably in the same language as the text which they refer. They should be set forth in a memorandum and also, if possible, incorporated in a copy of the record. They should be sent within one week of the date of this document to the Chief, Official Records Editing Section, Department of Conference Services, room A-3550.

Any corrections to the record of this meeting and other meetings will be issued in a corrigendum.


The meeting was Called to order at 3.25 p.m.

SPECIAL MEETING TO COMMEMORATE THE INTERNATIONAL DAY OF SOLIDARITY WITH THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE (continued)

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call on the Chairman of the Latin American, Group, Mr. Carlos Muniz.

Mr. MNUNIZ (Argentina) Chairman of the Latin American Group (interpretation from Spanish): As Chairman of the Latin American Group, I should like first of all to stress the basic importance of the fact that on 29 November each year ire commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People as a form of recognition of the struggle Of that people for its rights and aspirations in accordance with the relevant resolutions and the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

We consider the recent events in Lebanon to be very grave and we very mud, regret what has happened to the peoples of Lebanon and Palestine as a consequence of the policy of aggression and interference in the domestic affairs of other States and the violation of internationally recognized frontiers Of course these events are just the latest links in a process of practically uninterrupted violence. They show the need for a just and peaceful solution that would satisfy the legitimate interests of all the parties involved, and in particular those of the Palestinian nation.

The General Assembly, which is a democratic body representing the vast majority of the international community, has frequently referred to the dangers to international peace and security arising from a situation that it has not been found possible to resolve equitably and permanently. It has also shown clearly that it is aware of -the suffering which has been experience by the people of the region for more than 30 years and which the Palestinian people in particular is now experiencing.

There is no doubt that it has become a historical necessity to Put end to this situation of inequity and violence. The United Nations, which the expression of the will of the vast majority of the independent States Of the world. should be heard and taken into account. The General Assembly has reaffirmed over and over again the basic outlines for a comprehensive settlement the Palestinian question and they all coincide with the aims established at the appropriate time by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable rights of the Palestinian People. We must recall here that the General Assembly expressly recognized the Palestinian people’s right to self-determination national independence, including its right to establish its own sovereign State with full authority on its territory with its all resources. The General Assembly, as well as the Security Council, also stressed the need for respect for the right of all States in the region to live in peace within safe and internationally recognized boundaries. It has also demanded that Israel should withdraw from all the and Palestinian territories occupied by it since 1967 and d comply strictly with the provisions of Security Council resolution (1980),on Israeli settlements in the occupied territories.

Moreover, with regard to the status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, the General Assembly has clearly established that it cannot be determined along the lines of circumstantial political or military strategic interests, but only through an assessment of historical and religious values shared by the Christian, Moslem and Jewish communities. The United Nations has an inescapable responsibility and a basic role to play in finding a solution to this question.

In this regard, we are convinced that the International Conference on the question of Palestine, to be held at UNESCO headquarters in August 1983, could, if the necessary political will of States exists, make a significant contribution to strengthening international consensus and consolidating the basic aspects I have mentioned so that in the not too distant future Palestine and the whole of the Middle East could become an area of justice, peace and prosperity.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call on the representative of Yemen.

Mr. SALLAM (Yemen) (interpretation from Arabic): On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, in its struggle, I wish to read to the members of the Committee the following message from Colonel Ali Abdulla Saleh, President of the Yemen Arab Republic and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, to the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian Peoples: send my greetings to you, and, through you, I recognize the living human conscience that has always sympathized with the cause of the Palestinian people and the plight that has afflicted them ever since their homeland was usurped illegally, by force, and in the absence of international justice. Justice, right and peace have been dominated by wanton force.

"The State of Israel, which was established at the expense of the Palestinian people and their inalienable historical, political and human rights, did not confine itself to displacing these people. It pursued them where they had sought refuge. The objective was their annihilation, by employing the latest and most sophisticated methods of murder and destruction, including weapons internationally prohibited, from concussion and toxic bombs to phosphorous bombs as well as napalm. That precisely is what took place during the latest invasion by Israel of Lebanese territory.
The policy of settler occupation pursued by Israel, which it applies at the expense of the Arab nations and of their rights, represents a renegade movement in the history of the peoples that struggled for so long to free themselves from imperialism, trusteeship and hegemony. Those who employ the latest sophisticated military technology and place it in the hands of the neo-Nazis such as Begin, Sharon and Shamir, must realize that they are contributing to the continual aggression against the Palestinian people, as well as the peoples of the Arab nations. They endanger peace and stability and the interests of peoples to an unforeseeable extent.

"In the commemoration of the Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, we see a reaffirmation of the unanimous will of the international community, to support the just cause of the Palestinian people and their demands to return to their homeland and establish their independent State.

“My greetings to you. I wish you success in your task, which has become ever more important and is a human manifestation that will leave its mark on those who wish to see the values of right, justice and peace triumph in the world.

The CHAIRMAN:(interpretation from French): I call on the representative of Kuwait.

Mr. ABULHASAN (Kuwait) (interpretation from Arabic): It gives me pleasure to read out to the members of the Committee the following message from His Highness Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah, the Amir of the State of Kuwait, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people:

On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people, it gives me pleasure to send greetings to those Who are meeting to express the solidarity of the peoples of world with the cause of the Palestinian people, who have been subjected to the ugliest form of injustice and aggression.

"The tragedy which the Palestinian people has been experiencing for More than three decades is in fact a painful reflection of mankind's denial of the basic principles which should be prevailing in the world and permeating relations among various nations. That people's cause has not been given the attention needed to secure the most elementary legitimate rights accorded any people. The injustice, suppression and distortion to which its cause has been subjected has never been endured by any other cause.

“The cause of the Palestinian people, with all the implications of its various aspects, is the core of what is known as the Middle East question. A just like any other human cause it involves an aggressor and a victim. There is no doubt that the leniency displayed towards the aggressor in not deterring it is helping to undermine world peace and security and constitutes a violation of the Charter of the United Nations and its ideals, which call for the international co-operation needed to safeguard the stability and security of all nations.

"Therefore, from this international rostrum we call, through you, on all the peace- and justice-loving nations and every champion of truth, justice and freedom to exert their genuine and concerted efforts to support the Palestinian people to attain its human legitimate rights so that its tragedy will not be a token of mankind's denial of the simplest human rights and principles.

“We certainly cannot conceive of a society where the spirit of co-operation and lasting peace can prevail so long as greed and the infringement of the rights of others are allowed to dominate it and govern relations among nations and peoples.

"It is gratifying that meetings like yours are held where 11 one can Witness a genuine expression of the spirit of solidarity which binds men together and deepens the human ideals in our peoples, so that relations among the peoples of the world will be free of prejudice and selfishness and peace and security will prevail in our world.

"The massacres which were perpetrated against the defenceless Palestinian people in their camps in Lebanon and which shocked the world's conscience reaffirm that that people needs more than ever before the support of the international community in its confrontation with the continued aggression against it and the international community's help in removing the injustice it is subjected to and in restoring its legitimate rights.

"In conclusion I express the hope that the Palestinian people will get both the support and the fairness it needs from the international community in recognition of its legitimate human aspirations.

"Best wishes for the success of your valued efforts."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The next speaker is the representative of the Soviet Union.

Mr. LOZINSKY (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) (interpretation from Russian): Mr. Chairman, I should like to convey to you personally and to all members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, as well as to those representatives of the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) present here and other Palestinian representatives, our sincere congratulations and very best wishes on the occasion of the International Day of

Solidarity with the Palestinian People. I also have the honour to read out the following message, dated 28 November 1982, from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Presidium of t he Supreme Council of the USSR to the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Orgnization, Yasser Arafat:

"I sincerely congratulate you, Comrade Arafat and your colleagues in the Palestinian resistance movement and the entire Arab people of Palestine, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. On this notable day, the Soviet people pay a tribute to the bravery and firmness of the Palestinian people and affirm their unwavering support for its just fight for its national rights. The selflessness and heroism of the Palestinian fighters have dealt a worthy rebuff to Israeli aggression in Lebanon and aroused admiration and sympathy everywhere. The truth is once again being confirmed that one cannot break a nation that is convinced of the rightness of its cause. The international prestige and authority of the Palestine Liberation Organization and its leadership have increased even more.

“The Soviet Union will continue firmly to support the fight to ensure the a just and lasting peace is established in the Middle Fast and that the Palestinian people, under the leadership of its fighting vanguard and sole legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization, achieves it inalienable right to self-determination and to create its own State.

"We warmly wish the friendly Palestinian nation further success in its fight against the efforts of imperialism and Israeli aggression and for its freedom and national independence and genuine peace in the Middle Fast."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call now on the representative of Hungary.

Mr. SOMOGYI (Hungary): Mr. Chairman, it gives me great pleasure to extend the Hungarian delegation's sincere felicitations to you and to this special meeting to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. It is my privilege and honour to read out the text of a telegram sent by the President of the Presidential Council of the Hungarian People's Republic, Mr. Pal Losoncsi, to the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Mr. Yasser Arafat. The message reads:

"on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian Arab People, the Hungarian people join me in assuring you and the Palestinian Arab people-of our full and consistent support in your devoted struggle for a just cause. The extremist leaders of Israel, with the support of their imperialist allies, continue to pursue their aggressive policy and to evoke the danger of a lasting war in the countries of the Middle East and; disregarding the most fundamental rights of peoples, threaten the Palestinian Arab people with physical annihilation.

"The Hungarian people, together with all peace-loving peoples of the world, have deep sympathy for and are in active solidarity with the heroic resistance of the Palestinian Arab people against the Israeli aggressor which attacked Lebanon and the Palestine Liberation Organization.

"May I assure you that we continue to render all possible assistance to the just fight of the Palestinian Arab people in their struggle for self-determination and for the establishment of an independent State of their own. Wee are firmly convinced that a just and comprehensive settlement of the Middle East crisis and the assertion of the legitimate rights of the Palestinian Arab people are the only guarantees for the peace and security of the countries in the region. The settlement of the crisis can only be achieved by peaceful means through negotiations, with the participation of all parties concerned, including the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian Arab people.

"On behalf of the Presidential Council and the people of the Hungarian People's Republic, may I wish the Palestinian Arab people further successes in their devoted struggle."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Indonesia.

Mr. ALATAS (Indonesia): Mr. Chairman, I have the honour and privilege to convey to you the following message from Mr. Soeharto, the President of the Republic of Indonesia, on the occasion of the observance of the International Day Of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

"on the occasion of the observance of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People on this day, 29 November 1982, the Government and the people of Indonesia reiterate their long-standing policy of unswerving support for all efforts by the international community to achieve the effective exercises by the Palestinian people of their inalienable rights.

"The International Day underscores the fact that the Palestinian struggle for the right to self-determination and to their homeland, including the establishment of an independent Palestinian State, has been recognized by the overwhelming majority of Member States as the central issue in the resolution of the Middle East conflict. I have, therefore, no doubt that lasting peace can only be established in the Middle East when the question of Palestine has been settled on an equitable and just basis.

"The Government of-Indonesia views with abhorrence the incessant and brutal policies of the Israeli forces in the occupied territories and beyond which are designed, inter alia, to destroy the national identity and aspirations of the Palestinians and of -their sole and legitimate representative the Palestine Liberation Organization. In particular, the Indonesian people wish to express their indignation and deep sorrow over the massive loss of life and destruction suffered by the Palestinian people following the genocidal assault by Israel on Lebanon and the unprecedented, wanton massacres of innocent Palestinian refugees.

"The heroism of the Palestinian people have clearly shown the world that, irrespective of the inhuman actions by the Israeli occupier, their determination to achieve their rights cannot be broken. Time and again Indonesia, in concert with other countries of the Non-Aligned Movement, the Organization of the Islamic Conference and the United Nations, has called for concrete measures and actions to force Israel to cease its repressive measures and to relinquish its illegal control over all occupied territories.

"As we reaffirm our solidarity with the Palestinians, my Government would like to reiterate its firm conviction that a just settlement of the Palestinian question is an absolutely essential precondition for solving the problem of the Middle East as a whole. Therefore, Indonesia will always stand by the valiant people of Palestine in their struggle for the achievement of their rights and will continue to support all efforts towards their realization."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Niger.

Mr. OWAROU (Niger) (interpretation from French): Mr. Chairman, I am grateful to your Committee for having invited me to participate in this meeting today, commemorating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. I take this occasion to congratulate that people most sincerely and to say that history will undoubtedly remember its role and its action in the now inevitable settlement of the question of Palestine in justice, honour and equity. As to you, Sir, I must express, in addition to our great friendship, my very frank and deep admiration for the wisdom, devotion and faith with which you have been guiding this Committee since Senegal, your country, whose sincere commitment regarding the question of the Middle East is well known, was wise enough to accredit you to the United Nations. I should now like to read out the following message to this Committee from Colonel Seyni Kountche, Chairman of the Supreme Military Council and Head of State of Niger:

"Because of its origin, based on a United Nations General Assembly resolution, because of what is involved and because of the great importance that the international community attaches to it, the Day we are commemorating today is not a day of solidarity with the Palestinian people alone, but is a real day of action and international communion for stability and peace in the world.

"Since the Palestinian problem is at the heart of the Middle East question and the Middle East itself is at the heart of contemporary concern for the maintenance of justice and peace, the settlement of that problem appears today as a necessary step towards the triumph of the ideals we all hold, which are justice and equity, the right of every people to have a homeland, to exercise its rights and therefore to enjoy full sovereignty over itself, over its future and over its ability to choose what it feels is best for the speedy achievement of its essence and its character.

"It is a truism to say that the Palestinian people has suffered too much. Never, since the recent phenomenon of Nazism, has any people had to suffer such a martyrdom or so much frustration or to endure such humiliation as has this brave Palestinian people, which is continually suffering aggression, is frequently pushed out of its homeland and is unjustly treated as a pariah in a land which is supposed to be its own, where the usurper wants to wrest from it all control through repressive and savage actions that increasingly resemble genocide.

“Therefore, even more than in the past, this year's commemoration should reflect our massive, solemn and firm support for the Palestinian struggle and its legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization. It should also confirm-and emphasize our warnings to, and unanimous condemnation of, Israel for its unceasing arrogance, its warlike intransigence and its militaristic policy of expansion, colonial domination and defiance. But above all we must keep to the path of wisdom and reality, making a landmark of our sincere attachment to the positive peace initiatives which I think must be more actively recognized and encouraged in order to contribute truly to ending the calculation and inertia that are preventing the speeding up of the peace process in the Middle East and Palestine."

"We must never forget that a heroic and noble people there is still being subjected to tragedies such as the recent once of Sabra and Shatila.

"Niger, which has already noted more than once its solidarity with that people and which is honoured this year to assume the chairmanship of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, will not fail in initiatives or diligence."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call next on the representative of India.

Mr. KHAN (India): I bring to you, Mr. Chairman, and to this Committee the greetings and good wishes of the Parliament of India, in which I have the privilege to serve. Our Parliament and our Government, and the nearly 700 million Indians they represent, all speak with one voice when it comes to the Palestinian cause, in steadfast support of the inalienable rights of the valiant people of Palestine to self-determination and national independence.

We are particularly privileged today to have among us ,Mr. Farouk Kaddoumi, Head of the Political Department of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Mr. Shafiq Al-Hout, representative of the PLO in Beirut and a member of the National. Council of the PLO. We extend to them a special word of welcome.

The annual observation by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People gives us an opportunity to reaffirm our solidarity with and support for the Palestinians. The Palestinian people, who were uprooted from their hearths and homes and subjected to militaristic suppression in their own sacred lands, have been waging a valiant struggle under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization to recover their homeland and to establish their own independent Palestinian State. Their rights have been widely recognized, their plight has evoked widespread sympathy and their cause has been widely championed, but little that is concrete has been done to enable them to exercise their right to self-determination.

I should like to take a moment to pay a tribute to this Committee, whose work is carried out under your competent and distinguished direction, Mr. Chairman. Over the years it has been striving to focus attention on the rights and aspirations of the Palestinian people as well as to protect and safeguard them to the extent possible. However, it is painfully evident to the Committee, of which India is an active member, that its recommendations have remained unimplemented. While reaffirming our solidarity with the Palestinian people today, the Committee should also pledge itself to intensify its efforts to bring about the speedy implementation of its recommendations.

The tragedy of the Palestinians was most dramatically highlighted earlier this year when the virtual destruction of Beirut and the horrible' genocide of the Lebanese and Palestinian populations shook the conscience Of mankind. It was nothing short of a holocaust, imposed, strangely and ironically, by none other than Israel. The withdrawal of the Palestine Liberation Organization from Beirut to save innocent civilians from further suffering and devastation led later to the massacre of Palestinians in 8hatila and Sabra.

Israel's responsibility for indeed, complicity in - the massacre of the innocent civilians is too evident to need any exposure. Those who had undertaken to protect the Palestinian and Lebanese civilians must also share the blame for the criminal bloodshed.

We have no doubt that the dispersal of the Palestinians will not weaken their will to fight for their inalienable rights. The continued occupation of parts of Lebanon and other Arab lands will not guarantee Israel's security. The effect of such actions will be just the opposite.

A comprehensive solution, consisting of the withdrawal of Israel from all Arab territories occupied since 1967, the establishment of a Palestinian State and a mutual guarantee of security between the States of the region, must be achieved. There now seems to be a greater understanding of the fact that any comprehensive solution will not be achieved without the active participation of the PLO, the representative of the Palestinian people, in any negotiations.

The recent drawing up by the Arab nations of the Fez Charter is a heroic event of special significance. This Committee has reason to feel proud that the cardinal elements of its own recommendations have found a place in the Fez Charter. There have also been other proposals which do not in all respects recognize the imperative need for the uprooted people of Palestine to secure their legitimate rights. We hope that this Committee will continue its relentless efforts to achieve a comprehensive solution in the difficult days ahead.

India's principled and consistent support for the Palestinians goes back to the days of our struggle for national independence. The suffering of the Palestinians has caused concern and anguish to the people of India. We stand ready to contribute our might to the achievement of a comprehensive solution, which the overwhelming majority of Member States of the United Nations desire.

I have the privilege to read out to the Committee the following message from the Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, addressed to this Committee on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, 1982:

"This summer's dramatic events lend added poignancy to this solemn occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

"There is now much greater understanding in the world community of the Palestinian cause and of the urgency of a just culmination of the Palestinian people's struggle in the pursuit of their inalienable rights to self-determination, national independence and sovereignty.

"Since the thirties, when we ourselves were in the thick of our fight for freedom, the people of India have expressed their consistent and solid support for the aspirations of the Palestinian people. This I reiterate on behalf of the Party and the Government. I send my good wishes to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for success in its endeavours."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call on the Chairman of the African Group, Mr. Wafula Wabuge of Kenya.

Mr. WABUGE (Kenya), Chairman of the African Group: Mr. Chairman, on behalf of the African Group and on my own behalf, as the current Chairman of the African Group I should like to thank you as well as the other members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for organizing this important meeting that gives us the opportunity to reaffirm our commitment to the cause of the Palestinian people and their inalienable rights in their motherland. The Committee, since its establishment by the General Assembly in 1975, has consistently given us useful reports. On each occasion, the reports of the Committee have been endorsed by the General Assembly and the mandate of the Committee has been regularly renewed. We know that, despite the urgings of the Committee, its recommendations have not yet been acted upon by the Security Council nor have they been implemented. That, however, should not discourage the Committee in its future activities in promoting the cause of the Palestinian people whose long suffering has been the subject of debate in many international gatherings. We wish to thank you, Mr. Chairman, and the other members of the Committee for Your tireless efforts in the noble cause of the Palestinian people.

We are here today holding a special meeting to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. We are holding this meeting to reflect on and assess a serious problem that has been with the international community for a long time. For more than three decades the United Nations has been seized of the question of Palestine as a key element in any meaningful approach to a comprehensive solution to the Middle East problem.

For the last three decades we have witnessed the miserable plight of the Palestinian people, dispossessed, dispersed and uprooted from their land, which is currently under cruel Israeli occupation. Although humanitarian assistance has been given to those people in the past years, particularly assistance channelled through the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA), cannot be treated purely as a humanitarian issue. The problem, we know, problem is a political issue and must be dealt with in a political manner. It is an issue that calls for the recognition of the rights of the Palestinians to self-determination, nationhood and a homeland.

The threat to international peace and security from that area is perpetuated by Israeli policies, which result in great human suffering for the people of the region. The Israeli policies towards the Palestinians hinge on two false assumptions: first, that the Palestinians as a people do not exist and, secondly, that they have no right to a homeland of their own.

Based on those wrong assumptions, the Government of Israel has embarked on a policy calculated to destroy the Palestinian entity. The annexation and the Jewish settlements in the occupied Arab territories clearly demonstrate that policy. That carefully planned policy of annexation of the occupied territory is being implemented by the establishment of Jewish settlements and the implantation of Jewish civilians.

In the last 14 years since the conquest, Israel has, in defiance of the world community, absorbed the conquered territories by expelling and subjecting the Arab population to a cruel military occupation. Over international protest, Israel has annexed East Jerusalem; in 1981 it annexed the Golan Heights and it has declared its intention to extend full sovereignty over the West Bank and Gaza.

Seedless to say, annexation, expulsion and the creation of settlements are specifically prohibited by international law. The Fourth Geneva Convention in article 49 prohibits the annexation of occupied territory, and the United Nations has repeatedly condemned Israeli annexation of East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. Article 49 of that Convention prohibits the forcible transfer or deportation of residents from an occupied area regardless Of motive. And yet thousands of Palestinians have been expelled, while thousands more have been pressured to leave. The Government of Israel, though an occupying Power and as such bound by the international obligation it undertook as a party to that Convention to observe and respect the provisions Of the Convention, has been acting in a manner utterly contrary to those obligations.

The plight of the Palestinian people in the occupied territories is marked every day by constant occurrences of serious incidents leading to injuries or loss of lives. Those incidents are the direct result of a long military occupation, which the civilian population has endured for the last 14 years. At every session of the General Assembly, the international community is provided with reports of Israeli behaviour in the Arab territories. These reports confirm what is already known, namely, the systematic policy of Jewish settlements in the occupied territories and the eventual annexation of those territories.

We have on many occasions in the deliberations on this issue made our views known on the rights of the Palestinian people, just as we have spoken out against the racial policies of the South African regime. In South Africa a racist regime, in defiance of the international community, persists with its apartheid policies to oppress and deny Africans their legitimate social and political rights. In the Middle East Israel is seeking to eliminate the existence of the Palestinian people by annexing their land in the hope of frustrating any notion of self-determination and a homeland for the Palestinian people.

The problems in South Africa and the Middle East have undoubtedly occupied a great deal of the time of the international community. They are cases where a group or groups of people seek, purely on a racial basis to dominate and destroy others who do not belong to the same ethnic grouping.

We have stated time and again that peace in the Middle East can prevail only, if the following conditions are fulfilled: First Israel must withdraw from all Palestinian land occupied since 1967. The international community, and indeed international law are strongly opposed to the acquisition of land by the use of force. It is indeed regrettable that Israel continues its occupation despite numerous calls by the international community to withdraw from those territories. The second condition is the recognition of the rights of the Palestinians as a people including their right to self-determination and to nationhood. The third condition is that in all negotiations aimed at solving the problem of the Middle East the Palestinian people must participate on an equal footing with other peoples.

It is our view that as long as the Palestinians are denied their right of nationhood the problem of the region will remain unsolved. To this end, the withdrawal of Israel from these territories is the most important condition for a peaceful settlement of the problem.

We have heard many times from Israel, and from other quarters, that Israel needs these territories for its security, to give it what some other people call secure borders; and it was on this basis of a unique theory of additional security that Israel, brutally end against all norms of international law invaded Lebanon. The invasion and occupation of Lebanon by Israel, with all their shocking consequences, left the entire world community wondering just how far Israel’s aggression would go in its search for the so-called additional security. The invasion of an independent State was utterly uncalled for. It left thousands and thousands dead, mostly innocent women and children, not to mention the almost total destruction of Lebanon as a country. Those who have survived the invasion are starving and without Shelter.

Israel committed all these acts in complete disregard of the repeated calls by the General Assembly and the Security Council. The invasion and occupation Of Lebanon by Israel indeed complicates even further an already complicated Problem. The world community must never a State to occupy another State on a permanent basis in order to have what may be claimed to be secure borders. If this principle were to be applied, particularly by powerful nations, many of us small nations would simply disappear. No nation can demand, in any circumstances to occupy another country on the pretext of additional security. There can be no justification for any State to argue that its defence depends on having to occupy another State. Such is simply a policy of expansion and aggrandizement. We believe the international community has a historic duty and responsibility to render all necessary assistance to promoting the urgent need for the creation and recognition of an independent Palestinian State. We therefore urge the international community, and in particular the supporters of Israel, to recognize this important element for a durable peace in the Middle East. Those who support Israel and have the means o f persuading it should assist in reversing the policies of Jewish settlement and the annexation of Palestinian land. Israel must be told in no uncertain terms that the withdrawal from the occupied territories and the recognition of the rights of the Palestinians to nationhood are the only way to a lasting peace for all nations in the area.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call upon the permanent observer of the Republic of Korea.

Mr. PARK (Republic of Korea) : I have the honour to read out the following message from Mr. Kim Sang-hyup, Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea, addressed to you, Mr. Chairman, on this International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"As the world again observes the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, the Government and people of the Republic of Korea join the international community in reaffirming full support for the legitimate right of the Palestinian people to self-determination. While observing this meaningful day we note with great concern that the situation in the region is still very complex and volatile, causing grave concern about international peace and security in the area.

The whole world still remains shocked by the recent Massacre of innocent Palestinian civilians in west Beirut. In this connection the Government of the Republic of Korea stated that the massacre was an outrageous human tragedy of modern times and most strongly condemned such inhuman and perverted criminal act. The Government of the Republic of Korea wishes to take this opportunity to call upon the international community to intensify its endeavour to assist, materially and, morally the Palestinian people in exercising their inalienable right to self-determination. For our part, we are committed to complying with the relevant resolutions adopted by the United Nations and ready to do whatever we can to help the just cause of the Palestinian people.

In an effort to implement its commitment the Government of the Republic of Korea has so far contributed $US 600,000 to a scholarship programme for Palestinian students, the total amount of which will reach $US 1 million in 1904. The Government of the Republic of Korea has also participated actively in various international conferences and seminars on the question of Palestine held under the auspices of the United Nations, including regional seminars held respectively in New York, Havana, Colombo, Malta and Dakar in 1981 and 1902. In this connection we have noted with interest the decision of the thirty-sixth session of the United Nations General Assembly to hold an international conference on Palestine next year in Paris.

"The Government of the Republic of Korea on this solemn occasion reaffirms its position that the legitimate rights, including the right to self-determination of the Palestinian people should be respected. and that the Palestine Liberation Organization is the sole representative of the Palestinian people. We also maintain the view that Israel should withdraw from the Arab territories occupied since the 1967 war, including Jerusalem.

Finally, on behalf of the Government and people of the Republic of Korea, I take this opportunity to pay a high tribute to the chairman and the members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for their devoted efforts to bring about a peaceful solution to the question of Palestine.”

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call now on the representative of the German Democratic Republic.

Mr. OTT (German Democratic Republic): On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, allow me, Mr. Chairman, to extend to you and to all members of this Committee the greetings of the delegation of the German Democratic Republic and its good wishes for the success of your work.

I now have the honour to read out the following message from the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany and Chairman of the Council of State of the German Democratic Republic, Erich Honecker, to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr. Perez de Cuellar:

"The International Day of Solidarity -with the Palestinian People gives occasion for reaffirming that the German Democratic Republic, pursuant to the fundamental principles governing its socialist foreign policy, will continue to support, in word and deed, the just struggle of the Palestinian people under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

“The people of the German Democratic Republic resolutely condemns the expansionist policy pursued by the ruling circles in Tel Aviv, especially their bloody campaign of murder and extermination against the Palestinian people. Those responsible for these acts belong before a people's tribunal. A resolute halt must be called to the brutal extermination campaign against the Palestinian people and to the permanent aggression against sovereign Arab States.

“This requires collective efforts involving all States. The United Nations is called upon not to look on any more while its own decisions and the norms of international law are trampled upon by one of its members in the Middle East. The present situation demands effective measures against the aggressor.

"The German Democratic Republic has for many years stood up most resolutely for a just, all-embracing and lasting solution to the Middle East problem. It renews its demand for the immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of Israel from Lebanon and all Arab territories occupied since 1967, as well as for recognition of the inalienable rights of the Arab people of Palestine, including its right to form an independent State of its own under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

“An international Middle East conference with the participation of all interested sides could pave the way for this. The German Democratic Republic therefore supports the six-point proposal submitted by the USSR on 15 September 1932 for a lasting peace settlement in the Middle East and commends the resolve of the Arab States' manifested at their conference at Fez, to make collective efforts for a just solution to the Middle East conflict.

"The German Democratic Republic will continue to extend steadfast and active solidarity to the sorely tried people of Palestine and its legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization." On the same occasion, Erich Honecker sent a telegram to Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), conveying fraternal greetings to him, to the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization and to the entire Palestinian people. He added that, more than ever before, the Palestinian people, the heroic fighters of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Chairman of the Executive Committee himself had become the targets of barbaric attacks by the expansionist circles in Tel Aviv and their backers, the most circles of United States imperialism. Erich Honecker wished the Chairman of the of the Executive Committee of the PLO success, good health and full strength and energy in his responsible activities and courageous struggle to ensure the national rights of the Palestinian people. He assured him that the German Democratic Republic would firmly and actively stand at the Palestinian people's side.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call upon the representative of Egypt.

Mr. ABDEL MEGID (Egypt) (interpretation from Arabic): It is my privilege to read out the following message from the President of Egypt, Mr. Hosni Bubarak, to the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the on the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, Mr. Massamba Sarre, occasion of this commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people.

"On this annual occasion when the representatives of the countries of the world that stand by freedom, Justice and right gather here as a symbol of their solidarity with and support for the Arab Palestinian people in its legitimate struggle under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), allow me to convey to you, in the name of Egypt, its leadership and Government, our great appreciation of your sincere efforts and serious contribution to the endeavours of your colleagues in the international Organization to enable the Palestinian people to regain and exercise its inalienable and legitimate national rights to self-determination and the establishment of its own independent State within the framework of justice, international legitimacy, the Charter of the United Nations and the provisions of international law.

"Recent developments in the Middle East marked a historic juncture fraught with significance in the decades-long epic struggle of the Palestinian people steadfastly and heroically to resist aggression in its most repugnant forms. The Palestinian people has thus been clinging to its right to freedom and a decent life, resisting capitulation to the rationale of force and the policy of faits accomplis.

"The significance of the latest developments in the Middle East is quite evident to all the question of Palestine is the core and the root-cause of the conflict in the Middle East. The whole world, both East and West, must strive to find a prompt settlement - a peaceful and just one - that will deter the policy of aggression and expansion, and that would satisfy the legitimate national rights and aspirations of the Palestinians, who are in quest of their identity in the land of Palestine.

“Egyptian policy vis-a-vis the Palestinian question dates back many years. Indeed, in peacetime and wartime alike, Egypt has been waging a long historic struggle for the restoration of those usurped rights. Despite the challenges and aggression that have confronted us, our belief in the justice of the rights of the Palestinian people has remained unshaken.

"Egypt’s diplomatic efforts, both bilateral and multilateral, within the Arab and African communities, as well as within the Non-Aligned Movement and within the framework of Egypt's intensive co-ordination and consultation with the leadership of the PLO and the leaders of various Arab countries, all confirm that the withdrawal of Israel from all the occupied Arab territories, including East Jerusalem-, is the natural prelude to and essential prerequisite for peace and stability and the avoidance of war and chaos. Similarly, they confirm that recognition of the right .of the Palestinian people to self-determination and to the establishment of its own independent State is a sine qua non for a peaceful, just and comprehensive settlement in the area.

"All of us in Egypt are convinced that we are on the threshold of a new era in the region's history and that of the Palestinian issue. The peace initiatives taken in the various world capitals have confirmed the justice and the legitimacy of the demands of the Palestinian people. It has been recognized for the first time that it is not a question of refugees but one of statehood. We are of the firm belief that we are on the threshold of new prospects which will meet the challenge but which require patience, courage, insight and adherence to principles.

"Egypt's people, its Government and its leadership will as always remain firm in its will, resolve, principles and aims, fully conscious of its bonds with the Palestinian people and in keeping with its national obligations and responsibilities in peace as it was in war to support that people until its national rights have been restored.

"Our objective for the area's future, despite the dangers and challenges, will always be peace based on justice and we shall work for stability, freedom and a secure life for all the nations of the Middle East, as well as the entire world."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The next speaker is the representative of the Romanian Socialist Republic.

Mr. MARINESCU (Romania) (interpretation from French): I have the honour of reading out the following message from the General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party, the President of the Socialist Republic of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu, addressed to the President of the thirty-seventh session of the United Nations General Assembly, Mr. Imre Hollai, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr. Javier Perez de Cuellar, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

“The International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People provide, an opportunity for me to reaffirm, on behalf of the Romanian Communist Party and the Socialist Republic of Romania, as well as on my own behalf, the warm feelings of friendship of the Romanian people for the Palestinian people and our constant and staunch support for their cause and their struggle to exercise their right to self-determination and the creation of their own State.

"This year the manifestation of solidarity with the Palestinian people is taking place in special conditions as compared with previous years. There have been serious developments in the Middle East against the backdrop of conflicts and contradictory international conditions that have affected the security, peace and independence of the peoples of the area and endangered the peace and security of the entire world. Several proposals and plans for peace have been advanced outlining new approaches and expressing the desire to move towards a political solution.

"Israel's aggressive actions against Lebanon and the events that have occurred in Beirut, which we have all vehemently condemned, have once again revealed that war can solve no problem; on the contrary, it engenders tremendous human suffering and material destruction and makes the search for solutions ever more difficult and complicated.

"We express the conviction that the parties involved in the conflict and the international community understand better today that the only path to be followed is that of a political solution, the path of dialogue, and that, however complicated, negotiations are preferable to military conflict, however limited.

"The development of the situation in the area has brought home even more forcefully the truth that the essential element of the Arab-Israeli conflict is the Palestinian problem, without the settlement of which there can be no Just, lasting or global peace in the Middle East.

"There is increasingly widespread understanding that the foundations for a just, lasting and comprehensive peace lies in Israel's withdrawal from all the Arab territories occupied since the 1967 war, the creation of a Palestinian State, and the guaranteeing of and respect for the independence and sovereignty of all the States of the region.

"I take this opportunity also to express the conviction that there is room in the Middle East for an independent Palestinian State and for the State of Israel, both of which should develop relations of peace and good neighbourliness. The complicated Palestinian problem should be solved through recognition of and respect for the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, while ensuring that people's right to live in an independent State of its own. That corresponds to the interests of all the peoples of the area and to those of the peace and security of the entire world.

"It is more necessary than ever to demonstrate reason and political wisdom, to look facts squarely in the face and to begin a real and sustained dialogue between all the parties to the conflict, so that we can truly commence an effective process for an effective comprehensive solution to the conflict. It is necessary, first of all, that all the Israeli troops be withdrawn from Lebanon to ensure Lebanon's independence and unity and the Lebanese people's peace and tranquility.

"The Socialist Republic of Romania believes that it is necessary at the same time to intensify the political and diplomatic activities, such as the United Nations initiative to organize an international conference within and under the auspices of the United Nations, with the participation of all the States and all the parties concerned, including the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) the sole authentic representative of the Palestinian people and the Soviet Union, the United States and other countries able to make a positive contribution to the settlement of the Middle East conflict.

"The Socialist Republic of Romania and the Romanian people, as they have been doing, will make a contribution to a just and lasting solution of the Middle East problem, to the realization of a global, just and lasting peace in the area and of the legitimate rights of our friends, the people of Palestine, in the interests of peace and co-operation in that region and in the world.

"In conclusion, we should like to 'express the firm conviction that the United Nations can and should play an even more active role in the efforts to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict, and to resolve by political means all other sources of tension and conflict in international life, in accordance with the hopes and aspirations of peoples that wish to live in a climate of tranquility and peace, security and co-operation among States and peoples throughout the world."

The CHAIRMAN: I call on the representative of Iraq.

Mr. AL-QAYSI (Iraq) (interpretation from Arabic): On this occasion I have the honour to convey to you, Mr. Chairman, a message from the President of the Republic of Iraq, Mr. Saddam Hussein, which reads as follows:

"I have the pleasure to reaffirm at the beginning of this message that we are following with great interest the untiring and sincere efforts being Made by your Committee to confirm the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and to put into effect the relevant resolutions. We think these efforts are highly laudable. We are also very pleased to pay a tribute to your own effort in this context.

"I have already underlined, in my previous message, the aggressive and racist nature of the expansionist Zionist entity and the challenge it is issuing to the authentic people of Palestine and the Arab nations by ignoring those rights it is violating the principles of international law and United Nations resolutions and defying world opinion.

“The encouragement given by some imperialist forces is no less dangerous. Support is being given to the expansionist entity. The best diagnosis of the nature of Zionism and its collusion with imperialism is the events in Lebanon, the aggression against its people and the impact of the aggression on the whole world. Zionist aggression, based on hegemony and expansionism, does not shrink from any crimes, any methods, however barbarous, including the war of genocide against humanity. That has been demonstrated by the massive war waged by the Zionist entity against the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon and in various parts of Lebanon from the beginning of June until the end of August this year. That aggression resulted in thousands of casualties among innocent civilians - women, children and old people. These crimes culminated in the Beirut massacre by the Zionists, a massacre unprecedented in history and one which shocked the conscience of the world. Of course it would not have been possible for these crimes to be perpetrated without the material, moral, political and military support given to Israel by the United States of America.

In the light of this long and sad list of acts by the Zionist entity and its barbarous practices, the reservations of many United Nations Member States about its membership in the United Nations must be reinforced and taken up at subsequent sessions.

“As opposed to the attitude and position taken by the Zionist entity, we view with satisfaction the position taken by the Arab world in the fight of the Palestinian people against Israel and its sincere desire to find an equitable peaceful solution, as evinced by the Arab summit Conference At Fez. That is why we sincerely hope that all the countries of the world, and particularly the major Powers, will be convinced that this attitude is right and that they will try to ensure that these objectives are attained.

“We are certain that the world today is more convinced than ever before of the justice and equity of the Palestinian cause and gives increasing support to the struggle of that brave people, guided by the Palestine Liberation Organization, its sole representative. That is particularly true since the expansionism of the Zionist entity was seen in its true light in Lebanon and the Beirut massacre.

“We stress the development of the situation in the conflict between Iran and Iraq and the co-operation between Iran and the Zionist entity. Despite the fact Iraq, motivated by a sense of good neighbourliness, is convinced of the need to engage in negotiations, and wishes to respect the resolutions relating to that conflict and respond to the initiatives to solve this problem, the Iranian regime has continued to act arrogantly. That is why during July and October it carried out a series of large-scale aggressive acts against Iraq in an effort to cross international frontiers and occupy Iraqi territory. Although these aggressive efforts were bound to fail, as are the Iranian aims the Iranian regime continues to follow the same path, against the wish of the international community and General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. It is therefore the only part responsible for the escalation of military activity in that region

Before concluding, Mr. Chairman, I am very happy to reaffirm our conviction that your Committee will continue to endeavour to restore to the Palestinian people its rights, thereby living up to your responsibilities. We wish you every success".

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call next on the representative of Bahrain.

Mr. AL-SABBAGH (Bahrain) (interpretation from Arabic): I have the honour to read out the following message from Emir Sulman Al-Khalifa on the occasion of the commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"Bahrain is today commemorating with the rest of the world the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. This commemoration is taking place at a time when the cause of that people is in the forefront of world thought. The Palestinians have won the support of all justice- and peace-loving peoples in their struggle to recover their usurped rights and to realize their legitimate aspirations like all other peoples in the world - the right to self-determination and the right to establish an independent State on their national soil.

"The tragedy of the Palestinian people has been going on for 35 years, ever since the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution partitioning Palestine in 1947 on this same date. On that date the United Nations through that resolution created the State of Israel in a land that is dear to the Arab people. That aggressive racist entity has been the direct cause of five wars of aggression, destructive wars, the victims of which are countless. The first victims are the Palestinian people, who have lived through one catastrophe after another. This is proof of the aggressive nature of that entity, which violates this Organization's resolutions and human rights.

"In 1982 Israel has committed many acts of aggression against the Palestinian and Lebanese peoples. These acts of aggression are absolutely unimaginable. The aim of the occupation of Lebanon in June was to exterminate the Palestinian people by the use of weapons of mass destruction. Israel's crimes did not end there. Israel engaged in the massacre of civilians innocent, unarmed people Palestinian refugees in the Sabra and Shatila camps. There were hundreds of victims - young and old, women and even infants.

"The situation prevailing, in the Middle East is of considerable importance to the vital interests of the majority of countries in the world. The situation emanates from Israel's continue d occupation of the Arab territories and its war of aggression against their peoples. Israel's determination to change the geographical, cultural and physical characteristics of, the region and not to recognize the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people is in violation of all documents, charters and values and the practices of international law.

"The international community is commemorating this event so that special attention will be given to the Palestine problem and the suffering of the Palestinian people. The Organization should take a decisive stand so as to prevent Israel from continuing its arrogant and aggressive policy of annexation, to the detriment of the Palestinians and neighbouring peoples. The international community, represented by this Organization, should pool its efforts and compel Israel to respect the resolutions of the United Nations and to restore the usurped rights to their rightful owners. The right to self-determination provided for in the United Nations Charter, should be implemented. The legitimate struggle of the Palestinian people, under the direction of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), should be supported. The PLO is the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, and all peace-loving- countries are called upon to support that people in its struggle to recover its rights and realize its aspirations, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations.

"We should put into practice the noble declarations of mankind enshrined in the Charter." Finally, Mr. Chairman, I wish you and everyone present here every success in your important undertaking.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The next speaker is the representative of the People's Republic of Poland. I now call on him.

Mr. HATORF (Poland): Mr. Chairman, I have, the honour to inform you and the representatives gathered at this special meeting of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, to commemorate, the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People that the Chairman of the Council of State of the Polish People in Republic, Mr. Henryk Jablonski, sent a message, to Mr. Yasser Arafat, Chairmen of the Executive Committee of the, Palestine Liberation Organization; which reads as follows:

International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People "The commemorated under the auspices of the United Nations, provides an opportunity for the Polish People’s Republic and the Polish people to reaffirm our support for the Just struggle, of the Palestinian people under the Leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

"Our unvarying position concerning the national aspirations of the Palestinians is coupled with a feeling of deep sympathy and admiration for the heroism of the nation which gives proof of its will to make unlimited sacrifices in defence of its own existence and dignity and of ideal of freedom and social Justice.

“The horrible crimes committed in recent months again the Palestinian people evoke in our memories the dark time of Nazi barbarism, so tragic and painful for us Poles. Those memories make us more aware of the suffering of the Palestinian people and strengthen our resolve to oppose together with you the policy of aggression and violence pursued under many disguises by imperialism.

We are confident that your sacrifice will not be in vain, that your people will strive with pride and ever greater ardour for the aim sanctified with their own blood. Developments in recent months have shown the world the real essence of the Palestinian problem, in spite of the attempted falsifications by imperialist and Zionist propaganda. They have also caused the whole world to speak ever louder in condemnation of and in opposition to the aggressive actions of imperialism resulting from its global policy of confrontation and military diktat.

“Today, in the international arena, we are witnessing the universal consolidation of the political authority of the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. Year after year we see more and more States and nations joining the international community in voicing their ever more resolute demand for the establishment of lasting and just peace in the Middle Past through a comprehensive settlement of the problem, in conformity with United Nations resolutions which recognize the rights of the Palestinians.

"It is for this very solution that we strive, together with all the peace, loving people, in spite of all the imperialist plots. Its achievement will be not only your victory but also the success of all those progressive world forces which today show their solidarity with you.

"I Wish to avail myself of this opportunity to convey to you, Mr. Chairman, and to the friendly Arab people of Palestine, on behalf of the Polish people, the supreme authorities of the Polish People's Republic and on my own behalf, our heartfelt greetings and wishes for persistence in the struggle which, we deeply believe, will be crowned with the establishment of a sovereign Palestinian State.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Togo.

Mr. AMEGA (Togo) (interpretation from French): The people of Togo are as deeply concerned as ever by the situation in the Middle East, the settlement Of which necessarily includes self-determination for the struggling Palestinian people. Therefore, on the occasion of this special meeting of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, held to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, it is a signal honour for me to read out the following message that General Gnassingbe Evadema, Pounding President of the Rally of the Togolese People and President of the Republic, is sending to the Palestinian people:

"When the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People is preparing to hold a special meeting, on 29 November, to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I should like, on behalf of the people of Togo, of its vanguard party, the Rally of the Togolese People, and on my own behalf, to convoy to the heroic Palestinian people, its brave leaders and its valian fighters our best wishes for health and for continued success and our unswerving support for the just cause they are defending.

"We should like, on this occasion, once more to repeat our condemnation of and our profound indignation at the cowardly massacres at Sabra and Shatila.

"We remain quite convinced that there will be no lasting peace in the Middle East so long as the real parties to the conflict are not all brought into negotiations aimed at mutual recognition and a guarantee of peaceful coexistence as neighbouring peoples that have to live together."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Yugoslavia.

Mr. GOLOB (Yugoslavia). It is my honour and privilege to read out a message from the President of the Presidency of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Mr. Peter Stambolic, on the occasion of the International ray of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. The message is addressed to this special meeting of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable. Rights of the Palestinian People and reads as follows:

"On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, the Presidency of the Socialist Federal republic of Yugoslavia would like to express its profound conviction that it is indispensable to undertake urgent and concrete steps in order that the Palestinian people can finally exercise its inalienable rights the right to self-determination and to its own independent State in its national territory the natural and legitimate aspiration of all peoples around the world.

"The Palestinian people is still denied that right. This problem has been present in the world Organization for over three decades. The Middle East crisis, which has developed in the course of years into one of the most dangerous hotbeds in the world and which constitutes today a direct threat to international peace and stability, calls for permanent action by the General Assembly and by the Security Council. The principles of the policy of non-alignment, to which Yugoslavia consistently adheres, are a firm basis for the belief of non-aligned countries that the solution of this crisis, at the core of which is the Palestinian problem, should be sought within the framework of the United Nations.

"The recent aggression by Israel a-aligned against independent and non Lebanon, the aim of which was the liquidation of the Palestine Liberation Organization as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, is being increasingly recognized as such in the world and was carried out with unheard-of reprisals against innocent Palestinian and Lebanese civilians. The scenes of brutal massacre in the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Shatila are still fresh in our memories.

"The overall development of the situation in the Middle East calls today for efforts by the entire international community. They should be aimed at curbing the aggressive and expansionist policy of Israel and at finding a lasting-and just solution to the Palestinian problem, which is the prerequisite for the peace and security needed so much for the progress of all countries and peoples of that region.

"Non-aligned Yugoslavia has always considered that the solution of the Middle Last crisis should be comprehensive and based on relevant United Nations decisions. This implies the unconditional withdrawal of Israel from all Arab territories occupied since 1969, the exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination, independence and sovereignty within the frontiers of their own State, and the rights of all States in the region to independent development in peace and security.

"It is encouraging that today the world is increasingly becoming aware of the fact that without a just solution to the Palestinian problem lasting peace cannot be achieved in that turbulent part of the world. The strong condemnation of Israel's aggression against Lebanon is by itself a confirmation of the resolve of the international community to oppose the policy of force, expansion and acquisition of foreign territories, a policy contrary to the basic norms of international behaviour and to the centuries-long aspirations of peoples to freedom and independence as the lasting values of humanity.

“Expressing the solidarity of the peoples and nationalities of Yugoslavia with the Palestinian people, and our-full support for its just struggle, the Presidency of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia takes this occasion to point out again our belief that the international community will undertake resolute action so that the Palestinian people, equally with all other peoples in the world, may live in peace and dignity in their own State."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call next on the representative of Tunisia.

Mr. LESSIR (Tunisia) (interpretation from Arabic): At the outset, Mr. Chairman, I should like to thank you for the very serious and efficient work that you have done in this Committee. We are convinced of the rights of the Palestinian people. You have been devoted to your task, Sir. We thank you and the other members of the Committee for your tireless efforts to ensure that justice be given priority, so as to put an end to the injustice of the twentieth century and ensure that the Palestinian people be victorious in their long and tireless struggle. While paying a tribute to your actions and, through you, Sir, to the international community, I should like to take this opportunity to stress your heavy responsibility at the present time, when Israel's arrogance and intransigence are continuing and even increasing and when Israel is rejecting and violating the resolutions of the United Nations. I should like to read out to the Committee the following message from Mr. Habib Fnurrhila the President of Tunisia, to you, Mr. Chairman, on this International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"I am happy that the international Organization is celebrating this International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, and I am happy to express to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People my thanks and gratitude for the efforts made for the restoration of the rights of the Palestinian people and the realization of its legitimate aspirations. We hope that this Committee's activities will end in justice, so that we may move towards the solution of this problem, guaranteeing security for the people of Palestine and for the other peoples of the Middle East.

“We must point out that the present situation involves a new phase. The people of Palestine and of the world as a whole have seen radical changes. The Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People this year is different from that of preceding years. We hope that the results of this Day will reflect the changes in the international situation.

"The suffering of the Palestinian people over the years is without precedent, and the importance of the situation cannot be challenged.

"The racist nature of Israel is such that it tends to seek war and a situation in which might is right. There have been endless aggressive and brutal wars as a consequence, waged by the Israeli forces against Lebanon, and in particular in Beirut.

"Israel used the most wretched methods of terrorism and all sorts of weapons, including prohibited weapons of mass destruction, claiming millions of victims among the innocent and destroying thousands of villages, despite United Nations resolutions condemning this practice and despite the fact that the-Palestinian fighters had left Beirut. Israel none the less refused to respond favourably to the appeals for peace and appeals to safeguard the live of civilians against the most frightful and terrifying massacres.

"It is the desire of the people of Palestine-, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, its sole legitimate representative, to establish peace. The PLO's determination in fighting against Israel has made it the number one party in the international struggle. It has demonstrated its desire to establish peace in the Middle East. We should pay a tribute to the Palestine Liberation Organization for the determination that it has shown, and should note the way in which it has recognized and accepted the resolutions which can establish peace in the region and restore justice on an equitable basis.

"The desire of the Palestinians and the Arabs to restore peace and legitimacy should be pursued if the world is to solve this problem. New opportunities for world peace have opened up and we should all try to implement the appropriate resolutions and plans as soon as possible. We are convinced that the time has come for the whole world to pledge itself to the restoration of peace in the Middle East, because any delay in assuming this historic responsibility will have serious consequences fanaticism and the creation of hotbeds of tension and trouble which will threaten world peace and security even more.

“Israel regards the Palestinian people's aspiration to peace as something to be rejected, and it uses wretched weapons, arrogance, threats and scorn of international agreements and documents.

"That was clearly shown by the most recent decision concerning the West Bank, where settlements have been established in the most brazen manner.

“The international community should use all means at its disposal to restore to the Palestinian people its rights, particularly its right to self - determination and to the establishment of its own independent State on its own territory under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, its sole legitimate representative.

“In that way, justice can be done to a people which for four centuries has been the victim of hegemony and of racist doctrines and beliefs. Thus, the restoration of peace would mean respect for international obligations, and that would put an end to the notion of might makes right and would recognize the principles of the United Nations which have been called into question in recent years.

"We pin our hopes on the advent of the day when the entire international community will have achieved its objectives. Justice Will always triumph.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call on the representative of Greece.

"Mr. GHIMS (Greece) I have the honour to read out the text of a message sent to you, Mr. Chairman by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece, Yannis Haralambopouls, on the occasion of the-International Day of Solidarity With the Palestinian People. The message reads as follows:

"The international community, on the occasion of the Day of Solidarity With the Palestinian People, is concentrating once more on the suffering and the struggle of these people, and expressing its solidarity with them. Since last year, the international community has become more aware of the Palestinian problem. The new bloodshed and suffering of this people has consolidated the belief that an urgent solution to the long-standing confrontation in the Middle East is more necessary than ever before and that Peace in that part of the world cannot be established without the fulfilment Of the Palestinians inalienable rights.

“The Greek Government is strongly convinced that no peaceful solution can be implemented without negotiations among all interested parties, that is, with the participation of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, and aiming at the implementation of the basic right recognized by international law and the United Nations-Chatter: the right to self-determination and, hence, the right to a Palestinian State, which would give the opportunity to all the States in the area to live in peace within secure and internationally recognized borders.

"The Greek Government, in the future as in the past, will not fail to support the struggle of the Palestinian people until its ultimate success. I am convinced, M% Chairman, that the Committee over which you preside will continue its constructive role and valuable contribution to this endeavour, as it has thus far."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call next on the representative of Turkey.

Mr. LOGOGLU (Turkey): I have the honour to read out the text of a message addressed to the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, by Mr. Ilter Turkmen, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey. The message reads as follows:

"on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the establishment of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. I should like to convey to the brotherly Palestinian people my sincere wishes for early success in their just struggle for the recognition of their legitimate national rights.

"The anniversary this year bears a very special meaning, due to the sufferings to which our Palestinian brothers have been subjected following the Israeli invasion of Lebanon. Turkey was terribly shocked by the tragic events that unfolded in Lebanon, and witnessed with horror the mass killings perpetrated against the Palestinians, including women, children and the elderly.

"Turkey firmly believes that the invasion of Lebanon and the developments that followed have once again underlined the urgent necessity of the recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to establish their own State, and of the evacuation by Israel of all occupied Arab territories. The recognition and restoration of those rights are the essential prerequisites for the achievement of a just, comprehensive and durable peace in the Middle. East.

"Turkey has steadfastly reaffirmed these views on every occasion. Furthermore, in conformity with this basic approach, Turkey supports and co-sponsors all draft resolutions which reflect this line of thinking presented to the United Nations and to the Islamic Conference, and takes part as an active member in the work of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

"We consider the recent peace initiatives as encouraging developments and earnestly hope that they will pave the way to early negotiations which will result in a comprehensive and lasting solution to the Palestinian question.

“We commend the valiant and dignified attitude of the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

"On this occasion I should like to express once more our sincere desire to see the long-standing sufferings of the Palestinian people come to an end as soon as possible and to reiterate my firm belief that the Palestinians will sooner or later succeed in attaining their just cause.”

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call on the representative of the United Arab Emirates.

Mr. AL-QASIMI (United Arab Emirates) (interpretation from Arabic): Mr. Chairman, it is my honour to convey to you a telegram addressed to you by Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al-Nahayan, Head of State of the United Arab Emirates, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the People of Palestine. It reads:

I wish to convey to you personally and to the members of your august Committee thanks for the continuous efforts you have made in support of the Palestinian people struggling to attain its national aspirations. We also wish to express to you our appreciation of this noble task which you have pledged yourself to performing despite the difficulties and obstacles placed in your way by Israel and the oppressive forces that support it to impede fulfilment of your meritorious task.

"Your choice of 29 November of each year as the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People reflects the determination and resolve of the United Nations to redress the injustice that has afflicted that people, whose lands were usurped through sheer, wanton force in implementation of imperialist designs the most repugnant results of which were the creation of Israel and the displacement of the Palestinian people, which since 29 November 1947 has suffered further displacement and dispossession while strangers are daily brought to its territories to be settled there to usurp the remaining Palestinian lands.

"That plight has not been confined to the usurpation of more than half the land of Palestine in 1947 and the displacement of the majority of its inhabitants, their expulsion from Palestine and the confiscation of their homes and property; usurpation has been extended to the remaining land of Palestine, in 1967. and the displacement of more of its people of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, which are witnessing all kinds of violations of human rights, including murder, detention, torture and displacement, as well as the confiscation of land and water and the establishment of Israeli settlements on Palestinian territory.

"As if all that were not enough for it, Israel has recently started to pursue the refugees of that people in the camps of southern Lebanon and Beirut, incessantly and relentlessly waging a reign of terror against them with a view to eliminating them. The massacres perpetrated by Israel in the Sabra and Shatila camps were but another link in the chain of Israeli terror against Palestinians which started with the Deir Yassin massacre in 1948.

"In this respect we regret to see that certain States still have policies of opposing legitimate Palestinian rights. Had it not been for the military, economic, financial and political support of these forces, Israel, the usurping and aggressive State, would not have been able to persist in its aggression and its defiance of the United Nations and its resolutions on the Palestinian question.

"Proceeding from this premise, we urge the international community to continue its support of the struggle of the Palestinian people led by the PLO, its sole legitimate representative, in order that it may be enabled to restore all its usurped rights and attain all its national aspirations.

"I wish to assure you, Mr. Chairman, that we in the United Arab Emirates will spare no effort in supporting the struggle of that people and in providing all support and assistance to it in the restoration of all its rights."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The next speaker is the representative of Trinidad and Tobago. I call upon him.

Mr. MURRAY (Trinidad and Tobago): Mr. Chairman, it gives me great pleasure to extend to you and to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People my delegation's warm and sincere greetings. I also have the honour to present the following message from the people and Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago in commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, the people and Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago take the opportunity to reiterate their support for the just struggle of the Palestinian people and its sole and legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization.

“The question of Palestine and the struggle of the Palestinian people for their inalienable rights has been at the core of the problems and conflicts in the Middle East over the last three decades. While the recent events in Lebanon have highlighted the need for an overall just settlement of the Middle East problem, it is with deep regret that we recall that they were but a small part of the devastation which has continually been visited on this region.

"During this period the conflicts have been seriously draining the human and financial resources of the region, resources which are vital to the social, economic and cultural development of the area. In addition, the Middle East has been transformed into one of the main hotbeds of tension which pose a grave threat to international peace and security.

"This solemn occasion provides a timely opportunity for the international community to reflect on its responsibilities in seeking a just solution to the problems of the Middle East and to recognize the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including the right to return to their homeland, to exercise self-determination and to national independence, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations.

"Trinidad and Tobago commends the work of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People to this end and pledges its support to all efforts to find a just and lasting settlement to the problems of the Middle East."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of the People's Republic of Mongolia.

Mr. MARKHUU (Mongolia) (interpretation from Russian): I have the honour to read out the following message from the Chairman of the Presidium of the Great People's Khural of the People's Republic of Mongolia, Mr. Y. Tsedenbal, addressed to you, Mr. Chairman, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Arab People of Palestine:

"On behalf of the Government and the people of the People's Republic of Mongolia, I convey to you, Mr. Chairman, and to all members of your Committee sincere greetings and best wishes on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. I should like to ask you to express our feelings of friendship and solidarity to the Palestinian people and the Palestine Liberation Organization.

"To our great regret, this Day is being commemorated this year in conditions in which we see a barbarous policy of genocide by the Israeli militarists against the heroic Palestinian people. People of good will on our planet were deeply shaken and greatly angered by the bloodthirsty acts of the Israeli aggressors in the Palestine refugee camps of Sabra and Sbatila.

"It is no secret to anyone that the United States of America not only encourages the expansionist aims of the leading circles in Tel Aviv, but also gives them assistance and help of all kinds. The criminal acts of Israel are a direct result of the Camp David deal and also of the so-called strategic co-operation between Tel Aviv and Washington.

"Despite another act of aggression against Palestine and the Lebanese people, Israel was unable to defeat the PLO, which was its aim, or physically destroy the Palestinian people, eliminate the Lebanese patriotic forces and put the whole of Lebanon under its control.

"Sincere feelings of admiration are aroused by the struggle of the Palestinian people, which, under the leadership of the PLO, is valiantly repulsing the aggressor and giving an example of bravery and staunchness in defending its legitimate rights in the cause of the peace and independence of the Arab countries.

"The sacred fight of the Palestinian people enjoys the sympathy and support of the whole world community. This is clearly shown by the fact that at the recent emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly on the question of Palestine 147 States Members of the United Nations voted in favour of the resolution concerning the right of the Arab people of Palestine to self-determination and national independence, and bitterly condemned Israeli aggression.

“The People's Republic of Mongolia, like the majority of States Members of the United Nations, feels that the main question in the search for a just and comprehensive settlement of the Middle East problem is to ensure the right of the Palestinian people to create their national State. Consequently, the People's Republic of Mongolia supports the proposal made by the Soviet Union on 15 September this year and is pleased with the decision of the seventh emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly, on the question of Palestine, to convene an international conference in August 1983 in Paris on that question.

"On this historic Day, the Mongolian people once again expresses its unswerving solidarity with the Arab people of Palestine and sincerely wishes it great success in its just fight against the forces of imperialism and Zionism, for its freedom and independence, and for the establishment of a stable and lasting peace in the Middle East.

"I take this opportunity to wish you, Mr. Chairman, and your Committee great successes in the noble work designed to ensure the exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and the implementation of United Nations resolutions on this question."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The next speaker is the representative of Maldives. I now call on him.

Mr. ZAKI (Maldives): I have the privilege and honour of reading out the following message from Mr. Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, President of the Republic of Maldives.

"On this International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I wish to reaffirm once again, in the name of the Government and the people of the Republic of Maldives, our full support for the people of Palestine and their inalienable rights to self-determination and independence and to the establishment of a national homeland on their own soil.

"The annual observance of an International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People since 1978 is not only a reflection of the genuine concern shown by the international community over the Palestinian cause but also a striking reminder of the grievous wrongs which have long been inflicted on the Palestinian people, who have been forcibly uprooted from their ancestral homes.

At the same time, the Government of the Maldives is using all the available media to disseminate more and more information about the plight of the Palestinian brothers and the most valuable work of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, headed by you, Sir.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from 'French): I call next on the representative of the Dominican Republic.

Mr. DEL ROSARIO (Dominican Republic) (interpretation from Spanish); It is a great honour for me to read out the message sent by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of the Dominican Republic to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People in commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"The Dominican Republic views with great interest and great understanding the situation of the Palestinian problem, a problem crucial to peace in the Middle East. Its Government feels that every measure should be taken that can lead to the solution of that problem in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Charter, supported by numerous resolutions of the Security Council and other bodies.

"The Dominican Republic feels bound to the Arab world by strong links because of the large number of Syrians, Lebanese, and Palestinian citizens who have emigrated to our country and enriched it socially, culturally and economically for many years.

"For those reasons, we reiterate our determination to co-operate closely for the achievement of peace in that region of the world while striving for the implementation of the political and legal machinery that will enable the Palestinian people to exercise its inalienable rights, including self determination - rights that have been recognized by this Organization."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Viet Nam.

Mr. LE KIM CHUNG (Viet Nam) (interpretation from French): On behalf of my Government, I have the honour to read out the following message sent by Pham Van Dong, President of the Council of Ministers of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People on tile occasion of the special meeting to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I have the honour to address to Your Excellencies and through you, to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People my warmest wishes. We wholeheartedly welcome the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People and we consider this occasion to be great encouragement to a people that has endured innumerable sacrifices in its heroic struggle over many years for its independence and freedom and that is now courageously facing up to all the treacherous manoeuvres of the American imperialists and the Israeli Zionist aggressors.

"The people and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam wish to reaffirm their militant solidarity with and their firm support, which they have consistently maintained, for the just and certainly triumphant battle of the Palestinian people for the accomplishment of their sacred national rights, including the right to self-determination, the right to return to their homeland and to establish their own independent and sovereign State. We steadfastly support the struggle of the Arab nation to regain all the Arab territories occupied by Israel.

"In our view the forces throughout the world which love peace and justice must strengthen at this time more than ever before their solidarity with and their support and their assistance to the Palestinian people and to other Arab peoples in their struggle for their fundamental national rights.

"We feel that this struggle goes hand in hand with the struggle being waged against the growing military presence of the American imperialists in the Middle East, and for the peace and the security of the peoples in that region and throughout the world.

"I take this opportunity, Sir, to express to Your Excellencies my best wishes and the assurances of my highest esteem."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The next speaker is the representative of Oman, on whom I now call.

Mr. SULAIMAN (Oman) (interpretation from Arabic): Mr. Chairman, allow me, on behalf of the delegation of Oman, to express our appreciation and our gratitude for the sincere efforts and responsible activities being undertaken by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People under your leadership and wise guidance. On this occasion I have the honour to read out the text of a message addressed to you by Mr. Yousuf Al-Alawi Abdullah, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"On this occasion when the international community is commemorating its solidarity with the Palestinian people, we take pleasure in reaffirming our support for and solidarity with the brother Palestinian people.

“The struggle of the Palestinian people to recover its inalienable rights to self-determination and the establishment of its own State in its land is a legitimate struggle for a just cause. It is the cause of anyone who is convinced of the right of all peoples to free self-determination.

"The international community, which during this year has witnessed tragic events of which Palestinian civilians, men, women, old people and children, have been victims, knows that these barbarous acts committed by Israel in the bombing of schools and hospitals of Palestinians in Lebanon are unspeakable acts. The international community must not only condemn Israel but exert constant pressure on it to make it refrain from such criminal acts in the future and recognize the fact that the Palestinians too, like all other peoples, have an inalienable right to live in peace under the regime that they choose.

"It is time to put an end to this illegal policy practised by Israel in the Middle East, for it is that policy which is a source of constant danger to the stability and security of the region and even to stability throughout the world.

“The Fez summit meeting laid down the basic principles of the Arab settlement plan for the Palestinian problem in the framework of a peaceful solution to the Middle East problem. We hope that those principles will be successfully put into effect. In view of the fact that those principles are the same as the principles adopted by the United Nations to this end, their application so as to achieve a just peace in the Middle East would lead to the achievement by the Palestinian people of its inalienable right to establish an independent State on its own land.

"To conclude, we would request the representative of the Palestine Liberation Organization, on this occasion, to transmit to the brother Palestinian people the expression of our solidarity and our wishes for success.”

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Pakistan.

Mr. NAWAZ (Pakistan): I have the honour to read out the following message from General Mohammad Zia-Ul-Haq, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"The International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people has assumed this year greater significance in view of the recent barbaric Israeli aggression against Lebanon and the Palestinian people and the carnage visited upon unarmed Palestinian men, women and children in the refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila. The atrocities perpetrated against the Palestinian people and the continuing sufferings to which they have been subjected for over three decades constitute a stigma which shames mankind.

"The Israelis have failed in their sinister attempt to eliminate the aspirations of the Palestinians by seeking to liquidate the Palestine Liberation Organization. The indomitable Palestinian people, however, under the dedicated leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, have, through the heroism of their brave freedom fighters, emerged yet stronger and are, in fact, more determined than ever before to attain their final goal.

"On this Day, the Government and people of Pakistan reaffirm their pledge to stand firmly alongside their Palestinian brethren in their valiant struggle against the forces of oppression and injustice. We reiterate our commitment to a Just and lasting solution of the Palestinian problem which can only be achieved on the basis of a complete Israeli withdrawal from all occupied Arab territories, including Al-Quds Al-Sharif, and the full restitution of the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people, and the right to a State of their own in Palestine under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

"The international community has time and again pronounced itself on these basic issues and affirmed that Palestine continues to be the core of the Middle East problem. In the wake of the gruesome tragedy in Lebanon, we call upon the comity of nations to exert the necessary pressure on Israel to vacate its aggression so as to ensure that right prevails and that the injustices committed against the people of Palestine are finally redressed."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Sudan.

Mr. EL-SHEIKH (Sudan) (interpretation from Arabic): Mr. Chairman, first of all, allow me to pay a tribute to the laudable efforts of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, under your Vise leadership, to achieve the restoration of the right of the Palestinian people to live on the same footing as the other peoples of the world.

I will read out the text of the message addressed to you, Mr. Chairman, by President Nimeiri of the Democratic Republic of Sudan:

"On this important day when the international community, represented by the United Nations, is celebrating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I have the pleasure to express my greetings and respect to the international family throughout the world as that family solemnly and clearly proclaims its solid support for and solidarity with the valiant people of Palestine, a people to which today, as we celebrate their Day and pay a tribute to them, we bow down and which we praise for the important role it is playing as well as for the struggle it is waging and for its courage in fighting to regain its legitimate rights to return to its homeland, to self-determination and to establish an independent State under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, its sole legitimate representative.

"On this highly significant occasion I invite the international community and all international and regional organizations to intensify their co-operation and solidarity with the valiant people of Palestine in their fight against the forces of Zionism, aggression and expansionism, forces that have steadily increased in size. I would take this opportunity to appeal to the major Powers to exercise immediately all the pressure they can to force Israel to end its aggressive practices and to abandon its expansionist policy, which represent a threat to peace and security not only in the region of the Middle East but throughout the entire world.

"In conclusion, I take pleasure in taking this opportunity to reaffirm the Position of principle followed by Sudan in lending its support to the Palestinian people out of fidelity to their just and legitimate cause. We will support them until their final victory."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call upon the representative of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

Mr. EL-HOFARI (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) (interpretation from Arabic): I have the honour of reading out the message addressed to you, Mr. Chairman, by our brother the Secretary of the General People' s Committee of the People's Bureau for Foreign Affairs:

“The commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People reaffirms the support given by the international community to the just struggle of that people to recover its usurped rights, including the right to self-determination. This commemoration also reaffirms the commitment of the United Nations to the consolidation of the Palestinians' struggle to recover their legitimate and inalienable rights.

“The commemoration of this Day this year is taking place in tragic circumstances in which the Palestinian people have been exposed to the most odious possible crime, the crime of collective extermination. It is the most odious crime in history and is embodied in the massacres perpetrated by the Israelis against the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon. This commemoration is a proof of our condemnation of the racist and expansionist aims of the Zionist entity and shows our belief that the Zionist entity is not a peace-loving State, but one that is a threat to international peace and security.

“The continued occupation of Palestinian territory since 1948 and the annexation of the Golan Heights, as well as the massacres of Palestinians that are being committed on a daily basis, require that the international community, as represented by the United Nations, take practical measures to put an end to the aggression and the occupation in order to enable the Palestinian people to return to their homeland. The repeated Zionist attacks could only have taken place with the unlimited support provided to the Zionist entity by the United States Administration in all fields, military, political and economic. Whatever the activities of the Zionist and imperialist forces to eliminate the Palestinian cause may be including collective massacres of the Palestinian people, who have struggled with rare courage in the past, the Palestinian people will be able to face up to any machinations aimed at preventing them from recovering their legitimate rights, rights that have been recognized by the international community as a whole.

"The Libyan Arab Jamahiriya reaffirms its commitment to the Palestinian cause and its absolute support of the Palestinian struggle through all possible means.

"I would like once again to express to you, Mr. Chairman, our highest appreciation of the efforts you are making in this cause.” On behalf of my delegation, I would like to express to you, Mr. Chairman, and to the members of the Committee and its other officers our sincere thanks and our deep appreciation of the efforts you are exerting to ensure the victory of the cause of the Palestinian people.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call upon the representative of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

"Mr. HAN SI HAE (Democratic People's Republic of Korea): I have the honour and privilege to read out the following message sent by the great leader Comrade Kim Il-Sung, President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, to Comrade Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization and Commander-in-Chief of the Palestinian Revolutionary Forces, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

"On behalf of the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Korean people, and on my own behalf, I wish to express militant solidarity and warm fraternal greetings to you and, through you, to the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Palestinian people, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

"Today, the Palestinian people and the Palestine Liberation Organization, under your correct leadership, firmly defend the revolutionary cause, continuously waging a heroic struggle against the aggressive manoeuvres ceaselessly perpetrated by United States imperialists and the Zionists. The Palestinian people, who are waging an unyielding struggle on many fronts, with invincible conviction and firm determination, enjoy ever-increasing support and encouragement from the peace-loving people of the world. This is a powerful source of strength for the Palestinian people.

"The Korean people will stand unswervingly on the side of the Palestinian people until the final victory is won in their just struggle for the restoration of their legitimate national rights, including the right to self-determination, the right to return to their homeland and the right to establish an independent and sovereign State.

“I avail myself of this opportunity sincerely to wish you and the Palestinian people greater successes in the struggle for achieving the liberation cause of Palestine."

"The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Qatar.

Mr. MAL (Qatar) (interpretation from Arabic): I have the honour of reading out the following message from His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al-Thani, Prince of the State of Qatar, to this Committee:

"For 35 years Israel has constantly exerted, with help from outside, all types of barbaric aggression, acts which are constantly increasing. It also carried out the recent violations in Lebanon - which went beyond all its earlier criminal terrorist acts. It committed atrocities and genocide, destruction and torture against the Palestinian and Lebanese people on their own territory.

"It defies all the divine laws recognized by the international community in its behaviour. This is an unprecedented violation of all legal norms and all the ideals which are so dear to the international community in our day.

"Throughout these years the world has taken no effective measure to force Israel to respect the dignity of the Arab and Palestinian people, although the provisions of the United Nations Charter provide measures to be taken to end acts of that nature and provide ways to end Israel's aggression against the dignity of these people. The actions by which Israel has violated all of these principles, norms and standards undermine international morality and the standards and norms of relations among peoples, which should be respected. This tragedy has been, and continues to be, the greatest of our century and represents a very serious danger for international peace and security.

"Your Committee meets today to continue its noble efforts to put an end to the tragedy of the Palestinian problem, the very core of the Arab-Israeli struggle, which has kept this problem in the forefront without an equitable solution restoring peace in the region and the entire world being found.

"There can be no doubt that this meeting is being held within the framework of an important development in world public opinion, and that is a source of optimism for this cause, which is no longer just an Arab cause but has become one for the entire international community, a cause which is the focus of the attention of the entire world, particularly following the barbaric, criminal massacres carried out by Israel in Lebanon. Through these massacres Israel has proved its intention to continue without limit to exploit the world's silence in order to carry out its aggressive expansionism.

"All of this reaffirms the intention of the Palestinian people to commit themselves to defending their national rights to fight and to show the greatest courage and sacrifice. Despite the fact that the Palestinian cause has been shown to the international community to be a just one, and despite the Arab world’s efforts to re-establish peace based on justice in that region, Israel rejects that peace, turns its back on it, erects all types of obstacles to its realization.

"We know that your committee will be able to continue its efforts and that they will be successful within the framework of solidarity with the Arab people of Palestine as they attempt to regain their rights – their rights to return to their homeland, their right to self-dermination in complete freedom, and also their right to establish their own independent State on their own soil.

“Once again I express on behalf of the people of Qatar and their government our tribute to the efforts you are making. We highly commend you and wish you success in your efforts.”

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call upon the representative of Bangladesh.


Mr. WASIUDDIN (Bangladesh) I have the honour to read out the following message from Lietenant-General H.M. Ershad, President of the Council of Ministers of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, on the occasion of the commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:

“On this solemn day when the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is being observed under the auspices of the United Nations, I join the international community in reiterating our support for the Palestinian people in their just struggle for independence and national liberation.

“The Palestinian issue continues to be a major test of the credibility of the international community in its efforts to uphold the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations in preserving international peace and security.

"No other problem has provoked so much thought, unleashed such a high degree of indignation, and so polarized emotions all over the world. The definite political existence of the people of Palestine is an established fact. To ignore their presence is to discount a reality recognized by the overwhelming majority of nation-States, and indeed by all mankind.

“Thus, the fundamental element of a durable and permanent peace in West Asia revolves around the recognition of the inalienable rights of the people of Palestine to self-determination and to the establishment of a State of their own.

"I take this opportunity to convey the deep appreciation of the Government and people of Bangladesh to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for its commendable efforts in projecting the just cause of the Palestinian people.”

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call next on the representative of Mauritania.

Mr. ISSELMOU (Mauritania)(interpretation from French): I have the honour to read out the following message addressed to the Chairman of this Committee by the Prime Minister of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania:

"On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people, it is a particular pleasure for me to extend to you our special congratulations and to express our appreciation for the immense work you have done along with the other members of your prestigious Committee to ensure the triumph of the rights of the people of Palestine.

"The Islamic Republic of Mauritania stands in full and unconditional solidarity with the Palestinian struggle, and states that it owes a debt of gratitude to all countries that refuse to acquiesce in the plunder of the rights of the Palestinian people. The fact is that the implementation of the tenets of Zionism and the immigration of thousands of people from other parts of the world to plunder the Palestinian people are becoming increasingly difficult to accept.

"The Palestinian people, which they thought they could easily erase from the memory of humanity, has tenaciously resisted and has refused to retreat, despite the violence of the Zionists' reaction. The Zionists have not been able to achieve all their diabolical ambitions; the conscience of mankind refuses to be an accomplice to their criminal acts.

"The courageous position taken and the sacrifices made by the Palestinian people have also constituted a crucial factor in the failure of the global enterprise of the Zionists: global, because they have had their sights set on hegemony in Africa and other parts of the world. The violation of the air-space of many Arab countries, the bombing of the Iraqi nuclear reactor, and acts of aggression against many other peoples and countries are proof of Israel's expansionist ambitions and its genocidal intentions, as demonstrated by the massacres at Sabra and Shatila. All this shows the true face of Israel and its Nazi character.

"The apartheid regime is the ally and partner of the Zionists, and pursues a similar policy against Namibia, Azania and the neighbouring African countries.

"The Islamic Republic of Mauritania remains convinced that any solution to the Palestinian problem should be based on the generous principles which you and the other members of the Committee have advocated, ceaselessly, vigorously and effectively. My Government will remain faithful to those principles and will work for the withdrawal of Israel from all occupied Arab territories and for the exercise by the Palestinian People of its inalienable rights, including its right to independence and to the establishment of its own State on its own land.

"I take this opportunity to renew our support for and unswerving solidarity with the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. I also communicate the best fraternal wishes of my Head of State."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call next on the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Mr. RAJAIENCHORASSAUTI (Islamic Republic of Iran): At the outset, I deem it most appropriate to recite a few brief verses from the Holy Koran in memory of the Palestinian martyrs, those great men who sacrificed their lives for the cause of Palestine, for the cause of liberating their homeland and the sanctuaries of all Moslems: "By time man is in a state of loss, except for those who believe in God and do good deeds and exhort one another to thought and exhort one another to perseverance and patience." (Sura CIII, 1-3) My delegation extends its most profound salaams to the Palestinian strugglers, and wishes to thank the Chairman and the members of the Committee for this opportunity to express the solidarity of the Moslem people and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran with the people of Palestine. I have the honour to present to the Committee a message from hujjat al-Islam - sage of Islam - Khamenei, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The message reads as follows:

"The world conscience still bears the wounds of the cruelty of the Zionists in the massacres at Sabra and Shatila. The treason and compromising of some of the reactionary and non-popular regimes of the region resulted in the success of the forces of imperialism and Zionism in expelling the Palestinian freedom-fighters from Beirut and dispersing them into different countries.

"Mankind's bitter experience of 35 years of illegitimate Zionist control over Palestine has demonstrated that aggression is an inherent characteristic of Israel and that compromise with such an element does not conform with any logic. The massacre of Palestinians and of Moslems of West Beirut demonstrated the validity of our position in rejecting the plot to expel the Palestinian freedom-fighters from that city.

“There should be no doubt that the Israeli criminals will not stop at massacring innocent people, but will use that as the first step toward implementing their major plot to destroy the cause of Palestine and to expand the influence of the world-devouring United States over the whole region. They are aiming at convincing the countries of the region that the only solution to the crisis of the Middle East is the implementation of the Camp David accords, under American protection. We believe that the expulsion of the Palestinian freedom fighters from Lebanon is not the end of the road but is only the beginning of a new era in the long struggle of the Arab and Moslem people.

"The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, in conformity with its anti-oppression and anti-imperialist nature and on the basis of its commitment, emanating from the divine teachings of the Holy Koran, to support all oppressed nations, announces once again that it extends its unreserved support for the rightful and legitimate struggle of the Palestinian people to recapture their occupied homeland and expel the Zionist usurper who have founded their regime upon Zionist racism in Palestine.

"We have not abandoned our Islamic and human duties towards the Palestinian cause and, despite the war that Iraq has imposed upon us, we have dispatched our forces to the front lines against Zionism.

"We believe that the basic solution to the question of Palestine and to the whole Middle East crisis can be found in a serious struggle against the policies of world arrogance and in a sincere effort towards a united Islamic position by emphasizing the Islamic nature of the Palestinian cause. The Islamic Republic of Iran has therefore always stressed the Islamic dimension of this issue. We consider the correct approach to the question of Jerusalem - or, as it is better to say. Al-Quds - to be the key to the emancipation of all the oppressed who have found themselves in the aggressive land murderous hands of their enemies. Hence, wherever there is a struggle for Palestine we shall be there.

"We consider the struggle against such oppressors and aggressors as the Zionist regime and its imperialist supporter, the United States, to be an Islamic duty of all the Moslems of the world and a human duty of all honourable human beings, and we expect all those who advocate justice and are concerned about international peace and security to take practical steps in support of the oppressed people of Palestine.

“With the innocent blood spilled at Sabra and Shatila as witness, we declare to the international conscience that the mere declaration of solidarity does not solve any problem and that only by punishing the professional criminals of the Zionist regime, such as Begin and Sharon, for their crimes will the conscience of humanity be tranquil.

"The Islamic Republic of Iran rejects the concessionary plans that, in spite of their humanist framework, are actually deceptive because they try to destroy-the cause-of the Palestinian people and their basic rights. The Islamic Republic of Iran believes that only by the active and practical solidarity of the peoples of the world with the oppressed people of Palestine against the inhuman deeds of the aggressor Zionists and by cutting off the hands of their imperialist supporters will true justice prevail and the oppressed people of Palestine at last regain their lost rights.

Mr. Chairman, as you know, we have come together here to declare solidarity with Palestinian people. My delegation just does not understand why the representative of Iraq in his statement or let us say, why Saddam Hussein of Iraq in his statement - contaminated the spirit of unity and solidarity of our gathering. Is it not really because of the similarities which exist between the Iraqi regime and the Zionist regime? Both the Zionist and the Iraqi regimes destroyed our peace and security in the area, exactly as the representatives of Begin and Saddam disturb our tranquility. You have just observed the destruction of the spirit of unity which exists among us in this Committee by the representative of Saddam, al-Takriti. It is because both representatives are commissioned to represent their regimes and their policies.

I had no intention of referring to the criminal actions perpetrated against our people by Saddam Hussein of Iraq. But it is imposed upon me-

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I apologize to the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran, but the representative of Iraq wishes to speak on a point of order, and I now call on him.

Mr. MOHAMMED (Iraq) (interpretation from Arabic): I did not want to interrupt this commemorative meeting. However. I note that the representative of Iran has begun to attack my President, Saddam-Hussein, and what is contained in his message on the occasion of this commemoration.

Mention was made of the seriousness of the situation and of the continuing Iranian attacks against the Iraqi border. Now if the representative of Iran wished to reply to our President's message, it would have been preferable to do so in the message of his own President, and not by attacking my President.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I should like, on behalf of the community present in this room, to ask our friends from Iran and Iraq not to introduce into this solemn occasion elements that might be subject to discussion or that might lead to statements in exercise of the right of reply. I should like to ask them both to bear in mind what is best for the Palestinian people. I am sure they are both aware of why we are here this evening. I therefore appeal to them to respect the solemnity prevailing here.

I invite the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to continue.

Mr. RAJAIE-ICKORASSAJU (Islamic Republic of Iran): As I have already mentioned, I had no intention of referring to what Saddam Hussein of Iraq has brought to our country, but the reference to the name of my country has been made and I think my delegation has the obligation to make one point very clear - that is by ,lay of comparison to show some similarities existing, between the two criminal regimes. I hope these similarities will provide enlightenment.

Iraq started its aggression with territorial claims and ambitions. The Zionist regime did the same and always does the same. Iraqis bombarded our civilian quarters and killed many innocent people. The Zionists did the same both in Lebanon, in Beirut, and in Jordan, in 1967.

Iraq has made about 2.5 million of our people homeless. The Zionist regime has done the same kind of thing to our Palestinian brothers. The Zionists have expelled our Palestinian brothers and sisters from their homeland-, Iraq has also expelled-

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I apologize for interrupting the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran, but with all the respect I owe my friend and colleague Ambassador Rajaie-Khorassani, just now I -made an appeal that when we address the Committee we should confer on this event all its due importance and that, even when attacks are made against our countries, we should, reply in a way commensurate with the solemnity of the occasion. Otherwise in our replies we shall go beyond the fitting context of this celebration. I do not think we should take this opportunity to expose a conflict between two States.

Mr. RAJAIE-KHORASSANI (Islamic Republic of Iran): Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. I realize that the conflict has already been imposed upon all of us by the statement just read to us by the representative of Iraq. I am terribly sorry for the mistake he has made. If you wish me not to continue my reply, I have no objection.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I thank my dear colleague for his understanding.

The next speaker is the representative of Suriname, on whom I now call.

Mr HENAR (Suriname): I have the honour to make the following, statement on behalf of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Suriname, Mr. Harvey Naarendorp:

Mr. Chairman, on the occasion of the commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People I would like to reaffirm on behalf of the Government and people Of the Republic of Suriname our sincere support for the cause of the Palestinian people and our solidarity with them in their just struggle for self-determination.

“The commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people is being carried out in accordance with General Assembly resolution 32/40 of 2 December 1977. This resolution, among others, confirms the right to self-determination. The United Nations is reaffirming the legitimate right to build a sovereign State in accordance with the principles of the Charter- and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

"In September of this year we all witnessed a massacre of innocent men, women and children in Lebanon. It is, however, our firm belief that all international disputes should be settled by peaceful means and that the acquisition of territories by force is inadmissible. We are also of the view that a just and lasting solution of this problem is an essential element for any comprehensive peace settlement of the Middle East conflict.

"Mr. Chairman, allow me to reiterate the position of my Government on the question of Palestine. First, we are of the opinion that the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to self-determination, should be fully respected. Secondly, there is no other representative of the people of Palestine than the Palestine Liberation Organization. Thirdly, Israeli forces should unconditionally withdraw from Arab territories occupied since the 1967 war, including Jerusalem.

"Mr. Chairman, may I take this opportunity to pay a tribute to you and the members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for your unswerving efforts to help solve the question of Palestine, which I may stress once more is essential to the Middle East question as a whole. The aforementioned Committee, which also acts as the Preparatory Committee for the International Conference on the Question of Palestine, should also be commended for its efforts in preparing for this Conference.

"Finally, we appeal to all parties to the conflict in the Middle East, including the Palestine Liberation Organization, the representative of the Palestinian people, to search for concrete ways and means to achieve a comprehensive, just and lasting solution along the lines of the Fez summit in the interests of international peace and security. It is our earnest hope that the Palestine people will soon take their rightful place among the community of nations as independent and sovereign."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): The next speaker is the representative of Jordan, upon whom I now call.

Mr. BATAINAH (Jordan) (interpretation from Arabic): Mr. Chairman, I have the honour of reading out the text of a message addressed to you by Mr. Marwan Al-Qasem, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Jordan, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People!

"I have the honour to congratulate you on your commemoration of the Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. Jordan, which has lived and continues to live with this problem, as is its destiny, considers the Palestinian cause as its own cause, as it is the cause of the Arab world and indeed the entire world.

“We thus wish to take this opportunity to express our total solidarity with the Palestinian people. So that it may recover all its Usurped rights, we will struggle by its side together with all other peace-loving countries to repel aggression against the people of Palestine, basing ourself on the natural right of that people to a homeland. This is a right that has been set forth in the Charter and in international law, and it is inherent in all the values underlying the United Nations.

"In paying a tribute to the Palestinian people on this occasion, I wish to reaffirm our conviction that right will be restored to that people thanks to the solidarity of all the peoples of the world that have faith in justice, freedom and peace."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of Afghanistan.

Mr. WEEDY (Afghanistan): I have the honour to read out the following message from Babrak Karmal, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan and President of the Revolutionary Council of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan:

"On the occasion of the commemoration of 29 November as the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I would like to take this opportunity to reiterate the full and firm support of the people and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan for the heroic and just struggle of the Arab people of Palestine for the restoration of their national inalienable rights usurped by Israel with the backing of imperialism.

"The evacuation by the Israeli aggressive forces of the occupied Arab territories, including Jerusalem, is indispensable for the exercise by the Palestinian people of its inalienable rights in Palestine and for a just and comprehensive solution to the long-standing Middle East crisis.

"The Government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan is convinced that the United Nations is to play an important role in promoting a lasting, just and comprehensive solution to the Middle East problem, based on the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of Israel from the occupied Arab territories and the restoration of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, including the establishment of an independent national State of their own in Palestine.

"Considering the Palestinian question as the core of the Middle East problem, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan believes that collusive deals or partial agreements will not lead to a just solution of the Middle East problem, particularly the Palestinian question. We believe that the best solution to this question could be found through collective efforts, with the full participation of the Palestine Liberation Organization, as the sole legitimate representative of the Arab people of Palestine.

"The people of Afghanistan admire the heroic and ceaseless struggle of the Palestinians against the Israeli aggressors, who failed in their sinister scheme to undermine the Palestine Liberation Organization, the vanguard of the Palestinian people. Contrary to Israeli estimates, the political authority and international prestige of the Palestine Liberation Organization on the international scene have increased even further. -We reaffirm our strongest condemnation of the Zionists' scandalous and savage actions, which resulted in the massacre of thousands of our Palestinian brothers and sisters and many other innocent civilians in west Beirut and other parts of Lebanon. It is the moral obligation of all justice-loving and peace-loving countries to stand side by side with the Palestinian people until their final victory.

While reaffirming our all-round support for and firm solidarity with our Palestinian brothers, we are confident that their cause will be triumphant and soon they will achieve their rightful goal.

"We wish prosperity for the Palestinian Arabs."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call now on the representative of Nicaragua.

Mr. CHAMORRO MORA (Nicaragua) (interpretation from Spanish): I have the honour to read out a message from our Head of State, Commander of the Revolution Daniel Ortego Saavedra, Co-ordinator of the Junta of the Government of National Reconstruction:

"The commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, in accordance with resolution 32/40 B of the General Assembly, is this year taking on special significance. At the same time it constitutes a matter of serious responsibility to which the international community must give prompt and decisive attention.

"The tragic events which have taken place during the year that has passed since our last commemoration require such action. Israel's systematic disregard of and contempt for the many resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council make it necessary that we take serious and responsible measures which will allow us to find a just and lasting peace in the region, a peace which will be possible only when the Palestinian people is enabled, under the leadership of its sole legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization, to enjoy its right to self-determination, to return to its homeland and to establish its own State.

"The impunity with which the Zionist Government perpetrates the bloodiest crimes against the Palestinians and the civilian population of Beirut, as well as the horrendous acts it has committed or allowed to take place in refugee camps, particularly in Sabra and Shatila, which have aroused consternation throughout the civilized world, must not be permitted to continue, and we cannot and must not stand idly by.

"On behalf of my Government and my people and on my own behalf, I would take the liberty of expressing the firmest condemnation of those cruel acts, which jeopardize international peace and security and which are made possible because of the open complicity of a great Power, a permanent member of the Security Council, which by its constant veto prevents the international community from taking the necessary measures to prevent such criminal actions.

"As a member of the Ministerial Committee of the Non-Aligned Movement, we are in favour of and commit ourselves to the achievement as soon as possible of a final solution to the problem of this suffering people, so as to conclude once and for all the institutionalized genocide that the Zionist regime is carrying out against it, violating the most basic rules of international law.

"As an elected member of the Security Council, a responsibility we shall assume in January 1983, 1 can guarantee that we shall make the greatest efforts to achieve a final solution to the problem of the Middle East, which cannot be solved until the Palestinians fully enjoy their inalienable rights, which they are now prevented by force from doing. We believe that the time for resolution has passed, because many resolutions have been adopted and now we need concrete measures to be taken by each of us so as to allow for the real implementation of the resolutions already adopted.

Likewise, I should like to reiterate our solidarity with the Palestine Liberation Organization, which sooner or later, in the vanguard of the struggle of its people, will lead it towards its final emancipation.

"We also hope that the efforts that you and each of the members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian people, have been making will continue. We know that that work will be arduous in the, future because of the intransigence of Israel, which hopes that it will still be able to pursue that policy with the unconditional support of the united States in the Security Council."

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call on the representative of the League of Arab States.

Mr. MAKSOUD (League of Arab States): I would like to express to you, Mr. Chairman, and through you to the Committee over which you preside, the deep appreciation of the Arab people for the yeoman work that you have undertaken in spelling out underlining and communicating the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people. Furthermore, the League of Arab States, in welcoming this international solidarity with the Palestinian people, considers that the moral outrage that has been expressed today in the Committee about Israel's usurpation of Palestinian rights and the carnage it has wrought on Beirut, on Lebanon and on the Palestinian refugee camps must be translated, through your efforts and those of the United Nations, into concrete measures that would constrain Israel's proclivity to continue with its plans of usurpation, expansion and annexation.

The Palestinian people, who are united within the framework of the Palestine Liberation Organization which in turn is an active member of the League of Arab States, realizes that the solidarity that has been expressed today by the leaders and representatives of the States Members of the United Nations has a healing function on the wounds that have been inflicted, on the children and women who have experienced the most savage bombings and attacks in contemporary history. We appreciate the level of heightened indignation that has manifested itself today at the qualitative increase in the level of aggressiveness which the Israeli invasion of Lebanon constituted. Our normal indignation and outrage must undoubtedly reach an unprecedented level when we witness the sufferings and personal tragedies of the Palestinian People. The summer of agony that mankind has experienced must be a reminder that no aggressor should be let loose to play havoc with the chances of peace and justice.

Therefore, the expressions of solidarity and the efforts of this Committee to articulate the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people are deeply appreciated by every single Arab State and every single Arab people. For Palestine is to the Arabs not only a Geographic and historical terms an area which belongs to the Arab nation. It is not only the homeland of an Arab people 10119 established and now long dispossessed and disenfranchised, bereft of the exercise of its legal, national, natural and inalienable rights. Today, when the votes and the voices of the Member States in this Committee and outside it are raised in the expression of their commitment to the rights of the Palestinians, as well as of their indignation and outrage at Israel's violation of those rights, we consider this to be a healing of many wounds. The barbarism of Israel's deliberate attempts to exterminate the Palestinian people and the Palestinian constituency by means of a two-fold operation - the physical destruction of Palestinians in their camps and abodes and the creeping annexation in the West Bank and Gaza and occupied territories - is clear. When international attention is focused on one element of Israeli aggression, whether it be their extermination and genocide in Beirut and in the refugee camps or their creeping annexationist policies carried out through legal chicanery in the West Bank and Gaza in order to pre-empt any national and cultural cohesion of the Palestinian identity, then naturally the voice of mankind as represented here today becomes the voice of the world conscience.

That is why we in the League of Arab States are expressing our solidarity with our Palestinian brothers - for they are a part of our Arab nation - but it is also why we, on behalf of the Palestinians and the Arab people with whom they are organically bound in a unified destiny, extend to you, Mr. Chairman, and through you to those who have expressed their solidarity, our gratitude, in the name of those maimed, wounded, hospitalized, disenfranchised and homeless. What you have said here today can become a healing of the wounds inflicted upon them and give them hope that one day soon their rights will, with your noble efforts, be reinstated and restored.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I now call upon the representative of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania to the United Nations.

Mr. MAFOLE (Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC)): On behalf of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania, custodian of the genuine aspirations of the oppressed, exploited and dispossessed African people of Azania, we wish to the Mr. Chairman, and the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for having invited the PAC to participate on this occasion marking the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People and their legitimate and indisputable liberation movement, the Palestine Liberation Organization. We take this opportunity to reaffirm our unequivocal support for the inalienable rights of the Arab Palestinian people to national independence and self-determination and their right to their own State.

It is only natural that we should participate in this meeting because the peoples of Azania and Palestine were betrayed and dispossessed of their fatherland by the same colonial Power, Pritain, and have had their inalienable rights denied by the settler colonialists. Moreover, the ideologies to which they are subjected and of which they are the victims are also the same, namely, blatant racism called apartheid in occupied Azania and Zionism in occupied Palestine.

In Azania the indigenous and rightful owners of the land have been declared foreigners under the bantustan policy. The Palestinians in Palestine have their in the Middle East the United Nations Relief and Works Agency refugee camps.

Our country was handed over to the racist settlers by the British through the South Africa Act of 1909. The Union of South Africa, which that Act established, totally excluded the overwhelming indigenous majority from all political institutions and offices. The infamous Balfour Declaration of 1917 repeated precisely the same British pressure. The British handed over mandated Palestine to International Zionism.

When the peoples of Azania and Palestine opposed these arbitrary colonial acts, they were subjected to brutal massacres. In Azania it was at Sharpeville and Soweto, while in the case of the dispossessed Palestinians it was at Deir Yassin, land recently at the Shatila and Sabra refugee camps.

Thus it is clear that-apartheid and Zionism are two sides of the same coin. This fact was also stressed by the United Nations when it declared apartheid a crime against humanity and Zionism a form of racism. The close affinity is acknowledged the racists and the Zionists themselves, by their open collaboration and Political economic, military, nuclear, financial and cultural links.

What however, surprises us at times is the opposition raised by Western Powers whenever attention is drawn to the similarity and affinity between apartheid and Zionism when it is obvious to all that the ideologies stem from the racist notion Of a chosen people, when they openly co-operate and collaborate, and when they are the illegitimate product of the same colonial Power.

The evidence concerning the similarity and mutual co-operation between apartheid and Zionism is indeed weighty and undeniable. Moreover, it is known to all, even by those who would like to deny it. That apartheid and Zionism are a real threat to world peace and security too is a fact, and widely acknowledged even by those Western Powers which support them militarily, economically and politically. However, they give that support because these two racist entities are imperialist outposts.

The Azanian and Palestinian people are waging a legitimate struggle to have their inalienable rights restored, and restored unconditionally. In the case of Azania and Palestine the Western imperialist Powers have been waging a concerted campaign to coerce the dispossessed people into surrendering their inalienable birthright. The racists and Zionists, with the support of the Western imperialist Powers, especially the United States of America, have been insisting that the dispossessed people renounce their legitimate claim first - before their national liberation movement can be recognized and their rightful demands considered. The racist Zionist strategy is "Your house has been occupied, but before your right to your house can be considered, you must give up your rightful claim to that house." Such is the imperialist and Zionist logic.

We of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania wish to reiterate that only the indigenous majority can guarantee democracy and equal rights. Nominority settler clique can. We therefore unconditionally support the just struggle of the dispossessed people of Palestine for the restoration of their usurped inalienable rights. We are confident that the Azanian and Palestinian people, being staunch comrades in arms, will eventually triumph. It is only a matter of time.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call on the representative of the African National Congress of South Africa.

Mr. MAKATINI (African National Congress of South Africa (ANC)): Mr. Chairman, we thank you most sincerely for calling upon us to speak on this important occasion, the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, Allow me at this juncture to place on record the African National Congress appreciation of your country's and your own personal commitment to the struggle for Palestinian and black South African emancipation.

The statements and messages of unswerving solidarity by a number of Heads of state, as well as various Governments and non-governmental organizations, with the Palestine Liberation Organization on this occasion have moved us deeply, because they have a special meaning and significance. They have a special significance to the struggling people of South Africa and the African National Congress, because both our peoples are victims of the worst form of settler colonialism, institutionalized terrorism and genocide, made possible by the collaboration of some Western Powers in the economic, military and nuclear fields.

On this occasion we salute the valiant Palestinian and Lebanese peoples' heroism in rebuffing the wanton aggression perpetrated by Israel against them, and for emerging even more determined and united under the far-sighted leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) headed by Yasser Arafat. In expressing again active solidarity with the valiant people of Palestine and its sole legitimate representative, the PLO, the African National Congress salutes their selfless heroism.

We take the position that the world-wide revulsion at and condemnation of the Israeli permanent aggression against the Arab States, and its genocide against the Palestinian people, now calls for concrete action against the Zionist State. We take t his occasion to appeal for concerted international action to impose comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against Israel and to demand Israel's unconditional withdrawal from all occupied Arab territories and the establishment of a Palestinian State.

The ANC believes that there is an urgent and imperative need for the Security Council to take concrete action against Israel not only because of the striking resemblance between the doctrine of Zionism and that of apartheid and the conspiracies, designs and strategies evolved by imperialism decades ago that made oppression of our peoples possible, but also because of the alliance that exists between the Tel Aviv and Pretoria regimes, and the relations that these two international pariahs enjoy with the Reagan Administration.

The urgency we attach to concerted action against Zionist Israel is further underscored by what we see as the unfolding scenario which is evidence of United States support of preparations by the apartheid regime for Beirut-type aggression and genocide in southern Africa.

We also seize this opportunity to call on all those countries which have not done so-to break diplomatic relations with Israel, whose policies constitute a serious threat to world peace and international security. For its part, and in pursuit of its struggle for the total eradication of apartheid and the establishment of a democratic State in South Africa, the ANC pledges to remain in the same trench as the PLO until victory is achieved in both territories.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I call next on Mr. Robert Thabit of the International Progress Organization.

Mr. THABIT (International Progress Organization): The International Progress Organization, with its headquarters in Vienna Austria, has as one of its most important aims the full realization of human rights, and especially those of the Palestinian people. The world has witnessed the spectre of Israeli benevolence in its attempt to purify Lebanon by eliminating the Palestinian people, a gross violation of human rights which all the world has condemned.

The massacres that followed the Israeli aggression in Lebanon in the humble refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila were merely further evidence of Israeli real--Politik. The genocide of the Palestinian people which took place in 1982 in Lebanon will, we hope, never take place again anywhere, any time, against any people.

We believe that it is time that the world Powers faced the problem of human rights for the Palestinian people, and addressed their right to an independent State in their ancestral home, Palestine. How long must the Palestinian people wait for their human rights to be achieved? Why should one Semitic people have greater rights than another Semitic people? Why cannot both Semitic peoples live with equal rights and with equal levels of security and peace?

The Palestinian people, and their children and grandchildren, have the right to live out their years in positive productive endeavours. The infrastructure the Palestinian people had built in Lebanon was not meant to infringe on Lebanon's sovereignty, but was built to serve the legitimate needs of that people, for education, for work and for reasonable health-care. Much of this was deliberately destroyed by the Israelis, along with the cultural and intellectual efforts of a people. Even yesterday, it was reported that armed men have removed Great quantities of drugs and medical supplies from the Palestinian Gaza Hospital in Lebanon. Who will provide medical care for these Palestinians? Or is this another attempt at genocide, by depriving their doctors and nurses from treating the sick and injured? We condemn this callous attitude towards the noble people of Palestine, who are as well educated as any ethnic Arab strain, who work just as hard as any Arab people, and who deserve to live as decently as any-other People in the world.

On this Day of Solidarity we join with all those who have spoken before us to assure the Palestinians that we shall continue to support their natural right to a State of their own and their natural right to select the Palestine Liberation Organization as their sole legitimate representative. We would appeal to the United States not to continue to insist that the PLO recognize Israel before Israel first recognizes the human rights of the Palestinian people and their right to self-determination, including an independent State of Palestine. For until the rights of the Palestinian people are secured there can be no peace in the Middle East.

We cannot, on this Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, but condemn the Government and policies of Begin and Sharon, which have brought so much bloodshed to the Middle East, the needless bloodshed of Palestinians and Lebanese people. The Arab peace plan agreed upon at the Summit Conference in Fez and President Reagan’s peace plan are starting-points from which a lasting Peace could be achieved once the full rights of the Palestinian people are recognized. The Israelis can no longer say that the Arabs and the Palestinians are not prepared to live at peace with Israel. The next logical step is negotiations, but they cannot begin until the Israelis recognize Palestinian rights and the PLO as the spokesman Of the Palestinian people. Who can question its popular and democratic support among the Palestinian people, wherever they may be?

Long live the Palestinian people and their representative the Palestine Liberation Organization, in an independent State of their own, Palestine.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): We have no further speakers for this meeting in commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. In addition to the messages which have been read out today, messages have been received from the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Argentina and Japan, from the Head of State of Seychelles from the President of the Republic of Zambia, from the President of the Republic of Cape Verde, from the Solidarity Committee of the German Democratic Republic, from the World Federation of Trade Unions and from the Organization of the Islamic Conference. We pay a special tribute to the Solidarity Committee of the German Democratic Republic for having issued a special stamp in honour of this Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.

All those messages, like the ones we have heard this morning and this afternoon, will as usual be reproduced in a special issue devoted to this International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People to be published by the Division of Palestinian Rights. We have received 38 messages from Heads of State or Government and 10 messages from Ministers of Foreign Affairs from countries in Africa, Latin America, Europe and Asia.

The Day whose commemoration we have just completed has once again confirmed the international community's concern over a problem that is a key issue because of its impact on international peace and security - that is, the Palestinian problem. From all the messages and statements we have heard today, there emerges a common denominator, a consensus; that is, there is an urgent necessity for the international community to do everything possible to enable the Palestinian people to regain their rights, usurped so long ago, and their dignity and their State. That is an essential condition for the restoration of peace not only to that region but also to the world. Indeed, for three decades now the Palestinian problem and, to a large extent, the question of the Middle East have been in the forefront of international affairs. No day goes by without this problem being-mentioned in political and other bodies - economic, and so forth. We are happy to note that wherever the Palestinian problem is discussed a common theme emerges: support for the restoration of justice and the restoration of peace.

I am certain that the statements we have heard this morning and this afternoon -will be very useful to the members of this Committee in the days to come, because the struggle we are waging is a struggle for peace. It is not at all a confrontation but, rather, an invitation to dialogue and negotiation aimed at the granting of justice to the Palestinian people, who have suffered and who continue to suffer. The recent events in Lebanon, more particularly the Sabra and Shatila massacres, remind us of this verse from the Holy Koran "Thou bringest the living out of the dead, and thou bringest the dead out of the living."

May the martyrdom of the inhabitants of Sabra and Shatila give new impetus to the struggle to ensure that the Palestinian people will one day find peace again and join the family of nations in working for a better and much more human future.

I should like once again, on behalf of the Committee, to thank all those who have attended this commemorative meeting for their very constructive contribution to this memorable Day.

The representative of the Palestine Liberation Organization wishes to speak, and I now call on him.

Mr. TERZI (Palestine Liberation Organization): Mr. Chairman, at the end of this observance today, I should like to express the gratitude of the Palestine Liberation Organization - nay, the gratitude of the Palestinian people everywhere - to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

This Day is yet another message to our Palestinian people everywhere, and in particular those who are under occupation and those who are dispersed, that the international community, the human conscience, is supporting the Palestinians in their just struggle for peace in Palestine, Peace that can be secured only when we Palestinians can return and live in peace in our homes; when we Palestinians can exercise our right to self-determination in our own homes- when we Palestinians can join the international community as a Member State committed to honouring the principles and the resolutions of the United Nations.

We are proud that such a large number of Heads of State, and Foreign Ministers, that the international community in its totality, that non-governmental organizations, that the liberation movements struggling in Africa, that the militants of Africa who have identified their struggle with ours and with whose struggle we identify, have come today to declare their solidarity. We are grateful to them and we look forward to this solidarity being translated into concrete action when we meet again in August, in the international conference on Palestinian rights.

Please accept, Sir, the gratitude of the Palestine Liberation Organization to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

The CHAIRMAN (interpretation from French): I should like once again to thank all the participants, and particularly the Secretariat, including the interpreters, for their dedication, which has ensured the success of this meeting.

The meeting rose at 8 p.m




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