Attachment to UNCTAD/ECDC/SEU/1
population, 1987 and 1988, end of year
(thousands)
Age
Group
Gaza Strip 1987 West Bank 1987*
East Jerusalem 1988
T
M
F
SR
T
M
F
SR
T
0-4
115.6
59.4
56.2
105.7
170.2
87.3
82.9
105.3
19.9
5-14
160.9
83.9
77.0
109.0
238.6
123.7
114.9
107.7
37.7
15-19
58.8
30.9
27.9
110.8
90.5
48.0
42.5
112.9
15.4
20-24
53.9
28.2
25.7
109.7
89.5
46.7
42.8
109.1
13.1
25-34
78.5
41.0
37.5
109.3
122.2
63.0
59.2
106.4
20.0
35-44
33.9
13.4
20.5
65.4
44.6
18.3
26.3
69.3
12.6
45-54
26.2
10.1
16.1
62.7
42.0
17.0
25.5
68.0
7.8
55-64
22.0
9.9
12.2
81.1
38.4
16.7
21.7
77.0
6.0
65+
15.7
7.1
8.6
82.6
32.1
14.9
17.2
86.6
5.7
Total
565.6
283.9
281.7
100.8
868.1
435.6
432.5
100.7
138.1
Percentages
0-4
20.4
20.9
19.9
19.7
20.0
19.2
14.4
5-14
28.4
29.6
27.3
27.5
28.4
26.6
27.3
15-19
10.4
10.9
9.9
10.4
11.0
9.8
11.1
20-24
9.5
9.9
9.1
10.3
10.7
9.9
9.5
25-34
13.9
14.4
13.3
14.0
14.5
13.7
14.4
35-44
5.9
4.7
7.3
5.1
4.2
6.1
9.1
45-54
4.7
3.6
5.7
4.8
3.9
5.8
5.6
55-64
4.0
3.5
4.3
4.5
3.8
5.0
4.3
65+
2.8
2.5
3.1
3.7
3.4
4.0
4.1
Total
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

T: Total M: Male F: Female SR: Sex Ratio: M/F

Source: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, No. 40, Jerusalem, 1989, p. 701 and pp. 40-41.

* Excluding east Jerusalem.

Table 3.2.  Distribution of the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the
Gaza Strip population, by major age groups, various years
(percentages)
Age
Group
West Bank East Jerusalem Gaza Strip
1961 a/
1967 b/
1987 b/
1961 a/
1967 b/
1988 b/
1967 b/
1987 b/
 0-14
45.2
48.1
47.2
43.7
44.4
41.7
50.3
48.8
15-24
18.7
15.2
20.7
19.1
18.1
20.6
16.6
19.9
25-44
19.7
18.8
19.1
20.5
20.9
23.5
19.0
19.8
45-64
11.2
10.8
9.3
11.4
11.1
9.9
8.9
8.7
 65+
5.2
6.6
3.7
5.2
5.5
4.1
4.8
2.8

Sources:

a/  Derived from table 1.10.

b/  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, Nos. 19 and 40, Jerusalem, 1968 and 1989, pp. 36;595 and pp. 40;701, respectively.


Table 3.3.  Age dependency ratio for the occupied territory, 1967, 1987

Area
1967
1987*
Total
Child
Aged
Total
Child
Aged
West Bank
120.5
106.1
14.4
100.0
92.7
7.3
East Jerusalem
99.8
88.8
11.0
84.6
77.0
7.6
Gaza Strip
120.4
110.1
10.4
106.8
101.1
5.7

Source:  Derived from table 3.2.

*  In 1988 for east Jerusalem.

Table 3.4.  Age-specific sex ratio in the West Bank,
East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip
Area/Year Age groupTotal
<15
15-29
30-44
45-64
65+
West Bank
 
   1961 a/
112.9
 87.0
77.2
94.1
96.8
97.8
   1967
112.3
 86.5
76.4
96.7
108.8
99.1
   1972
112.0
 98.9
72.3
87.1
106.3
100.1
   1980
110.6
105.2
71.1
77.7
104.0
99.6
   1987
106.7
109.1*
69.6**
72.2
86.6
100.8
Jerusalem
   1961 a/
112.7
 98.1
83.5
91.4
92.1
100.8
   1967
111.2
107.9
95.2
104.3
92.3
106.2
Gaza
   1967
109.7
 74.5
73.8
94.2
112.0
94.3
   1972
109.3
 91.2
65.5
89.8
110.6
96.2
   1980
109.1
108.1
61.5
85.2
101.9
98.8
   1987
107.6
109.9*
65.4**
70.7
82.6
100.8

Sources:  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel,  various years; except for a/ derived from table 1.10.

* for 15-34 year age group ** for 35-44 year age group.

Table 3.5.  Population of occupied Palestinian territory by religion, 1961, 1967
(thousands and percentages)
Area/Year
Total Muslim Christian
No.
%
No.
%
No.
%
West Bank
    1961 a/
  Nablus
341 748
100
338 467
99.0
3 069
0.9
  Jerusalem
344 270
100
301 648
87.6
42 618
12.4
  Hebron
119 432
100
119 264
99.9
168
0.1
  Total (1961)
805 450
100
759 379
94.3
45 855
5.7
  Total (1967) b/
661 757
100
619 985
93.7
40 241
6.1
    Thereof:
east Jerusalem
65 857
100
54 081
82.1
10 795
16.4
Gaza Strip* b/
  1967
389 702
100
385 644
99.0
2 543
0.7

Sources:

a/  Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, p. 115.

b/  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, Nos. 19 and 40, Jerusalem, 1968 and 1989.

*  Including North Sinai.

Table 3.6.  Marital status in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, 1961, 1967, 1981 and 1987 (percentages)
Area/Year
Male Female
S
M
D
W
S
M
D
W
West Bank
  1961 a/
  Nablus
35.5
62.1
0.3
2.1
24.6
61.6
0.8
13.2
  Jerusalem
35.2
62.5
0.4
1.9
23.7
61.7
0.9
13.6
  Hebron
31.5
66.4
0.2
1.9
16.5
69.9
0.7
12.9
  Total
34.8
62.9
0.3
2.0
23.1
62.8
0.8
13.4
  1967 b/
30.7
66.6
0.3
2.4
22.0
63.6
1.0
13.5
  1981 c/
51.9
47.2
0.2
0.7
45.1
49.9
0.3
4.7
  1987 d/
46.8
50.8
0.3
2.2
36.5
58.1
0.7
4.7
Gaza Strip
  1967 b/
33.0
65.2
0.3
1.5
22.7
63.9
1.1
12.3

S:  Single  M:  Married  D:  Divorced  W:  Widow.

Sources:

a/  Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, pp. 72-77.

b/  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, No. 19, 1968, p. 597.

c/  H. Makboul,  Demographic Situation in the West Bank, Arab Studies Society, Jerusalem, 1987, p. 367.

d/  W.R. Ennab, Population Geography of the Refugee Camps in the West Bank, Ph.D thesis, University of Durham, Durham, United Kingdom, 1989, p. 238.
Table 3.7. Marital status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip population, by age and sex,
(various years, percentages)
Marital Status
Age group
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65+
-West Bank
1961 a/
Male S
97.6
64.4
24.9
10.3
5.8
4.4
4.0
3.6
2.8
2.7
2.2
M
2.3
35.3
74.5
88.8
93.1
94.1
94.1
93.5
93.8
92.1
85.5
D
0.04
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
W
0.01
0.1
0.2
0.5
0.6
1.0
1.5
2.4
2.9
4.7
11.8
Female S
75.4
30.9
13.7
6.8
3.9
3.7
3.7
3.8
4.6
4.0
4.2
M
24.3
67.8
84.2
89.1
89.6
85.4
79.9
69.7
63.7
49.3
27.8
D
0.2
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.8
0.8
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
W
0.1
0.5
1.3
3.3
5.8
10.1
15.6
25.2
30.4
45.5
66.8
1967 b/
Male S
97.8
71.0
29.8
6.2
2.9
2.9
M
2.1
28.8
69.6
93.1
94.5
88.0
D
...
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.5
0.5
W
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.5
2.1
8.6
Female S
81.0
39.9
16.3
6.1
3.7
1.7
M
18.8
59.1
81.6
87.6
72.5
30.4
D
0.1
0.5
0.8
0.9
1.5
2.0
W
0.1
0.5
1.3
5.4
22.3
65.9
1981 c/
Male S
99.4
92.0
43.2
25.5
2.2
1.7
0.6
1.4
...
...
...
M
0.1
12.9
55.1
65.4
80.4
93.4
99.4
98.6
91.5
93.3
74.4
Female S
89.0
67.1
34.6
18.3
7.1
2.1
1.9
1.9
6.1
7.4
2.9
M
10.3
32.1
65.4
75.8
87.9
89.5
80.7
68.3
77.5
48.1
28.6
1987 d/
Male S
99.1
79.9
38.7
17.6
6.2
7.3
8.3
4.6
1.3
2.1
M
0.9
20.1
61.3
80.2
93.8
91.5
88.1
88.5
88.8
83.3
90.2
D
2.2
1.3
1.2
W
1.2
3.6
6.9
18.8
12.5
9.8
Female S
89.1
55.5
31.7
23.3
10.8
3.6
4.8
1.1
2.8
M
0.9
44.5
67.8
75.7
83.3
90.9
82.9
88.6
89.4
83.3
53.3
D
0.5
1.0
2.0
2.7
1.0
1.1
1.5
W
3.9
2.7
11.4
9.1
9.1
13.9
46.7
-Gaza Strip
1967 b/
Male S
97.5
69.1
28.0
4.2
2.0
2.9
M
2.5
30.5
71.1
95.1
95.9
88.0
D
0.2
0.5
0.2
0.3
0.5
W
0.2
0.4
0.5
1.8
8.6
Female S
85.8
38.6
9.6
3.4
1.1
1.7
M
13.9
59.6
87.4
89.9
70.2
30.4
D
0.1
1.1
1.5
1.0
1.6
2.0
W
0.2
0.7
1.5
5.7
27.1
65.9

S: Single M: Married D: Divorced W: Widow.

Sources:
a/ Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1., Amman, 1964, pp. 72-77.
b/ Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, No. 19, Jerusalem, 1968, p. 597.
c/ H. Makboul, Demographic Situation in the West Bank, Arab Studies Society, Jerusalem, 1987, pp. 371-377.
d/ W.R. Ennab, Population Geography of the Refugee Camps in the West Bank, Ph.D thesis, University of Durham, Durham, United Kingdom, 1989, p. 238.
Table 3.8. Distribution of the West Bank population by subdistrict
(various years, thousands)
District/
Subdistrict
a/
30 May 1967 b/
c/
d/
d/
1961
Annual
Natural
1967
1977
1985
Census
growth rate
increase
Census
estimate
estimate
Nablus District
341.748
359.119
407.315
300.300
347.300
391.000
Nablus
173.462
186.900
206.742
108.700
124.600
132.000
Tulkarm
86.590
89.637
103.203
100.600
117.800
127.000
Jenin
81.696
82.582
97.370
91.000
104.900
132.000
Jerusalem District
344.270
375.586
410.319
243.057
296.600
348.100
Jerusalem
107.368
123.099
127.967
65.857
99.800
125.100
Ramallah
115.339
118.627
137.467
101.600
111.000
126.000
Bethlehem
55.282
54.459
65.888
64.800
74.900
84.000
Jericho
66.281
79.401
78.997
10.800
10.900
13.000
Hebron District
119.432
115.838
142.346
118.400
136.900
195.000
Total
805.450
850.453
959.980
661.757
780.800
934.100
Percentage
Nablus District
42.4
42.2
45.4
44.5
41.9
Nablus
21.5
22.0
16.4
16.0
14.1
Tulkarm
10.8
10.5
15.2
15.1
13.6
Jenin
10.1
9.7
13.8
13.4
14.1
Jerusalem District
42.7
44.2
36.7
38.0
37.3
Jerusalem
13.3
14.5
10.0
12.8
13.4
Ramallah
14.3
13.9
15.3
14.2
13.5
Bethlehem
6.9
6.4
9.8
9.6
9.0
Jericho
8.2
9.3
1.6
1.7
1.4
Hebron District
14.8
13.6
17.9
17.5
20.9
Total
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

Sources:

a/ Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, pp. 30-31.
b/ Author's estimate; see table 2.1
c/ Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population 1967, Publication No. 1, Jerusalem, 1968, pp. 60-118, and Part 1, p. 12 for East Jerusalem.
d/ Israel Military Headquarters, Judea and Samaria: Statistical Report-Health Services, Jerusalem, 1977 and 1985, pp. 2 and 4 respectively.
Table 3.9.  Distribution of the East Jerusalem population, 1961 and 1967
(thousands and percentages)
1961
a/
1967
b/
%
Change
Total
75 000
65 857
-12.2
  Thereof:
  Jordanian Municipality
60 488
44 369
-12.2
     Old City
36 801
23 675
-26.6
     Outside Old City
23 687
20 694
-35.7
Areas excluded before 1967
15 000
21 488
-12.6
     At Toor
4 289
5 701
+43.3
     Al Aisawieh
1 163
1 613
+32.9
     Shu'fat
2 541
3 400
+38.9
     East Beit Hanina
{      
3 609
+33.8
     Kalandia Airport*
{ 2 000
1 123
     Sour Bahir,
     Um Tupa & Arab
     As Suwaharh
4 012
4 710
+17.4
     Beit Safafa & Shurfat
1 153
1 332
+15.5

Sources:

a/  Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961. Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, pp. 30-31.

b/  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Census  of Population 1967, East Jerusalem, 1968, Part 1, p. 12.

* That part included in the new municipal boundaries 1967, only.


Table 3.10.  Distribution of the Gaza Strip population by subdistrict
(various years, thousands and percentages)
Subdistrict
1967
Census
a/
1979
estimate
b/
1985
estimate
c/
Gaza
174 118
224 574
274 040
   % of total
48.9
50.5
52.0
Deir el Balah
54 450
72 931
67 983
15.3
16.4
12.9
Khan Yunis
127 312
147 195
184 977
35.8
33.1
35.1
Total
355 880
444 700
527 000

Sources:  Derived from:

a/  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, No. 19, Jerusalem, 1968, p. 593.

b/  Arab Studies Society, Statistical Bulletin for Gaza, No. 1, Jerusalem, 1982, p. 7.

c/  M. Benvenisti, and S. Khayat, The West Bank and Gaza Atlas, The West Bank Data Base Project, The Jerusalem Post, Jerusalem, 1988, p. 112.  
Table 3.11.  Population of the Gaza Strip, by type of settlement
(percentages)
Subdistrict
1967 a/
1985 b/
U
R
Rc
U
R
Rc
Gaza
56.7
6.7
36.6
58.8
7.8
33.4
Deir el Balah
}  
6.7
0.8
92.4
Khan Yunis
 } 28.1
10.3
61.6
45.4
10.2
44.4
Total
42.2
8.5
49.3
47.4
7.7
44.9

U:  Urban  R:  Rural  Rc:  Refugee camps.

Sources:

a/  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, No. 19, Jerusalem, 1968, p. 593.

b/  Author's estimate based on UNRWA figures of refugee camps population and the percentage distribution of population in localities estimated by the Arab Studies Society for 1979.
Table 3.12.Families in the West Bank, by size of family
and type of settlement, various years
(percentages)
Year
Number of Persons
Average
Size of
1
2
3
4
5
6
7+
Family
1961 a/
1.3
5.2
7.3
10.5
12.6
13.6
49.4
5.1
1971 b/ Total
Towns
Villages
7.0
5.6
7.0
11.5
10.8
11.6
8.4
9.8
8.1
10.0
9.1
10.6
11.1
11.5
11.3
10.4
10.1
10.6
41.6
43.1
40.8
5.8
5.9
5.8
1975 b/ Total
Towns
Villages
4.7
3.1
5.3
9.1
8.8
9.1
8.3
8.8
8.6
9.2
9.2
9.4
10.0
11.2
9.5
10.0
10.8
9.4
48.8
48.1
48.7
6.4
6.4
6.3
1981 b/ Total
Towns
Villages
4.2
3.5
4.5
6.8
7.5
6.7
6.8
7.1
6.6
8.4
9.4
8.0
10.6
12.2
10.0
11.2
13.3
10.5
52.0
47.0
53.7
6.9
6.6
7.0
1985 b/ Total
5.1
8.6
8.5
8.7
10.7
11.5
46.9
6.6
1988 b/ Total
4.6
8.4
8.2
10.4
11.2
11.5
45.7
6.4

Sources:

a/ Jordan Department of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1961, Vol. 1, Amman, 1964, pp. 6-7.

b/ Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, Nos. 23-40, Jerusalem, 1972-1989.
Table 3.13.Families in the Gaza Strip, by size of family
and type of settlement, various years
(percentages)
Year
Number of Persons
Average
Size of
1
2
3
4
5
6
7+
Family
1971 Total
Towns
Camps
4.8
4.1
5.4
10.0
10.5
9.4
9.5
8.7
10.1
9.8
10.5
9.4
10.7
12.4
8.7
10.5
10.9
10.5
44.7
42.9
46.5
6.1
6.1
6.2
1975 Total
Towns
Camps
4.1
3.0
5.4
7.8
6.6
9.2
7.8
7.4
8.4
8.7
9.6
8.4
8.7
8.9
8.8
11.0
11.8
10.5
52.1
52.8
49.4
6.8
6.9
6.6
1981 Total
Towns
Camps
3.1
2.4
3.9
9.0
7.6
10.0
8.2
6.9
9.3
9.6
8.0
11.8
10.1
9.3
10.7
11.3
11.1
12.1
48.7
54.7
42.5
6.6
7.1
6.1
1985 Total
4.3
9.0
9.6
10.7
10.7
11.0
44.7
6.3
1988 Total
3.3
9.0
9.8
9.8
10.8
11.9
45.4
6.4
Arabs in Israel, 1988:
Muslims
Christians
4.3
8.8
8.0
13.8
7.7
12.4
12.7
18.8
14.1
19.3
12.7
15.9
40.6
11.0
6.1
4.3

Source: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, Nos. 23-40, Jerusalem, 1972-1989.
Table 3.14. Population density in the West Bank and Gaza Strip,
(various years, persons per km2)
Subdistrict
1952*
1961*
1967*
1980**
1985**
1988**
Nablus District
125.6
136.2
120.5
202.6
221.2
..
Nablus
96.7
109.5
68.5
272.9
279.7
..
Tulkarm
245.5
260.0
303.0
173.9
182.5
..
Jenin
135.5
138.0
159.2
180.7
220.0
..
Jerusalem District
146.4
167.2
124.2
122.0
117.4
..
Jerusalem
256.9
322.4
231.8
332.1
375.7
..
Ramallah
138.6
145.3
131.9
134.0
147.2
..
Bethlehem
97.6
95.2
114.6
108.5
116.7
..
Jericho
139.9
188.8
31.9
10.7
12.3
..
Hebron District
116.1
110.4
112.1
153.7
212.0
..
Total West Bank
131.4
142.6
120.2
145.3
165.3
182.2
Gaza Strip
..
..
980.4
1 250.1
1 451.8
1 622.6

Source: Derived from tables 2.1 and 3.8.

* Calculated on the basis of the 1961 areas of the subdistricts, which remained the same in 1967.

** On the basis of the 1983 areas.

Table 3.15. Built-up areas and population density in the West Bank
District/
Subdistrict
Built-up Area
(km2)
Population Density
(per km2)
1961-67
a/
1987
b/
1961
c/
1967
c/
1977
c/
1985
c/
Nablus District
82.5
122.2
4 142
3 640
2 842
3 200
Nablus
52.1
46.4
3 329
2 086
2 658
2 845
Tulkarm
19.5
36.1
4 441
5 159
3 263
3 518
Jenin
10.9
39.7
7 495
8 349
2 642
3 325
Jerusalem District
67.6
116.3
5 093
3 594
2 550
2 993
Jerusalem and
30.0
67.2
5 422
4 355
2 600
3 112
Bethlehem
Ramallah
26.1
39.9
2 891
2 546
2 782
3 158
Jericho
11.5
9.2
5 764
939
1 185
1 413
Hebron District
35.5
70.9
3 364
3 335
1 931
2 750
Total
185.6
309.4
4 582
3 565
2 524
3 019

Sources:

a/ Author's estimate.
b/ M. Benvenisti and S. Khayat, The West Bank and Gaza Atlas, The West Bank Data Base Project, The Jerusalem Post, Jerusalem, 1988, p. 52.
c/ Derived from table 3.8.


Table 3.16.  Built-up areas and population density in the Gaza Strip
Subdistrict
Built-up area
(km2)
Population Density
(per km2)
1967
a/
1987
b/
1967
c/
1979
c/
1985
c/
Gaza
13.4
22.3
12 994
10 071
12 289
Deir el Balah
5.5
9.2
9 900
7 927
7 389
Khan Yunis
15.8
26.4
8 058
5 576
7 007
   Total
34.7
57.9
10 256
7 680
9 102

Sources:

a/  Author's estimate.

b/  M. Benvenisti and S. Khayat, The West Bank and Gaza Atlas, The West Bank Data Base Project, The Jerusalem Post, Jerusalem, 1988, p. 112.

c/  Derived from table 3.8.

Table 3.17.  Housing density in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, various years
Housing Density
West Bank
Gaza Strip
1975
1980
1985
1987
1975
1980
1985
1987
Average No. of persons
        per household
6.40
6.85
6.60
6.51
6.80
6.74
6.30
6.50
Average No. of rooms
3.3
3.3
3.6
3.4
3.5
3.7
4.1
4.3
Average No. of persons
        per room
1.94
2.08
1.83
1.91
1.94
1.82
1.54
1.51

Source:  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, Nos. 27-40, Jerusalem, 1976-1989.

Table 3.18.Housing density in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip,
East Jerusalem and among Palestinian Arabs in
Israel, various years
(percentages)
Persons per room
Less than 1
1 - 1.99
2 - 2.99
3+
- West Bank:
    Towns         1971
6.7
26.0
24.9
42.4
                  1981
7.8
29.3
26.9
36.0
    Villages      1971
2.4
17.0
21.8
58.8
                  1981
4.4
22.5
25.8
47.3
    Total         1971
3.5
19.7
22.4
54.4
                  1981
5.0
23.9
26.4
44.7
                  1988
7.3
31.3
29.9
31.7
- Gaza Strip:
    Towns         1971
2.7
20.5
26.9
49.9
                  1981
5.2
23.7
29.1
42.0
    Refugee Camps 1971
2.7
19.9
28.7
48.7
                  1981
3.2
22.8
30.5
43.5
    Total         1971
2.6
19.9
27.3
50.5
                  1981
3.9
23.3
30.5
42.3
                  1988
5.4
26.5
32.3
35.8
- East Jerusalem  1988
14.8
27.8
23.8
33.7
- Muslims in
    Israel        1988
8.2
37.1
32.1
22.7
- Christians  
    in Israel     1988
18.0
51.9
24.2
6.1

Source:  Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, Nos. 23-40, Jerusalem, 1972-1989.