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Agreement on Movement and Access
Report No. 70
Implementation of the Agreement on Movement and Access
and Update on Gaza Crossings
(09 - 22 July 2008)
The United Nations is submitting the 87
bi-weekly report on the implementation of the 15 November 2005 Agreement on Movement and Access (AMA)
, covering the period 09 - 22 July 2008 (Annex)
. In light of the closure of Gaza, this report also monitors movement and access through other crossings not included in the AMA.
crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 409 working days since 10 June 2007. However, 27 Palestinians from Gaza were exceptionally allowed to cross out when the crossing was temporarily opened for a few hours on 15 July. Nobody was allowed to cross in during the entire reporting period.
crossing is closed since 12 June 2007 for the movement of goods in and out of Gaza. The single-lane conveyor belt/chute located outside the compound, was operational for the import of cereals and animal feed on nine days (10, 13, 14, 15,16,17,20, 21 and 22 July). The conveyor belt/chute was operational on six days for gravel imports (five days in the previous reporting period). Overall, 1,548 truckloads of cereals, animal feed and gravel (1,361 truckloads) entered Gaza, via the conveyor belt, compared to 338 in the previous reporting period.
crossing has remained closed for more than two years now, being since March 2006 for workers, and more than a year, since 12 June 2007, for all other Palestinians, except for a limited number of Palestinian traders, aid workers and medical cases who have been granted special permits. For these persons, Erez crossing was partially open 12 out of the 14 scheduled days.
Obstacles to movement in the West Bank
has increased from 609 reported during the previous reporting period to 610. Overall, the figure of 610 represents an increase of 234 obstacles (62.2%) over the baseline figure (376) of August 2005.
Convoys between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank:
Truck convoys -
Implementation now 30 months overdue (since mid-January 2006).
- Implementation now 31 months overdue (since mid-December 2005).
Awaiting GoI assurance of non-interference with the seaport operation.
- Awaiting commencement of discussions since November 2005.
crossing was open on 12 days compared to 7 days in the previous reporting period, during which 853.5 truckloads, including 161 from humanitarian agencies, were allowed into Gaza.
crossing was closed on all days during the reporting period. It was last open on 19 April 08.
Nahal Oz crossing
was open on 11 out of 12 scheduled days including three days in which it was partially opened. 267,570 litres of petrol (19,112 lit/day), 2,047,420 litres of diesel (116,244 lit/day), 2006 tonnes of cooking gas (143tonnes/day) and 4,200,800 litres of industrial gas for the power plant (300,005/day) were allowed entry.
Overall, 2,401 truckloads, including 161 truckloads from humanitarian agencies, were allowed into Gaza during this period compared to 803 truckloads allowed in during the previous reporting period.
The United Nations, through the OCHA oPt office, has assumed reporting responsibilities on the implementation of the AMA since April 2006.
The AMA was negotiated, by US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, between the Government of Israel (GOI) and the Palestinian Authority (PA) to promote peaceful economic development and improve the humanitarian situation on the ground. It represents the commitments of both the GOI and the PA to facilitate access and movement into/out and throughout the West Bank and Gaza.
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