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Press Release
UNITED NATIONS
Department of Public Information · News Coverage Service · New York


Fifty-seventh General Assembly
Plenary
57th Meeting (AM)
GA/10105
22 November 2002
GENERAL ASSEMBLY CALLS FOR STRENGTHENED NATIONAL MEASURES TO PREVENT TERRORIST ACQUISITION OF MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPONS

53 First Committee Texts Adopted; New Russian Federation/United States Strategic Framework, Nuclear Weapon Elimination among Other Issues Addressed


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Background

The General Assembly met this morning to take action on 17 reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).  Those reports contain 52 draft resolutions and two draft decisions.

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By the terms of the draft resolution contained in the report on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East (document A/57/507), the Assembly would urge all parties directly concerned to consider seriously taking the practical and urgent steps required for the implementation of the proposal to establish such a zone, and, as a means of promoting that objective, would invite the countries concerned to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

The Assembly would call upon all countries of the region that had not yet done so, pending the zone's establishment, to agree to place all their nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards.  It would invite the nuclear-weapon States and all others to render their assistance in establishing such a zone and, at the same time, to refrain from any action that ran counter to both the letter and spirit of the present text.

The Committee approved the draft resolution on 21 October without a vote.

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According to the draft resolution contained in the report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/57/513), the Assembly would reaffirm the importance of Israel's accession to the NPT and placement of all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards.

The Assembly would call upon that State to accede to the NPT without further delay and not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons, and to renounce possession of those weapons, and place all its unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope IAEA safeguards as an important confidence-building measure among all States of the region and as a step towards enhancing peace and security.

The Committee approved the draft on 25 October by a vote of 150 in favour to 4 against (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, United States), with 9 abstentions (Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Vanuatu).

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Action on Texts

MEHMET SAMSAR (Turkey), Rapporteur, introduced the reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).

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Turning to the text contained in the report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/57/513), the Assembly first adopted the sixth preambular paragraph by a vote of 163 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 2 abstentions (Pakistan, United States) (Annex XXIX).

[The sixth preambular paragraph recognizes, with satisfaction, that the 2000 NPT Review Conference calls upon those remaining States not parties to the Treaty to accede to it.]

The Assembly then adopted the draft as a whole by a vote of 158 in favour to 3 against (Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States), with 8 abstentions (Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago) (Annex XXX).

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ANNEX XXIX

Vote on Pream Para 6/Middle East Nuclear Proliferation

The sixth preambular paragraph in the draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/57/97) was adopted by a recorded vote of 163 in favour to 2 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:

In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.

Against:  India, Israel.

Abstaining:  Pakistan, United States.

Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe.



ANNEX XXX

Vote on Middle East Nuclear Proliferation

The draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/57/97) was adopted by a recorded vote of 158 in favour to 3 against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:

In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia.

Against:  Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United States.

Abstaining:  Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ethiopia, India, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago.

Absent:  Antigua and Barbuda, Belgium, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Kiribati, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Niger, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Somalia, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

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For information media - not an official record