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        Security Council
12 September 2006

Original: English

Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation
of Security Council resolution 1701 (2006)

I. Introduction

1. The present report is my second report on the implementation of Security Council resolution 1701 (2006). It follows my report of 18 August 2006 (S/2006/670), which focused on steps taken until that date, and measures required to consolidate the fragile cessation of hostilities. The present report provides a more comprehensive assessment of the political situation, in addition to an update on all steps taken to implement resolution 1701 (2006). I submit the former in response to paragraphs 8, 9 and 10 of the resolution.


A. Outcome of the war

3. As of 31 August 2006, official Lebanese figures showed that 1,187 people had died and 4,092 had been injured in Lebanon as a result of the conflict. Many of these victims were children. The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs estimates that one million Lebanese were displaced between 12 July and 14 August, with some 735,000 seeking shelter within Lebanon and 230,000 outside; this included the secondary displacement of approximately 16,000 Palestinian refugees. The cessation of hostilities on 14 August triggered a massive and speedy return of internally displaced persons and refugees back to their areas of origin. According to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), within days of the ceasefire some 90 per cent of those displaced in Lebanon during the hostilities — around 900,000 or one quarter of the population — returned to their homes or were staying nearby. At the end of August, it was estimated that between 100,000 and 150,000 people remained internally displaced.


C. Disarming armed groups


27. The agreement reached in the national dialogue on the arms of Palestinian militias outside Palestinian refugee camps has been recognized as a significant and important step. But its implementation within the six-month period stipulated by the national dialogue (which ended on 26 August) has not yet been realized.


IV. Observations


60. In order to prevent a resurgence of violence and bloodshed the underlying causes of conflict in the region must be addressed. Other crises cannot be ignored, especially in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, as they are all interlinked. Until the international community insists on a just, lasting and comprehensive peace in the Middle East, any one of these conflicts has the potential to erupt and engulf the entire region.

61. I will continue my efforts to pursue the full implementation of Security Council resolution 1701 (2006) and other relevant resolutions and will report to the Council at regular intervals.


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