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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
4 October 2005


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

Protection of Civilians - Weekly Briefing Notes

28 September - 4 October 2005


Protection – Deaths and injuries . Shelter and Property – People displaced, House demolitions, Demolition orders . Natural Resources - Land levelling, Requisitions, Tree Uprooting . Restrictions on Medical Assistance - Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations . Access and Movement for Civilians - Curfews, Access to education, Access to employment, Closures/Movement restrictions . Additional Protection Issues

Of note this week:
• The IDF maintained a total closure of the West Bank and Gaza Strip which has been in place since 24 September 2005. No Palestinians with permits were allowed to cross into Israel except in some limited humanitarian cases.

1. Physical Protection



Casualty Incidents:
• 28 September: A group of Israeli settlers sprayed an unidentified toxic material on a Palestinian man near Ramin village, Tulkarm. He was admitted to hospital with critical injuries.
29 September: The IDF entered Birqin village, Jenin, and surrounded a farm near the village. An exchange of fire took place between the IDF and Palestinians resulting in the death of two Palestinians.
29 September: Israeli settlers from Beit Hadassah settlement, Hebron, threw stones through the protective net erected by the IDF above Old Al Shallalah street in the H2 area and injured a Palestinian woman. The woman was hospitalised with serious injuries.
29 September: The IDF entered Jenin City, Jenin, and exchanged fire with Palestinian gunmen resulting in the death of one Palestinian.
30 September: The IDF fired tear gas and rubber-coated metal bullets at Palestinian, Israeli and internationals demonstrating against the Barrier construction in Bil’in, Rammalah/Al Bireh, injuring one Palestinian.
30 September: An 11-year-old Palestinian was injured after the child was hit by an Israeli plated car near the entrance of Jinsafut village, Qalqiliya.
30 September: The IDF entered Balata refugee camp, Nablus, and exchanged fire with Palestinian gunmen. Two Palestinians were killed. One Palestinian and one IDF soldier were injured.
30 September: The IDF killed a 13-year-old Palestinian boy near ‘Askar refugee camp, Nablus, during a military operation in the camp.
3 October: The IDF shot and injured a 16-year-old Palestinian boy at Beit Furik checkpoint, Nablus, after he reportedly attempted to stab an IDF soldier.
3 October: The IDF injured a 12-year-old Palestinian boy during a search and arrest campaign in Tubas city, Tubas.
4 October: A Palestinian women stabbed a female IDF soldier in the face at Huwwara checkpoint, Nablus. The soldiers at the checkpoint shot and killed the Palestinian woman.

2. Shelter and Property



Incidents:
• 28 September: IAF helicopters fired two rockets at a two-storey building owned by the head of the Special Office for Presidential Security in Tel Al Hawwa in Gaza City, the Gaza Strip. The building was severely damaged and electricity was cut in the area
28 September: An IAF helicopter fired missiles at a PFLP office in Al Bureij camp, the Gaza Strip. The office was severely damaged.

Other shelter/property related incidents:
28 September: IAF F16 fighter jets fired missiles at the main entrance of Beit Hanoun town, the Gaza Strip, causing severe damage to the road. The air strike caused an electricity cut across a large part of the northern area of the Gaza Strip.
28 September: An IAF helicopter fired a rocket towards a building in the Al Tuffah neighborhood of Gaza City, the Gaza Strip. The strike destroyed an electrical transformer and cut electricity to the area.
29 September: The IDF issued four ‘cease construction’ orders for uninhabited houses in the Palestinian village of Al Burj, Hebron. The IDF stated that they were being constructed without permits.
• The temporary occupation of houses by the IDF continued to take place in H2 area of Hebron City. This week IDF occupied four houses for a period of 12 to 36 hours.

3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting1

Nablus Governorate:
28 September: IDF leveled 3 dunums (0.3 hectares) of land near Sarra village and erected an observation tower on the land.

Jenin and Tubas Governorates:
• No incidents to report.

Tulkarm Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Salfit Governorate:
3 October: Israeli settlers from Eli Zahav settlement levelled land belonging to Palestinians from Kafr ad Dik village for the expansion of the settlement.
• Ongoing incidents:
Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
• 2 October: The IDF handed to the Palestinian DCL three land requisition orders totaling 929 dunums (92.9 hectares) of land in three villages south of Ramallah: T/171/05 requisitioning 613 dunums (61.3 hectares) in Deir Ghassaneh; T/170/05 requisitioning 251 dunums (25.1 hectares) from ‘Abud; and T/165/05 requisitioning 65 dunums (6.5 hectares) in Al Lubban al Gharbi.
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
29 September: Israeli settlers cut down the branches of 17 olive trees located close to Kiryat Arba settlement. The trees belonged to a Palestinian farmer from the neighbourhood of Al Buweiri.
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
• 18 September (previously unreported): The IDF issued requisition order T/168/05 for 110 dunums (11 hectares) of agricultural land belonging to Palestinian farmers from the villages of Al Jab’a (Bethlehem governorate) and Surif (Hebron governorate). According to the order the land will be used to create a new terminal crossing.
2 October: 210 fruit trees (peach, apricot, plum, figs, and almonds) aged between 7 to 15 years belonging to a Palestinian farmer from Khallet Zakariya were cut down in agricultural land adjacent to Alon Shvut settlement.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jerusalem Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Jericho Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents to report.

_______________
1 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare


4. Access and Movement for Civilians

a) Curfew


b) Access to Education

Tubas:
• 4 October: IDF soldiers at Tayasir checkpoint, Tubas, prohibited teachers’ vehicular access.

Hebron:
• Ongoing incidents:
c) Access to Employment
Since 24 September the IDF have imposed a total closure on the West Bank and Gaza Strip. No permit holders were allowed access to Israel. The closure was intensified 3 October due to the Jewish New Year holiday.

d) Closures/Movement restrictions
No permit holders were allowed access to Israel. However, in some limited humanitarian cases access was granted to Israel.

Nablus Governorate:
• 29 September: The IDF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Madama and ‘Asira al Qibliya villages for several hours preventing all Palestinians from going through the checkpoint.
29 September: The IDF closed Huwwara checkpoint for outgoing movement for two hours.
2 October: The IDF created an earth mound west of Bazzariya village on the road leading to ‘Anabta town.
4 October: The IDF closed Huwwara checkpoint for 90 minutes after a Palestinian woman stabbed a female soldier at the checkpoint.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jenin Governorate:
• 21 August to date: The IDF closed all the entrances to Ya’bad village with road blocks and earth mounds. Only one alternative road is open towards Jenin City through Kufeirit village.
21 August to date: The IDF continue to restrict access to Road No. 585 from the entrance off Mevo Dotan settlement to the entrance off Khermesh settlement.
1 October: IDF established a metal gate on a road leading from Ya’bad town and Road No. 585. The gate and two checkpoints on the road near Mevo Dotan and Khermesh settlement entrances are preventing Palestinians from reaching charcoal factories and olive groves in the area.
28 September, 30 September, 1 October, 2 October and 4 October: Al Jalama commercial checkpoint was closed.

Tubas Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Tulkarm Governorate:
• 28 September: The IDF searched the offices of the Al Ihsan Charitable Society, Zakat Committee, the Office of the Islamic Jihad Movement and the Qur’anic Studies Centre. They confiscated a number of files and two computers.
3 October: The IDF closed Taybeh commercial checkpoint in the afternoon due to the Jewish New Year holiday.
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
• 28 September: The IDF closed the Disabled Rehabilitation Society, Islamic Club and a Qur’anic Studies Society for two years and confiscated a number of files and computers.

Salfit Governorate:
• 28 September: The IDF closed Deir Ballut checkpoint for all Palestinian movement for two hours.
28 September: The IDF opened the Barrier gates three times a day and some of the agricultural roads to facilitate the access of farmers to their land during the olive harvest.
29 September: The IDF opened the Qarawat Bani Hassan roadblock and erected a gate to facilitate the access of Palestinians during the municipal elections in the area. The gate was closed the next day.

Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
• 28 September: The partial checkpoint at Atara was was operated by the IDF for one hour. The IDF soldiers stopped all vehicles going out of Bir Zeit/Ramallah and checked their IDs.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jerusalem Governorate:
• All week: A tightened closure around Jerusalem occurred during the reporting period due to the Jewish New Year holiday.

Jericho Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
• 28 September: The Israeli DCL stated that they would not reissue expired magnetic cards over the next three months but that they would extend the validity of current cards over this period.
28 September: The IDF searched the office of the Islamic Charitable Society in Hebron City and five branches of the Society in other villages in Hebron governorate. They confiscated computers, cell phones and files.
28 September- 4 October: The IDF erected flying checkpoints on entrances to major Palestinian towns and on main roads. Vehicles travelling between Bethlehem and Hebron faced problems getting through Gush Etzion checkpoint.
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
• 28 September: The IDF searched the offices of the Al Ihsan Charitable Society in Bethlehem and three of its other branches in the governorate. They confiscated computers, cell phones and files.

West Bank: Reported flying checkpoints


The Gaza Strip:
• 24 September to date: The IDF closed all external crossing points in the Gaza Strip until further notice (Rafah crossing point had been closed since the 7 September).
24 September to date: Palestinian fishing boats have not been prevented from fishing along the Gaza Strip coastline.

6. Olive Harvest

• 28 September: 406 Palestinian owners of olive groves from Ya’bad town, Jenin, who applied for permits to enter their land during the olive harvest were rejected by the Israeli DCL. The land they own is located west of the Barrier.
1 October: IDF soldiers took clothes and ID card from a Palestinian farmer from Kafr al Labad, Tulkarm, and forced him to leave his land. The farmer was picking olives from his land near Avnei Khefets settlement.

7. Additional Protection Issues
• During the week, more than 11 homemade rockets were fired from different locations inside the Gaza Strip towards Israel.
28 September: IAF F16 fighter jets fired two missiles into unpopulated areas around BeitHanoun. No injuries were reported.
2 October: Three Palestinians were killed, including a Major in the police, and 43 were injured in armed clashes between Hamas members and the PA police forces in Gaza City, the Gaza Strip.

Searches/Arrests/Detentions












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