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UNITED
NATIONS
A E

        General Assembly
A/51/3 (Part II)
10 September 1996

Fifty-first session

REPORT OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL FOR THE YEAR 1996*

The report of the Council for the year 1996 is being issued in three
parts and in a new format. Part I contains the foreword by the
President of the Council and chapters I-IV, relating to the
high-level, coordination and operational activities segments of the
work of the Council. Part II contains chapters V-VII, which cover
the general segment, elections and organizational matters. Part III
contains the annexes to the report. The section of the report of the
Council relating to the resumed substantive session of 1996 will be
issued as part IV.

The resolutions and decisions adopted by the Council are included in
the relevant section of the report, corresponding to the agenda item
under which they were adopted, as are the summary of the President on
the high-level segment (chapter II) and the agreed conclusions of the
coordination segment (chapter III).


* The present document is part II of the preliminary version of the report of the Economic and Social Council for 1996. The final report will be issued as Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first session, Supplement No. 3 (A/51/3/Rev.1).

The resolutions and decisions will be issued in final form in Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996, Supplement No. 1 (E/1996/96).


96-21074 (E) 300996
CONTENTS

Chapter

Foreword by the President of the Economic and
Social Council*

I. MATTERS CALLING FOR ACTION BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OR
BROUGHT TO ITS ATTENTION*

II. HIGH-LEVEL SEGMENT: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGAINST THE
ILLICIT PRODUCTION, SALE, DEMAND, TRAFFIC AND DISTRIBUTION OF
NARCOTICS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES AND RELATED ACTIVITIES*

III. COORDINATION SEGMENT: COORDINATION OF THE POLICIES AND
ACTIVITIES OF THE SPECIALIZED AGENCIES AND OTHER BODIES OF THE
UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM*

IV. OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES SEGMENT: OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF THE
UNITED NATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION*

V. GENERAL SEGMENT

A. Social, humanitarian and human rights questions

1. Special economic, humanitarian and disaster
relief assistance

2. Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Third
Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination

3. Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the
specialized agencies and the international institutions
associated with the United Nations

4. Human rights questions

5. Advancement of women

6. Social development questions

7. Crime prevention and criminal justice

8. Narcotic drugs

9. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

B. Economic and environmental questions

1. Sustainable development

2. Trade and development

3. Food and agricultural development

4. Natural resources

5. Energy

6. Population questions

7. International cooperation in tax matters

8. International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction

9. Follow-up to General Assembly resolution 50/106:
business and development

C. Regional cooperation in the economic, social and
related fields

D. Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the
occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories

E. Coordination questions

1. Reports of coordination bodies

2. International cooperation in the field of informatics

3. Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme
on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired
Immunodeficiency Syndrome

F. Non-governmental organizations

G. Programme and related questions in the economic, social and
related fields

H. New and innovative ideas for generating funds

VI. ELECTIONS, APPOINTMENTS, NOMINATIONS AND CONFIRMATIONS

VII. ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS

A. Action taken by the Council

B. Proceedings

1. Bureau of the Council

2. Agenda of the organizational session for 1996 of the
Council

3. Basic programme of work of the Council

4. Joint and Co-sponsored United Nations Programme on Human
Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency
Syndrome

5. Increase in the membership of the Executive Committee
of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees

6. Transformation of the Committee on Food Aid Policies
and Programmes into the Executive Board of the World
Food Programme

7. Regional cooperation in the economic, social and related
fields

8. Public administration and development

9. Report of the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations on its resumed 1995 session

10. World Commission on Culture and Development

11. Enlargement of the membership of the Executive Committee
of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees

12. Accreditation of non-governmental organizations to the
United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
(Habitat II)

13. Agenda of the substantive session of 1996 of the Council

14. Participation of intergovernmental organizations in the
work of the Economic and Social Council

15. Requests by non-governmental organizations for hearings

16. Resumption of the substantive session of 1996 of the
Council


LIST OF THE RESOLUTIONS AND DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE COUNCIL IN 1996


________________________

* Contained in part I of the report.







...
Chapter V

GENERAL SEGMENT



...


3. Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting
of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
by the specialized agencies and the international
institutions associated with the United Nations


INTRODUCTION

At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the international institutions associated with the United Nations (agenda item 5 (c)) at its 44th, 46th, 50th and 51st meetings, on 22, 23, 25 and 26 July 1996. An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.44, 46, 50 and 51). It had before it the following documents:

(a) Letter dated 6 June 1996 from the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People addressed to the Secretary-General (A/51/166-E/1996/67);

(b) Report of the Secretary-General on assistance to the Palestinian people (A/51/171-E/1996/75);

(c) Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the international institutions associated with the United Nations (A/51/212);

(d) Report of the President of the Council on consultations held with the Chairman of the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (E/1996/85).


ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

...


Decision
1996/252. Report of the Secretary-General on assistance
to the Palestinian people

At its 46th plenary meeting, on 23 July 1996, the Economic and Social Council took note of the report of the Secretary-General on assistance to the Palestinian people.4/

...
5. Advancement of women
Resolutions

1996/5. Palestinian women

The Economic and Social Council,

Having considered with appreciation the report of the Secretary-General on the situation of and assistance to Palestinian women,15/

Recalling the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women, 16/ in particular paragraph 260 concerning Palestinian women and children, and the Beijing Platform for Action adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women, 17/

Recalling also its resolution 1995/30 of 25 July 1995 and other relevant United Nations resolutions,

Recalling the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women 18/ as it concerns the protection for civilian populations,

Welcoming the signing by the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Government of Israel of the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, 19/ in Washington, D.C., on 13 September 1993, as well as all subsequent agreements reached between the two parties,

Concerned about the continuing difficult situation of Palestinian women in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and about the severe consequences of continuous Israeli illegal settlements activities, as well as the harsh economic conditions and other consequences for the situation of Palestinian women and their families, resulting from the frequent closure and isolation of the occupied territory,

1. Recognizes the gradual, positive changes that are taking place as a result of the implementation of the agreements between the two parties;

2. Reaffirms that the Israeli occupation continues to constitute a major obstacle to the advancement and self-reliance of Palestinian women and their integration in the development planning of their society;

3. Demands that Israel, the occupying Power, comply fully with the provisions and principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,20/ the Hague Conventions 21/ and the Geneva Convention relative to the protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,22/ in order to protect the rights of Palestinian women and their families;

4. Calls upon Israel to facilitate the return of all refugee and displaced Palestinian women and children to their homes and properties in the occupied Palestinian territory, in compliance with relevant United Nations resolutions;

5. Urges Member States, financial organizations of the United Nations system, non-governmental organizations and other relevant institutions to intensify their efforts to provide financial and technical assistance to Palestinian women for the creation of projects responding to their needs, especially during the transitional period;

6. Requests the Commission on the Status of Women to continue to monitor and take action on the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women, in particular paragraph 260 concerning Palestinian women and children, and the Beijing Platform for Action;

7. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to review the situation and to assist Palestinian women by all available means, and to submit to the Commission on the Status of Women at its forty-first session a report on progress made in the implementation of the present resolution.
43rd plenary meeting
22 July 1996

...
PROCEEDINGS

Palestinian women

At the 43rd meeting, on 22 July, the Council voted on draft resolution I, entitled "Palestinian women", recommended by the Commission on the Status of Women (E/1996/26, chap. I, sect. A). The draft resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 46 to 1, with 1 abstention. See Council resolution 1996/5 (para. 57 above). The voting was as follows:23/

After the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by the representative of the United States of America and the observer for Israel.


Notes

15/ E/CN.6/1996/8.

16/ Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women: Equality, Development and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

17/ Report of the Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing, 4-15 September 1995 (A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1), chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

18/ General Assembly resolution 48/104.

19/ A/48/486-S/26560, annex.

20/ General Assembly resolution 217 A (III).

21/ Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, The Hague Conventions and Declarations of 1899 and 1907 (New York, Oxford University Press, 1915).)

22/ United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973, p. 287.

23/ The delegation of Pakistan subsequently indicated that, had it been present during the voting, it would have voted in favour of the draft resolution.)


...

D. Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied
Palestinian and other Arab territories


INTRODUCTION

171. At its substantive session, the Council considered the question of the permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories (agenda item 8) at its 34th, 35th and 51st meetings, on 15, 16 and 26 July 1996. An account of the discussion is contained in the relevant summary records (E/1996/SR.34, 35 and 51). The Council had before it the note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report prepared by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia on economic and social repercussions of the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population of the Syrian Golan (A/51/135-E/1996/51).

ACTION TAKEN BY THE COUNCIL

172. Under agenda item 8, the Council adopted one resolution.

Resolution

1996/40. Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli
settlements on the Palestinian people in the
Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem,
occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population
of the occupied Syrian Golan

The Economic and Social Council,

Recalling General Assembly resolution 50/129 of 20 December 1995,

Recalling also its resolution 1995/49 of 28 July 1995,

Reaffirming the principle of the permanent sovereignty of people under foreign occupation over their national resources,

Guided by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, affirming the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force and recalling Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967 and 497 (1981) of 17 December 1981,

Recalling Security Council resolution 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980 and other resolutions in which the Security Council affirmed the applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, 24/ to the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967,

Recalling also Security Council resolution 904 (1994) of 18 March 1994, in which, inter alia, the Council called upon Israel, the occupying Power, to continue to take and implement measures, including, among others, confiscation of arms, with the aim of preventing illegal acts of violence by Israeli settlers, and called for measures to be taken to guarantee the safety and protection of the Palestinian civilians in the occupied territory,

Aware of the negative and grave economic and social repercussions of the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population of the occupied Syrian Golan,

Welcoming the ongoing Middle East peace process started at Madrid, in particular the signing at Washington on 13 September 1993 by the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, the representative of the Palestinian people, of the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, 25/ and the signing at Washington on 28 September 1995 of the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip,

1. Takes note of the report prepared by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia;26/

2. Reaffirms that Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied since 1967 are illegal and an obstacle to economic and social development;

3. Recognizes the economic and social repercussions of the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, occupied by Israel since 1967, and on the Arab population of the occupied Syrian Golan;

4. Reaffirms the inalienable right of the Palestinian people and the population of the Syrian Golan to their natural and all other economic resources, and regards any infringement thereof as being illegal;

5. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and Social Council, a report on the progress made in the implementation of the present resolution.
51st plenary meeting
26 July 1996
PROCEEDINGS

Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population of the
occupied Syrian Golan

173. At the 37th meeting, on 17 July, the representative of Egypt, on behalf of Algeria, 27/ Egypt, Jordan, Mauritania, 190/ Qatar, 190/ the Sudan, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates 190/ and Yemen, 190/ introduced a draft resolution (E/1996/L.23) entitled "Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian people in the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and on the Arab population of the occupied Syrian Golan".

174. At the 51st meeting, on 26 July, the Vice-President of the Council, Mr. Gerhard Walter Henze (Germany), informed the Council of the results of the informal consultations held on the draft resolution.

175. At the same meeting, the Council adopted the draft resolution by a recorded vote of 44 to 1, with 5 abstentions. See Council resolution 1996/40 (para. 172 above). The voting was as follows: 28/

In favour: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Senegal, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Zimbabwe.

Against: United States of America.

Abstaining: Belarus, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Romania, Russian Federation.

176. Before the draft resolution was adopted, statements in explanation of vote were made by the representatives of the United States of America and Lebanon. The observer for Algeria also made a statement.

177. After the draft resolution was adopted, the Russian Federation made a statement in explanation of vote. Statements were also made by the observers for Israel, Algeria (on behalf of the Arab States) and the Syrian Arab Republic.

...

Notes

24/ United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

25/ A/48/486-S/26560, annex.

26/ A/51/135-E/1996/51, annex.

27/ In accordance with rule 72 of the rules of procedure of the Economic and Social Council.

28/ The delegation of Bangladesh subsequently indicated that, had it been present at the time of the voting, it would have voted in favour of the draft resolution.


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