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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
13 September 2005


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

Protection of Civilians - Weekly Briefing Notes

7 - 13 September 2005


Protection – Deaths and injuries . Shelter and Property – People displaced, House demolitions, Demolition orders . Natural Resources - Land levelling, Requisitions, Tree Uprooting . Restrictions on Medical Assistance - Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations . Access and Movement for Civilians - Curfews, Access to education, Access to employment, Closures/Movement restrictions . Additional Protection Issues

Of note this week:
• The withdrawal of Israeli soldiers resulted in a major improvement in internal access throughout the Gaza Strip, in particular the enclaves of As Seafa, Al Mawasi, Al Ma’ani, Abu Nahia and Abu al Ajin.

1. Physical Protection1



______________
1 The figures include two Israeli injuries resulting from IDF gunfire.


Casualty Incidents Include:
7 September: One Palestinian was killed and three were injured when the IDF opened fire in their direction near the evacuated Israeli settlement of Neve Dekalim, the Gaza Strip.
7 September: One Israeli contractor was injured by shrapnel from a grenade thrown by Palestinians near Salah Ed-Din gate along the Philadelphi route border with Egypt in the Gaza Strip.
8 September: IDF soldiers injured one Palestinian male at Qalandiya checkpoint, near Jerusalem.
8 September: IDF soldiers injured a 16-year-old Palestinian resident of H2 area, Hebron city.
8 September: One Palestinian was killed when the IDF opened fire as he approached the evacuated Israeli settlements of Slaw and Atsmona in the Gaza Strip.
8 September: One Palestinian was injured when the IDF opened fire near Salah Ed-Din gate along the Philadelphi route border with Egypt in the Gaza Strip.
9 September: One Palestinian with an intellectual disability was injured when the IDF opened fire as he approached Abu Holi checkpoint in the Gaza Strip.
9 September: IDF clashed with residents and international and Israeli activists after they entered Bil’in, Ramallah. The IDF fired tear gas canisters and rubber-coated metal bullets. Seven Palestinians and two Israeli activists were injured.
10 September: IDF clashed with Palestinian stone throwers after they entered Beit Furik village, Nablus. A 17-year-old Palestinian was injured.
10 September: Two Israelis were injured after Palestinians threw stones at them in the Silwan area of East Jerusalem.
11 September: Seven Palestinians were injured, one of them seriously, when the IDF opened fire as they attempted to enter the evacuated Israeli settlement of Neve Dekalim in the Gaza Strip.
12 September: A 14-year-old Palestinian boy was injured after the IDF stationed at the new border fence north of Beit Lahia, the Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of Palestinian approaching the fence.
12 September: IDF soldiers injured a Palestinian shepherd near Fasayil, Jericho.
12 September: One Palestinian member of the Security Forces was injured when IDF opened fire at PA Security Forces attempting to enter Kfar Darom settlement in the Gaza Strip, before the completion of the IDF withdrawal from the settlement.
13 September: Clashes erupted between IDF soldiers and residents of Taffuh village when the IDF deployed a flying checkpoint in the village. One 19-year-old Palestinian was killed and five Palestinians injured.

2. Shelter and Property



3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting2

Nablus and Jenin Governorates:
• No incidents to report.

Tubas Governorate:
12 September: A requisition order T/162/05 was found near Bardala village confiscating 1.3 dunums (0.13 hectares) of land near Road 90 for construction of an observation tower.

Tulkarm Governorate:
12 September: The IDF uprooted several olive trees on land belonging to Palestinians from Kafr al Labad for the construction of a fence around the Avnei Khefets settlement.
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Salfit Governorate:
12 September: The Israeli Archaeological Authority levelled land and uprooted about 60 olive trees near Deir Ballut in search for archaeological artefacts in the area.
• Ongoing incidents:
Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Jerusalem Governorate:
11 September: Three military requisition orders, T/93, T/94 and T/95/04, were issued for an adjustment to the Barrier route in the planned Bir Nabala enclave. A total of 222 dunums (22.2 hectares) of land was requisitioned: Beit Ijza (144 dunums, 14.4 hectares), Beit Duqqu (22 dunums, 2.2 hectares) and Al Jib (56 dunums, 5.6 hectares).
• Ongoing incidents:
Jericho Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents to report.


_____________
2 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare


4. Access for Medical Assistance

West Bank:

________________
3 There were no incidents reported by PRCS between 07 – 09 September. Figures are currently unavailable for the reporting period between 10 – 13 September.


5. Access and Movement for Civilians

a) Curfew


7 September: The IDF imposed a curfew for 12 hours in Kafr Qaddum village, Qalqiliya, during a search campaign.
9 September: The IDF imposed a curfew for three hours in Bil’in, Ramallah, and announced the village as a closed military area.
12 September: The IDF imposed a curfew for five hours on Tell village, Nablus, during a search campaign.

b) Access to Education
Hebron:
7 & 8 September: IDF soldiers at Beit Yatir checkpoint denied school teachers attempting to reach the Imneizil elementary school access and detained them for several hours. The teachers were sent back for not having the proper permits to reach the Palestinian village of Imneizil. As a result the school was closed for two days.
10 September: Teachers and students from Cordoba elementary school were attacked by group of settlers from the Israeli settlement of Beit Hadassah in H2 area, Hebron city. The settlers threw stones and empty bottles towards the Palestinian students.
11 September: Teachers and students from Cordoba elementary school refused to pass through the metal detector machine which was deployed near their school two weeks ago. The IDF soldiers denied their access temporarily and the school started two hours late.
• Ongoing incidents:
c) Access to Employment
West Bank:

September (As of 13 September):




The Gaza Strip:
As of 9 September, the total number of Gaza Strip workers permits was 278 including 124 with overnight stay; 205 permits were issued to Erez Industrial Estate workers. All workers must be 35 or older and married with children. Overnight stay permits are only issued for workers aged 40 and older.



d) Closures/Movement restrictions
Israeli restrictions during the evacuation of four settlements in the northern West Bank continued to affect access for some Palestinians in the West Bank, particularly in Nablus and Jenin. Movement restrictions are still in place on Road 60 from Shave Shomeron settlement to Araba junction, on Road 585 from Araba junction to Quffin entrance and on the section of Road 60 from Kadim and Gamin settlements to Jalama Barrier gate.

Nablus Governorate:
21 August to date: All the entrances connecting Sabastiya village with Road 60 are blocked by earth mounds.
7 September: The IDF closed Huwwara checkpoint for approximately two hours after the IDF found an explosive device near the checkpoint.
9 September: Two Palestinians from Beit Furik were caught and fined in Khirbet Tana village. The IDF told the two Palestinians that the area is a closed military area as of 9 of September.
10 September: The IDF closed Huwwara checkpoint for approximately 90 minutes after two pipe bombs were found near the checkpoint.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jenin Governorate:
21 August to date: The IDF closed all the entrances to Ya’bad village with road blocks and earth mounds. Only one alternative road is open towards Jenin city through Kufeirit village.
21 August to date: The IDF closed Road 585 from Arraba junction to Qaffin junction with three checkpoints preventing Palestinians from travelling on the road. Palestinians are using alternative dirt roads to reach Jenin city.
21 August to date: The IDF closed Road 60 between Khomesh settlement entrance and Shave Shomeron settlement entrance.
7 September: The IDF forced three Palestinian males to take off their clothes at a flying checkpoint between Arraba and Bir al Basha villages. The IDF searched the vehicle that the Palestinians were driving using a remote controlled robot. A complaint was made to the Israeli DCL.

Tubas Governorate:
• No major incidents to report.

Tulkarm Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
7 September: Children living in Ras Tira, Ad Dab’a, Wadi Ar Rasha, Ramadin and Arab Abu Farda (inside Alfei Menashe enclave) were not allowed to enter the enclave through Ras ‘Atiya gate unless they are accompanied by one of their parents and holding their certificates of birth.

Salfit Governorate:
• No major incidents to report.

Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Jerusalem Governorate:
• No major incidents to report.

Jericho Governorate:
9 September: Al ‘Auja partial checkpoint was operating in the evening hours.
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
West Bank: Reported flying checkpoints


The Gaza Strip and the enclosed areas:
12 September: All Gaza enclaves (As Seafa, Al Mawassi, Al Ma’ani, Abu Nahia and Abu al Ajin area) and internal crossing points were re-opened following the Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.

6. Additional Protection Issues
• During the week, a total of five homemade rockets, mortar shells and anti tank missiles were fired from different locations inside the Gaza Strip toward Israeli-controlled areas and nearby Israeli towns, IDF installations and Karni.
7 September: Mousa Arafat, a senior figure in Gaza, was killed and three of his bodyguards injured following an attack by Palestinian militants against his house in Gaza city. These figures were not included in Section 1.
10 September: An Italian journalist was kidnapped by Palestinians in Deir al Balah, the Gaza Strip. He was released after four hours.
11 September: Israeli security forces arrested 50 Palestinian West Bankers not holding permits for entry to Jerusalem.












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