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2/ The DOP also refers to the establishment of a Palestinian Interim Self-Government Authority, which is the PISGA referred to in this report.
3/ See General Assembly resolution 48/58 of 14 December 1993, entitled "Middle East peace process".
4/ General Assembly resolutions on issues related to Palestinian economic development have long stressed the incompatability between Palestinian economic development and occupation. This was most recently reiterated in resolution 48/213 of 21 December 1993, entitled "Assistance to the Palestinian People", which noted that development is difficult under occupation and best promoted in circumstances of peace and stability.
5/ "Protocol on economic relations between the Government of the State of Israel and the P.L.O. representing the Palestinian people", Cairo, 4 May 1994 (original in English).
6/ Article II of the Protocol.
7/ Preamble to the Protocol.
8/ According to Al-Quds, 17 May 94 (in Arabic).
9/ The PDP was published by Palestine in an executive summary version in July 1993 under this title. The detailed sectoral plans were published in late 1993.
10/ These include assumptions such as full Israeli withdrawal from Gaza Strip and the West Bank (including east Jerusalem), the return to the territory of up to 500,000 displaced Palestinians between the years 1994 and 2000 and phased restitution to the Palestinian people of control over land and water resources of the territory. While these assumptions are not excluded by the DOP from negotia-tions on the final settlement, they are not specified for the interim period.
11/ "Agreement between the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Palestine Liberation Organization", Amman, 7 January 1994 (original in Arabic).
12/ The draft was agreed upon on 15 May 1994 (Al Quds, 30 May 94, in Arabic), to be submitted for formal approval by the Jordanian Government and the Palestine leadership.
13/ "Agreement on economic and technical cooperation between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Palestine Liberation Organization", Cairo, 24 January 1994.
14/ One interesting example of the new-found international interest in the issues of Palestinian economic development and regional cooperation is the project/study completed in mid-1993 by the Institute for Social and Economic Policy in the Middle East of Harvard University, entitled "Securing peace in the Middle East: project on economic transition" (Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University, 1993).
15/ World Bank, Developing the occupied territories - an investment in peace (Washington D.C., World Bank, September 1993) Vol. 1, p. 1.
16/ See Ibid., pp. 12-16.
17/ Ibid. Vol. 2.
18/ "Prospects for sustained development of the Palestinian economy in the West Bank and Gaza Strip - a quantitative framework" (forthcoming, 1994), Chapter IV.
19/ United States of America Secretary of State, Warren Christopher, announcing the Conference on 20 September 1993.
20/ This was the total pledged by the end of 1993 - see World Bank, Emergency assistance to the occupied territories, Washington D.C., March 1994, vol. 1, pp. 1-15.
21/ See Jerusalem Post, 4 February 1994.
22/ World Bank, "Emergency assistance ..." loc. cit.
23/ The World Bank Vice-President for the Middle East, Ciao Koch-Weiser, Associated
Press, 3 May 1994.
24/ United Nations, "Supporting the transition: an immediate response of the United Nations to the interim period in the West Bank and Gaza Strip", September 1993.
25/ General Assembly resolution 48/213 of 21 December 1993, inter alia, requested the Secretary-General to ensure the coordinated work of the United Nations system for an adequate response to the needs of the Palestinian people.
26/ See "United Nations Special Coordinator in the Occupied Territories - report of the Secretary-General" (A/C.5/48/71), 29 March 1994. At the end of May 1994, the Secretary-General designated Mr. T.R. Larsen of Norway as the Special Coordina-tor.
27/ The ILO programme, published in May 1994, is entitled "Capacity building for social development: a programme of action for transition in the occupied Palestinian territories". The UNESCO programme and an agreement between UNDP and Palestine were announced around the same time.
28/ Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Judea, Samaria and Gaza Area Statistics, vol XXI, 1992.
29/ Jerusalem Post, 14 December 1993.
30/ A Palestinian Bureau of Statistics (PBS) was established late in 1993 in the occupied territory as an autonomous agency of the PNA.
31/ This can be noted, for example in the different estimates of aggregate performance in 1992 and 1993 published by the Israel CBS (in "Judea, Samaria ..." op. cit.); by the UNCTAD secretariat (in "Developments in the economy of the occupied Palestinian territory" (TD/B/40(1)/8), paras. 45-46); by the World Bank (in "Emergency assistance ..." vol. 1, op. cit. pp. 31-34 and by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) (in its newly issued 1993/94 country profile and its quarterly country reports on Israel and the occupied territory).
32/ "Developments ...", op. cit., (TD/B/40(1)/8).
33/ Recent estimates indicate that some 20 per cent of the population of the West Bank and 30 per cent of people in Gaza Strip now live in poverty "World Bank, Emergency assistance ..." op. cit., p. 32.
34/ The lower estimate is reported in ibid.; the higher estimate is regularly quoted by different Palestinian economists and observers.
35/ See the discussion of Palestinian employment issues in International Labour Organisation, Report of the Director-General (Part II, Appendix), "report on the situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories" (Geneva, ILO, May 1994).
36/ The higher estimate is from ibid., the lower estimate is calculated by the secretariat on the basis of 1967-1987 trend analysis and Palestinian estimates of economic performance between 1988-1990.
37/ Palestine Investment and Development Inc., incorporated in the Republic of Liberia, 14 October 1993.
38/ World Bank, "Emergency assistance ...", op. cit., pp. 38-41.
39/ Al-Quds, 8 June 1994 and 9 June 1994 (in Arabic).
40/ Especially "The Palestinian financial sector under Israeli occupation" (UNCTAD/ST/SEU/3/Rev.1) and recent secretariat reports to the Trade and Development Board.
41/ Unless otherwise indicated, merchandise trade data quoted here is from UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on data (up to 1992) published in Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstracts of Israel, Judea, Samaria and Gaza Area Statistics and Monthly Bulletin of Statistics (various volumes).
42/ World Bank staff estimates (in "Emergency assistance ..." op. cit., p. 37) and UNCTAD secretariat estimates, respectively.
43/ Data provided by Jordan, Agricultural Marketing Institute, Amman, 1994.
44/ Israel CBS data.
45/ UNCTAD secretariat estimates and World Bank staff estimates (in "Emergency assistance ..." op. cit.), respectively.
46/ Mahmoud el-Jafary, "Merchandise trade in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, 1967-1990" (UNCTAD consultant study, forthcoming, 1994).
47/ According to World Bank staff estimates (in Ibid.) UNCTAD secretariat estimates place the deficit at a lower level.
48/ Trade in services with other countries, including Jordan, is relatively insignificant.
49/ This level is corroborated by both World Bank staff estimates (in "Emergency assistance ..." op. cit.) and by UNCTAD secretariat estimates.
50/ The UNCTAD secretariat, "Prospects for sustained development ..." op. cit.
51/ Owing to reliance on different bases for estimating income and aggregate demand levels, the deficit is estimated at over $600 million according to UNCTAD secretariat projections (in ibid.) and much higher according to World Bank staff estimates (in "Emergency assistance ..." op. cit.). The latter source projects import growth in 1994 and 1995 at up to 20 per cent per annum.
52/ UNCTAD, "Prospects for sustained ..." op. cit., Chap. IV.