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Press Release
UNITED NATIONS
Department of Public Information · News Coverage Service · New York


GA/10052
15 September 2002

Fifty-seventh General Assembly
Plenary
9th Meeting (PM)

INEQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF GLOBALIZATION’S BENEFITS IS FERTILE SOIL
FOR EXTREMISTS, SAY SPEAKERS IN ASSEMBLY’S GENERAL DEBATE


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Statements

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MARWAN MUASHER, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Jordan, ...

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The current situation in the Middle East was extremely dangerous, he said.  Israel’s reoccupation of the Palestinian Authority’s territories, together with certain measures, such as closures and siege, had created intolerable living conditions for the Palestinian people.  Israeli measures to strangle the Palestinian people -- economically and politically -- had reached inadmissibly serious levels.  Israel must make the first move by ending its occupation of Palestinian towns and its punitive policies.  It was in Israel’s interest to pursue constructive policies towards the Palestinians in order to restore mutual confidence and to rehabilitate the values of reconciliation and coexistence. 

He called on Israel to implement Security Council resolution 1402, which provided for full Israeli withdrawal from all Palestinian cities.  The only viable course for addressing the Palestinian-Israeli question lay in the resumption of the peace process within the agreed frameworks -- established on the basis of complete Israeli withdrawal from all Arab territories occupied in 1967 and the establishment of an independent Palestinian State with East Jerusalem as its capital.  He trusted that Israel would be forthcoming in response to the balanced initiative adopted by the Arab leaders at the Beirut Summit last March.  That plan was a pledge by Arab States to conclude peace agreements with the State of Israel in return for its complete withdrawal from the Palestinian, Syrian and Lebanese territories to pre-June 1967 border lines.

Jordan supported efforts to draw up a clear road map leading to the implementation of President Bush’s commitment, he said.  A clear timeline for all phases should be set so that the deadline for the birth of the independent Palestinian State would not go beyond 2005.  Moreover, an international supervisory mechanism to ensure the implementation of measures should be created.  He hoped that that scenario would be examined in the Quartet meeting in New York within the next few days, with a view to adopting a plan of action and creating the basis for a comprehensive international obligation. 

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LASZLO KOVACS, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Hungary, ...

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Turning next to global challenges and new types of security risks, he welcomed the efforts achieved thus far by the Government of Afghanistan with the help of the international community.  On Iraq's non-compliance with Security Council resolutions, he said it was regrettable that the country's regime refused to cooperate with the United Nations.  The international community could not disregard the threat that posed to the Middle East region and the world at large.  Hungary would work with its allies and partners to ensure that Council resolutions were implemented and that a broad coalition was built to prevent the Iraqi regime from producing and using weapons of mass destruction.

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KAMAL KHARRAZI, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Iran, ...

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Continued brutalities in Palestine, he said, once more indicated that solutions not grounded in justice and realism would fail to bring durable peace.  The Palestinian people had a right, under the Charter and international law, to persist in their struggle to restore their inalienable rights.  Occupation must be condemned, and so must labelling those fighting to liberate their homeland as terrorists.  Finally, Iran believed that respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq, compliance by Iraq with Security Council resolutions, and the subsequent lifting of international sanctions against that country was the only way to address the current situation there.  Iran was against any unilateral action or military intervention in Iraq, and the United Nations must play the leading role in that regard.

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JOAO BERNARDO DE MIRANDA, Minister for External Affairs of Angola, ...

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On the Middle East, he said that a renewed escalation of violence might hamper current initiatives towards the peaceful settlement of the Palestinian conflict and the termination of the Arab-Israeli crisis.  He urge the parties to return to the negotiating table and to find a political settlement that would serve the best interests and the security requirements of all the peoples of the region.

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FREDERICK A. MITCHELL, Minister for Foreign Affairs and the Public Service of the Bahamas, ...

On the Middle East, he said that the conflict between Israel and the Palestinian people was a matter of concern.  The Bahamas therefore supported the peaceful settlement of that issue in accordance with all applicable United Nations resolutions.  ...

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