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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
2 November 2004


P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841,

OCHA Weekly Briefing Notes
Update for oPt (27 October - 2 November 2004)

INSIDEINSIDE: Casualties -- Incidents involving ambulances -- Curfew -- House demolition/Demolition orders/People displaced -- Land levelling/Requisitions -- Closures/restrictions on movement -- Access to schools -- Labour movement to Israel -- Other -- Appendix

1. Casualties
Palestinians: Deaths: 11; Injured: 35 (approximate)
Israelis: Deaths: 4; Injured: 45 (approximate)

Sources: OCHA FCU, PRCS, UNRWA, IDF website, Israeli MoFA.

2. Incidents involving ambulances and medical teams

West Bank
Denial of access: 0
Delay (30 minutes): 4
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

Denial of access: 0
Delay (30 minutes): 0
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

Sources: OCHA FCU, PRCS, Palestinian MoH

3. Curfews

Curfew was reported in the following locations:

Number of days/hours
27 OctoberCamp Number One, Nablus district3 hours
27 OctoberMarda, Salfit district1 day
1 NovemberJabal Jouher, Hebron district6 hours
28 October to 2
Jenin refugee camp5 days

Sources: OCHA FCU, Village Councils, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL

4. House demolitions/Demolition orders/People displaced

West Bank:
• 27 October: The OCHA office in Hebron received copies of three stop-building orders for water cisterns in Wadi Fukin, Bethlehem district, issued by the Israeli Civil Administration on 24 October. The cisterns were built as part of a project funded by the non-governmental organisation (NGO) World Vision.
28 October: Three demolition orders were issued for structures in Jabal Ad Diek, Beit Sahur (Bethlehem). The buildings are the ninth apartment block, the kindergarten playground of the Greek Orthodox housing complex and a nearby house belonging to a Palestinian family. Thirty-five structures, housing about 80 families are currently under threat of demolition in the same area.
28 October: A second stop-building order for At Tuwani health clinic was found at the construction site in At Tuwani village (Hebron). The clinic is funded by Environmental Resources Management (ERM) and supported by UNICEF and the Ministry of Health.
28 October: Five demolition orders were handed to Palestinians in Saadet Tha'alah, in the area of Masafer Yatta (Hebron). The orders are for one water cistern built with funding by ERM, three animal pens and one structure.
28 October: The appeal against the demolition of 19 sanitation facilities in the area of Masafer Yatta funded by ERM was rejected by the Israeli Civil Administration in Bet El.
2 November: One house was demolished in Askar camp (Nablus). The house was the family house of the 16-year-old suicide bomber at the Karmel Market in Tel Aviv on 1 November.
2 November: A two-storey building (residence for three families) was demolished in Beit Furik (Nablus). The house belonged to a Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) activist.
2 November: One house was demolished in Rujeib (Nablus). The house belonged to a PFLP activist.

• 28 October: Six houses were demolished in the Al Attatra area, north Rafah and to the south of the Israeli
settlement of Morag.


5. Land levelling/Requisitions1

West Bank:

27 October: The IDF uprooted olive trees near Road 505 belonging to Marda village, Salfit district, stating that
children used this place to throw stones at military jeeps and settlers.
31 October: The Palestinian DCL received a requisition order covering 3.5 dunums (.35 hectares) of land located
atop a hill near Road 57 across Enav settlement in Tulkarm Governorate. According to the Palestinian DCL, a new
Israeli military observation post will be placed on the land.
28 October: Five dunums (.5 hectares) of land planted with olive trees were levelled in the Al Attatra area, north
Rafah and to the south of the Israeli settlement of Morag.

Sources: OCHA FCU, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL, Village Council

6. Closure2/Restrictions on movement

Tulkarm/Qalqiliya/Salfit governorates:

• In Tulkarm Governorate, the IDF maintained the restricted movement of the local populations by manning all parts of the Kafriat checkpoint. Following the suicide attack in Tel Aviv on 1 November, further restrictions were imposed. No vehicular movement since Monday, 1 November has been allowed through Kafriat checkpoint, even traders with a valid permit and residents from Shufa and Jbara are prohibited. Since 1 November, the IDF has suspended all commercial traffic from Anabta gate and closed the checkpoint at Taybeh. Consequently, all movement has been diverted through the Kafriat checkpoint, which, as noted, is closed to vehicular traffic.
• In Qalqiliya Governorate, the IDF lifted the restriction on the movement of the local population in Qalqiliya town following the assassination of a senior member of al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade on 28 October. The DCO checkpoint has been unmanned since 29 October and the tunnel between Habla and Qalqiliya town was reported open from 30 October. A flying checkpoint has frequently been established at the Jit junction to control movement between the three governorates of Nablus, Tulkarm and Qalqiliya. Following the suicide attack in Tel Aviv on 1 November, the IDF intensified the checking of vehicles that were leaving as well as coming into the West Bank. A flying checkpoint to control movement through the tunnel was established on 2 November.

1 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare
2 For a reference West Bank checkpoint map please check the following link:

• In Salfit district, the movement between the villages continues to be hampered by the existence of roadblocks and earth mounds, and the restrictions to travel on the main roads. Flying checkpoints were established between Masha and Biddya on 1 November, and between Masha and Ar Zawiya throughout the week.

Nablus/Jenin/Tubas governorates:
27 October: A flying checkpoint was erected near Al Lubban ash Sharqiya on Road 60.
28 October to 2 November: A strict closure was imposed on Jenin city and Jenin refugee camp as all major entrances were closed by IDF armed personnel carriers.
29 October: Major delays occurred at Hamra checkpoint.
29 October: A flying checkpoint was erected northeast of Tubas, delaying Palestinians coming from Jenin and the northern part of the West Bank.
30 October: A flying checkpoint was erected on Road 60, near Jit junction.
1 November: Huwwara checkpoint was closed for 90 minutes beginning at 8.30am.
1 November: Major delays occurred at Za’atara checkpoint.
2 November: The IDF announced Nablus a closed military area closing all the checkpoints around the city.

Ramallah/Al Bireh governorates:
28 October: At about 3pm, the IDF searched cars and examined IDs at An Nabi Salih gate for two hours. Long delays were reported as Palestinians were trying to return home for the Ramadan “Iftar”, breaking of the fast.
29 October: At about 4.50pm, just before the “Iftar”, the IDF established a flying checkpoint between Surda and Abu Qash, and searched cars. According to Palestinian commuters, the IDF stopped two taxies and detained the drivers and passengers for 15 minutes before releasing them.
1 November: During the evening, the IDF erected an earth mound on the dirt track between Deir Ammar and Ras Karkar villages. Palestinians from Deir Ammar, Beitillu and Jammala villages and Deir Ammar refugee camp, now have only one access road to Ramallah via bypass Road 465 – which doubles travel time.
1 November: At about 1.30pm, the IDF set up flying checkpoints around the Ramallah district after the suicide bombing in Tel Aviv.

Jerusalem/Jericho governorates:
• IDF mobile checkpoints function on a daily basis at the entrance to Al ‘Eizariya-Ma’ale Adumim settlement resulting in long lines of cars waiting to pass.
• IDF mobile checkpoints at the junctions of Road 1-Road 437 and Al ‘Eizariya-Ma’ale Adumim have stopped Palestinian vehicular movement on Road 1 for several hours every Saturday after Shabath.
29 October: Palestinians West Bank ID card holders older than 60 years of age (male) and 40 years of age (female) were allowed access to Al Aqsa Mosque.
1 November: The IDF tightened the closure around Jerusalem and prevented Palestinians from crossing checkpoints leading to Jerusalem following the suicide attack in Tel Aviv. Flying checkpoints were also established checking Palestinians on their way to Ramallah.

Jerusalem Envelope Barrier:
North: Construction of the Barrier is continuing along Road 60, the main road, between Qalandiya and Ar-Ram checkpoints. Land levelling for the Barrier is also taking place alongside the road between Hizma and Anata villages.
East: Construction of the Barrier is continuing in Ash Sheikh Sa’ad, Sawahriya ash Sharqiya, Abu Dis, and Al ‘Eizariya. Construction is nearly completed from Mount of Olives to the hill just south of Al Quds University in Abu Dis. Barrier construction in Sur Bahir is halted.
Northwest: Construction of the Barrier is ongoing in Bet Duqqu, Qatanna and Kharayib Umm Al Lahim. In Biddu, Bet Ijza, Al Qubeiba and Bet Surik, construction is halted.

Hebron/Bethlehem governorates:
Many flying checkpoints were set up in both Hebron and Bethlehem districts. At the Al Khadr-Husan junction, flying
checkpoints were set up on several occasions by the Israeli Border Police, creating long delays especially before
The enclosed areas in the Gaza strip:
As Seafa: Since 22 April 2004, the IDF has allowed only three to four people with As-Seafa IDs to go in and out on foot, for one time only, with prior coordination, to bring food in. These people are permitted to exit and enter through the gate at two irregular periods: approximately 6.30am to 8.30am and from approximately 2pm to 4.30pm. No vehicles are permitted to enter or exit. Coordination for international organisations to enter the area has been extremely problematic.
29 October: The gate was closed; no entry or exit was permitted to anyone.
31 October: The gate was opened one time and only for 45 minutes. As a result, students were not able to reach their schools on time.
Al-Mawassi: IDF restrictions remain, with the entry-exit gate at Al Tuffah checkpoint generally opening twice daily for limited numbers of Al Mawassi ID holders from approximately 8am to 1pm and from approximately 2.30pm to 5pm. Since 10 May 2004, males aged below 30 years who are Al Mawassi ID holders have been required to have prior coordination to pass though Al Tuffah checkpoint. Since 6 June 2004, prior coordination has been required for unmarried females with Al Mawassi IDs who are between the ages of 18 and 25. Vehicles are not allowed to pass, with some exceptions given for international agencies that have undertaken prior coordination with the IDF.
Al Tuffah checkpoint was open all week.
Tel As-Sultan checkpoint remained closed during the week.
Kfar Darom: The Palestinian area adjacent to Kfar Darom settlement was declared a closed military area following a suicide attack on 27 February 2004. Since 20 July 2002, no vehicular movement has been allowed in and out of the area and the IDF erected a fence around the area. Movement is restricted by the IDF with the entryexit gate generally opening four times daily for Al Maa’ni ID holders only from 6.30am to 7.30am, 10.30am to 11.30am, 1pm to 2pm, and 4pm to 5pm. Access for international organisations into the area remains extremely problematic.
Rafah Terminal: Since 21 October and continuing through this reporting period, approximately 50 Palestinian males aged 16 to 35 years old have been allowed to exit the Gaza Strip through Rafah Terminal. However, prior coordination with the IDF is required.

Source OCHA FCUs and UNRWA

7. Olive Harvest incidents


• 26 October: An agreement between the Israeli DCL and their Palestinian counterpart was reached allowing the farmers from Kfar Qaddum to pick their olives near the Quedumin settlement. The agreement covers the period 27 October to 4 November and allows the farmers to harvest between 6am and 4 pm.
• Farmers from Kfar Dik village are still not able to reach their land opposite the road in the absence of a coordinated agreement. Meanwhile, farmers have reported that settlers from Pdu’el on 28 October were seen picking olives from the trees. Also farmers from Jit village are awaiting a final agreement allowing them to harvest their olive trees near a settlement outpost. An agreement is expected to be reached after the month of Ramadan.
Barrier gates
No gates have been reported closed, however the opening hours of the gates remained erratic over the week, which is somewhat due to the fact that the same military jeep is responsible for the opening of more than one gate with same opening hours. Despite three announced opening hours, the IDF rarely opens the gate at the announced midday hours unless farmers are waiting in front.
Farmers with a valid permit to the Nazlat Isa gate have, according to the Palestinian DCL, on numerous occasions over the week been delayed for two to three hours upon return from the olive groves in the afternoon.

• Farmers from ‘Asira ash Shamaliya were prevented from reaching their olive groves by the IDF throughout the week.

28 October: A group of settlers from an outpost next to the settlement of Tko'a tried to prevent Palestinian farmers from Tuqu' village from collecting olives near the settlement, Bethlehem district. The IDF intervened and allowed Palestinians to collect olives.
28 October: Settlers from Otni'el settlement broke branches of dozens of olive trees and stole about two tons of olives from land near the settlement belonging to Palestinians from Yatta.
28 October: Settlers from Avi Gayel outpost attacked Palestinians from Mantiqat Shi'b al Batin, in Masafer Yatta, while they were collecting olives near Qawawis.
1 November: The IDF tried to prevent Palestinians from Dura and international volunteers from collecting olives near the settlement of Otni'el, Hebron district. The Israeli Police arrested two Palestinians, but after the intervention of the Palestinian DCL the arrested persons were released and the Palestinians continued collecting olives.

Ramallah/Al Bireh governorates:
29 October: At about noon, five settlers from an outpost near Shvut Rakhel settlement threatened to shoot Palestinian farmers from Al Mughayyir if they did not leave the olive groves. The Palestinian DCL reported the incident to the Israeli DCL who ordered the settlers to stay away from the area. After two hours, the farmers were able to return to their groves.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL

8. Access to schools:

West Bank:
• Due to the current UNRWA staff strike, all classes in UNRWA West Bank schools are suspended.
• Hundreds of students from Abu Dis and Al ‘Eizariya, (East Jerusalem), are experiencing difficulties in crossing the gate in the Barrier near Ras al ‘Amud , and reaching their schools in East Jerusalem each day. The gate is manned by Israeli Border Police and only Palestinians with valid permits or Jerusalem IDs are allowed to cross. Schools in several Palestinian Jerusalem neighbourhoods are becoming overcrowded because many students have been forced to change schools due to Barrier construction.
• Teachers from north Jericho find it difficult to get to their schools in the Jericho area on time every morning because of delay at Al Hamrah checkpoint
28 October: Students from Tuba (Hebron) could not attend their school in At Tuwani village (Hebron) due to the settler harassment from the outpost of Havat Ma'on.
30 October: A 14-year-old Palestinian boy was killed in front of his school (Ezzedine elementary school) in Jenin.
1 November: The Ministry of Education in Jenin was forced to close Azzahra secondary girls school in Jenin and to move the students to another school in Jenin – and operate a double shift - because the IDF positioned itself near the school.
1 November: Settlers from Havat Ma'on attacked with stones the schoolchildren from Tuba (Hebron) who were trying to use the short road heading to school in At Tuwani, (Hebron) forcing them instead to use a long detour of farther than 8 kilometres.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNICEF, Palestinian DCL

• During the reporting period, the 24 students living in As-Seafa were not able to arrive to their schools on time. They were allowed to leave late in the morning and were not permitted to re-enter again before 3.30pm. They were left waiting at the gate for at least four hours.
28 October: A nine-year-old schoolgirl was killed after being shot while on her way to an UNRWA school in Khan Younis.


9. Labour/trade movement to Israel

Tulkarm/Qalqiliya/Salfit governorates:
• Last week, OCHA reported that Palestinian workers on a number of occasions have been denied access to enter Israel proper through Jaljoulia checkpoint in spite of having a valid permit. The Israeli DCL on 28 October confirmed this, and advised that only workers with a permit issued after 17 October would be allowed to cross the checkpoint.
• No suspension of permits has been imposed following the suicide attack in Tel Aviv on 1 November. However, the Palestinian DCL has reported a more selective and careful search of the Palestinian workers at checkpoints crossings in the mornings.

Ramallah/Al Bireh governorates:
• The Israeli DCL has issued only 270 permits for traders working in the food sector. Originally, the DCL had agreed to issue 1,000 permits for traders through the Palestinian DCL.

Hebron/Bethlehem governorates:
• In Hebron district, 207 workers’ permits were issued. No permits were issued for traders.
• In Bethlehem district, 401 workers' permits were issued and 110 permits were issued for traders.

Jericho governorate:
• The IDF has decreased the limit of trading permits, valid for three months, from 600 to 70.

• A total of 5,166 permits have been issued for workers and 226 permits for traders aged 35 and older including 2,000 permits to stay overnight. However, no workers and/or traders were allowed to enter Israel.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNSCO, Palestinian DCL

10. Other:

A total of eight Palestinians were injured in clashes with the IDF in separate incidents in Al Yamun (Jenin), Jenin refugee camp, and El Far’a refugee camp (Tubas). In addition, a total of four children all between the ages of 11 and 15 years were reported injured in clashes with the IDF in two separate incidents.

28 October: At 10pm, the IDF entered Jenin refugee camp, announced curfew and started a search campaign. The operation is ongoing.
31 October: A 22-year-old Palestinian male was killed in the eastern side of Jenin city and another Palestinian was injured during clashes with IDF.
1 November: A 12-year-old Palestinian boy was killed in ‘Askar refugee camp (Nablus).
1 November: At 9pm, the IDF entered the old city of Nablus and killed three Palestinian men.
2 November: In the early morning hours, the IDF entered and searched the PRCS headquarter in Nablus, interrogating ambulance drivers about the locations of injured Palestinians evacuated by PRCS.
• IDF search-and-arrest operations took place during the week in following locations: Nablus city, camp number one (Nablus), Al Yamun (Jenin), Jenin refugee camp, Jenin city and ‘Anza village (Jenin). Twenty Palestinians were reported arrested in these operations.

• 27 October: IDF forces entered Tulkarm town and surrounded the Old Mosque in search for wanted persons. Several vegetable shops in the centre were destroyed as a consequence of the operation.
28 October: A senior member of Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade was killed in Qalqiliya town by the IDF.
• Search-and-arrest campaigns were conducted in Rafat, Deir Istiya and Ar Zawiya. A total of nine people were arrested in these campaigns. The IDF also conducted military operations in Tulkarm town on more than one occasion as well as in Nur Shams refugee camp. A total of three people have been reported arrested.
1 November: A military operation took place in Jayyous and one Palestinian was reported wounded by gunfire.

Ramallah /Al Bireh
• 31 October: A Palestinian who lives in Al Bireh near Bet El settlement filed a complaint with the help of the Palestinian DCL against some settlers from Bet El who had been throwing stones at his home causing damages to the house.
1 November: At about 1pm, villagers from Budrus together with international peace activists demonstrated in the village against the Barrier construction. The IDF responded by firing tear gas canisters and rubber coated metal bullets. Six elderly people suffered from tear gas inhalation as they were leaving the mosque at about 2.30pm. One van parked near the mosque was damaged.
1 November: The IDF opened an earth mound between Deir As Sudan and Umm Safa villages at about 1.30pm. At about 7pm, the IDF entered Umm Safa and fired tear gas and sound bombs. At about 3am, an IDF patrol closed the earth mound claiming that stones had been thrown from the village at the IDF.
• Search-and-arrest campaigns were conducted in Al Bireh, Al Mughayyir and Bir Zeit. A total of nine Palestinian males were arrested.

• Search-and-arrest campaigns were conducted in Hizma. Six Palestinians were arrested.

31 October: Two Palestinians were injured in Al Fahs area, Hebron city, after a suspicious object exploded.
• Search-and-arrest campaigns took place in Hebron city, 'A Samu, Tarqumiya, Dura, Taffuh, Beit Ummar, Bethlehem, Al 'Aza camp, Al Khadr and Ad Duheisha camp. A total of 37 Palestinians were arrested.

28 October: One IDF solider was killed and another five were injured in a mortar attack on their base in the southern Gaza settlement of Morag.

Sources: OCHA FCUs, UNRWA, UNSECCORD, UNSCO, Palestinian DCLs, Palestinian Governors’ offices, Al Mezan Center for
Human Rights, IDF

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