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UNITED
NATIONS
A S

        General Assembly
        Security Council
Distr.
GENERAL
A/60/633
S/2005/826

30 December 2005

Original: English

General Assembly
Sixtieth session
Agenda items 12, 14, 15, 19, 33, 40, 42, 43, 50, 52, 54, 56, 66, 69, 70, 71, 73, 108, 110 and 120
Prevention of armed conflict
The situation in the Middle East
Question of Palestine
Question of Cyprus
Questions relating to information
The situation in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan
Global Agenda for Dialogue among Civilizations
Culture of peace
Macroeconomic policy questions
Sustainable development
Globalization and interdependence
Eradication of poverty and other development issues
New Partnership for Africa’s Development: progress in implementation and international support
Elimination of racism and racial discrimination
Right of peoples to self-determination
Human rights questions
Strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian and disaster relief assistance of the United Nations, including special economic assistance
Measures to eliminate international terrorism
Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization
Follow-up to the outcome of the Millennium Summit
Security Council
Sixtieth year


Letter dated 16 December 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Saudi Arabia to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General


I have the honour to transmit herewith the following documents adopted at the Third Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Summit Conference, held in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on 5 and 6 Dhu Al Qa’dah 1426 H (7 and 8 December 2005):

• Makkah Al-Mukarramah Declaration

• Final communiqué

• Ten-year Programme of Action to Meet the Challenges Facing the Muslim Ummah in the Twenty-first Century

• Report of the Secretary-General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference entitled “New Vision for the Muslim World: Solidarity in Action”

• Report of the Secretary-General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference on the cause of Palestine and Al-Quds Al-Sharif

• Final and approved recommendations of the Organization of the Islamic Conference Commission of Eminent Persons

(see annexes).

I should be grateful if you would arrange for the present letter and its annexes to be circulated as a document of the General Assembly, under agenda items 12, 14, 15, 19, 33, 40, 42, 43, 50, 52, 54, 56, 66, 69, 70, 71, 73, 108, 110 and 120, and of the Security Council.


(Signed) Fawzi A. Shobokshi
Ambassador
Permanent Representative


Annex II

Final Communique of the Third OIC Summit
Final Communique of the Third Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Summit
Conference, “Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century, Solidarity in Action,”
Makkah Al-Mukarramah, 5-6 Dhul Qa‘adah 1426H December 7-8, 2005


...

II-     In the Political Field
 
The Conference stressed the importance of the question of Palestine as the central cause of the Muslim Ummah. The ending of the Israeli occupation of the Arab and Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, the Syrian Golan and the remaining occupied Lebanese territories in compliance with Security Council Resolution 425, constitutes a vital request for the entire Muslim Ummah. This question should unify the Muslim position regarding the comprehensive settlement of the question of Palestine in accordance with the United Nations resolutions, the Arab Peace Initiative and the Roadmap. Efforts should be made to regain the city of Al-Quds, safeguard its Islamic and historical character, preserve and protect   Al-Aqsa Mosque and other sacred sites, counter the judaization of the Holy City, support the Palestinian institutions in the city, and establish Al-Aqsa University in the city of Al-Quds. It Conference called for support to the Waqf of Al-Quds Fund with each Muslim individual contributing one dollar, besides contributions by Member States in order to preserve the holy sites in the city of Al-Quds, including in particular Al-Aqsa Mosque, safeguard the sacred city’s cultural and historic landmarks and Arab-Islamic identity, and strengthen the steadfastness of its population so that it may regain its character as a city of coexistence and tolerance and the capital of the State of Palestine. The Conference reiterated working hand in hand with the international community to cease and dismantle settlements in the occupied territories. It also called for a halt in the building of the Separation Wall and its demolition in accordance with the Opinion of the International Court of Justice.
 
...




Annex III

TEN-YEAR PROGRAMME OF ACTION
TO MEET THE CHALLENGES FACING THE MUSLIM UMMAH
IN THE 21st CENTURY

THIRD EXTRAORDINARY SESSION OF
THE ISLAMIC SUMMIT CONFERENCE


Makkah al Mukarramah - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5-6 dhul qa'dah 1426 h 7-8 December 2005

...

IX. Palestine and the Occupied Arab Territories

1. Make all efforts to end the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, the Syrian Golan and the full completion of the Israeli withdrawal from all remaining Lebanese territories, in compliance with Security Council Resolution 425, and extend effective support for the Palestinian people's right to self-determination and the establishment of their independent State with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.

2. Maintain a united stand on the comprehensive resolution of the Palestinian question according to OIC resolutions, UN resolutions, including UN Security Council Resolutions 242, 338, 1515 and UN General Assembly Resolution 194, the Arab Peace Initiative, and the Roadmap, in coordination and consultation with the UN, the Quartet, and other stakeholders, such as to make full withdrawal as a prerequisite for establishing normal relations with Israel, and for providing the OIC with a greater role in establishing peace.

3. Emphasize the central importance of the cause of Al-Quds for the Muslim Ummah, the need to establish the Palestinian rights in the city, preserve its heritage as well as its Arab and Islamic identity as a symbol of solidarity and the meeting point of divine religions; underline the sanctity of Al-Aqsa Mosque and its premises against violations and the need to protect the other Islamic and Christian holy places, counter the judaization of the Holy City, and support the efforts of Al-Quds Committee under the chairmanship of His Majesty King Mohamed VI; call for support to Baytmal Al-Quds and Al-Aqsa Fund, support the steadfastness of Al-Quds population and institutions, and establish Al-Aqsa University in Al-Quds Al-Sharif.

4. Extend full support to.the Palestinian Authority in its efforts to negotiate for the inalienable Palestinian rights and extend necessary assistance to ensure control of all Palestinian territories, international crossings, reopen Gaza airport and seaport, and connect Gaza with the West Bank in order to ensure free movement of the Palestinians.

5. Work together with the international community to compel Israel to stop and dismantle its settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories and the occupied Syrian Golan; remove the racist separation Wall built inside the Palestinian territories, including within and around the city of Al-Quds, in accordance with the relevant UN resolutions and the Opinion of the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

...


SECRETARY GENERAL‘S REPORT

New Vision for the Muslim World: Solidarity in Action
Presented at the Third Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Summit Conference

Makkah al-Mukarramah
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
7-8 December 2005

...

From 1969 up until today the OIC went through three stages each covering roughly a decade: the phase of self-searching and realization, the phase of contention for a higher status in world affairs, and the phase of crisis and disorientation.

The first phase of self-searching and self-realization was the initial stage. The OIC came into being in a bipolar world, majority of its members being part of the Non-Aligned Movement. Its original cause was political solidarity that found its expression in the Al-Quds and Palestinian problem.

...
PANEL ON POLITICAL AND MEDIA ISSUES

1. On political and media issues, the scholars reviewed the position of the Muslim Ummah in the contemporary world, discussed extensively, Islamic solidarity and Joint Islamic Action as well as the reform and restructuring of the OIC. They also deliberated on the need for good governance, conflict prevention, conflict resolution and post-conflict peace-building. Similarly, the Palestinian Question, Terrorism, Dialogue among Civilizations, Islamophobia, the Political and Human Rights of Muslim Minorities in non-OIC Member States and Media issues, were discussed.

...

9. Deliberating on the Palestinian question, the scholars stressed the importance of the comprehensive settlement of the problem according to international legality, the recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination and the establishment of an independent Palestinian State with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital. Accordingly, they urged all Muslim countries to remain steadfast and united and avoid taking any unilateral steps to normalize relations with Israel until a just and comprehensive settlement is achieved. Accordingly, the scholars recommended that the Palestinian National Authority should be supported in their efforts to negotiate for the rights of the Palestinian people. They also appealed for assistance from all Muslim States to build Palestinian economic institutions, establish a university at Al-Aqsa, reopen the Gaza airport and seaport and the creation of Islamic Waqfs to protect religious and cultural sites in Palestine. The reactivation of OIC’s role in the resolution of the Palestinian question as well as the renewal of the mandate of the five Member Committee of the OIC to continue contacts with the Quartet and other actors, were also proposed by the scholars.



Annex V
REPORT OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL
ON THE CAUSE OF PALESTINE AND AL QUDS AL SHARIF

SUBMITTED TO THE THIRD EXTRAORDINARY
ISLAMIC SUMMIT CONFERENCE

MAKKAH AL-MUKARRAMAH, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA
5 - 6 DHUL QA’ADA 1426H
(7 - 8 DECEMBER 2005)


The Situation in the Palestinian Territories

The Palestinian cause recently witnessed significant developments after the Israeli government implemented its unilateral plan to redeploy its forces outside the Gaza Strip, dismantle all its settlements there and evacuate its settlers from Gaza and some settlements in the Northern West Bank. The Secretary of State of the United States of America exerted earnest efforts leading to an agreement between the Palestinian and Israeli sides over the land crossings linking the West Bank with the Arab Republic of Egypt and a safe passage linking the Gaza Strip with the West Bank.

Despite the positive atmosphere that followed the Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank, Israel has recently taken measures to create a buffer zone, hundreds of metres wide within the Palestinian territories in north of the Gaza Strip. Its forces have continued to bomb several regions in the Gaza Strip using aeroplanes, tanks, and mortars, killing scores of people and leaving many injured. The Israeli measures have been criticized by the representative of the Quartet, Mr James Wolfensohn, who described Israel as acting as if there was no withdrawal from the Gaza Strip. Mr Wolfensohn also announced that Israel requested the stoppage of the preliminary World Bank studies on linking the West Bank to the Gaza Strip.

Furthermore, Israel continued its incursions into the cities, villages and refugee camps in the West Bank, perpetrated more killings and assassinations, launched a massive campaign of arrests, and continued to impose collective punishments on Palestinians. It also continued the building of settlements, the Wall, bye-passes and military barriers that hamper the movement of the Palestinian citizens. Israel ventured to set aside several roads in the West Bank for the exclusive use of Jewish settlers as part of a recently uncovered racial segregation scheme aimed at creating a new fait accompli on the ground. Under this plan, a large parcel of Palestinian land would be confiscated in order to build more roads for the use of the settlers and to establish crossings, openings and centres for monitoring the movements of Palestinians.

Economic losses

Concerning economic losses, the Palestinian National Information Centre issued a report in which it stated that losses suffered by the Palestinian economy since the beginning of the intifada has reached US$ 15,633,000,000 (Fifteen billion six hundred and thirty-three million dollars). This is as a result of the Israeli measures such as blockades, collective punishments, shelling and destruction of infrastructure as well as public and private properties. According to the report, the GDP of Palestine has fallen by 40%, its exports by 54%, while investments have shrunk by US$ 145 million. Unemployment has risen from 10% before the intifada to 27% after it, and 67% of Palestinian families have lost their income. Israeli military operations have caused damages to more than 9000 factories, 430 of which were totally damaged Moreover, 1720 economic facilities closed down as a direct result of the separation wall being built by Israel on the Palestinian territories. The Palestinian labour force has lost about US$ 3.8 billion because of the inability of Palestinian workers to reach their workplaces due to military barriers and closures imposed on their cities and villages by Israel. The net loss on local income and production has reached US$ 9,163,000,000.

Settlement and the Wall

Although Israel has evacuated its settlers from settlements in Gaza Strip and four settlements in the Northern West Bank, it has persisted in expanding its settlements in the West Bank. A noticeable increase was revealed recently in the number of settlers in the West Bank, reaching over 260,000 settlers in August 2005, in addition to more than 180,000 settlers living in 11 settlement neighbourhoods dispersed in and around occupied East Jerusalem since 1967.

The Israeli settlement activity in the West Bank included the recent confiscation of a large tract of Palestinian land. There, Palestinian lands located in the south of Al Khaleel, were confiscated to expand settlements. Also in the heart of the City of Al Khaleel, tracts of land were confiscated to expand the Ramat Ishay settlement. It was revealed recently that the continuous curfew and collective punishments imposed by Israel against Palestinian citizens in the City of Al-Khaleel have led to the expulsion of 30,000 Palestinians and the seizure of their homes in the old quarters of the city, to make way for their replacement by thousands of settlers. This is a process of ethnic cleansing aimed at the Judaization of the City of Al Khaleel and the imposition of fait accompli which will hamper the establishment of an independent Palestinian state. In addition, land was confiscated to open a new bypass to serve a number of settlements situated to the southwest of the City of Qalqelya. More land was confiscated to expand Ennab settlement built in the City of Toulkarm, in addition to the confiscation of hundreds of hectares of the land in the cities of Nablus and Bethlehem to build new sections of the apartheid wall. The Palestinian Authority published a report saying that Israel’s settlement activities witnessed 100% increase in July compared with June. An Israeli government decision was revealed recently which strengthens settlement in the Jordan Valley, and US$ 20 million (twenty million dollars) were earmarked for a settlement project to be implemented in 2005-2006.

Concerning the construction of the apartheid wall, Israel has accelerated the construction of new sections of the wall, particularly around the occupied City of Al Quds, so as to join the settlement of Maali Adumim to the occupied Al Quds. This means the confiscation and annexing of 12,000 hectares of the land of the West Bank to the fake municipality.

The occupation authorities have completed the construction of most of the wall to the south of Al Quds such that the two cities of Bethlehem and Beit Jala remained behind an 11-meter high wall which has taken thousands of hectares from Palestinian land and has turned the native city of Jesus into a city of ghosts, completely isolated from Al Quds. Israeli occupation forces also turned Bilal Ibn Rabah Mosque situated to the north of Bethlehem into a Jewish synagogue and 38 annexed it to Israel.

In occupied northern Al Quds, Israel completed the construction of new sections of the apartheid wall, which led to the isolation of Palestinian villages situated to the northwest of Al Quds and turned them into isolated Bantustans completely surrounded with walls. Israel has almost turned the military barrier in Qalandya, in northern Al Quds, into a permanent border crossing separating the city of Al Quds from its Palestinian surrounding.

The City of Al Quds

Israel continued its siege of the occupied City of Al Quds, denying Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip access to the city. Israel also continued to impose stringent restrictions to worshippers' access to the Blessed Al Aqsa Mosque. Palestinians of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip were denied access for worship during the blessed month of Ramadan.

As part of the ongoing efforts of Israel to change the landmarks of the occupied City of Al Quds and interfere in the Islamic Waqf affairs in order to exercise its control over the Islamic religious sites and sanctuaries, the Israeli Department of Antiquities issued a report in which it claimed that the walls surrounding the City of Al Quds have serious cracks which expose a large part of it to disintegration. The Department of Islamic Waqf replied that the Israeli report concealed the intention of the occupation authorities to interfere in the restoration of the historical places in a manner that will serve Israel's interest in changing the landmarks and judaization of the holy city. The OIC Secretary General issued a press statement on the 20th November 2005 on the present conditions of the holy places and historical monuments in the city of Al-Quds as a result of the Israeli measures and excavations under the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque and walls of the old city. The statement stressed the readiness of the Organization of the Islamic Conference to do what is necessary to preserve the Islamic identity in the City of Al Quds, including the restoration and maintenance of its religious and historical sites.

Last October and for the first time since 1967, the Israeli Supreme Court granted permission to a group of Jewish extremists to enter and worship in the Al-Aqsa Mosque. This Israeli move came after the repeated announcement by the Jewish extremist group of its intention to desecrate the 'route of the Prophet's night journey' and after the recent unveiling of the extremists' intention to attack the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque with explosives.

Israel also persisted in its attempts to judaize the occupied City of Al Quds and to alter its civilizational, geographic and demographic characters. It completed the construction of 70% of the 130 KM wall which surrounds the City of Al Quds by what is known in Israel as the "Jerusalem Belt". The latter will include around 20 settlements; isolate 250,000 citizens of Al Quds from their geographic and demographic surrounding, and turn East Jerusalem into a set of poor isolated neighborhoods.

Concerning settlement within Al Quds, the Israeli settlement campaign has intensified, with the news that the settlement society known as the Society for the Development of the Old City registered 1300 Palestinian estates in the land register, under Jewish names in order to judaize the Holy City. It was also announced recently that the Israeli government has earmarked 15 million US dollars to strengthen Jewish settlement in the City of AI Quds as part of a plan to establish Israeli settlement projects to prevent the Palestinian demographic expansion. Among these projects are the construction of a park and tourist points around the old city, including a tourist center at the foot of Jabal Al Zaitoun; turning Salomon's Cave, where settlers have built a settlement point, into a theater, and opening a road to link the settlements inside the old city with the large settlements surrounding the City of Al Quds. Perhaps the most serious of Israel's latest attempts is the announcement by its government to allocate US$l00 million to restore buildings and roads in the occupied holy city and highlight Jewish architecture there as part of attempts to judaize the holy city.

The occupation's municipality of the City of Al Quds has validated a new settlement plan consisting of the construction of 100 housing units and a hotel for the Jews in the area of Jabal Al Mokabber, southeast Jerusalem on a surface of 48,000 square meters, half of which has been allocated to building a synagogue and settlement houses and the rest will be used to build a hotel overlooking the holy city from the Southeast.

Israel has recently declared its intention to build a new settlement point at the heart of Bab Al Sahira inside the walls of the old city, and to build a Jewish synagogue on top of which will be a golden dome similar to the Dome of the Holy Rock in an attempt to judaize the Holy City not only geographically and demographically, but culturally as well. Besides, Israeli occupation authorities have issued orders to demolish 120 Palestinian houses in the village of Silwan situated to the south of the walls of the old city of Al Quds under the pretext of building a park and safeguarding alleged Jewish antiquities.

Political Moves

The recent Israeli escalation has dealt a real blow to the international and regional peace efforts and has weakened the hopes of the Palestinians for any serious progress in the peace process. The region witnessed numerous political moves to enhance the peace process. The most prominent of those moves was the tour of the Palestinian President, Mr. Mahmoud Abbas, of European and Arab capitals and Washington D.C. and his meeting with the American President.

Within the framework of Islamic efforts to support the Palestinian rights, and pursuant to the Final Communiqué of the 32nd Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Sana'a, the Islamic ministerial delegation, comprised of the Kingdom of Morocco, the Republic of Yemen, Senegal, Malaysia, the Republic of Turkey, Palestine and the OIC Secretary General, held meetings and engagements with members of the Quartet at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, on the sidelines of 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. The Islamic Ministerial delegation held meetings with Mr Kofi Annan, the United Nations Secretary General, Mr Sergei Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, and Mr. Javier Solana, European Union High Representative for Political and Security Affairs. The discussions focused on the cause of Al Quds and the dangers it faces. It was also emphasized that the cause of Al Quds was a central issue for the Organization of the Islamic Conference and an international issue that concerns all countries of the world. During the meetings, the delegation called for action to stop the Israeli violations and the blockade of the City of Al Quds, to reject the Israeli measures aimed at judaizing and changing the features of the city, and to stop, as a matter of necessity, the building of the separation wall and settlement activities, including Israel's decision to annex Maali Adurnirn to Al Quds, which preempts the final status negotiation and creates a situation that will prevent the establishment of a just
peace in the Middle East. The Islamic ministerial delegation will resume its mission by holding further talks with Washington, London and the Vatican.

Visit of the Secretary General to Palestine

The Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference visited Palestine last May. There, he met the Palestinian President, Mr. Mahmoud Abbas, the Prime Minister, Mr. Ahmad Qurea, and a number of ministers in the Palestinian National Authority. The Secretary General and the Palestinian leadership discussed the state of the Palestinian cause and how to support the Palestinian people in their efforts to gain their national rights to freedom and independence and to establish the independent Palestinian state. The Secretary General also visited the City of Al Quds, where he met with its political and religious leadership and saw the difficulties the Holy City was going through as a result of the Israeli blockades and measures.

The condition today is more dangerous than it seems, as the Holy City is passing through the most difficult stage of its history, a moribund state, which is the result of restriction, isolation and blockade. Arab and Islamic presence is continuously being endangered because of the systematic policy of Israel to judaize the city and impose a fait accompli that cannot be amended. Confronting this policy, therefore, requires a counter policy and programme for systematic action aimed at arresting the acceleration of the ongoing judaization process to create the biggest and most profound change possible.

Preserving the Arab and Islamic character of the Holy City is intertwined with preserving the human presence therein, for that is the only guarantee against the completion of the aforementioned scheme. This requires improvement of the conditions for that presence, the strengthening the material capacities for continuity and steadfastness, and the preservation of Al-Quds that will shoulder this responsibility within the framework of a systematic support programme for Al Quds that caters for priorities, particularly those related to the basic needs, primarily to housing, education, health, culture and the preservation of the Islamic character and identity of the holy city.

Discussion was held with the Palestinian senior officials on what the Organization of the Islamic Conference and its affiliated institutions and bodies can do to support the Holy City and its inhabitants. In this regard, agreement has been reached on the involvement of the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA), in restoration works in Al-Quds, in collaboration with the Al Quds University.

...


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