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Source: United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process (UNSCO)
28 February 2009

Since 1996 UNSCO has continually monitored and reported on socio-economic conditions in the occupied Palestinian territory and in the process established an extensive socio-economic database. UNSCO does not create raw data but rather uses available data which, in the occupied Palestinian territory is relatively abundant. However, the data that is available tends to remain dispersed and is not always automatically shared between institutions. The objective of the database is to bring together in one place a wide variety of data on socio-economic conditions and by doing so present a broader, more detailed perspective on socio-economic conditions. The purpose of this report is to: 1) broaden the access to this database through publication of the most recent data gathered; and 2) provide readers with up to date information on socio-economic conditions in the occupied Palestinian territory.

The report is divided into three sections:

Section 1 consists of a one-page fact sheet which provides a snapshot view of the socioeconomic situation for the current and previous reporting period and it provides, for reference purposes, base line figures for the period just prior to the outbreak of the second Intifada.

Sections 2 and 3 report on the Macro-economic situation, the Private sector and the banking modules of the UNSCO database. They provide data on the last six reporting periods for each indicator as well as base line data. In addition, summary analysis on observed trends is given below each table.

1 These numbers may be adjusted
2 For a more detailed report on sections C (Macro-economy) and D (Private sector), see data below.
3 CPI Base year 2004 = 100
4 MoNE data does not include aggregates or aid flows in Aug 2000.
5 * Please note that data for Q2-2008 has been adjusted by the PMA for all bank credit categories.
6 Adjusted unemployment is calculated by adding discouraged workers (i.e. unemployed but no longer seeking work) to the ILO standard.
7 Effective closure days are calculated by adding all days when a crossing was fully or partially closed excluding weekend and holidays.

For further information please contact: Ramallah: Bushra Mukbil Gaza Strip: Raed Raqeb

The New Israeli Shekel continues to weaken against the US dollar. This is due in part to the marked effects of the global crisis and the fall in domestic demand and reduced economic activity in Israel.

Volume of registered fuel sales in the Gaza Strip saw a sharp decline in February 2009. Zero Gasoline and Zero Benzene have been imported for the private sector since November 3rd 2008; the only amount allowed in was for UNRWA.

The Palestinian CPI figures in the oPt have continued their steady decline since September 2008 with a drop of .03 percent in February 2009, decreasing by .20 percent in the West Bank while increasing by .84 percent in the Gaza Strip. When compared to same month during the previous
year, 2008, CPI for the oPt increased by 4.09 percent, and by .70 percent and 9.09 for the West Bank and Gaza, respectively.

Truck movement into Gaza has been restricted to humanitarian supplies since 12 June 200. At the same time, exports have stopped altogether except for limited agricultural exports. On February 2nd 2009 and in time for Valentine's day, Israel allowed Gaza to export 50,000 flowers to
Europe. February 2009 data indicates a slight increase in the total of imported truckloads to the Gaza Strip by approximately 8 percent, if compared to January 2009. No cement or gravel was allowed in through Karni, and only wheat, pulses and animal feed were imported. Of the 2185.5 trucks imported through Kerem Shalom, 1134 were humanitarian trucks and 1051.5 trucks were for the private sector. It is important to note that for the first time since 7 September 2005, 273 humanitarian and food items were imported through Rafah crossings in January 2009. In February 2009, only 15.5 trucks were imported.

For further information please contact: Ramallah: Bushra Mukbil; Gaza Strip: Raed Raqeb

The number of new companies registrations is used as a proxy indicator for the vitality of the local economy as well as the ability of the local economy to create new employment. New company registrations in the West Bank considerably increased in February 2009 by 19 percent, if comparedto January 2009. However, if compared to pre-Intifada levels, new company registrations have significantly dropped by approximately 30 percent. As for Gaza, figures from the Ministry of Economy in Ramallah show that no new companies were registered, while data from the authorities in Gaza indicate 20 new registered companies for February 2009. If considering data from authorities in Gaza, then figures for newly registered companies in Gaza markedly increased in February 2009. Events in January are the result of the drop seen in January compared to February.

Similar to new company registrations, the area licensed for new construction is also used as a proxy indicator for economic vitality. February 2009 data indicates an increase in the area licensed for new construction, if compared with January 2009 data.. As some engineering offices and consulting firms had not yet confirmed their registration as licensing offices, the January data were skewed downward. If compared with November 2008 data, February 2009 data indicates a drop in area licensed for new construction, by approximately 33 percent.

If disaggregated by type, and if compared with Q3-2008, it appears that in Q4-2008 non-residential and residential construction decreased in the oPt by 9.7 percent and 18.36 percent, respectively. It is worth noting that obtaining data for Gaza is not possible due to the closing of the PCBS office in Gaza.

Data on bank credit is another proxy indicator for economic progress and business confidence (increasing use of bank credit, particularly in the main productive sectors) or decline (decreasing use of bank credit). The Palestine Monetary Authority provides adjusted data once every three months. In relative terms, general trade and Real Estate and Lands show an increase in the use of credit. Bank credit to the public sector also indicates an increase of approximately 6.2% in Q3-2008 when compared with Q2-2008. (Please note the PMA has adjusted the indicators for bank credit by economic activities starting Q1-2008. Due to such significant changes, current trends cannot be compared to those prior to 2008.)

Disaggregating bank credit by the type of credit, the data shows an increase in both loans and bank overdrafts. Loans currently represent 61.4 percent of all credit extended compared to only 41% in the pre-Intifada period.

Disaggregating bank credit by borrowing entities shows that consumer lending has increased in the third quarter of 2008. Compared to pre-intifada levels, consumer borrowing has slightly decreased, by 5%.

Bank deposits for the third quarter in 2008 indicate an increase in both private and public sector deposits. Compared with the second quarter of 2008, total bank deposits in the third quarter of 2008 have increased by 4.66 percent.

In a functioning economy, an increase in the loans versus deposits ratio is perceived as a positive sign, as monies are not saved but invested or consumed, each of which acts as a stimulant for the economy. Since September 2006, this ratio has steadily declined in the oPt signaling little optimism in the prospects for the Palestinian economy, which limits appetite for domestic investment and thus increases deposits. The sharp drop in the second and third quarters signals heightened concern with regard to overall economic performance.

Similar to bank credit and deposits, data on the Palestinian stock exchange is used as a proxy indicator of Palestinian perceptions vis-à-vis the state of the national economy. Data for February 2009 shows an increase in trade at the stock exchange both in terms of value and number of stocks traded. The Al-Quds index slightly increased in February 2009.

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