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Droit du peuple palestinien à l’autodétermination – Débat de la Troisième Commission de l’AG – Communiqué de presse (extraits) Français
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Source: Department of Public Information (DPI)
General Assembly
28 October 2011




General Assembly
GA/SHC/4022

        Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York

Sixty-sixth General Assembly
Third Committee
36th Meeting (AM)

TEN YEARS AFTER GLOBAL AGREEMENT IN DURBAN ON FRAMEWORK TO COMBAT RACISM,

NO COUNTRY COULD CLAIM TO BE FREE FROM SCOURGE, THIRD COMMITTEE TOLD

Speakers Say Political Will, Funding Still Needed to Implement Action Programme;
Many Express Concern at Attempts to Renege on Commitments, Renegotiate Declaration

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Background

The Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) met today to begin its joint consideration of elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance and the right of peoples to self-determination.

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Introduction of Reports

Ivan Šimonović, Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, in remarks delivered by his Special Adviser RICHARD BENNETT, said he had the honour to introduce the report of the Secretary-General on global efforts for the total elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance and the comprehensive implementation and follow-up of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action. ...

Also introducing the report of the Secretary-General on the universal realization of the right of peoples to self-determination, he said it outlined the latest developments in relevant jurisprudence of the Human Rights Committee and the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on the treaty-based human rights norms related to the realization of the right of peoples to self-determination. It also provided information on the Human Rights’ Council’s consideration of the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories. ...

Statements

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SHEN SIWEI ( China), aligning with the statement by the Group of 77 and China, ...

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China had consistently supported the people of Palestine in pursuing their legitimate right to self-determination, she added. It supported Palestine’s membership in the United Nations. It also supported the Middle East peace process and hoped that the international community and all parties concerned would make unremitting efforts to push forward the peace process in the Middle East.

MARIA CLARISA SOLÓRZANO-ARRIGADA ( Nicaragua), aligning with the Group of 77 and China, ...

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... Combating racism and all forms of discrimination, particularly towards those who were most vulnerable, like women and children, was indispensible. The right to self-determination was also an important and inalienable right for all occupied peoples, and Nicaragua supported the people of the future Palestinian State.

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MARGARITA VALLE CAMINO ( Cuba) ...

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Cuba, as it did every year, would submit a draft resolution on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination. It reflected the importance of creating a binding international instrument to further protect those human rights. In that regard, Cuba also supported the unassailable right of the Palestinian people to have their own sovereign State. They had the freedom to decide on their own political and economic system, as did all States. ...

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MONIA ALSALEH ( Syria) said racism was increasing, resulting in rising racial hatred, which was often propagated through the use of information and communications technologies. That led to the defamation of religions and claims of supremacy of one religion over another, causing, in turn, feelings of mistaken superiority and hatred of others. Together, those phenomena constituted a threat to international peace and security and turned back progress in international cooperation. In particular, the racial segregation of Israel compromised life, including through the construction of a barrier wall, which excluded indigenous peoples — namely, Palestinians — from their territory. Daily racist practices were committed against the Palestinian people on well-known pretexts. Moreover, the Israeli authorities were building a new separation wall on the occupied Syrian Golan as part of its efforts to change the nature of that territory, thereby effecting a fait accompli on the ground and contradicting the Geneva Conventions. Adding to that were the racist actions of the Israeli forces, who had detained journalists, students and farmers from the occupied Syrian Golan. Their only crime was rejecting the occupation and burning their Israeli identity cards.

She stressed that those violations of human rights reaffirmed the growing racist trend that had taken root in Israel. In that regard, she pointed to the daily killings of young Palestinians, as well as the killings of Syrian and Lebanese demonstrators who only wished to exercise their right to return to their homeland. Those protecting Israel in the United Nations continually failed to recognize its crimes. Further, they were helping it in the commission of those crimes. She called on the United Nations to act immediately in conformity with its commitments to deal with those racist actions. It was regrettable that the United Nations was still incapable and was, perhaps, deliberately not taking all effective measures to guarantee the sacred rights of those suffering under occupation. The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination was a debt that fell to all Member States, she stressed.

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OSAMA ABDELKHALEK MAHMOUD (Egypt) ...

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Further underlining the right to self-determination as an inalienable right established in the United Nations Charter, he said it was essential for promoting and protecting human rights. Despite significant progress in enabling peoples to enjoy that right, the Organization had been continuously politicized when it came to ensuring that right for the Palestinian people. Egypt reaffirmed its call for the full implementation of the recommendations of the Goldstone Report. The international community had a moral and legal responsibility to prevent the reoccurrence of human rights violations against the Palestinians in the occupied territories, including by ensuring that the perpetrators were held responsible for their acts without impunity. Egypt urged the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967 to include in his next report specific recommendations on how the Human Rights Council could investigate and deal with Israel’s human rights violations. It agreed that declaring the Third Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism 2011-2020 would send the right message and encourage all parties to speed up work to achieve tangible results.

MOURAD BENMEHIDI (Algeria), aligning with the Group of 77 and China as well as the African Group, ...

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... The right to self-determination was also a founding principle of the United Nations, consecrated by the Charter, and he rejected isolated attempts at new interpretations of that law. Algeria had made the right to self-determination a cardinal part of its foreign policy; the United Nations, which patiently worked for decolonization, must persevere to ensure the full enjoyment of the rights of people under occupation. At a time when new generations of human rights were being developed and established, that right was still inaccessible to the people of Palestine and the 16 non-autonomous territories on the list of decolonization.

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For information media • not an official record

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