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28 February 2010
FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION
SURVEY FOR HERDING
COMMUNITIES IN AREA C
JOINT UNRWA - UNICEF - WFP HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
Data collected by UNRWA
As territorial fragmentation continues in the West Bank, livestock -dependent communities living in Area C are facing increasing movement restrictions and their access to range land and natural water resources is severely limited. The first decade of the 21st century has seen the Israeli Occupation combine with drought to create a non]sustainable dependence on bought fodder and tanked water for Bedouin and herding communities located in Israeli controlled Area C.
There is evidence of the positive impact of assistance to mitigate the negative effects of chronic food insecurity among Palestinians. However, food security remains poor and there are imminent threats to the livelihoods and nutrition of a growing proportion of the population, the Bedouin and Palestinian herders.
Herding as a main livelihood activity in Area C is facing mounting challenges as a result of the fragmentation of the West Bank arising from restrictions that limit access to grazing lands and prevent the movement of people and goods; poor access to water as a result of restrictions on the development of water infrastructure and consecutive years of water scarcity; and a lack of diversified livelihoods.
To avoid these herding communities in Area C from falling into deeper cycles of indebtedness and increased risk of livelihood erosion, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) launched a joint emergency programme in August 2009. The aim of the project is to protect and assist 5,200 Area C Bedouin and Palestinian herder families . including more than 2,400 refugee families . to maintain their livelihood and way of life in the face of political and environmental challenges. This is part of a broader interagency programme of food security and nutrition monitoring, providing protection and assistance to herding communities in Area C.
Using SEFSec methodology, this study was conducted in October 2009 to establish a Food Security and Nutrition baseline to measure the impact of the joint UNRWA/WFP project and other interventions targeting this population group.
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