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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
23 January 2007






Rising inter-factional violence
While the number of Palestinian casualties resulting from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict declined in December, casualties caused by Palestinian internal violence increased to the second highest monthly levels observed in 2006. In December, the majority of the Palestinian casualties occurred in the Gaza Strip where 25 Palestinians were killed, including three children, and 130 injured during predominately inter-factional fighting between Hamas and Fatah members of the security forces and supporters. Palestinian inter-factional fighting has peaked during two periods in the Gaza Strip (October and December 2006) which coincided with a relative decrease in Israeli-Palestinian hostilities. During these periods, rival supporters from both sides were kidnapped, killed and injured in a cycle of attack and counter-attack. Armed family feuds have also continued since June 2006 further increasing the number of Palestinian deaths and injuries from internal violence in the Gaza Strip and indicating a further breakdown of law and order.
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