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        General Assembly
12 December 1989



Forty-fourth session


Held at Headquarters, New York,
on Thursday, 30 November 1989, at 3 P.m.

President: Mr. GARBA (Nigeria)
later: Mr. JAYA (Brunei Darussalam)
later: Mr. SALLAH (Gambia)
- Programme of work

- Question of Palestine 1391 (continued)

(a) Report of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People

(b) Report of the Secretary-General

(c) Draft resolutions

This record contains the original text of speeches delivered in English and interpretations of speeches in the other languages. The final text will be printed in the Official Records of the General Assembly.

Corrections should be submitted to original speeches only. They should be sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned, within one week, to the Chief, Official Records Editing Section, Department of Conference Services, room DC2-750, 2 United Nations Plaza, and incorporated in a copy of the record.

(Mr. Jaya, Brunei Darussalam)

Security Council, on the basis of Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973).

We strongly believe that, while numerous human lives and much treasure are sacrificed to safeguard the rights of people elsewhere, much less is required to help Palestinians to regain their rights.

In conclusion, I wish to commend the Secretary-General and the Chairman and members of the Committee an the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for their unceasing efforts in mobilizing international support and opinion and in the search for a just and durable settlement to the question of Palestine.

The PRESIDENT: The next speaker is the representative of Kuwait who will also introduce draft resolution A/44/L.50.

Mr. ABULHASAN (Kuwait) (interpretation from Arabic) z I have pleasure in introducing, on behalf of the sponsors, draft resolution A/44/L.50, which has five preambular and two operative paragraphs.

The first preambular paragraph recalls resolution 3237 (XXIM , of 29 November 1974, which is the resolution in which the General Assembly extended a standing invitation to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to participate in the work of the General Assembly and of all conferences convened under the auspices of the General Assembly or any other organs of the United Nations.

This paragraph also recalls General Assembly resolution 43/160 A, in which the Assembly authorized the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) to circulate their communications as official United Nations documents. It also recalls resolution 43/177, in which the Assembly acknowledges the proclamation of the State of Palestine and decides that the designation "Palestine" should be used in place of the designation "Palestine Liberation Organization".

In the second preambular paragraph the Assembly would take into consideration the decision adopted by the Palestine National Council at its nineteenth session, in November 1988, which conferred upon the Executive Committee of the PLO the powers and responsibilities of the Provisional Government of the State of Palestine until such time as a government was formed.

Under the third preambular paragraph the Assembly would note the increased number of States Members of the United Nations that have recognized the State of Palestine. It is appropriate to point out in this connecticn that we are talking here of the majority of States Members of the United Nations, since over 85 have recognized the State of Palestine and a great many have already established diplomatic relations with that State.

In the fourth preambular paragraph the Assembly would take note of the decision of the Ninth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, held at Belgrade from 4 to 7 September 1989, to welcome the State of Palestine as a full-fledged member of the Movement.

In the last preambular paragraph the Assembly would take note of the report of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. That Committee is composed of 23 States Members of the United Nations and is engaged in a praiseworthy, indeed significant, effort aimed at achieving the objectives the task mandated to it by the General Assenbly.

(Mr. Abulhasan, Kuwait) turn now to operative paragraph 1. The Assembly would decide that the designation Palestine shall be construed, within the United Nations, as the State of Palestine, without prejudice to the acquired rights of the Palestine Liberation Organization in accordance with the relevant United Nations resolutions and practice. By all accounts, this paragraph, while developing the status of the Observer Mission of Palestine, retains the recognition of the PLO as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and the State of Palestine within the United Nations. It is thus clear that this paragraph in no way deals with the issue of membership of the State of Palestine in the United Nations, as some circles would have us believe. The Member States sponsoring the draft resolution wish to make this quite clear and fully understood]: in our draft resolution we do not deal with the issue of membership in the United Nations. That is another matter and this is not its context.

In operative paragraph 2, the Assemby would request the Secretary-General to implement the present draft resolution. As we all know, this is a traditional paragraph that appears in General Assembly resolutions adopted under Similar circumstances.

In conclusion, 1 should like to ask all Mertber States to support draft resolution A/44/L. 50 and to vote in favour of it.

Let me add that the sponsors of the draft resolution, as well as all those States that trust in the United Nations and its Charter and the noble princples enshrined therein hope that the draft resolution will be voted on solely on the basis of its contents, objectives and purposes, and not on the basis of any wrong or fallacious interpretations or exaggerations thereof.

By the same token, the sponsors hope that the vote will not be subjected to any threats or blackmail, which may be injurious to the standing of the Organization. We do not accept threats. Threats are not the democratic answer in the case of such a draft resolution. In the United Nations, the world parliament, we vote under the umbrella of democracy and must abide by its rules and observe its dictates alone. The yardstick of democratic practice must be kept in sight, without coercion.

In God we trust.

Mr. NOOR (Afghanistan): The question of Palestine, as we all know, constitutes the core of the Arab-Israeli conflict, which has already lasted for over four decades. It is a great, an irreparable tragedy of multifaceted dimensions, affecting the Palestinians as a nation and other Arab people in the occupied lands as a whole.

The Israeli Zionists, who are carrying on an unabated policy of aggression, intimidation, strangulation, repression and genocide directed mainly against the Palestinian people, have deprived that people not only of its homes and property but of its inalienable right to live in its national territory and homeland.*

As a result of this policy, hundreds of thousands of Palestinians are scattered in neighbouring Arab countries and throughout the world as recognized refugees. Those who continue to live in the occupied Palestinian lands have been subjected to savage repression, mass arrests, torture and the complete denial of their fundamental and elementary human rights.

The continuing historic Intifadah of the Palestinian people in the occupied lands is a demonstration of the monolithic will and determination of the Palestinian people to liberate their homeland and restore their freedom and

* Mr. Jaya (Brunei Darussalam), Vice-President, took the Chair.


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