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Source: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
23 April 2007



176 EX/INF.11
PARIS, 23 April 2007
English & French only



Item 20 of the provisional agenda


JERUSALEM AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF 33 C/RESOLUTION 50
AND 175 EX/DECISION 14



SUMMARY

This information document contains the minutes of the second meeting of the International Committee of Experts on the Safeguarding of the Cultural Heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem which was held at UNESCO Headquarters on 4 and 5 September 2006 and is presented under agenda item 20.







INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS ON THE SAFEGUARDING
OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE OLD CITY OF JERUSALEM

Second meeting

Paris, UNESCO Headquarters, 4-5 September 2006

FINAL REPORT


BACKGROUND

32 C/Resolution 39 (adopted by the General Conference in October 2003) requested the Director-General to establish an equitably composed committee of experts to be entrusted with proposing, on an exclusively scientific and technical basis, guidelines for an Action Plan for the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, and proposals for its implementation.

The first meeting of this Committee took place on 25 and 26 January 2005. The guidelines proposed by its members provided UNESCO with a framework for initiating the elaboration of the Action Plan.

The Executive Board (174 EX/Decision 12) and the General Conference (33 C/Resolution 50) of UNESCO invited the Director-General to submit to the Executive Board at its 175th session “an Action Plan based on the guidelines proposed by the International Committee of Experts”.

Since September 2005, thanks to a generous financial contribution from the Government of Italy and the support of the Spanish Government, the Secretariat undertook a series of technical missions and studies, which were presented to the experts on the occasion of this second meeting.

INTRODUCTION

The meeting was opened by the Director-General of UNESCO. In his address, Mr Matsuura underlined that, in the field of heritage preservation in the Old City of Jerusalem, progress had been made in the last months, thanks to the recommendations of the Committee and the active cooperation of the communities involved. The Director-General expressed the hope that UNESCO’s initiatives will benefit both the inhabitants and the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, since the improvement of the social and urban environment is crucial to maintaining the universal values that justified the inscription of the site on the World Heritage List.

The meeting was chaired by the Assistant Director-General for Culture. In addition to the 12 members of the Committee, two of the experts contributing to the elaboration of the Action Plan also attended the meeting in order to present their work (see the list of participants in Annex I).

Several documents, presenting the results of the activities carried out so far, had been previously submitted to the members of the Committee for evaluation (list of documents in Annex II).

The working sessions were organized as follows:

I. PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION ON THE ACTIVITIES

I.1 Needs Map for the conservation of historic monuments and sites

This component of the Plan identifies all the historic monuments and sites of the Old City, their state of conservation, use, typology, thus generating a basic information tool to prepare conservation and possible adaptive reuse projects. In this first phase, monuments and sites have been identified, roughly surveyed and the data transferred on to a GIS. It was recalled that the aim of this Map and database was not to create an additional information source, but instead to gather existing information in previous similar maps and inventories, to serve as a basis for the specific purpose of the Action Plan.

More in detail, the activities undertaken are: The Committee appreciated the work, which was achieved in less than six months, and recognized it as a very useful tool for future projects and compilation of further data.

The Committee proposed some amendments:
I.2 Housing improvement

This component of the Plan aims at improving the quality of the housing stock and of the living conditions of the inhabitants, while preserving the ordinary architectural elements of the urban fabric as an essential component of the World Heritage Site of Jerusalem. Among the different activities planned, the first one undertaken involves the elaboration of a “Manual for housing maintenance and rehabilitation”.

The Manual is a practical and operational rehabilitation tool for professionals and craftsmen, designed to bring simple and illustrated answers to concrete problems. The draft submitted consisted of:
It is expected to be published in English, Arabic and Hebrew. A DVD of all the material will also be compiled with the three linguistic versions.

The Committee recognized the usefulness of such a tool to serve the rehabilitation of dilapidated housing units in the Old City. It is indeed urgent to find means to promote appropriate maintenance and repairs and to assist the inhabitants in improving their living environment while conserving the cultural heritage.

The Committee proposed the following:
I.3 Microfinancing scheme

In parallel with the preparation of the Manual, a feasibility study has been undertaken to explore a potential tool for the financing of housing rehabilitation projects. It consists of:
The Committee considered the study to be an appropriate starting point from which to envisage the establishment of a microcredit scheme in the Old City, noting however that the data need to be refined and the legal and financial dimensions further explored.

The Committee proposed extending the programme to small commercial activities and investigating whether a group of banks could be formed, one related to each cultural group that would be prepared to administer the microfinancing of the funds to the people of the Old City.

I.4 Cultural activities

After presenting an overview of the present situation for the sector, the proposal of the Secretariat focused on:
Some of the cultural activities identified could take place in renovated houses or premises, connecting this component of the Action Plan with the rehabilitation projects. The report prepared by the Secretariat was most welcomed by the Committee, and the proposed activities agreed upon unanimously, notably as they can be implemented in the short term and based on the reinforcement of existing institutions.


II. SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE ACTION PLAN

The Committee expressed its appreciation of the work accomplished. The possibility of publishing these studies was discussed as well as the adoption of a common format. It was recommended that the information presented be harmonized.

Besides the remarks made to improve the existing work, additional input was proposed to complete the draft Action Plan and to move into the second phase, building upon five main pillars:

II.1 Setting up a consolidated information database

The setting up of the database should be based on the extension of the work already done, starting from the above recommendations related to the Needs Map.

II.2 Conservation/restoration projects

II.2.1 Criteria for selecting projects

The following general and feasibility criteria for the selection of priority conservation projects, identified and presented by the expert, were approved:
The Committee added additional suggestions for evaluating the possible projects:

II.2.2 Selection of projects to be developed among the proposed list

The Committee considered that the above criteria should be applied when selecting priority projects among the list proposed. Additional projects could also be considered, following the specific requests of the concerned parties. The feasibility of such projects is to be studied carefully in close consultation with the two focal points and the local stakeholders.

When identifying a project, the fact that it could serve as an on-the-job training opportunity should be kept in mind.

Among the projects, the Committee and the concerned communities recommended the following for detailed conservation studies:

II.3 Training and awareness-raising

Training was identified as one of the essential means to promote appropriate maintenance and repairs, keeping in mind the exceptional situation where available professional labour force is very limited. In particular, the need to diversify the tools, developing a variety of graphic and written communication strategies specifically adapted to the various target audiences, was stressed. The use of these tools is to be linked to the implementation of training and financing programmes (see above, I.2). The following items were suggested:

II.4 Cultural activities

The Committee strongly recommended the Secretariat to start implementing some of the proposed cultural activities as soon as possible, in the form of pilot projects, based on existing local institutions and to explore the possibility of developing the others in the medium term as follows:

Short term

Medium term
Cultural tourism

II.5 Fundraising

The Committee encouraged UNESCO to identify fundraising tools to mobilize international support to carry out the conservation of the cultural heritage of the Old City.

The proposal to conceive and publish a brochure containing preliminary project descriptions accompanied by budget estimates, in order to present the chosen priority projects to potential donors for funding, was agreed upon by the Committee. This booklet, which could also be made available online, will be the first tool to implement the activities foreseen in the second phase of the Action Plan.

CONCLUSION

Perfectly aware of the difficulty of the situation, the Committee encourages UNESCO to continue implementing the identified activities, in consultation with the various parties in order to overcome the obstacles, and it hopes that all authorities and institutions will cooperate constructively for the conservation of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem.

The Committee expressed its willingness to remain at the disposal of the Director-General for the follow-up of this important matter and thanked him for his confidence.

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