Question of Palestine home
Division for Palestinian Rights (DPR)
31 May 1993
OF THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT
AND THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE
Issue 24 - May 1993
Excerpts from the May Day speech by President Mubarak,
Cairo, 1 May 1993. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Text of a draft statement of principles presented by the Israeli delegation
to the Palestinian delegation, Washington, D.C., 6 May 1993. . . . . . . . . . . 1
Text of a United States-drafted Israeli-Palestinian joint statement,
Washington, D.C., 12 May 1993. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
New York, June 1993
Since April 1991, at the request of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, the Division for Palestinian Rights of the United Nations Secretariat has prepared on a monthly basis, for the use of the Committee members and observers, a compilation of statements, declarations, documents or other material regarding the settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict, including the question of Palestine and the convening of an international peace conference on the Middle East. The present issue covers the month of May 1993.
Reproduced herein are only those statements, declarations, documents or other material, in full or summarized, which relate to the Arab-Israeli conflict and the question of Palestine.
Excerpts from the May Day speech by President Mubarak
Cairo, 1 May 1993
In his May Day speech, broadcast on 1 May 1993, at Cairo, by the
Republic of Egypt Radio
, the President of Egypt Hosni Mubarak explained his country's position in the Middle East peace process:
"The importance of establishing a comprehensive and just peace in the Middle East region has increased since many countries have squandered their human and natural resources and capabilities in grinding wards that have brought no benefits to anyone. Egypt took the initiative in calling for establishing peace. I do not want to bore you with much talk but want to tell you one thing, namely that Egypt opted for peace. We started with the October war because it was the key to peace. We started by embarking on negotiations. We got our territory back as a result of military power, negotiations, and international justice. But let no one ever think that your issues or rights will be brought to you on a silver platter while you are sitting down. Wars have never decided an issue. Wars might propel the peace process, help the peace process, or start the peace but they never decide anything.
"We are helping the Palestinian issue as much as we can. We have exerted our efforts. I read a statement by someone about a week ago in which he said that Egypt is exerting pressure on the Palestinians. We are not exerting pressures on anyone or imposing a view on anybody. We are helping. We are contacting the United States and Israel. We are trying to remove the obstacles. There are daily demands and we are really helping them as much as we can. No country helps them more than Egypt and they know that. I tell you frankly that they do not deny this. They know that Egypt is their support in the Palestinian issue and we are exerting great efforts to resolve the issue. There are negotiations now. As to the current negotiations in the United States, whether with Syria or with the others, we should expect that they will not proceed smoothly. There are obstacles. We did face obstacles. We faced mountains of problems. But through perseverance, continued proposals, and determination they will reach a solution. A year passed; self-determination and the issue might have been solved."
Text of a draft Israeli statement of principles presented by
the Israeli delegation to the Palestinian delegation
Washington, D.C., 6 May 1993
On 6 May 1993, at Washington, D.C., the following draft statement of principles was presented by the Israeli delegation to its Palestinian counterparts:
"INFORMED DRAFT FOR CONSIDERATION
"AGREED STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES
"Israel and the Palestinians agree to base their negotiations on the following principles:
"1. The goal of negotiations and terms of reference:
"Direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, in the framework of the objective of a just, lasting and comprehensive peace, based on resolutions 242  and 338 , per the Madrid invitation, to be conducted in two phases:
"(1) Talks conducted with the objective of reaching agreement on interim self-government arrangements,
"(2) Beginning the third year, negotiations on the permanent status will take place. These negotiations will be conducted on the basis of resolutions 242 and 338.
"The process is one: Its two phases are interlocked in the agreed time frame; the first phase will also naturally bear relevance towards the second phase, with the understanding that all options for the second phase remain open to the parties to agree in the framework of the above-mentioned agreed basis.
"The terms of reference of this process are the Madrid invitation.
"During the interim self-government arrangements period, a major change will occur in the existing situation in the territories, by transferring to the Palestinians the vast majority of the functions of the civil administration, which will be dissolved. Israel will maintain responsibility for the overall security of the territories; Israel will also be responsible for the Israelis there. Options should be kept open for the next stage, per the above.
"3. The Palestinian Executive Council
Palestinian Executive Council (PEC), which will consist of an agreed functional number of Palestinian representatives from the territories, will be established through free, general and direct elections, by and from among the Palestinians of the territories, which will be held under agreed supervision and in accordance with agreed negotiated modalities. Detailed negotiations will follow concerning the modalities for the elections.
"4. Powers and Responsibilities
"The Israeli civil administration will transfer to the PEC and the PEC will assume executive and judicial powers (by independent judicial organs) per the agreement. The PEC will be vested with legislative powers within the responsibilities transferred to it, subject to agreed principles and to mutual confirmation concerning compatibility with the agreement.
"Due consideration will be given to the need to review legislation in force in remaining areas, as appropriate.
"The territories are viewed as a single territorial unit, the agreed proper fate of which will be determined in the permanent status of negotiations per the above. The authority of the PEC will apply within the territories, as appropriate, in accordance with its agreed operational-functional powers and responsibilities, to be further elaborated in the negotiations.
"6. Security and police issues
"A. Overall security will remain under Israel's responsibility. Security needs of both sides will be taken into consideration.
"B. The PEC will establish a police force as a law enforcement organ, per the agreement.
"Israel and the PEC will establish a joint liaison committee to deal with matters of common concern and for the purpose of dispute resolution.
"8. Agreed arrangements
"Israel and the PEC will establish agreed arrangements for cooperation and coordination in areas of mutual concern, to benefit both sides and respond to their common needs.
"9. Jordanian-related aspects
"Jordanian-related aspects will also be discussed.
"The above principles will be further discussed and elaborated in the negotiations."
Text of a United States-drafted Israeli-Palestinian joint statement
Washington, D.C., 12 May 1993
On 12 May 1993, at Washington, D.C., the following draft document was proposed by the United States, a co-sponsor of the peace process, to the Israeli and Palestinian delegations (as carried in
"Israeli-Palestinian Joint Statement*
May 12, 1993
"Israel and the Palestinians agree that it is time to put an end to the conflict between them. Reaffirming their commitment to the peace process launched at Madrid, they seek to negotiate their differences and create a peaceful future in which Israelis and Palestinians will live side by side, in peace, for generations to come.
"The goal of the current Arab-Israeli peace process is real and comprehensive peace, based on United Nations Security Council resolutions 242  and 338 . Toward this goal, in line with the invitation to the Madrid Peace Conference, the two sides want to reach agreement as soon as possible on interim self-government arrangements for the Palestinians in the territories.
"The negotiating process is being conducted in phases; the first phase of the negotiations is directed toward reaching agreement on interim self-government arrangements for five years; and the second phase of the negotiations will be directed toward reaching agreement on permanent status based on United Nations Security Council resolutions 242 and 338. The two sides concur that the agreement reached between them on permanent status will constitute the implementation of resolutions 242 and 338.
"The two sides agree that this process is one, and its two phases are interlocked in the agreed time frame. They further agree that the outcome of the permanent status negotiations should not be prejudiced or preempted by agreements reached for the interim phase; they further agree that all options within the framework of the agreed basis of negotiations should remain open.
"During the interim period, a major change will occur in the existing situation in the territories. Functions of the Israel Civil Administration will be transferred to the Palestinians, and the Civil Administration will be dissolved. The two sides agree that an important outcome of this first phase is the empowerment of Palestinians through the negotiation on interim self-government, which should give Palestinians greater control over the decisions that affect their lives and fate. It should also put an end to the confrontation between Israel and the Palestinians, and create a new relationship between them.
"It is Israel's view that the security needs of both sides should be taken into consideration while overall security responsibility as well as the responsibility for Israelis in the territories will remain under Israel during the interim period. It is the Palestinian view that the objective of security arrangements is to achieve regional stability and respond to mutual needs as well as to create the conditions of a real peace.
"Over the past three weeks, Israel and the Palestinians have taken an important step toward these objectives. They have created working groups on key issues, including land and water, the concept of interim self-government, and humanitarian affairs and human rights. The two sides have engaged in substantive discussions and have narrowed some of the key differences between them, although there are many issues discussed in the Israeli-Palestinian track and in the Israeli joint Jordanian-Palestinian plenary that have not been included in this statement and that remains to be resolved. The omission of these issues in this statement is without prejudice to the position of the two sides.
"The two sides have agreed that a Palestinian elected interim self-government authority (whose name will not be determined) will be established through free, fair, general, and direct elections. These elections will be held in accordance with agreed modalities to be negotiated, including agreed supervision and international observers. Detailed negotiations will take place concerning the modalities for the elections.
"The Palestinian Authority will assume all powers and responsibilities agreed during the negotiations. This will include executive and judicial powers (by the independent judicial organs) as well as those legislative powers within the responsibilities transferred to it, subject to agreed principles to be negotiated. Due consideration will be given to the need to review legislation in force remaining in the areas as appropriate.
"The two sides have agreed that the territories are viewed as a single territorial unit. They agree that issues related to sovereignty will be negotiated during talks on permanent status and that negotiations on the land issue during the interim period will take place without prejudice to territorial integrity; that is, the territories will be treated as a whole even while they negotiate the difficult issues of land management, usage, and planning. They have different views on land and jurisdiction, which they will continue to discuss.
"This joint statement represents an important step toward reaching agreement on interim arrangements. The two sides will direct their efforts to bridging remaining substantive differences. They have committed themselves to work toward creating a positive climate for these negotiations. They agree that there is no acceptable alternative to making these negotiations succeed, and it is the only realistic pathway to achieving a just and enduring peace."
*The Palestinian delegation rejected the draft as a "point-by-point copy" of an Israeli paper, presented earlier.
* * *
1. Foreign Broadcast Information Service,
Daily Report: Near East & South Asia
, No. FBIS-NES-93-083, 3 May 1993, pp. 21-22.
., No. FBIS-NES-93-088, 10 May 1993, p. 6.
, May 24, 1993; the draft also appears in FBIS-NES-93-093, 17 May 1993, pp. 6-7, (as reproduced from
of 16 May 1993).