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UNITED
NATIONS
A S

        General Assembly
        Security Council
Distr.
GENERAL
A/55/851
S/2001/277

22 March 2001

Original: English

General Assembly
Fifty-fifth session
Agenda items 40, 56 and 94
The situation in the Middle East
Consequences of the Iraqi occupation of and aggression
against Kuwait
Sustainable development and international economic
cooperation
Security Council
Fifty-sixth year


Letter dated 20 March 2001 from the Permanent Representative of Bahrain
to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


I have the pleasure of enclosing the final declaration of the seventy-eighth session of the Ministerial Council of the Cooperation Council for the Gulf Arab States, as well as a declaration of the Council concerning the ruling of the International Court of Justice on the border dispute between Bahrain and Qatar (see annexes I and II).

I would appreciate it if the present letter and its annexes were issued as a document of the General Assembly, under items 40, 56 and 94, and of the Security Council.

(Signed) Jassim M. Buallay
Ambassador
Permanent Representative


Annex I to the letter dated 20 March 2001 from the Permanent Representative of Bahrain
to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


Press communiqué issued by the Ministerial Council of the Gulf Cooperation Council
at its seventy-eighth session, held in Riyadh on 17 March 2001


[Original: Arabic]


On Saturday, 22 March 2001, the Ministerial Council of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) held its seventy-eighth regular session at the seat of its secretariat in Riyadh under the chairmanship of His Excellency Mr. Abd al-Aziz Muhammad al-Fadil, Minister of Education of the State of Bahrain. The meeting was attended by:

His Excellency Mr. Rashid Bin Abdullah al-Nuaimi, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the United Arab Emirates;

His Royal Highness Prince Saud al-Faisal, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia;

His Excellency Mr. Yousef Bin Alawi Bin Abdullah, Minister responsible for Foreign Affairs of Oman;

His Excellency Sheikh Hamad Bin Jassem Bin Jabr Al Thani, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Qatar; and

His Excellency Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Kuwait.

His Excellency Sheikh Jamil Ibrahim Al-Hujeilan, GCC Secretary-General, also participated in the meeting.

The Ministerial Council welcomed the historic outcome of the referendum on the Charter of National Action in Bahrain, which expressed national cohesion as well as popular support for and mass approval of all the worthy measures and policies of His Highness Sheikh Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa, Amir of Bahrain, thus bolstering the process of modernization and development and the building of a bright future for the State of Bahrain and the advancement of its citizens.

The Council expressed support for the resolute measures taken by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to end the recent hijacking incident involving a Russian aircraft, thus saving the lives of innocent passengers.

The Council expressed its support for this resolute approach to coping with acts of terrorism, which accords with the positions taken by GCC member States in rejecting and condemning acts of terrorism in whatever shape or form.
The Ministerial Council then reviewed the outcome of the meetings of a number of ministerial and technical committees held for the purpose of promoting joint action as well as the major developments that had taken place in connection with political issues and events at the regional, inter-Arab and international levels.

Cooperation

Economic affairs

The Council examined the progress made in economic cooperation on the basis of the minutes of the meetings of the GCC ministerial committees, and it reviewed the recommendations and decisions of the committees and the relevant reports submitted to it.

The Council inspected the minutes of the nineteenth meeting of the committee on industrial cooperation, where agreement had been reached on the amended model normative regime for industrial organization in the GCC States, and the minutes of the tenth meeting of the committee on scientific and cultural cooperation.

The Council further considered the minutes of the twelfth meeting of the committee on agricultural and hydrological cooperation and those of the joint meeting of the latter committee and the committee for cooperation on electric power. It took note of their conclusions on water-related issues and on the rationalization of water use. The Council also reviewed the recommendations contained in the minutes of the fifty-third meeting of the committee on financial and economic cooperation and the twenty-seventh meeting of the committee on commercial cooperation concerning the elimination of restraints on trade and the enhancement of economic integration among member States.

The Council examined the minutes of the sixth meeting of ministers of housing and the recommendations made with respect to cooperation in the housing sector, and it studied the fourteenth annual report, that for 1998, of the GCC Board of Standards.

The Council heard a presentation by the coordinator of negotiations on new developments and progress made in negotiations and economic dialogue between the GCC countries and other countries and international economic groupings. It took note of the report of the secretariat on the tenth round in the economic dialogue between the GCC countries and the United States of America and on the new round of negotiations between the GCC countries and the European Union with a view to concluding a free trade agreement between the two parties.
Welcoming the eleventh meeting of the joint GCC-European Union ministerial meeting to be held in Bahrain on 23 April 2001, the Ministerial Council is hopeful of positive results that will help expedite the conclusion of a free trade agreement between the GCC countries and the European Union and strengthen cooperation between them in all fields.

The GCC Patent Office

The Council agreed to form a complaints board in the GCC Patent Office to be established under the GCC patent regime to consider complaints about any of its decisions.

Man and the environment

The Council considered the progress made in joint action in matters concerning culture, youth, sports, social affairs and health. The activities in question included: follow-up action on the translation and copyright project; cooperation in the field of antiquities and museums; the programming of joint cultural activities; the decision of the Supreme Council to increase employment opportunities for citizens, facilitate the mobility of national manpower and extend social security coverage to GCC nationals working outside their own countries; the approval of sports, social, cultural and informational programmes; follow-up action on measures to prevent the spread of infectious diseases among the GCC countries; issues relating to joint bulk purchases of pharmaceuticals and customs duties on tobacco and tobacco products; and the organization of a number of seminars and workshops.

Legal matters

The Ministerial Council considered and took note of the decisions taken by the GCC ministers of justice, at their twelfth meeting on judicial and legal cooperation, concerning: approval of the draft standard rules on alternatives to imprisonment and their designation as the “Riyadh Document on Standard Rules for Alternatives to Imprisonment”; the draft standard juvenile code and the draft standard code on the legal profession; and other areas of cooperation and coordination.

Military matters

The Council considered the steps taken and meetings held in the light of the decisions taken by the ministers of defence at their nineteenth meeting, and it expressed its satisfaction at the progress made and stressed the need to follow through on all related aspects.

Political issues

The Council discussed developments in the context of Iraq’s compliance with the Security Council resolutions relating to the situation between Iraq and Kuwait and the consequences of its occupation of Kuwait.

The Council expressed strong condemnation and denunciation of the Iraqi political message that had been voiced by a number of senior Iraqi officials and of its arrogance towards and intimidation of the State of Kuwait and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Such statements by Iraqi officials do nothing to help bring security and stability to the region. The Council urged the Iraqi Government to desist from such campaigns and such threats and to demonstrate its good faith in both word and deed.

In its concern to create appropriate conditions for the achievement and consolidation of security, peace and stability in the Gulf region, the Council renewed its call to Iraq to discharge in full its obligations under the Security Council resolutions relating to cooperation with the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Tripartite Commission in devising an expeditious and definitive solution to the problem of Kuwaiti and third-country prisoners and hostages and to return all of the Kuwaiti property in its possession. The Council also urged Iraq to resume its cooperation with the United Nations in order to bring the outstanding issues relating to weapons of mass destruction and monitoring systems to a conclusion. It called upon Iraq and the Security Council to engage in an exhaustive dialogue with a view to the discharge of these obligations in a just and comprehensive manner and in accordance with sound principles as a step towards the lifting of sanctions.

The Council stressed that Iraq must undertake to respect the security, independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Kuwait and that it must take all necessary steps to demonstrate its peaceful intentions towards the GCC countries if the region’s security and stability are to be assured.

The Council once again affirmed that it continued to welcome and to be prepared to participate in all humanitarian initiatives to mitigate the suffering of the Iraqi people. It stressed its resolve that the efforts of the GCC countries to alleviate this suffering within the framework of the relevant resolutions would be maintained.

The Council affirmed that the independence, unity and territorial integrity of Iraq must be respected and that there must be no interference in its internal affairs.

The Ministerial Council studied the mandate entrusted to it by the Supreme Council to examine all available peaceful means that might be conducive to the restoration to the United Arab Emirates of its legitimate rights in its three islands, namely the Greater Tunb, the Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa, that are still being occupied by the Islamic Republic of Iran. It was of the view that Iran’s rejection of the many peace initiatives advanced to resolve the issue of the three islands, and most recently the efforts of the GCC Committee of Three, is not in accord with Iran’s declared desire for dialogue and the elimination of tension, does not advance security and stability in the Arabian Gulf and impedes the improvement of relations between the two sides. The Ministerial Council is, accordingly, still deeply engaged in discussing this remit.

The Council objects in the strongest terms to Iran’s preparations to build dwellings on the three islands for purposes of their settlement with a view to altering their demographic composition, in violation of the relevant 1949 Geneva Convention, and it demands a halt to the construction of such installations.

The Council reaffirmed its support for the claim of the United Arab Emirates to the three islands occupied by the Islamic Republic of Iran, namely the Greater Tunb, the Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa, and its rejection of the continued occupation by the Islamic Republic of Iran of the three islands belonging to the United Arab Emirates. It affirms the full sovereignty of the United Arab Emirates over the three islands as an integral part of the country, the fact that it retains all of its rights in respect of those islands, and the Council’s non-recognition of any sovereignty other than that of the United Arab Emirates over its three islands, their territorial waters, their airspace and the related continental shelf and exclusive economic zone.

The Council condemns Iran’s encroachments and the military exercises that it conducts on the three islands belonging to the United Arab Emirates and in their territorial waters, and it urges Iran to desist from conducting such exercises given that they are acts of provocation that pose a threat to security and stability in the Arabian Gulf region, constitute a source of great concern and are unhelpful in building confidence.

The Council supports all the steps being taken by the United Arab Emirates to restore its sovereignty over all three islands by peaceful means, in accordance with the principle of the collective security of the GCC countries. It exhorts the Islamic Republic of Iran to agree to refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice as the body that is competent to resolve boundary disputes between States, especially since the United Arab Emirates has declared in advance that it will accept any Judgment delivered by the International Court of Justice in the dispute in question. Many States have placed their trust in the International Court of Justice for the resolution of their boundary disputes, and Iran itself has approached the Court on more than one occasion in advancing its claims.

The Ministerial Council reviewed the Israeli practices of aggression against the Palestinian people, especially the escalation against towns, villages and camps, and the policy of closures and economic and political blockade being pursued by Israel against the fraternal Palestinian people demanding the restoration of its legitimate rights, including the right of return and its right to establish an independent State with Jerusalem as its capital. As it expresses its condemnation of these assaults and of the use of such unilateral measures, the Ministerial Council urges the Security Council to provide international protection to the Palestinian people against such aggression, and it reiterates its firmly established and publicly declared position on the establishment of a comprehensive and just peace in the region on the basis of the resolutions that embody international legitimacy, specifically Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973), and the principle of land for peace.

The Council affirms that a just and comprehensive peace can only be achieved with the restoration to the Palestinian people of all of its legitimate rights and the establishment of an independent Palestinian State with Jerusalem as its capital. In this connection, the Council expressed its condemnation of the statements recently made by the United States Secretary of State to the effect that Jerusalem is to be regarded as the capital of Israel, which statements are incompatible with the resolutions that embody international legitimacy, given, in particular, that the United States is a sponsor of the peace process. The Council reaffirms that Israel must withdraw fully from the occupied Syrian Golan Heights to the line of 4 June 1967, must complete its withdrawal from Lebanese territory, including the Shab`a farmlands, to the internationally recognized boundary in accordance with Security Council resolutions 425 (1978) and 426 (1978), and must release all the Lebanese prisoners and abductees being held in Israel’s prisons.

The Council expresses the hope that the international endeavours currently under way and, in particular, the role that can be played by the United States of America will put the peace efforts back on track. It affirms its support for the Palestinian negotiators, and it appeals to the international community to make greater efforts to bring pressure to bear on the Israeli side and to require it to abide by the principles endorsed by the Madrid Peace Conference so that all legitimate Arab rights may be restored.

The Council again calls upon the international community to take action to transform the Middle East region, including the Gulf, into a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons. The Council affirms once more that Israel must accede to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and submit all its nuclear facilities to the International Atomic Energy Agency inspection regime.

The Ministerial Council expresses its gratitude and appreciation for the endeavours of His Excellency Major General Falih Abd Allah al-Shatti, Assistant Secretary-General for military affairs, during his period of service with the Gulf Cooperation Council, and it wishes him continued success. The Council welcomes the appointment of His Excellency Major General Ali bin Salim al-Ma`mari as Assistant Secretary-General for military affairs for a three-year term with effect from 1 April 2001, and it wishes him success in the post.


Annex II to the letter dated 20 March 2001 from the Permanent Representative of Bahrain
to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

[Original: Arabic]

Statement issued on 17 March 2001 by the Ministerial Council of the Gulf Cooperation Council
on the occasion of the delivery by the International Court of Justice of its Judgment in the case
concerning Maritime Delimitation and Territorial Questions between Qatar and Bahrain


At the commencement of its seventy-eighth session, the Ministerial Council conveyed its warmest compliments and congratulations to His Highness Sheikh Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa, Amir of Bahrain, and His Highness Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani, Amir of Qatar, on the occasion of the definitive settlement of the boundary dispute between the two fraternal countries with the delivery by the International Court of Justice yesterday at The Hague of its Judgment in the case.

The Council further expressed its great happiness and satisfaction at an important and historic event that will significantly open the way to enhancing all aspects of cooperation between the two countries as a reflection of the reality of their family ties and common destiny. It will help to strengthen and develop fraternal relations between them and will open a new and splendid page for concord between the two countries, thus advancing their cohesion at every level and the achievement of the aspirations of the two peoples for a common life based on continued cooperation for their own good and that of the peoples of the GCC countries.

The Council also expressed its appreciation to the two leaders for the sincere efforts they made to achieve this historic resolution and expressed its full confidence that the wisdom and ability that distinguish each of Their Highnesses will have the greatest impact on the advancement of the joint interests of their two countries.



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