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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
A/53/1
27 August 1998

Original: ENGLISH

General Assembly
Official Records
Fifty-third Session
Supplement No. 1 (A/53/1)


Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization

General Assembly

Official Records
Fifty-third Session
Supplement No. 1 (A/53/1)



Contents
ChapterParagraphs Page
Introduction
1–16
1
I. Achieving peace and security
17–72
3
Prevention
25–55
3
Diplomacy
31–42
4
Preventive deployment
43–44
5
Disarmament
45–55
5
Peacekeeping
56–61
7
Sanctions
62–64
7
Post-conflict peace-building
65–69
8
Complementary strategies
70–72
8
II. Cooperating for development
73–121
9
Eradication of poverty
84–91
10
Social development
92–105
11
Sustainable development
106–109
12
Fostering investment and growth
110–113
13
Supporting good governance
114–121
13
III. Meeting humanitarian commitments
122–146
15
Coordinating humanitarian action
126–135
15
Delivering humanitarian services
136–141
16
Assisting refugees
142–146
17
IV. Engaging with globalization
147–168
19
The economic dimension
149–153
19
The environmental dimension
154–162
19
“Uncivil” society
163–168
20
V. Strengthening the international legal order
169–183
23
The human rights regime
171–175
23
The international tribunals
176–179
23
The International Criminal Court
180–183
24
VI. Managing change
184–226
25
Creating a culture of communication
185–193
25
Administration and management
194–201
26
Legal affairs
202–211
27
Project services
212–216
28
Accountability and oversight
217–226
28
VII. Conclusion
227–236
31




/...

I. Achieving peace and security


17. The world has been mercifully free from large-scale regional conflict over the past 12 months. Many local wars have continued, however, and new ones have broken out, including, for the first time in this decade, a war over territory between two neighbouring States, Eritrea and Ethiopia. While there have been some important successes for the international community, including the restoration of the democratically elected Government in Sierra Leone, peace in many parts of the world remains precarious. Moreover peace processes in several regions, including some to which the United Nations has devoted extensive resources over a long period, show a distressing tendency to unravel.

18. Of particular concern is the lack of progress in the Middle East peace process; the turmoil in Afghanistan; the escalation of violence in Kosovo (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia); the ongoing civil war in the Sudan; the continuing instability and violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the rest of the Great Lakes region; and the return to civil war in Angola. Our efforts in Angola were dealt a severe blow when my Special Representative, Alioune Blondin Beye, was tragically killed in a plane crash on 26 June, together with seven others. The rising tensions between India and Pakistan over Kashmir and other issues is also a major cause of concern, as is the stalemated peace process in Cyprus.

/...

Diplomacy

/...

38. Earlier this year a new United Nations Political Office was established in Bougainville, the first United Nations political mission to the South Pacific. The quiet diplomacy of peacemaking has also been pursued during the past year in the Middle East, South Asia, Angola, Cambodia, Cyprus, Somalia and Western Sahara.

/...

Peacekeeping

/...

61. The total number of peacekeepers in the field has declined since the early 1990s, as a consequence of the winding down of several major United Nations operations, but the actual number of United Nations peacekeeping operations has in fact risen from 15 to 17 in the past year. Six of these are in Europe, four in the Middle East, four in Africa, two in Asia and one in the Americas. Under the auspices of the Department of Political Affairs, the United Nations also maintains a human rights and judicial reform mission in Guatemala.

/...

Assisting refugees

/...

145. Combining both humanitarian and development work, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East continues to provide relief and social services to 3.5 million Palestine refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic and the West Bank and Gaza Strip. With a deficit of $62 million in the 1998 budget of $314 million, which follows chronic budget shortfalls since 1993, the Agency’s level and standard of service has however continued to decline.

/...


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