All of the facts above-mentioned support unequivocally the two main conclusions stated at the beginning of this Report, namely:
2. There is urgent need for assistance from the Security Council in the form of an adequate armed force if the Commission is to be enabled to implement the resolution and maintain law and order in Palestine when authority is transferred to it, and in this connection, sub-paragraph (a) of the resolution’s Preamble also requests that the Security Council “take the necessary measures as provided for in the Plan for its implementation;”
In the view of the Commission, a basic issue of international order and morality is involved. A dangerous and tragic precedent will have been established if force, or the threat of the use of force, is to prove an effective deterrent to the will of the United Nations.
It is the considered view of the Commission that the security forces of the Mandatory Power, which at the present time prevent the situation from deteriorating completely into open warfare on an organized basis, must be replaced by an adequate non-Palestinian force which will assist law-abiding elements in both the Arab and Jewish communities, organized under the general direction of the Commission, in maintaining order and security in Palestine, and thereby enabling the Commission to carry out the recommendations of the General Assembly. Otherwise, the period immediately following the termination of the Mandate will be a period of uncontrolled, wide-spread strife and bloodshed in Palestine, including the City of Jerusalem. This would be a catastrophic conclusion to an era of international concern for that territory.
The Commission submits this report with a profound appreciation of its duty to the United Nations. The sole motivation of the Commission is to obtain from the Security Council that effective assistance without which, it is firmly convinced, it cannot hope to discharge the great responsibilities entrusted to it by the General Assembly.
In its First Monthly Progress Report to the Security Council (Section l3) the Commission had informed the Security Council that “it was devoting most serious attention to the various aspects of security problem, with particular reference to the possible need for an international force” and that this problem would be the subject in a subsequent special report.
The Commission has appraised the security situation in Palestine on the basis of a considerable volume of information, official and un-official, available to it from a diversity of sources. These sources have included official reports and appraisals from the Mandatory Power; reports and comments from the Jewish Agency for Palestine; statements by the Arab Higher Committee and dispatches from the Press of the world. These reports have persuaded the Commission that:
II. There is urgent need for assistance from the Security Council in the form of an adequate armed force if the Commission is to be enabled to implement the resolution and maintain law and order in Palestine when authority is transferred to it.
Although the security aspects or the problem are referred to the Security Council by this report, the Commission intends to continue with such of the vast amount of preparatory work essential to the implementation of the recommendations as can be undertaken without the assistance from the Security Council sought herein.
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