3. Following its first special session held on 5 and 6 July 2006 to consider the human rights situation in the occupied Palestinian territories, the Human Rights Council held its third special session on 15 November 2006 “to consider and take action on the gross human rights violations emanating from Israeli military incursions in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including the recent one in northern Gaza and the assault on Beit Hanoun”. In its resolution S-3/1, the Council decided to dispatch urgently a high-level fact-finding mission to Beit Hanoun to, inter alia, assess the situation of victims, address the needs of survivors and make recommendations on ways and means to protect Palestinian civilians against any further Israeli assaults.
4. Subsequently, at its third and fourth regular sessions, the Council adopted resolutions 3/1 and 4/2 on the human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and the follow-up to Council resolutions S-1/1 and S-3/1, adopted respectively at the first and third special sessions and dealing with issues relevant to the realization of the right to self-determination. The Council called for the implementation of resolutions S-1/1 and S-3/1, including the dispatching of urgent fact-finding missions.
5. The Human Rights Council held its fifth session from 11 to 18 June 2007 and considered the report submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, John Dugard, on the non-implementation of Human Rights Council resolution S-1/1 (A/HRC/5/11) and the report of the high-level fact-finding mission to Beit Hanoun established under resolution S-3/1 (A/HRC/5/20). On 18 June 2007, the Human Rights Council decided, without a vote, to postpone action on draft resolution A/HRC/5/L.5, entitled “Human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory: follow-up to Human Rights Council resolutions S-1/1 and S-3/1”.
8. On 18 June 2007, by resolution 5/1 entitled “Institution-building of the United Nations Human Rights Council”, the Council adopted its agenda, which includes a specific item, item 7, on the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories. In accordance with the framework for the programme of work of the Council, item 7 also deals with the right to self-determination of the Palestinian people. The text annexed to the above-mentioned resolution provides details of the universal periodic review mechanism of the Council. In section A of this text, entitled “Basis of the review”, the complementary and mutually interrelated nature of international human rights law and international humanitarian law are acknowledged and it is stipulated that the review should take into account applicable international humanitarian law.