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II. Regional contexts and characteristics
9. In the following paragraphs, the Special Rapporteur will examine the situation of political platforms which promote racial discrimination in a number of countries, including some visited by the Special Rapporteur or examined in his previous reports.
53. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is significantly characterized by issues of racism, ethnocentrism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia. On both sides of the divide, political platforms constantly incite ethnic and religious hatred and violence. In the occupied territories, the situation is exacerbated by the building of the “security wall” which has rendered extreme the already harsh situation of marginalization in which the Palestinian population lives. Within Israel itself, the State continues to enact laws that discriminate against Palestinian citizens of Israel, such as the law that prohibits family reunification between Israeli citizens (mostly Palestinians) and their Palestinian spouses from the occupied territories, except in certain age categories. The consequences of the violence are not limited to this region, but also contribute to the rise of Islamophobia and anti-Semitism in other parts of the world.