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UNITED
NATIONS
E

        Economic and Social Council
Distr.
GENERAL
E/CN.4/1997/SR.48
6 March 1998

ENGLISH
Original: FRENCH

COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

Fifty-third session

SUMMARY RECORD OF THE 48th MEETING

Held at the Palais des Nations, Geneva,
on Tuesday, 8 April 1997, at 6 p.m.

Chairman: Mr. SOMOL (Czech Republic)


CONTENTS


QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS IN ANY PART OF THE WORLD, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO COLONIAL AND OTHER DEPENDENT COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES, ... (continued)

/...




This record is subject to correction. Corrections should be submitted in one of the working languages. They should be set forth in a memorandum and also incorporated in a copy of the record. They should be sent within one week of the date of this document to the Official Records Editing Section, room E.4108, Palais des Nations, Geneva. Any corrections to the records of the public meetings of the Commission at this session will be consolidated in a single corrigendum, to be issued shortly after the end of the session.



The meeting was called to order at 6.25 p.m.

QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS IN ANY PART OF THE WORLD, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO COLONIAL AND OTHER DEPENDENT COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES, ...

/...

54. The European Union remained concerned about the human rights situation in the Syrian Arab Republic. It strongly encouraged the Government to remedy the situation, particularly as regards the treatment of prisoners and freedom of expression, and urged the Syrian authorities to engage in a dialogue on the human rights situation in the country. It would welcome concrete measures, such as the release of political prisoners.

/...

72. Mr. ZAHRAN (Egypt) ...

/...

73. His delegation was concerned by the flagrant violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed by the Israeli occupying forces in the occupied Arab territories. It called for the immediate implementation of Security Council resolution 425 (1978), which demanded the immediate, total and unconditional withdrawal of Israel from all occupied Lebanese territories, and a revival of the peace process in the Middle East with a view to arriving at a just and comprehensive peace on the basis of the principle of “land for peace”.

/...

76. Mr. EL KHAZEN (Observer for Lebanon) said that for 19 years Israel had been occupying a large part of southern Lebanon and western Bekaa, in flagrant violation of Security Council resolutions, and in particular resolution 425 (1978), which demanded the immediate, total and unconditional withdrawal of Israel from all occupied Lebanese territories to within its internationally recognized frontiers, and respect for Lebanon's sovereignty and integrity. Israel was continuing to shell those and neighbouring regions and did not hesitate to use prohibited weapons to bomb towns, villages, places of worship, hospitals and schools. The Commission would recall the bombardment of the Fijian UNIFIL unit's post, on 18 April 1996, which had killed 128 people, mostly women, children and old people, who had taken refuge in the security post, believing that they would be safe from the Israeli bombardments.

77. Hundreds of Lebanese, including women, old people and young people, who were held in detention centres in the occupied zone of southern Lebanon for refusing to collaborate with the invaders, were subjected to the worst forms of torture, both physical and psychological. Dozens of detainees had been transferred to prisons in Israel and sentenced without trial to imprisonment ranging from 10 to 30 years. Those hostage prisoners did not enjoy any of the rights set forth in the 1949 Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War.

78. Israel's attempts to ensure its security by occupying southern Lebanon and western Bekaa had failed. In fact, the occupation was the main cause of the tension in the region and the sufferings endured by the Lebanese. Lebanon had however frequently declared that it was ready to impose security in southern Lebanon as soon as Israel withdrew in accordance with Security Council resolution 425 (1978). With that in mind, the Lebanese Government reiterated its support for the objectives of the Madrid Conference with a view to the establishment of a just, comprehensive and permanent peace in the region, on the basis of the United Nations resolutions and the “land for peace” principle.

79. His delegation appealed to the international community to take effective, concrete and realistic measures to put an end without delay to Israel's policy of occupation, oppression and repression and to compel Israel to withdraw its troops from Lebanon without any conditions, to release all prisoners, to explain what had become of people who had disappeared and to desist from any violation of human rights. In conclusion, his delegation thanked the International Committee of the Red Cross for its courageous humanitarian work and the States which were participating in the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), whether financially or by sending troops, and thus helping to maintain peace.

/...


The meeting rose at 9.10 p.m.


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