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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
5 April 2005


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

OCHA Weekly Briefing Notes
Update for oPt (30 March - 5 April 2005)


INSIDE: Physical Protection - Deaths and Injuries -- Shelter and Property - People displaced/House demolition/Demolition orders -- Natural Resources - Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting -- Facilitation of Humanitarian Assistance - Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations -- Access and Movement for Civilians - Curfews, Access to Education, Access to Employment, Closures/Movement Restrictions -- Additional Protection Issues

1. Physical Protection

Deaths and Injuries
Palestinians: Deaths: 0; Injured: 15
Israelis: Deaths: 0; Injured: 5
Internationals: Deaths: 0; Injured: 0

Selected incidents:

30 March: Clashes erupted between IDF and Palestinians throwing stones, following long delays at the Beit Iba checkpoint (Nablus). The IDF used shock grenades. No injuries were reported.
30 March: A Palestinian child and woman from ‘Illar (Tulkarm) were reported injured during clashes between IDF and Palestinians following the announcement of curfew of the village.
30 March: Three Israelis were lightly injured when Palestinians threw a firebomb and stones at their vehicle on the Modi’in road 443 (west Ramallah).
30 March: Around 15 armed Palestinians from the Al Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades opened fire on the Palestinian President’s office in the Muqata’a and several restaurants in Ramallah. These actions were reportedly as a protest against a decision by the Palestinian President to expel six Palestinians who are on Israel’s “wanted” list from the Muqata’a.
30 March: Demonstrations continued against the Barrier in Saffa and Bil’in villages (west Ramallah district). Several demonstrators were injured from IDF tear gas and rubber bullets, a number of residents were arrested.
1 April: Two Palestinian children were injured by heavy machine gun fire fired from the direction of the IDF outpost near Neveh Dekalim (Gaza).
2 April: One Palestinian man was reported injured in Nazlat ‘Isa (Tulkarm) after clashes occurred between IDF and Palestinians following a ‘Land Day’ demonstration.
3, 4, 5 April: Palestinians, international and Israeli peace activists demonstrated against Barrier construction in Bil’in village (west Ramallah district). On 3 April, one Israeli peace activist was injured when a tear gas canister hit him on the head.
4 April: A Palestinian farmer from Hebron was shot and injured by an Israeli settler near Kiryat Arba’ as he was working his land west of the settlement. Another shooting incident injuring a second Palestinian occurred the next day.
4 April: A Palestinian shepherd was reportedly severely beaten up by an IDF patrol near the area of Barrier construction in As Samu’ village, south Hebron Governorate.
5 April: A Palestinian gunman wounded an Israeli working near the southern Gaza settlement of Morag. One roadside bomb was also detonated near an Israeli military vehicle near Rafah, causing no injuries or damage.

Sources: OCHA FCU, PRCS, UNRWA, WHO, IDF website, Israeli MFA, offices of governors.

2. Shelter and Property

People displaced/House demolitions/Demolition orders

Total Houses/Structures Demolished: 7
Total residents of demolished houses: 22
Total Partially-Built House/sStructures Demolished: 4

West Bank:
31 March: The IDF demolished two houses in the village of Wadi Rahal, Bethlehem governorate, leaving two Palestinian families with thirteen members homeless. In addition, the IDF bulldozed two houses under construction, two agricultural storage facilities and one animal shelter in the same village due to lack of building permits.
3 April: The IDF issued demolition orders for two houses in Far’un (Tulkarm).
4 April: The Jerusalem Municipality demolished four Palestinian houses in Beit Hanina for lack of building permits. Nine people residing in two of the houses were made homeless. The other two houses were under construction.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA

3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting1

Nablus/Jenin/Tubas Governorates:
• Nothing to Report

Qalqiliya Governorate:
• Nothing to Report

Salfit Governorate:
23-29 March: Land levelling near Mas-ha and Az Zawiya (Salfit) extending 300 meters south of Road 5 continued in preparation for the construction of the Barrier.
23-29 March: Land levelling near of Deir Ballut and Az Zawiya (Salfit) continued in preparation for construction of what IDF calls a special security area. Nearly two kilometres have been levelled to date.

Tulkarm Governorate:
23-29 March: Levelling of land near Kafriat checkpoint (Tulkarm) continued in preparation for a new tunnel under road 57.

Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
5 April: Israeli contractors resumed land levelling between Bil’in and Kharbatha Bani Harith (west Ramallah) for the construction of the Barrier and uprooted about 100 olive trees in the area.

Hebron Governorate:
31 March: The IDF issued a military order for Israeli settlers to stop and remove all construction carried out for a road located on Palestinian land linking the settlement of Kiryat Arba’ with thesettlements in the city of Hebron.
3 April: Palestinians received copies of military requisition orders T/71/05 and T/76/05 dated 29 March 2005 calling for the confiscation of 1,142 dunums of land in the areas of Dura and Adh Dahria for the construction of the Barrier.

Bethlehem Governorate:
3 April: The IDF confiscated nine dunums in the village of Al-Walaja in Bethlehem district, to be used for Barrier construction. Around 200 trees have been uprooted in the area.

Jerusalem Governorate:
28 March (Not reported last week): IDF handed over following requisition orders to the Palestinian DCL in Ar Ram:
North West Jerusalem villages:
• IDF continued levelling land between Har Adar Settlement and Beit Surik. Levelling also continues in the area between Qatanna and Kharayib Umm al Lahim villages.

North Jerusalem
• Construction of the Barrier is continuing along the main road (60) between Qalandiya and Ar - Ram checkpoints. Land levelling is also taking place to construct a new checkpoint/terminal located south of the current checkpoint. Construction and land levelling is also taking place east of Qalandiya checkpoint for construction of DCL offices, a parking lot and a road. This road will connect with the road leading to Jaba’. Land levelling and construction of the Barrier is also taking place alongside the road between Jaba’, Hizma and Anata.

East Jerusalem
• Land levelling is ongoing near the Coptic housing project and in Wadi Ayyad near Neve Yaakov settlement, as well as on the northern side of Shufat Refugee camp and ‘Anata town.

South/Southeast Jerusalem
• Barrier construction is nearly finished from Al ‘Eizariyya to Sur Bahir where construction is ongoing on the eastern and the southern sides of the village.

Jericho Governorate:
• Nothing to Report

The Gaza Strip:
• Nothing to Report

Sources: OCHA FCU, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL, Village Council

______________
1 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare


4. Facilitation of Humanitarian Assistance

Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances and medical teams

West Bank:
Denial of access: 0
Delay (more than 30 minutes): 2
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

The Gaza Strip:
Denial of access: 0
Delay (more than 30 minutes): 2
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

Sources: OCHA FCU, WHO, PRCS, Palestinian MoH

5. Access and Movement for Civilians

A. Curfews

30 March: The IDF announced a curfew on ‘Illar and Seida villages in Tulkarm governorate. The curfew lasted for two hours.

Sources: OCHA FCU, Village Councils, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL

B. Access to Education

West Bank:
30 March: A school bus was held at a flying checkpoint near Jaba’ junction (Jenin) on road 60 for three hours. The students were on their way back from a school trip.
5 April: Students and teachers in ‘Azzun ‘Atma lost one school day after they were denied access at the ‘Azzun ‘Atma gate after they refused body search.

The Gaza Strip:
• During the reporting period, the 24 pupils living in As-Seafa were not able to reach their schools on time. They were delayed leaving through the As- Seafa gate until late morning. Upon return, the pupils were delayed for four hours before being permitted to re-enter through the gate at 3:30pm.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNICEF, Palestinian DCL

C. Access to Employment

West Bank:
March: Numbers for working permits in Nablus, Jenin, Tubas, Tulkarm, Qalqiliya and Salfit will be available next week.



The Gaza Strip:
28 March: The total number of permits issued to Palestinian workers was 4,500 for laborers and merchants. A total of 781 permits were issued for workers to enter Erez Industrial Zone. Workers and merchants must be 35 and over and married with children. (Source PMG).



Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNSCO, Palestinian DCL

D. Closures/Movement Restrictions:

Jenin Governorate:
• Flying checkpoints were observed throughout the week near Jaba’ junction on road 60 and on Arraba junction on the road connecting Sanur and Al Jarba villages.

Nablus Governorate:
30 March: Major delays occurred at Beit Iba checkpoint with hundreds of Palestinians waiting at the checkpoint. Clashes occurred between IDF and the Palestinians.
2 April: Shave Shomeron checkpoint was manned with soldiers searching vehicles for several hours.
• Flying checkpoints were observed throughout the week southwest of Nablus city connecting with the villages of ‘Iraq Burin, Tell and Sarra villages, on the entrance of Zawata village, near Deir Sharraf village and near Beit Immrin village.

Tubas Governorate:
31 March and 3 April: Flying checkpoints were established at the northern entrance of Tubas city.

Qalqiliya Governorate:
3 April: The IDF closed the gate at ‘Azzun ‘Atma and held Palestinians waiting for several hours.

Salfit Governorate
• Flying checkpoints were reported at the Yasuf – Iskaka and the Marda – Jamma’in roads.

Tulkarm Governorate:
31 March: IDF closed Kafriat checkpoint for several hours.
• Flying checkpoints were observed throughout the week at the Ramin and Qaffin junctions, on the main road between Tulkarm and Qalqiliya and at the entrance at Baqa ash Sharqiyya.

Hebron Governorate:
3 April: Israeli settlers from Ma’on settlement harassed and stoned Palestinian shepherds from Al Kharruba village, south Hebron. The Police was later called to the area by the settlers. Two Palestinian shepherds were detained at the police station of Kiryat Arba for questioning.

Bethlehem Governorate
5 April: The Palestinian Ministry of tourism declared that a total of 19,800 international tourists entered the city of Bethlehem through out the last month of March.

Ramallah/Al Bireh Governorate:
• 30 March and 3 April: The partial checkpoint at Atara Bridge was in operation.
• 3 April: The IDF declared Bil’in a “closed military area” and flying checkpoints were set up on 3 and 4 April between Bil’in and Saffa villages.

Jerusalem Governorate:
• Nothing to Report

Jericho Governorate:
• Nothing to Report

The Enclosed Areas in the Gaza Strip: 13 Feb: The IDF has started to permit Palestinians aged 30 and above residing in As-Seafa to pass in and out with out any prior coordination, while males and females aged between 16-30 are still required to have 48 hours prior coordination. The gate is opened two times per day irregularly at 7:30am and 2:00pm. No vehicles are permitted to enter or exit. Coordination for international organizations to enter the area has been problematic.
• People are now requested to coordinate to bring goods into the area. • Al-Mawassi: IDF restrictions remain, with the entry-exit gate at Al Tuffah checkpoint generally open twice daily for limited numbers of Al Mawassi ID holders from approximately 08.00 to 13.00 and 4.30 to 17.00. Since 10 May 2004, males aged below 30 years who are Al Mawassi ID holders, have been required to have prior coordination to pass though Al Tuffah checkpoint. Since 06 June 2004, prior coordination has been required for unmarried females with Al Mawassi ID who are aged 18-25. Vehicles are not allowed to pass, with some exceptions given for international agencies that have undertaken prior coordination with the IDF.
• Tel Es-Sultan checkpoint remained closed The Palestinian area adjacent to Kfar Darom settlement was declared a Closed Military Zone following a suicide attack on 27 February 2004. Since 20 July 2002, no vehicular movement has been allowed in and out of the area and the IDF erected a fence around the area. Movement is restricted by the IDF with the entry-exit gate generally open four times daily for Al Maa’ni ID holders only - from 06:30 to 07:30, 10:30 to 11:30, 13:00 to 14:00 and 16:00 to 17:00. Access for international organisations into the area remains extremely problematic.

Source: OCHA FCUs and UNRWA

6. Additional Protection Issues

Searches/Arrests and Other

Nablus/Jenin/Tubas
• Throughout the week, IDF search and arrest campaigns took place in Nablus city, Beit Furik town (Nablus) and Balata refugee camp. 12 Palestinians were reported arrested.

Tulkarm/Qalqiliya/Salfit
1 April: IDF arrested three Palestinians age 18-30 years at Ramin junction (Tulkarm)
• Other IDF search and arrest campaigns took place in ‘Azzun (Qalqiliya) where two Palestinians were reported arrested.

Ramallah /Al Bireh
• Throughout the week, IDF search and arrest campaigns took place in Ramallah, Silwad, Al Bireh, Beit ‘Ur at Tahta and Saffa. Ten Palestinian males were reported arrested.

Hebron/Bethlehem
5 April: The governor’s office in Hebron held a press conference with the presence of representatives from both the ministries of Health and Agriculture, as well as the director of the Environmental department at Beir Zeit University, to present the findings and to discuss further action regarding the poisoning of grazing land in the villages of At Tuwani, Am Faggara and Al Kharruba. Representatives from the three villages reported the deaths of 20 sheep and another 82 presenting symptoms of poisoning, and the loss of the current season’s milk and its products, a main source of their livelihood.
• Throughout the week, IDF search and arrest campaigns took place in Halhul, Beit Ummar, Al ‘Arrub refugee camp, Al Kharruba and As Samu’ (Hebron). Eight Palestinians were reported arrested. In Bethlehem search and arrest campaigns took place in in Nahhalin and Bethlehem city with nine Palestinians arrested.

Jerusalem/Jericho
4 April: A Palestinian from Aqbat Jaber Refugee Camp was arrested by the IDF at Karamah crossing gate near Allenby bridge (Jericho).

The Gaza Strip
30 March: Five Palestinians were arrested when they were attempting to cross the border fence east of Gaza City, near Karni cargo crossing.
2 April: Four Palestinians were arrested after being spotted by IDF troops approaching the border fence north of Sofa crossing.

Sources: OCHA FCUs, UNRWA, UNSECCORD, UNSCO, Palestinian DCLs, Palestinian Governors’ offices, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, IDF







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