Question of Palestine home
16 May 2001
Annual session 2001
11-22 June 2001, New York
Item 9 of the provisional agenda
Annual report of the Administrator for 2000
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE ADMINISTRATOR FOR 2000
1. The year 2000 saw dramatic change in UNDP on both management and program fronts, in fulfillment of the Administrator's vision and in response to significant new challenges and opportunities in the global development arena. Internal reforms are still under way but there is much progress to report.
5. Building on the results-oriented annual report (ROAR), the present document highlights the key components of the vision underpinning the Administrator's Business Plans: policy and focus; partnerships; people; and performance. Chapters IV and V contain information on resources and the UNDP-associated funs and programmes.
D. Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People
133. At present, the Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People (PAPP) has approximately $145 million in ongoing projects in every part of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Since its inception, PAPP has mobilized some $350 million in resources on behalf of the Palestinian people, with strong support especially from Japan and the European Union. While most PAPP programmes focus on addressing problems that arise in special development situations, they also incorporate the goals of good governance, poverty alleviation, sustainable human development and gender equality. The rationale for this approach is that even during crisis and post-conflict situations, strategic upstream interventions are possible and, in fact, crucial to fostering the transition from conflict to sustainable state building.
134. PAPP disbursed almost $30 million in 2000, despite the drastic deterioration in the political situation since September, which has had a devastating effect on the economy and civil society and on the progress of development activities in the area. PAPP was able to sustain the momentum of its development programmes while adding a new dimension of crisis intervention to address the unusual challenges that arose as a result of the breakdown in the peace process. Owing to its skill in rapid-response implementation of emergency projects, PAPP mobilized and partly disbursed $6.1 million from Japan, Norway and Sweden, during the three months from October to December, for emergency medical relief and emergency employment-generation projects.
135. Earlier in 2000, utilizing over $27 million in funding from Japan, Norway and Italy, PAPP continued to lay the foundations of an enabling environment for sustainable human development with the completion of some major infrastructure projects that improved basic public services for the Palestinian people. For example, access for the poor to basic health care services was improved with the rehabilitation of 70 clinics and primary health care centres in remote areas across the West Bank. The restoration of water supply distribution networks has guaranteed clean water supply to thousands of residents of Jericho and Hebron. New infrastructure projects launched in 2000 will improve access to justice through the construction of a new courthouse in Nablus, to external resources for the public and private sector, through the construction of a south wing at Gaza International Airport.
136. Following the Administrator's Business Plans 2000-2003, PAPP reinforced its upstream advisory role to the Palestinian Authority in 2000 by supporting the publication of the Palestinian Development Plan. PAPP also agreed to coordinate and administer international support for the institutional capacity-building of a new seaport in Gaza; it has established a UNDP open trust fund to receive contributions for that purpose. PAPP contributions to poverty alleviation in 2000 included initiating the Palestinian participatory poverty assessment and facilitating the establishment of a poverty alleviation fund in the Palestinian Authority. The capacity of the poor to sustain their livelihoods will be enhanced as well by launching a new project for food security through water harvesting and the rehabilitation of the rangelands project.
137. The Palestinian Gateway Project implemented by the World Bank with support from PAPP will improve public- and private-sector access to ICT. The Palestine Schoolnet Project, begun in 2000, will connect thousands of students to the vast educational resources available on the Internet. PAPP commitment to empowering community-based organizations was underscored by its work with some 200 civil society organizations through the community-based youth development project and with micro-regional planning committees in the PAPP local rural development programme.
138. PAPP partnership strategy is to forge close relationships built on trust with its Palestinian counterparts, NGOs, other United Nations organizations and the donor community. These relationships are fortified by the reputation of PAPP as a dynamic organization that has the unique capacity for rapid delivery of a high-quality product. In 2000, PAPP forged new and potentially long-term partnerships with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department for International Development (DFID) and the World Bank, and sowed the seeds for establishing affiliations with several non-traditional Arab donors, including the Islamic Development Bank and the Arab Fund for Social and Development.