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Report of the Secretary-General
1. On 31 October 2000, the Security Council adopted resolution 1325 (2000), drawing attention to the disproportionate and unique impact of armed conflict on women and girls and their exclusion from conflict prevention, peacekeeping, conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The resolution highlighted the fact that an understanding of the impact of armed conflict on women and girls and effective institutional arrangements to guarantee their protection and full participation in peace processes would contribute significantly to the promotion and maintenance of international peace and security. The adoption of the resolution was the culmination of years of concerted appeals and efforts, especially by civil society and women’s organizations, to draw attention to and seek action to reverse the egregious and inhumane treatment of women and girls, the denial of their human rights and their exclusion from decision-making in situations of armed conflict.
2. Soon after the adoption of the resolution there were strong indications that the issue of women and peace and security was gaining attention in the political arena. In his first report to the Security Council on women, peace and security (S/2002/1154), the Secretary-General recognized that resolution 1325 (2000) had galvanized Member States, the United Nations system and civil society, including at the grass-roots level. Although the contributions of women to peacemaking and peacebuilding had not yet been fully recognized, the suffering of women and girls during armed conflict and its aftermath had already been widely documented. In the same report, the Secretary-General also noted that international law and existing strategies and guidelines provided a strong framework for addressing gender perspectives within the context of armed conflict and its aftermath.
3. Despite an apparent firm foundation and promise, 10 years after the adoption of resolution 1325 (2002), significant achievements are difficult to identify or quantify. The conditions that women and girls face in situations of armed conflict continue to be abhorrent and effective methods for monitoring their impact are lacking. The rape in July 2010 of over 200 women and girls in the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is only one example of the severity of abuse of the human rights of women and girls. It is also a reminder of the challenges ahead and a wake up call for the international community to urgently devise and implement a coherent and comprehensive plan to ensure implementation of all aspects of resolution 1325 (2000). The tenth anniversary of its adoption is an opportune occasion to take stock of progress, recognize the achievements and the shortcomings, and assess how efforts to accelerate implementation of the resolution in the next decade could be more effective.
4. In accordance with the statement by the President of the Security Council of 23 October 2007 (S/PRST/2007/40), section II of the present report provides an overview of progress in implementing resolution 1325 (2000). It includes information on measures taken to improve, where appropriate, the capacity of Member States to implement the resolution, including information on best practices. Section III responds to paragraph 18 of resolution 1889 (2009) by providing an assessment of the processes by which the Security Council receives, analyses and takes action on information pertinent to resolution 1325 (2000). In section IV, the report reviews the implementation and integration of the 2008-2009 System-wide Action Plan for implementing resolution 1325 (2000), following a system-wide evaluation of progress achieved in implementing the Action Plan. Section V presents an update and further development of the set of indicators contained in the report of the Secretary-General of 6 April 2010 (S/2010/173) in response to the statement by the President of the Security Council of 27 April 2010 (S/PRST/2010/8). That section also includes, as requested, an outline of a programme of work detailing
roles and responsibilities vis-à-vis the indicators within the United Nations system and a time frame to render the indicators operational. Section VI contains conclusions and recommendations.
44. A further 700 women were engaged in workshops on peace consultations. UNIFEM and the Department of Political Affairs have launched a joint strategy to increase the number of women appointed as mediators in peace processes in which the United Nations is engaged. The initiative includes generating guidance for and training of mediators and their teams, and building the capacity of women’s groups to engage in peace processes and make inputs to various components of peace accords. The first element of this joint strategy has been collaborating on the development of guidance for mediators to address conflict-related sexual violence in specific chapters of peace negotiations. One of the notable women’s coalitions supported by UNIFEM and calling for the increased participation of women in negotiations and at all stages of peacebuilding, the International Women’s Commission for a Just and Sustainable Israeli-Palestinian Peace, brings together Israeli, Palestinian and international women leaders who speak with one voice on issues of peace and security.