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UNITED
NATIONS
E

        Economic and Social Council
Distr.
GENERAL
E/CN.4/2004/NGO/7
10 February 2004

ENGLISH ONLY

COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
Sixtieth session
Items 5 and 8 of the provisional agenda


THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION AND ITS APPLICATION TO PEOPLES UNDER COLONIAL OR ALIEN DOMINATION OR FOREIGN OCCUPATION


QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE OCCUPIED ARAB TERRITORIES, INCLUDING PALESTINE


Written statement* submitted by the Association for World Education,
a non-governmental organization on the Roster

The Secretary-General has received the following written statement which is circulated in accordance with Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/31.


[9 January 2004]

___________

* This written statement is issued, unedited, in the language(s) received from the submitting non-governmental organization(s).

GE.04-10791



14 years after the proposal at the UNCHR of a future

‘United States of Abraham’ (1990)

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Notes

1 See Barry Buzan and Ole Waever, Regions and Powers : The Structure of International Security (Cambridge :Cambridge University Press, 564 pp.), in particular, the section on the Middle East, pp. 185-215.

2 For the security and conflict resolution structures and practice of the OSCE, see Maria Raquel Freire, Conflict and Security in the Former Soviet Union: The Role of the OSCE (Aldershot: Ashgate, 20033, 280 pp.

3 This proposal, with biographical references, was published in the September 1993 issue of the Journal of the International Institute for Peace (Vienna) “The Middle East Peace Process and New Forms of Regional Integration” by David Littman and René Wadlow. See also “The United States of Abraham” by British historian Sir Martin Gilbert (Jewish Chronicle, London, 31 December 1993, p. 20); he refers to both the 6 March 1990 UN statement – “a year and a half before the Madrid Conference” – and the article published in the Palestinian East Jerusalem weekly, Al-Fajr. On 15 November 1994, René Wadlow and David Littman made an official appeal to UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to commemorate an “International Day of Reconciliation between the Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian Peoples” (AFP, 15 Nov. 1994). On 23 Nov. 1994, David Littman delivered a lecture to a crowded room at the University of Lund (Sweden) on “The United States of Abraham.”

4 The full statement – including some preceding passages on another theme– was published in Human Rightsand Human Wrongs N° 8 (World Union for Progressive Judaism: Geneva, 1990), pp. 36-39. It was recorded at the UNCHR; a much abridged summary record omitted mention of Winston Churchill. (E/CN.4/1990/SR.52).

5 This documentation was widely circulated in UN, Israeli and Palestinian circles. Among the correspondence is one of several letters from Eitan Haber, Israel Advisor to the Prime Minister who wrote to David Littman on 5 Nov. 1992: “I am writing on behalf of the Prime Minister, Mr. Yitzhak Rabin, to thank you for your fax dated September 25 and your warm wishes for the New Year. As you know, peace negotiations are currently taking place, and we are hopeful that an agreement will be reached to the satisfaction of all citizens of this region, which will enable Jews and Arabs to live in peace and security. We also have for acknowledgment copy of your release dated 25 August.” (The conclusion of Prime Minister Rabin’s historic speech on the White House lawn is from the same passage in Ecclesiastes 3:1 as in the title published in the Al-Fajr weekly of 31 May 1993: “To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven.”) On 17 August 1993 – before the White House ceremony – Foreign Minister Shimon Peres wrote to Mr. Littman personally: “Thanks for your fax dated June 30. I have read with great interest the proposal and article which you sent me earlier. I appreciate your words of support and your offer of assistance on behalf of your organization, regarding relevant documentation.. Best wishes. Sincerely, Shimon Peres.

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