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Conseil de sécurité - Récapitulatif des travaux effectués sous la présidence de la Fédération de Russie (janvier 2007) - Lettre de la Fédération de Russie (extraits)

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UNITED
NATIONS
S

        Security Council
Distr.
GENERAL
S/2007/122
5 March 2007

Original: English

Letter dated 5 March 2007 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council



I have the honour to enclose the assessment of the work of the Security Council during the presidency of the Russian Federation in January 2007 (see annex). This assessment was prepared under my own responsibility following consultations with other members of the Council.

I should be grateful if the present letter and its annex could be circulated as a document of the Security Council.

(Signed) Vitaly Churkin



Annex to the letter dated 5 March 2007 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council


Assessment of the work of the Security Council during the presidency of the Russian Federation
(January 2007)


Introduction


On 8 January 2007 the Security Council welcomed Ban Ki-moon — participating for the first time in his capacity as United Nations Secretary-General in a formal debate of the Security Council — and committed itself, within its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, to continue to work closely and in a focused and action-oriented manner with the Secretary-General to better address the world’s multifaceted and interconnected threats to international peace and security, including armed conflict, terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The Council adopted a presidential statement (S/PRST/2007/1), in which it emphasized that the present global challenges and threats demanded a resolute and coherent response, based on the collective security system of the Charter of the United Nations, in particular requesting more regular reporting on regions of potential armed conflict and more focus in peacekeeping on the need to achieve the objectives of the mission, and emphasizing the importance of peacebuilding. The Council also pledged to uphold the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, reaffirmed its commitment to the principles of sovereign equality, national sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of all States, and underlined further the need for respect for human rights and the rule of law, including protection of civilians in armed conflict, and the importance of adhering to the principles of refraining, in international relations, from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations, and of peaceful settlement of international disputes.

During the presidency of the Russian Federation, in January 2007, the Security Council held 14 meetings, including debates on threats to international peace and security and on post-conflict peacebuilding, and 14 sessions of informal consultations; three resolutions and two presidential statements were adopted.


/...

The situation in the Middle East

In an open briefing followed by informal consultations on 25 January, the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs briefed the Council members on the situation in the Middle East. He said that in the past month there had been heightened levels of instability and suffering in the region of the Middle East, combined with a renewed international sense of the urgency of finding a political way ahead.

On 15 January the Council acknowledged, in a letter from its President to the Secretary-General, his intention to appoint new commanders for the United Nations forces in the Middle East, the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force and the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon.

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