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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
GENERAL
A/46/493
24 September 1991

ORIGINAL: ENGLISH

Forty-sixth session
Agenda items 12, 33, 35, 37, 47, 48, 49, 51,
52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62,
63, 64, 67, 69, 92 and 98



REPORT OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

QUESTION OF PALESTINE

THE SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST

POLICIES OF APARTHEID OF THE GOVERNMENT OF SOUTH AFRICA

REDUCTION OF MILITARY BUDGETS

COMPLIANCE WITH ARMS LIMITATION AND DISARMAMENT AGREEMENTS

EDUCATION AND INFORMATION FOR DISARMAMENT

CESSATION OF ALL NUCLEAR-TEST EXPLOSIONS

AMENDMENT OF THE TREATY BANNING NUCLEAR WEAPON TESTS IN THE
ATMOSPHERE, IN OUTER SPACE AND UNDER WATER

URGENT NEED FOR A COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR-TEST-BAN TREATY

ESTABLISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR-WEAPON-FREE ZONE IN THE REGION OF THE MIDDLE EAST

ESTABLISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR-WEAPON-FREE ZONE IN SOUTH ASIA

CONCLUSION OF EFFECTIVE INTERNATIONAL ARRANGEMENTS TO ASSURE NON-NUCLEAR-
WEAPON STATES AGAINST THE USE OR THREAT OF USE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS

PREVENTION OF AN ARMS RACE IN OUTER SPACE

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DECLARATION OH THE DENUCLEARIZATION OF AFRICA

CHEMICAL AND BACTERIOLOGICAL (BIOLOGICAL) WEAPONS

GENERAL AND COMPLETE DISARMAMENT

REVIEW AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONCLUDING DOCUMENT OF THE
TWELFTH SPECIAL SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

REVIEW OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS AND DECISIONS
ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AT ITS TENTH SPECIAL SESSION

ISRAELI NUCLEAR ARMAMENT

CONVENTION ON PROHIBITIONS OR RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF
CERTAIN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS WHICH MAY BE DEEMED TO BE
EXCESSIVELY INJURIOUS OR TO HAVE INDISCRIMINATE EFFECTS

STRENGTHENING OF SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

PROTECTION AND SECURITY OF SMALL STATES ELIMINATION
OF RACISM AND RACIAL DISCRIMINATION

HUMAN RIGHTS QUESTIONS

Letter dated 23 September 1991 from the Permanent Representative of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


On instructions from my Government, I have the honour to request that the resolutions adopted by the 85th Inter-Parliamentary Conference held at Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, from 29 April to 4 May 1991, be circulated as an official document of the General Assembly under agenda items 12, 33, 35, 37, 47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 67, 69, 92 and 98.


(Signed) PAK Gil Yon
Ambassador

ANNEX


Resolutions adopted by the 85th Inter-Parliamentary Conference held at Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, from 29 April to 4 May 1991


ROLE OF PARLIAMENTS IN SUPPORTING EFFORTS TO VITALIZE PEACE ACTIONS IN THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST, INCLUDING THE PERSIAN GULF


(Resolution adopted by 889 votes, with 37 abstentions)*


The 85th Inter-Parliamentary Conference,

Recalling all the resolutions adopted by the United Nations Security Council on the situation in the Near and Middle East, including the Persian Gulf, which, according to the United Nations Charter, must be applied by all member States,

Also recalling all the resolutions adopted by the Conferences of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, especially the 77th Conference (Managua) and the 84th Conference (Punta del Este), which reaffirms in particular the right of all nations to safeguard their territorial integrity and the inviolability of international borders,

Affirming its commitment to a world order established under the authority of the United Nations and based on the principles of observance of international law, arbitration, respect for human rights, the sovereignty of States, the right of peoples to self-determination and the existence of democratic parliamentary institutions,

Bearing in mind the vital need to ensure just and lasting peace in the Middle East on the basis of the implementation of all Security Council resolutions concerning the region, and aware that the existing climate is propitious to the achievement of this goal,

Noting that the Middle East is a land of great spirituality as the birthplace of the great monotheistic religions, and the cradle of great civilizations, and that by reason of that unique situation the men and women of the region should be able to overcome their antagonisms and live in peace,

Deeply disturbed by the situation of innumerable refugees in the region,

Concerned by the grave violations of human rights in the occupied territories of Palestine, which constitutes a serious threat to peace and security in the Middle East, and stressing the need for effective monitoring of these violations by the United Nations, in conformity with paragraphs 7 and 8 of Security Council resolution 681,

Also concerned by the grave violations of the human rights of the Palestinians in Kuwait, the Kurds and Turkmens in Iraq and other oppressed minorities,

Deploring the disastrous damage to the environment caused by the Gulf war, which could very well have long-term, if not irreversible, effects,


ROLE OF PARLIAMENTS IN SUPPORTING EFFORTS TO VITALIZE PEACE ACTIONS
IN THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST, INCLUDING THE PERSIAN GULF


Vote on the resolution


Results of the vote

Affirmative votes.........889
Negative votes.............29
Abstentions................37


YESNOABS
Algeria14--
Angola10--
Argentina15--
Australia13--
Austria--12
Bangladesh19--
Belgiumabsent
Boliviaabsent
Brazilabsent
Bulgariaabsent
Cameroon13--
Canada1112
Cape Verde10--
Chile10--
China23--
Côte d'Ivoire12--
Cuba13--
Cyprus10--
Czechoslovakia103-
Democratic People's Republic of Korea13--
Denmark12--
Djibouti10--
Ecuadorabsent
Egypt17--
Ethiopia10--
Finland12--
France17--
Germany18--
Greece12--
Guatemalaabsent
Hungary13--
India20--
Indonesia21--
Iran (Islamic Rep.)106-
Iraq13--
Ireland11--
Israel-11-
Italy17--
Jamaica11--
Japan20--
Jordan11--
Lao People's Democratic Republic11--
Libyan Arab Jamahiriyaabsent
Luxembourg10--
Malawi--12
Malaysia13--
Malta10--
Mexico18--
Mongolia11--
Morocco14--
Namibia11--
Netherlands--10
New Zealand11--
Nicaragua11--
Norway10-1
Pakistanabsent
Peru10--
Philippinesabsent
Poland15--
Portugalabsent
Republic of Korea16--
Romania14--
San Marino10--
Senegalabsent
Spain15--
Sri Lanka13--
Sweden12--
Switzerland12--
Syrian Arab Republic13--
Thailand17--
Tunisiaabsent
Turkey17--
United Arab Emirates64-
United Kingdom134-
United Republic of Tanzania14--
Uruguayabsent
USSR22--
Venezuela13--
Viet Nam10--
Yemen13--
Yugoslavia14--
Zaire15--
Zambia12--
Zimbabwe12--

/...

______________

*- The delegation of the United Arab Emirates expressed reservations on the eighth preambular paragraph.

- The delegation of Iraq expressed reservations on the eighth preambular paragraph and on operative paragraphs 10 and 16.

- The delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran expressed reservations on operative paragraphs 3, 4 and 18.


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